Dreams and prophecies
From A Wiki of Ice and Fire
Prophecies, visions and dreams which may deal with the past, the present or the future play an important part in A Song of Ice and Fire.
Before the Doom
Daenys Targaryen, called "Daenys the Dreamer", was the daughter of Lord Aenar Targaryen, the ancestor of House Targaryen. Daenys is reputed to have had a gift of prophecy that she wrote down in the legendary book Signs and Portents. It is believed that such precognition was of the Doom of Valyria 12 years before it happened, making possible the flight of the Targaryens to Dragonstone with five dragons.
After the Conquest
Living about ninety years before the events of A Game of Thrones, the prince claimed to have prophetic dreams that consistently became true. Those dreams include foresights about the events resulting from the trial of seven after the tourney at Ashford Meadow that seem to have been fulfilled during The Hedge Knight.
Similarly, the third Dunk and Egg tale, The Mystery Knight, features Ser John the Fiddler, an alias of young Daemon Blackfyre, who likewise has prophetic dreams that he claims to be completely reliable; his behavior makes it apparent that he fully believes his claims, but ultimately his dreams end up being very symbolic, much like Daeron's. Such dreams included the death of his elder brothers, Aemon and Aegon during the first Blackfyre Rebellion at the Redgrass Field; the future membership of Ser Duncan the Tall in the Kingsguard; and the hatching of a dragon's egg at a white castle that he believes to be House Butterwell's Whitewalls.
While Daemon was correct about the deaths of both his brothers, and would later turn out to have been right about the entry of Ser Duncan the Tall in the Kingsguard, his interpretation of the dragon's egg hatching at a white castle would turn out to be false. Where Daemon believed that an actual egg would hatch, Lord Brynden Rivers would point out that it was a Targaryen, namely Prince Aegon, under the alias of Egg, who "hatched" at Whitewalls, and not the actual dragons egg that had been present at the castle.
A Song of Ice and Fire
|“||He saw his mother sitting alone in a cabin, looking at a blood-stained knife on a table in front of her, as the rowers pulled at their oars and Ser Rodrik leaned across a rail, shaking and heaving. A storm was gathering ahead of them, a vast dark roaring lashed by lightning, but somehow they could not see it.||”|
This shows Lady Catelyn Tully's trip with Ser Rodrik to King's Landing. They then are given false information on the ownership of the knife that is wielded by the assassin hired to slay Bran. As a result of this misinformation, they then abduct Tyrion Lannister and take him to the Eyrie to stand trial on charges of murder. Upon learning of his younger brother's captivity, Ser Jaime Lannister attacks Lord Eddard Stark to demand his brother's return. Lord Tywin Lannister takes a different tack and instead calls his bannermen and makes warfare on the Trident.
|“||He saw his father pleading with the king, his face etched with grief. He saw Sansa crying herself to sleep at night, and he saw Arya watching in silence and holding her secrets hard in her heart. There were shadows all around them. One shadow was as dark as ash, with the terrible face of a hound. Another was armoured like the sun, golden and beautiful. Over them both loomed a giant in armour made of stone, but when he opened his visor, there was nothing inside but darkness and thick black blood.||”|
This shows Eddard distraught over King Robert Baratheon's decision to send an assassin after Daenerys Targaryen. Sansa and Arya Stark are depicted in their reactions to the deaths of Lady and Mycah. The shadow with the face of a hound is Sandor Clegane. The one who is armoured like the sun is possibly Jaime Lannister, with his gilded armour, but also possibly Oberyn Martell, whose armour made up of copper.. The giant in armour made of stone is likely Robert Strong, seeing as the poisons used by Oberyn Martell blacken and thicken Gregor Clegane's blood.
|“||Finally he looked north. He saw the Wall shining like blue crystal, and his bastard brother Jon sleeping alone in a cold bed, his skin growing pale and hard as the memory of all warmth fled from him.||”|
This may be a foretelling of the events in Jon Snow's last chapter in A Dance with Dragons, opening the possibility that he is dead. Alternatively, Jon Snow may be confined to an ice cell in this vision.
|“||Now you know, the crow whispered as it sat on his shoulder. Now you know why you must live.
"Why?" Bran said, not understanding, falling, falling.
Because winter is coming.
This suggests Bran's importance in the coming events.
Daenerys Targaryen's first known experience with a prophetic dream happens a few days before her wedding to Khal Drogo. The dream starts off with Viserys Targaryen hitting her, but quickly turns prophetic as she witnesses the hatching of a dragon.
|“||Her thighs were slick with blood. She closed her eyes and whimpered. As if in answer, there was a hideous ripping sound and the crackling of some great fire. When she looked again, Viserys was gone, great columns of flame rose all around, and in the midst of them was the dragon.||”|
Mirri Maz Duur
Upon the stillbirth of her child, Mirri Maz Duur advised Daenerys that Drogo will return from his apallic state.
|“||When the sun rises in the west and sets in the east. When the seas go dry and mountains blow in the wind like leaves. When your womb quickens again, and you bear a living child. Then he will return, and not before.||”|
|“||"To go north, you must go south. To reach the west, you must go east. To go forward you must go back, and to touch the light you must pass beneath the shadow."
Asshai, Dany thought. She would have me go to Asshai. "Will the Asshai'i give me an army?" she demanded. "Will there be gold for me in Asshai? Will there be ships? What is there in Asshai that I will not find in Qarth?"
Following her departure from Meereen on Drogon's back, Daenerys considers staying in his lair in the Dothraki sea, but remembers Quaithe's words ("to go forward you must go back"), which provides her with the resolve to walk back towards Meereen.
The second is an accurate warning of the dangers she comes to face in the near future. This second prophecy seems, however, to involve a vision of Quaithe as opposed to her own person, and may originate in Daenerys herself:
|“||"No. Hear me, Daenerys Targaryen. The glass candles are burning.
Soon comes the pale mare, and after her the others. Kraken and dark flame, lion and griffin, the sun's son and the mummer's dragon. Trust none of them. Remember the Undying. Beware the perfumed seneschal."
Later, she also gives a warning in Daenerys's hallucinations:
|“||“To go north, you must journey south. To reach the west, you must go east. To go forward, you must go back. To touch the light you must pass beneath the shadow.” “Quaithe?” Dany called. “Where are you, Quaithe?” Then she saw. Her mask is made of starlight. “Remember who you are, Daenerys,” the stars whispered in a woman’s voice. “The dragons know. Do you?”||”|
House of the Undying
Daenerys experiences prophecies herself when she enters the House of the Undying. While apparently legitimate, including omens of the Red Wedding, those visions are fairly cryptic. Also, since the Undying Ones are hostile towards her, it is conceivable that parts of the visions are adulterated.
|“||"Farther on she came upon a feast of corpses. Savagely slaughtered, the feasters lay strewn across overturned chairs and hacked trestle tables, asprawl in pools of congealing blood. Some had lost limbs, even heads. Savaged limbs clutched bloody cups, wooden spoons, roast fowl, heels of bread. On a throne above them sat a dead man with the head of a wolf. He wore an iron crown and held a leg of lamb in one hand as a king might hold a sceptre, and his eyes followed Dany with mute appeal."||”|
- A beautiful, naked woman being ravished by four of the dwarfs who serve the house. This appears to foretell the War of the Five Kings.
- A feast of slaughtered corpses holding cups, spoons, and food, with a dead man with a wolf's head sitting on a throne wearing an iron crown, apparently foreshadowing the Red Wedding.
- Daenerys's childhood home with the red door in Braavos.
- A throne room with dragon skulls on the walls where a king resembling Aerys II Targaryen sits on a barbed throne and appears to give the order to burn the Red Keep during the Sack of King's Landing.
- A room where a silver-haired man (presumably Rhaegar Targaryen) names his son Aegon, says the child is "the prince that was promised", then plays a harp.
- A "splendor of wizards" who falsely claim to be the Undying of Qarth and offer to teach Daenerys the secret speech of dragonkind.
Upon reaching the chamber of the Undying, Daenerys is spoken to in a barely perceptible whisper. The Undying call her "mother of dragons" and "child of three" and tell her some prophesies, saying "three fires must you light... one for life and one for death and one to love... three mounts must you ride... one to bed and one to dread and one to love... three treasons will you know... once for blood and once for gold and once for love..."
- Viserys's gruesome death.
- A tall lord with copper-skin and silver-gold hair beneath a banner of a fiery stallion, with a burning city in the background. This may be a glimpse at what Rhaego's future would have been.
- A dying prince (likely Rhaegar Targaryen at the ruby ford) with rubies flying from his chest, mutters a woman's name with his last breath.
- A blue-eyed king who casts no shadow raises a red sword in his hand. This may represent Stannis Baratheon with his sword, Lightbringer.
- A cloth dragon sways on poles amidst a cheering crowd.
- A great stone beast takes wing from a smoking tower, breathing shadows.
- Daenerys's silver trots through grass to a darkling stream under a sea of stars.
- A corpse standing at the prow of a ship with bright eyes and grey smiling lips.
- A blue flower growing from a chink in a wall of ice, filling the air with sweetness.
Jojen Reed has prophetic green dreams, and maintains that his visions always come true. He claims to know the date of his death. So far he has not been proven wrong, although some of his visions are loaded with significant symbolism and usually poor on specific details. For instance, his dream about the Frey cousins, Big Walder and Little Walder Frey, in Winterfell uses a meal as a symbol for the news about their family.
In A Clash of Kings, Jojen relays a mysterious and unsettling dream of his to Bran:
|“||I dreamed that the sea was lapping all around Winterfell. I saw black waves crashing against the gates and towers, and then the salt water came flowing over the walls and filled the castle. Drowned men were floating in the yard. When I first dreamed the dream, back at Greywater, I didn’t know their faces, but now I do. That Alebelly is one, the guard who called our names at the feast. Your septon’s another. Your smith as well.||”|
The dream apparently foresees the capture of Winterfell by Theon Greyjoy's ironborn. Bran tries in vain to warn the victims of their inevitable deaths, but the dream is dismissed, as Meera correctly predicts. In turn, each of the men comes to die by the hand of the ironborn.
Jojen then tells Bran of a dream in which Reek—apparently having killed the Stark boys—is skinning their bodies:
|“||I dreamed of the man who came today, the one they call Reek. You and your brother lay dead at his feet, and he was skinning off your faces with a long red blade.||”|
The Ghost of High Heart
The ghost of High Heart, a mysterious dwarf woman, sometimes tells of the future to the brotherhood without banners. She has shown knowledge of the deaths of Renly Baratheon, Balon Greyjoy and Catelyn Tully, and even of the coming of Lady Stoneheart.
|“||"I dreamt a wolf howling in the rain, but no one heard his grief," the dwarf woman was saying. "I dreamt such a clangor I thought my head might burst, drums and horns and pipes and screams, but the saddest sound was the little bells."||”|
In A Feast for Crows it is revealed that in 276 AC, during the tourney for King Aerys II at Lannisport, Cersei Lannister and Melara Hetherspoon consulted with a seer, Maggy the Frog, about their futures. Jeyne Farman was with them but fled scared before actually hearing any predictions. Much to Melara's surprise, she learned that instead of someday marrying Jaime Lannister she was fated to die soon - in fact, as it turned out, that very night. The predictions about Cersei, made just moments previous, were more detailed. To Cersei's confusion, she is told her husband will have sixteen children and she will have three, the identity of her future husband and eventual fates of her children. The prophesies contribute to her growing madness. The queen that would take her place, she supposes, is Margaery, and this drives her to do depraved things.
|“||Cersei: When will I wed the prince?
Maggy: Never. You will wed the king.
Cersei: I will be queen, though?
Maggy: Aye. Queen you shall be... until there comes another, younger and more beautiful, to cast you down and take all that you hold dear.
Cersei: Will the king and I have children?
Melara: Will I marry Jaime?
Melisandre claims to be able to see the future by watching flames. The accuracy of her visions is unclear, in part because Melisandre herself seems to misrepresent her precognitions as if they were active sorceries, as well as the reverse.
In any case, while impressive, her future-telling capabilities are not supreme; Davos manages to take Edric Storm away from Dragonstone without her knowledge and against her will, for instance. Melisandre is also duped by Jon Snow’s switching of Mace and Dalla’s son with Gilly’s son thereby allowing the wildling prince to escape Melisandre’s clutches. And, based on news of Ramsay Bolton's wedding to Arya, she interprets Alys Karstark's flight to the wall as Arya Stark's flight, telling Jon Snow his sister is coming from a loveless marriage. While she is right about the marriage, she has the wrong girl. Alys Karstark arrives at the Wall to speak with Jon after fleeing her cousin Cregan Karstark.
According to prophesy, in ancient books of Asshai from over 5,000 years ago, Azor Ahai is to be reborn again to challenge the re-emergence of the Others. This will occur after a long summer when an evil, cold darkness descends upon the world. It is said that Azor Ahai, wielding Lightbringer once again, will stand against the Others and if he fails, the world fails with him.
|“||There will come a day after a long summer when the stars bleed and the cold breath of darkness falls heavy on the world. In this dread hour a warrior shall draw from the fire a burning sword. And that sword shall be Lightbringer, the Red Sword of Heroes, and he who clasps it shall be Azor Ahai come again, and the darkness shall flee before him.||”|
|“||When the red star bleeds and the darkness gathers, Azor Ahai shall be born again amidst smoke and salt.||”|
She has interpreted this to mean that Stannis Baratheon is Azor Ahai and gave him a flaming sword.
|“||I pray for a glimpse of Azor Ahai, and R’hllor shows me only Snow.||”|
This seems to show that Jon Snow rather than Stannis is Azor Ahai, though she can not get this interpretation.
Jon Snow seems to have a dream foreshadowing a search of his identity, where he is walking through an empty hall, calling out, but unable to find anyone. Jon has this dream on multiple nights, and says that most of those nights, he's searching for Eddard Stark in his dream, though during others, he's looking for Robb Stark, or Arya Stark, or even his uncle, Benjen Stark.
The castle is always empty… Even the ravens are gone from the rookery, and the stables are full of bones. That always scares me. I start to run then, throwing open doors, climbing the tower three steps at a time, screaming for someone, for anyone. And then I find myself in front of the door to the crypts. It’s black inside, and I can see the steps spiraling down. Somehow I know I have to go down there, but I don’t want to. I’m afraid of what might be waiting for me. The old Kings of Winter are down there, sitting on their thrones with stone wolves at their feet and iron swords across their laps, but it’s not them I’m afraid of. I scream that I’m not a Stark, that this isn’t my place, but it’s no good, I have to go anyway, so I start down, feeling the walls as I descend, with no torch to light the way. It gets darker and darker, until I want to scream.”
Jon also has a dream about his younger brother, Bran Stark, who is speaking to him as a weirwood tree:
The call came from behind him, softer than a whisper, but strong too. Can a shout be silent? He turned his head, searching for his brother, for a glimpse of a lean grey shape moving beneath the trees, but there was nothing, only ...
It seemed to sprout from solid rock, its pale roots twisting up from a myriad of fissures and hairline cracks. The tree was slender compared to other weirwoods he had seen, no more than a sapling, yet it was growing as he watched, its limbs thickening as they reached for the sky. Wary, he circled the smooth white trunk until he came to the face. Red eyes looked at him. Fierce eyes they were, yet glad to see him. The weirwood had his brother’s face. Had his brother always had three eyes? Not always, came the silent shout. Not before the crow. He sniffed at the bark, smelled wolf and tree and boy, but behind that there were other scents, the rich brown smell of warm earth and the hard grey smell of stone and something else, something terrible. Death, he knew. He was smelling death. He cringed back, his hair bristling, and bared his fangs.
Don’t be afraid, I like it in the dark. No one can see you, but you can see them. But first you have to open your eyes. See? Like this. And the tree reached down and touched him.
This dream may not actually be prophetic, as Bran Stark would later actually learn to connect his being to weirwood trees, and learn to speak to others in the past. It is as of yet unknown whether Bran would be able to connect with people in their dreams as well, even if those dreams occurred in the past.
|“||"Dragons," Moqorro said in the Common Tongue of Westeros... "Dragons old and young, true and false, bright and dark. And you. A small man with a big shadow, snarling in the midst of all."||”|
This foreshadows that Tyrion Lannister will play an important role in the future, involving dragons and the Targaryens. Possible candidates for the "old dragon" are Brynden Rivers and maester Aemon, candidates for the "young dragons" may include Daenerys Targaryen's dragons, Daenerys herself, Aegon Targaryen, or even possibly others. Candidates for the true dragon might include Daenerys, Aegon and Jon Snow, whereas popular guesses for candidates for the false dragon include Aegon Targaryen, the eunuch Varys, or Illyrio Mopatis. Especially for the identity of the false dragon, the opinions amongst fans differ, and as of yet, the identity of the false dragon cannot be stated with certainty.
|“||"Have you seen these others in your fires?" he asked, warily.
"Only their shadows," Moqorro said. "One most of all. A tall and twisted thing with one black eye and ten long arms, sailing on a sea of blood."
|“||The black priest bowed his head. "There is no need. The Lord of Light has shown me your worth, lord Captain. Every night in my fires I glimpse the glory that awaits you."||”|
- See also: Patchface/Theories
|“||It is always summer under the sea. The merwives wear nennymoans in their hair and weave gowns of silver seaweed. I know, I know, oh, oh, oh.||”|
This seems to predict Sansa at Joffrey's wedding to Margaery Tyrell. On the day of the royal wedding, Sansa wears a gown of silvery satin, and has a delicate silver net with dark purple gemstones in her hair. The "nennymoans" that Patchface refers to seem to be a corruption of "anemone", which is a purple flower. Sea anemones, which are named after the flower, are poisonous water-dwelling animals.
|“||The shadows come to dance, my lord, dance my lord, dance my lord," he sang, hopping from one foot to the other and back again. "The shadows come to stay, my lord, stay my lord, stay my lord.||”|
|“||Fool’s blood, king’s blood, blood on the maiden’s thigh, but chains for the guests and chains for the bridegroom, aye aye aye.||”|
This foreshadows the Red Wedding.
|“||That night Tyrion Lannister dreamed of a battle that turned the hills of Westeros as red as blood. He was in the midst of it, dealing death with an axe as big as he was, fighting side by side with Barristan the Bold and Bittersteel as dragons wheeled across the sky above them. In the dream he had two heads, both noseless. His father led the enemy, so he slew him once again. Then he killed his brother Jaime, hacking at his face until it was a red ruin, laughing every time he struck a blow. Only when the fight was finished did he realise that his second head was weeping.||”|
Jaime Lannister has the first of his dreams asleep on a weirwood stump after he has left Harrenhal, which causes him to return in order to rescue Brienne of Tarth. He dreams how he is in the deepness of Casterly Rock, and is whole again, with both hands, despite being naked and alone. A dozen tall dark figures in cowled robes, who are hiding their faces, hold spears, and refuse to answer Jaime when he demands to know who they are. Instead, with their spears, they force him to descent into the deepness.
|“||Below the earth his doom awaited, he knew with the certainty of dream; something dark and terrible lurked there, something that wanted him. Jaime tried to halt, but their spears prodded him on. If only I had my sword, nothing could harm me.||”|
Jaime eventually finds himself in a deep, watery cavern deep below Casterly Rock. It is a place that he doesn't know. When he wonders out loud where he is, the voices of all Lannisters answer him "your place". Jaime sees his father, his sister, and his eldest son.
|“||This is your place, Brother. This is your darkness." Her torch was the only light in the cavern. Her torch was the only light in the world. She turned to go.
"Stay with me," Jaime pleaded. "Don't leave me here alone." But they were leaving. "Don't leave me in the dark!" Something terrible lived down here. "Give me a sword, at least."
"I gave you a sword," Lord Tywin said.
It was at his feet. Jaime groped under the water until his hand closed upon the hilt. Nothing can hurt me so long as I have a sword. As he raised the sword a finger of pale flame flickered at the point and crept up along the edge, stopping a hand's breath from the hilt. The fire took on the color of the steel itself so it burned with a silvery-blue light, and the gloom pulled back. Crouching, listening, Jaime moved in a circle, ready for anything that might come out of the darkness. The water flowed into his boots, ankle deep and bitterly cold. Beware the water, he told himself. There may be creatures living in it, hidden deeps...
Brienne appears from the darkness, her hands bound in chains. She is also naked, and asks Jaime to undo her chains. When she asks, a sword appears. Both Brienne's sword and Jaime's are aflame.
|“||"The flames will burn so long as you live," he heard Cersei call. "When they die, so must you."||”|
Then, Cersei leaves, and Jaime and Brienne are left alone.
|“||"Do they keep a bear down here?" Brienne was moving, slow and wary, sword to hand; step, turn, and listen. Each step made a little splash. "A cave lion? Direwolves? Some bear? Tell me, Jaime. What lives here? What lives in the darkness?"
"Doom." No bear, he knew. No lion. "Only doom."
This part of the dream foreshadows Brienne's encounter with the bear at Harrenhal, from which Jaime will later save her.
Jaime and Brienne are pondering what they should do when shadows appear in the darkness. Jaime knows them all too well: they are Oswell Whent, Jon Darry, Lewyn Martell, Gerold Hightower, Arthur Dayne and Rhaegar Targaryen. During the dream, Brienne repeats a few times how she swore to keep Jaime safe. It is the shadow of Ser Arthur Dayne who tells that they all swore an oath, and the shadows blame Jaime for the deaths of Aerys, Elia, Rhaenys and Aegon. That is when the fire of Jaime´s sword starts going out. }}
|“||She raised a pale soft hand and pushed her hood back. “Have you forgotten me?”
Can I forget someone I never knew? The words caught in his throat. He did know her, but it had been so long…
“Will you forget your own lord father too? I wonder if you ever knew him, truly.” Her eyes were green, her hair spun gold. He could not tell how old she was. Fifteen, he thought, or fifty. She climbed the steps to stand above the bier. “He could never abide being laughed at. That was the thing he hated most.”
“Who are you?” He had to hear her say it.
“The question is, who are you?”
“This is a dream.”
“Is it?... We all dream of things we cannot have. Tywin dreamed that his son would be a great knight, that his daughter would be a queen. He dreamed they would be so strong and brave and beautiful that no one would ever laugh at them.”
“I am a knight,’ he told her, “and Cersei is a queen.”
A tear rolled down her cheek. The woman raised her hood again and turned her back on him. Jaime called after her, but already she was moving away, her skirt whispering lullabies as it brushed across the floor. Don’t leave me, he wanted to call, but of course she’d left them long ago.
|“||Prophecy can be a tricky business. ||”|
|“||Prophecies are, you know, a double edge sword. You have to handle them very carefully; I mean, they can add depth and interest to a book, but you don’t want to be too literal or too easy ... ||”|
|“||[A] prophecy is like a treacherous woman. She takes your member in her mouth, and you moan with the pleasure of it and think, how sweet, how fine, how good this is . . . and then her teeth snap shut and your moans turn to screams. That is the nature of prophecy, said Gorghan. Prophecy will bite your prick off every time.||”|
|“||Prophecy is like a half-trained mule. It looks as though it might be useful, but the moment you trust in it, it kicks you in the head.||”|
References and Notes
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 23, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 11, The Kraken's Daughter.
- ↑ The World of Ice and Fire.
- ↑ The Hedge Knight.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 The Mystery Knight.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 14, Catelyn.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 60, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 28, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 34, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 35, Eddard.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 56, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 33, Eddard.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 20, Eddard.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 30, Eddard.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 7, Cersei.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 17, Bran.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 11, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 46, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 68, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 40, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 52, Daenerys.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 71, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 11, Daenerys.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 48, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 28, Bran.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 46, Bran.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 35, Bran.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 22, Arya.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 43, Arya.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 12, Cersei.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 24, Cersei.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 36, Cersei.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 54, Davos.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 63, Davos.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 33, Catelyn.
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 42, Davos.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos, page110.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos, page 289.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 31, Melisandre, page 408.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 26, Jon.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 51, Jon.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 34, Bran.
- ↑ 47.0 47.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 33, Tyrion.
- ↑ A popular, well-supported fan theory is that Jon Snow is the son of Prince Rhaegar Targaryen and Lyanna Stark. Should this theory be correct, Jon Snow would also be a candidate for the young dragons.
- ↑ There are fans who believe that Aegon Targaryen is not truly Prince Rhaegar's son. There are also those who believe that either Varys, or Illyrio, or both, are (distant) descendants of either House Targaryen, through Prince Aerion Targaryen, or of House Blackfyre.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 67, The Kingbreaker (Barristan III).
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Prologue, page 5, 6, and 17.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 31, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 10, Davos.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 5, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 44, Jaime.
- ↑ So Spake Martin Numerous Questions.February 28, 2002
- ↑ George R. R. Martin: "Trying to please everyone is a horrible mistake" Adria's News
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 45, Samwell, pages 682-683.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 40, Tyrion, page 534.