From A Wiki of Ice and Fire
The Rhoynar migration occurred about a thousand years before the start of A Song of Ice and Fire. After being defeated by the Valyrian Freehold, the Rhoynar people fled Essos and settled in Dorne in Westeros. By allying with Queen Nymeria and the Rhoynar, House Martell were victorious against the other Dornishmen in Nymeria's War.
Around 700 years before Aegon's Landing, the expansion of the Valyrian Freehold into the western coastal regions of Essos threatened the great city-states of the Rhoyne, a vast river network of the east. The Rhoynar's defense was led by Prince Garin the Great, the wonder of the Rhoyne who temporarily made Valyria tremble. The Valyrians and Volantenes eventually defeated Garin, however, with a quarter of a million Rhoynar men killed in the process. Before his death, Garin is said to have cursed the occupying Valyrians and Volantenes; the conquered city of Chroyane is now largely submerged and known as the Sorrows. The city of Ghoyan Drohe on the Little Rhoyne was turned into a ruin by the Valyrian dragons. Other cities conquered by the Valyrians were Ar Noy, Ny Sar, and Sar Mell.
A Rhoynar ruler, the warrior queen Nymeria of Ny Sar, managed to unite the surviving Rhoynar, most of whom were women, and they began an evacuation to Westeros, allegedly fleeing in ten thousand ships across the narrow sea. It is unknown if they evacuated before or after the Rhoynish cities were conquered. After an arduous journey full of storm, disease, and slavery, Nymeria's host landed on the eastern coast of Dorne in Westeros. Nymeria made common cause with Mors Martell, the most powerful Dornish lord among the dozens if not hundreds of powerful lords controlling the patchwork of states in Dorne. On the day she wed Mors, Nymeria had her fleet burned to affirm that the Rhoynar could not return to Essos.
With Nymeria's vast host at his command, Mors was able to unite the entire peninsula of Dorne under his rule in Nymeria's War. For instance, House Fowler sided with the Martells, while House Yronwood had to be forced into submission. Six self-styled rival Dornish kings were captured and sent to the Wall in golden fetters to join the Night's Watch. In the Rhoynar style, Mors took the title "Prince" and introduced equal primogeniture. The fortress of Sunspear was made capital of Dorne, and House Martell has ruled ever since. The Rhoynar influence remains strong in Dorne.
A Game of Thrones
A Feast for Crows
A Dance with Dragons
References and Notes
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 40, Princess In The Tower.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 5, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 24, Bran.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 60, Sansa.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 7, Arya.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 15, Samwell.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 13, The Soiled Knight.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 14, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 18, Tyrion.