Languages

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Throughout A Song of Ice and Fire, numerous cultural and regional dialects are discussed. These dialects form the world's spoken tongue, and help define it's people.

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portrayal

Unlike Tolkien, who created entire languages, including grammar, syntax, and tenses. Martin has created only a few words from each language, his languages are not conveyed in any great detail. Instead, the tongue in which they are speaking is noted but rendered in English, with added characteristics and flavour portrayed through out the text.


"I don't have a whole imaginary language in my desk here, the way Tolkien did."

Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing Elvish in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a Valyrian language. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.[1]

However for the release of HBO's Game of Thrones, a actual spoken Dothraki language has been developed. This language takes cues from George R. R. Martin's few bits of published words, and expands greatly upon it. A website, dothraki.org, has been created to help teach and spread the constructed tongue. Film critic and indie director Lee Demarbre has called the language the "new Klingon".

Languages of Westeros

Although there are many spoken languages on Westeros, only two are native to it: the Old Tongue, the language of the First Men that dominated westeros thousands of years and the Andal language, today known as the Common Tongue, which was introduced during the andal invasion/migration and superseded the old tongue since. Another major migration to westeros was the made by the Rhoynar, however they have assimilated and their own language has disappeared since.

Today, the Old Tongue is still remembered by the folks in the far north, while most people within the Seven Kingdoms, know no other language than the Common Tongue. Although there are minor variations to it from place to place, Dornishmen can communicate with Northmen without difficulty. Foreign tongues are taught in the Citadel; otherwise, otherwise, they are brought from other lands by immigrants, merchants, sellswords, and the like.

Languages across the narrow sea

many languages exist on the continent across the narrow sea. The most important is High Valyrian, the language of the old Valyrian Freehold, spoken now in bastardized version across its remnants.

Non-Human Communication

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