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Astronomy in the Known World plays an important role in both timekeeping and religion.
Maesters who study astronomy and stargazing receive the bronze metal link.
The Moon and Sun
It is known that daytime period is correlated with the seasons, and is shorter during the winter. The maesters of the Citadel gather these measurements for the Conclave, allowing them to decide whether a season has ended.
The world is orbited by a moon very similar to Earth's.
Among the red priests, the sun is associated with R'hllor, and prayers intended to implore his return at dusk and dawn to celebrate. Qartheen believe that dragons were hatched from a second moon that came too close to the sun and cracked. The Dothraki believe that the moon is a goddess, wife to the sun.
Planets and other moving objects
There are seven wanderers in the sky over the Known World, each of which are sacred to the Faith of the Seven and equated with one of the seven gods. This would imply that each wanderer is a planet, as the word planet means "wanderer" and planets were often associated with gods. Among the seven wanderers is the red wanderer, equated by the Faith of the Seven to the Smith, and known as the Thief by the Free Folk.
Beyond the seven visible planets, comets have also been known to appear, most recently the Red Comet.
Stars and Constellations
Myrish eyes mounted on tripods could be used to observe the stars. There were also dedicated observatories, including one kept at Winterfell by Luwin. The maesters of the Citadel compile maps of the starry sky for their research and studies and their knowledge is useful in navigation at the open sea, in particularly the Galley, the Crone's Lamp, and the eye of the Ice Dragon constellations.
Constellations are the names given to a group of stars linked close together. Often times, they represent some sort of picture. Their names usually vary between the various peoples.
The Free Folk have many of the same names for constellations as the folk of the Seven Kingdoms do, although there are some differences. The King's Crown is the named the Cradle by them, as the Stallion is named the Horned Lord. The Dothraki for their part believe that the stars are the souls of the deceased, their brightness being a reflection of their exploits during their lives.
- Crone's Lantern
- Ice Dragon
- King's Crown
- Sword of the Morning
References and notes
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 23, Daenerys III.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 32, Tyrion IV.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 15, Samwell II.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 35, Jon VII.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 69, Jon IX.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 5, Jon I.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 66, Bran VII.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 63, Davos VI.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 26, Jon III.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys X.