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The '''Blackfyre Pretenders''' were a series of claimants to the [[Iron Throne]] of the [[Seven Kingdoms]], flying the banner of [[House Blackfyre]]. The Blackfyres opposed the reign of [[House Targaryen]] <!-- {{Date|195|257}}--> from the reign of King [[Daeron II Targaryen|Daeron II]] and until they were eliminated during the reign of King [[Aegon V Targaryen|Aegon V]].  
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The '''Blackfyre Pretenders''' were a series of claimants to the [[Iron Throne]] of the [[Seven Kingdoms]], flying the banner of [[House Blackfyre]] in several Blackfyre Rebellions. The Blackfyres opposed the reign of [[House Targaryen]] from the reign of King [[Daeron II Targaryen|Daeron II]] until they were extinguished in the male line during the reign of King [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen |Jaehaerys II]].{{Ref|ASOS|45}}{{Ref|ASOS|67}}{{Ref|ADWD|5}}{{Ref|TSS}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}
  
The conflict divided Westeros, bringing sporadic periods of pain, grief, war, and murder that lasted for decades. Much of what we know of the conflict comes from flashbacks and from the [[Dunk and Egg]] novellas, which have the Blackfyre tensions as an important plot point.<!-- I am not sure this paragraph should in the lead -->
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==Background==
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King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] legitimized all of his [[bastard]] children on his deathbed. Aegon's legitimate son, Prince [[Daeron II Targaryen]], succeeded his father, and did all he could to keep his half-siblings close. However, rumours about Daeron's parentage, once started by King Aegon IV himself, claimed that Daeron was the illegitimate son of Aegon IV's brother, Ser [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Viserys II)|Aemon Targaryen]], the Dragonknight, and those rumours were not forgotten when Daeron took the throne.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV}}
  
==History==
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King Aegon IV's reign had been corrupt, and when Daeron II ascended the throne in {{Date|184}}, the royal court was reformed. All the members of the [[small council]] were dismissed and replaced by men of Daeron's choosing. The [[City Watch]] was likewise "repaired", though it took more than a year to do so. Most importantly, Daeron sought to unify all of the Kingsdoms, by bringing [[Dorne]] under the authority of the [[Iron Throne]]. It took two years of negotiations before Prince [[Maron Martell]], Daeron II's good-brother and the [[Prince of Dorne]], agreed to be betrothed to Princess [[Daenerys Targaryen (daughter of Aegon IV)|Daenerys Targaryen]]. Their wedding, which occurred in {{Date|187}},{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}<ref>[[Years after Aegon's Conquest/Calculations Events#Weddings|Date for Maron Martell's and Daenerys' Martell's wedding]]</ref> finally united Dorne with the other Kingdoms under Targaryen rule.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}
===Background===
 
King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] legitimized all of his [[bastard]] children on his deathbed, most notably his noble [[Great Bastards]], most famous of whom were Ser [[Daemon Blackfyre]], Ser [[Aegor Rivers|Aegor "Bittersteel" Rivers]], Ser [[Brynden Rivers|Brynden "Bloodraven" Rivers]], and [[Shiera Seastar]]. After Aegon's death he was succeeded by his legitimate son, [[Daeron II Targaryen|Daeron II]]. However there were rumors that Daeron's true father was Aegon's brother, [[Aemon Targaryen|Prince Aemon the Dragonknight]].
 
  
Daemon Blackfyre then decided to found his own House using the reversed colors of House Targaryen. In his youth Aegon IV had given Daemon the Valyrian steel sword ''[[Blackfyre]]'', instead of to his trueborn son Daeron. The possession of ''Blackfyre'' was seen by many as a symbol of Targaryen rule; it had been the personal weapon of all Targaryen kings since the very first, [[Aegon I Targaryen|Aegon I the Conqueror]].
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Maron had won a few concessions for Dorne during the negotiations, and the lords of Dorne held significant rights and privileges that the other greater houses in the Seven Kingdoms did not. In addition, Daeron brought many Dornishmen to his court, who held important offices, causing others to believe that the Dornishmen held too much influence over the King. Over time, men began to long back to the times when the Dornish had been the enemies to battle against. In addition, Daeron was not at all a warrior. While his heir, Prince [[Baelor Targaryen (son of Daeron II)|Baelor]], was as much a warrior as could be desired, he had the appearance of a [[House Martell|Martell]]. With the memory of the Dornish as enemies still in their minds, many of the [[Dornish Marches]] came to mistrust King Daeron II and Prince Baelor.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}
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[[File:Marc Simonetti knightingson.jpg|thumb|400px|King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] knights his bastard son, [[Daemon I Blackfyre|Daemon]], publicly acknowledging him as his own son, and grants him the [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] sword [[Blackfyre]] - by Marc Simonetti]]
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These same people looked at [[Daemon I Blackfyre|Daemon Blackfyre]], the bastard son of King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and his cousin, Princess [[Daena Targaryen]], and saw in him a warrior, grown tall and powerful, with the hallmarks of Old [[Valyria]] (deep purple eyes, silver-gold hair down to his shoulders), who was described as having had an "almost inhumane beauty", being "half a god among mortal men".{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}<ref name=greatbastards/> Daemon had been knighted in {{Date|182}} at the age of twelve by King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] himself, after winning a squire's tourney. After knighting his bastard son, King Aegon had publicly bestowed the [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] [[Valyrian steel]] sword [[Blackfyre]] on him as well,{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV}} finally acknowledging him.<ref name=greatbastards>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/The_Great_Bastards/ The Great Bastards (December 26, 2005)]</ref> There were some who felt that the sword symbolized the monarchy<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/SF_Targaryens_Valyria_Sansa_Martells_and_More SF, Targaryens, Valyria, Sansa, Martells, and More (June 26, 2001)]</ref> as it had been the sword of King [[Aegon I Targaryen]], the Conqueror, and had been passed on from king to king ever since. Aegon's public gift of the sword would eventually start the first talk that Daemon should be king.<ref name=targaryenhistory>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/Targaryen_History Targaryen History (April 20, 2008)]</ref> Following the acquisition of the sword, Daemon took the name "Blackfyre" for himself.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV}}
  
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It is claimed by Daemon's supporters that Daemon had desired to marry his younger half-sister, [[Daenerys Targaryen (daughter of Aegon IV)|Daenerys]], and that King Aegon, who had desired Daemon to marry the daughter of the [[Archon]] of [[Tyrosh]], had promised Daemon that he could have more than one wife. However, upon King Aegon's death, King Daeron II paid the dowry to the Archon, seeing Daemon wed to [[Rohanne of Tyrosh]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}} Daemon and Rohanne would have seven sons, and at least two daughters.{{Ref|TSS}} Whether Daemon indeed loved Daenerys, and whether Daenerys indeed loved him as well, as Daemon's supporters and the singers would later claim, is unknown. However, no record of Daenerys mourning Daemon has ever been found.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}
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Those lords and knights dissatisfied with Daeron II's reign began to seek Daemon out, but following Daenerys's wedding, it took eight more years before the rebellion bloomed. In {{Date|196}}, Daemon Blackfyre, the [[bastard]] son of Princess Daena and King Aegon IV, began his rebellion, which would last nigh on a year. For his sigil, Daemon took the Targaryen sigil with the colors reversed, a black dragon on red, giving him the nickname "the Black Dragon" (with Daeron being referred as the Red Dragon).
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{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}{{Ref|TSS}}{{Ref|TMK}} Following the Blackfyre defeat in the first rebellion (which included the death of Daemon himself and his eldest two children, [[Aegon Blackfyre|Aegon]] and [[Aemon Blackfyre|Aemon]]), Daemon's bastard half-brother, Ser [[Aegor Rivers]], fled to [[Tyrosh]] with Daemon's remaining children and widow. From there, Daemon's descendants continued to plot. Four more rebellions would follow, until {{Date|260}}, when [[Maelys I Blackfyre]], the last male of [[House Blackfyre]], was slain on the [[Stepstones]] during the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}{{Ref|TSS}}{{Ref|TMK}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}
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==The Rebellions==
 
===First Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
===First Blackfyre Rebellion===
:{{Main|Blackfyre Rebellion}}
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:{{Main|First Blackfyre Rebellion}}
  
In {{Date|196}}, [[Daemon Blackfyre]], the bastard son of the late King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and his cousin, Princess [[Daena Targaryen]], attempted to usurp the throne from King [[Daeron II Targaryen]], the legitimate son of King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and his sister-Queen, [[Naerys Targaryen|Naerys]]. This caused the the second major civil war in the history of the Seven Kingdoms. In the war tens of thousands were killed. At the end of the war, Daemon and his two eldest sons, [[Aegon Blackfyre|Aegon]] and [[Aemon Blackfyre|Aemon]], were killed, and his allies defeated. However, five of Daemon's sons survived and were carried into exile to the [[Free Cities]] by [[Aegor Rivers]], known as "Bittersteel", Daemon's halfbrother, who continue plotting. For this purpose, Bittersteel founded the [[Golden Company]].
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In {{Date|196}}, [[Daemon I Blackfyre|Daemon Blackfyre]], the bastard son of the late King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and his cousin, Princess [[Daena Targaryen]], attempted to usurp the throne from King [[Daeron II Targaryen]], the legitimate son of King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and his sister-Queen, [[Naerys Targaryen|Naerys]]. This caused the second major civil war in the history of the Targaryen reign. The war lasted nigh on a year. Battles were fought in the [[Reach]], the [[westerlands]], the [[riverlands]], and more places. During the final battle of the war, the [[Battle of the Redgrass Field]], Daemon and his two eldest sons, [[Aegon Blackfyre|Aegon]] and [[Aemon Blackfyre|Aemon]], were killed, and his allies defeated. However, five of Daemon's sons and several daughters survived and were carried into exile to the [[Free Cities]] by [[Aegor Rivers]], known as "Bittersteel", Daemon's half-brother, who had been one of Daemon's biggest supporters. They ended up in [[Tyrosh]], the former home of Daemon's widow, [[Rohanne of Tyrosh|Rohanne]], where Daemon's descendants and Aegor Rivers continued plotting.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}{{Ref|TSS}}{{Ref|TMK}}
  
 
===Second Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
===Second Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
:{{Main|Second Blackfyre Rebellion}}
 
:{{Main|Second Blackfyre Rebellion}}
  
In {{Date|212}}, [[Daemon II Blackfyre]], disguised as "Ser John the Fiddler", and other Blackfyre loyalists attempted to launch a [[Second Blackfyre Rebellion|second rebellion]] under the pretense of gathering for [[Whitewalls Tourney|a tourney]], but were exposed by Bloodraven who ended it swiftly. Daemon II was kept alive and imprisoned to discourage Bittersteel from crowning his younger brother [[Haemon Blackfyre]] as his successor.
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In {{Date|212}}, Daemon I Blackfyre's third son, [[Daemon II Blackfyre]], disguised as "Ser John the Fiddler", and other Blackfyre loyalists attempted to launch a [[Second Blackfyre Rebellion|second rebellion]] under the pretense of gathering for [[Whitewalls tourney|a wedding tourney]] at [[Whitewalls]]. They were exposed by [[Hand of the King]] [[Brynden Rivers]], who ended the rebellion before it began. Rivers arrested Daemon and either executed or punished those lords who had been willing to support the Blackfyre cause. Daemon was kept alive and imprisoned to prevent Aegor Rivers from crowning Daemon's younger brother, [[Haegon I Blackfyre|Haegon]], as his successor.{{Ref|TMK}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}}
  
 
===Third Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
===Third Blackfyre Rebellion===
:{{Main:Third Blackfyre Rebellion}}
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[[File:Marc Simonetti Bittersteel golden company.jpg|thumb|420px|Ser [[Aegor Rivers]] and his [[Golden Company]].]]
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:{{Main|Third Blackfyre Rebellion}}
  
In {{Date|219}}, Bittersteel launched a new invasion after crowning [[Haegon Blackfyre]]. It was late in the reign of King [[Aerys I Targaryen]], who was not very involved in ruling, but his younger brother [[Maekar Targaryen|Maekar]]'s leadership during the conflict was commendable, as was the courage of his youngest son [[Aegon V Targaryen|Aegon "Egg" Targaryen]]. [[Aerion Brightflame]] was also active in its events. The war featured the second duel between Bittersteel and Bloodraven. At the end of the final battle Haemon I was dishonorably killed after he surrendered and given up his sword. Bittersteel was taken captive and in chains to the Red Keep, yet while Brightflame and Bloodraven both urged that he be executed, Aerys I foolishly offered him mercy, sending him north to join the [[Night's Watch]]. The [[Golden Company]] learned of this through their informants and attacked the prisoner transport as it sailed to Eastwatch-by-the-Sea. Before the year was over, Bittersteel had returned to [[Tyrosh]] and crowned Haemon's eldest son as [[Daemon III Blackfyre]].
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In {{Date|219}}, [[Aegor Rivers|Aegor "Bittersteel" Rivers]] launched a new invasion, after crowning [[Haegon I Blackfyre]]. Prince [[Maekar I Targaryen|Maekar Targaryen]], as well as two of his sons, Prince [[Aegon V Targaryen|Aegon]] and Prince [[Aerion Targaryen|Aerion]], fought in this conflict. Hand of the King [[Brynden Rivers]] once again duelled his half-brother, [[Aegor Rivers]] (their first duel having been during the [[Battle of the Redgrass Field]], during the [[First Blackfyre Rebellion]]). The Third Blackfyre Rebellion ended with the death of Haegon I, and the arrest of Aegor. While Prince Aerion and Lord Brynden both argued that Aegor Rivers should be put to death, King [[Aerys I Targaryen]] agreed to send him to the [[Wall]] instead, to join the [[Night's Watch]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}} However, the ship which transported Rivers north was attacked by the [[Golden Company]],{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}} which had been founded by Bittersteel a year after the Second Blackfyre Rebellion had failed.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}} Rivers escaped, and before the year had ended, had crowned Haegon's eldest son, [[Daemon III Blackfyre|Daemon]], Daemon III Blackfyre.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}}
  
 
===Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
===Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion===
 
:{{Main|Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion}}
 
:{{Main|Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion}}
  
In {{Date|236}}, [[Daemon III Blackfyre]] and Bittersteel launched the Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion. Their army landed at [[Massey's Hook]]. However, they had little support. At the [[Battle of Wendwater Bridge]], Ser [[Duncan the Tall]] slew Daemon III and Bittersteel retreated across the Narrow Sea again.
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In {{Date|236}}, as a cruel winter was ending, [[Daemon III Blackfyre]] and Aegor Rivers launched the Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion. Their army landed at [[Massey's Hook]]. While Daemon had the support of the [[Golden Company]], there were only few lords who flocked to their banners. The Rebellion ended with Daemon's death during the [[Battle of Wendwater Bridge]], where Ser [[Duncan the Tall]] of the [[Kingsguard]] slew him. Aegor Rivers once more retreated across the Narrow Sea,{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}} where he died several years later.
  
===Fifth Blackfyre Rebellion: the War of the Ninepenny Kings===
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===War of the Ninepenny Kings===
 
:{{Main|War of the Ninepenny Kings}}
 
:{{Main|War of the Ninepenny Kings}}
  
In between {{Date|259}} and {{date|261}}, a descendant of Daemon and captain-general of the Golden Company, [[Maelys Blackfyre]], also known as "Maelys the Monstrous", tried to regain power in the east and invade Westeros. King [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen]] responded swiftly, dispatching an army to the [[Stepstones]]. The ensuing conflict was dubbed the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]]. The threat to Targaryen rule was ended when Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] slew Maelys the Monstrous in single combat. Together with Maelys, the male line of [[House Blackfyre]] died.
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The Band of Nine swore their oath of mutual aid and support in carving out kingdoms for each of their members. Amongst them was the last Blackfyre, Maelys the Monstrous, who had command of the Golden Company, and the kingdom they pledged to win for him was the Seven Kingdoms. Prince Duncan, when told of the pact, famously remarked that crowns were being sold nine a penny; thereafter the Band of Nine became known as the Ninepenny Kings in Westeros. It was thought at first that the Free Cities of Essos would surely bring their power against them and put an end to their pretensions, but nonetheless preparations were made, should Maelys and his allies turn on the Seven Kingdoms. But there was no great urgency to them, and King Aegon remained intent on his reign.
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In {{Date|258}}, nine outlaws, exiles, pirates and sellsword captains formed the [[Band of Nine]] in the [[Disputed Lands]] on [[Essos]]. Their goal was to carve out a kingdom for each of them. [[Maelys I Blackfyre]], also known as "Maelys the Monstrous", the last Blackfyre, was amongst this Band of Nine. He commanded the [[Golden Company]], having previously slain his own cousin, [[Daemon Blackfyre (cousin of Maelys I)|Daemon Blackfyre]], and the Band of Nine promised him the [[Seven Kingdoms]]. King [[Aegon V Targaryen]], however, saw no great urgency to the threat they posed, and while preparations were made, it was hoped that the Band of Nine would founder in Essos, or perhaps be defeated by the [[Free Cities]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}
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The Band of Nine did not founder, however, and captured [[Tyrosh]] and taken control of the [[Stepstones]]. In {{Date|260}}, [[Westeros]] was their next target. King [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen]] responded swiftly to the threat, dispatching an army to the Stepstones to meet the Band of Nine in battle, instead of waiting for the threat to reach [[Westeros]]. The ensuing conflict was dubbed the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]]. The threat to Targaryen rule was ended when Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] slew Maelys the Monstrous in single combat. As Maelys died, [[House Blackfyre]] died with him.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}{{Ref|ADWD|5}}
  
===Aftermath===
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==Aftermath==
After decades of conflict all the Blackfyre pretenders have been killed. The Golden Company, however, escaped destruction and continues to exist as a mercenary force in Essos.
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After five generations, the Blackfyre Pretenders had all been killed.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}} The [[Golden Company]], raised in {{Date|212}} by Aegor Rivers,{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}} still remains to this day, fighting as a mercenary force in [[Essos]].{{Ref|AFFC|13}} It is considered to be one of the finest sellsword companies, consisting out of exiles and sons of exiles, all formidable fighters{{Ref|ADWD|5}} who dream of gold and home.{{Ref|AFFC|13}}
  
==Known Pretenders==
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==The Pretenders==
* [[Daemon Blackfyre]], killed at the [[Battle of the Redgrass Field]] with his two eldest sons.
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History records five Blackfyre Pretenders:{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}
* [[Daemon II Blackfyre]]. Captured by Bloodraven's men.
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* [[Daemon I Blackfyre]], the bastard son of King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] and Princess [[Daena Targaryen]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}
* [[Daemon III Blackfyre]], who led the [[Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion]]
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* [[Daemon II Blackfyre]], third born son of Daemon I.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}}
* [[Maelys Blackfyre|Maelys the Monstrous]], killed by Ser Barristan Selmy on the Stepstones during the War of the Ninepenny Kings.
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* [[Haegon I Blackfyre]], fourth born son of Daemon I.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I}}
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* [[Daemon III Blackfyre]], eldest son of Haegon I.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}}
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* [[Maelys I Blackfyre]], of unknown ancestry.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II}}
  
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Despite not being a Blackfyre Pretender, the fifth son of Daemon I, [[Aenys Blackfyre]], put his name forward in the [[Great Council#Great Council of 233 AC|Great Council]] of {{date|233}}. Invited to [[King's Landing]] to present his claim, he was dishonorably killed by Lord [[Brynden Rivers]], despite the previous promise of safe passage.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Maekar I}}
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===House Blackfyre===
 
{{Blackfyre tree}}
 
{{Blackfyre tree}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{References}}
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{{References|2}}
  
 
[[Category:House Blackfyre| ]]
 
[[Category:House Blackfyre| ]]
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[[Category:Blackfyre Rebellions| ]]
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[[es:Pretendientes Fuegoscuro]]
 
[[es:Pretendientes Fuegoscuro]]
 
[[fa:مدعیان بلک فایر]]
 
[[fa:مدعیان بلک فایر]]
 
[[zh:黑火觊觎者]]
 
[[zh:黑火觊觎者]]

Latest revision as of 10:54, 20 October 2019

The Blackfyre Pretenders were a series of claimants to the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms, flying the banner of House Blackfyre in several Blackfyre Rebellions. The Blackfyres opposed the reign of House Targaryen from the reign of King Daeron II until they were extinguished in the male line during the reign of King Jaehaerys II.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Background

King Aegon IV Targaryen legitimized all of his bastard children on his deathbed. Aegon's legitimate son, Prince Daeron II Targaryen, succeeded his father, and did all he could to keep his half-siblings close. However, rumours about Daeron's parentage, once started by King Aegon IV himself, claimed that Daeron was the illegitimate son of Aegon IV's brother, Ser Aemon Targaryen, the Dragonknight, and those rumours were not forgotten when Daeron took the throne.[7]

King Aegon IV's reign had been corrupt, and when Daeron II ascended the throne in 184 AC, the royal court was reformed. All the members of the small council were dismissed and replaced by men of Daeron's choosing. The City Watch was likewise "repaired", though it took more than a year to do so. Most importantly, Daeron sought to unify all of the Kingsdoms, by bringing Dorne under the authority of the Iron Throne. It took two years of negotiations before Prince Maron Martell, Daeron II's good-brother and the Prince of Dorne, agreed to be betrothed to Princess Daenerys Targaryen. Their wedding, which occurred in 187 AC,[5][8] finally united Dorne with the other Kingdoms under Targaryen rule.[5]

Maron had won a few concessions for Dorne during the negotiations, and the lords of Dorne held significant rights and privileges that the other greater houses in the Seven Kingdoms did not. In addition, Daeron brought many Dornishmen to his court, who held important offices, causing others to believe that the Dornishmen held too much influence over the King. Over time, men began to long back to the times when the Dornish had been the enemies to battle against. In addition, Daeron was not at all a warrior. While his heir, Prince Baelor, was as much a warrior as could be desired, he had the appearance of a Martell. With the memory of the Dornish as enemies still in their minds, many of the Dornish Marches came to mistrust King Daeron II and Prince Baelor.[5]

King Aegon IV Targaryen knights his bastard son, Daemon, publicly acknowledging him as his own son, and grants him the Targaryen sword Blackfyre - by Marc Simonetti

These same people looked at Daemon Blackfyre, the bastard son of King Aegon IV Targaryen and his cousin, Princess Daena Targaryen, and saw in him a warrior, grown tall and powerful, with the hallmarks of Old Valyria (deep purple eyes, silver-gold hair down to his shoulders), who was described as having had an "almost inhumane beauty", being "half a god among mortal men".[5][9] Daemon had been knighted in 182 AC at the age of twelve by King Aegon IV Targaryen himself, after winning a squire's tourney. After knighting his bastard son, King Aegon had publicly bestowed the Targaryen Valyrian steel sword Blackfyre on him as well,[7] finally acknowledging him.[9] There were some who felt that the sword symbolized the monarchy[10] as it had been the sword of King Aegon I Targaryen, the Conqueror, and had been passed on from king to king ever since. Aegon's public gift of the sword would eventually start the first talk that Daemon should be king.[11] Following the acquisition of the sword, Daemon took the name "Blackfyre" for himself.[7]

It is claimed by Daemon's supporters that Daemon had desired to marry his younger half-sister, Daenerys, and that King Aegon, who had desired Daemon to marry the daughter of the Archon of Tyrosh, had promised Daemon that he could have more than one wife. However, upon King Aegon's death, King Daeron II paid the dowry to the Archon, seeing Daemon wed to Rohanne of Tyrosh.[5] Daemon and Rohanne would have seven sons, and at least two daughters.[4] Whether Daemon indeed loved Daenerys, and whether Daenerys indeed loved him as well, as Daemon's supporters and the singers would later claim, is unknown. However, no record of Daenerys mourning Daemon has ever been found.[5]

Those lords and knights dissatisfied with Daeron II's reign began to seek Daemon out, but following Daenerys's wedding, it took eight more years before the rebellion bloomed. In 196 AC, Daemon Blackfyre, the bastard son of Princess Daena and King Aegon IV, began his rebellion, which would last nigh on a year. For his sigil, Daemon took the Targaryen sigil with the colors reversed, a black dragon on red, giving him the nickname "the Black Dragon" (with Daeron being referred as the Red Dragon). [5][4][12] Following the Blackfyre defeat in the first rebellion (which included the death of Daemon himself and his eldest two children, Aegon and Aemon), Daemon's bastard half-brother, Ser Aegor Rivers, fled to Tyrosh with Daemon's remaining children and widow. From there, Daemon's descendants continued to plot. Four more rebellions would follow, until 260 AC, when Maelys I Blackfyre, the last male of House Blackfyre, was slain on the Stepstones during the War of the Ninepenny Kings.[5][4][12][13][14][6]

The Rebellions

First Blackfyre Rebellion

In 196 AC, Daemon Blackfyre, the bastard son of the late King Aegon IV Targaryen and his cousin, Princess Daena Targaryen, attempted to usurp the throne from King Daeron II Targaryen, the legitimate son of King Aegon IV Targaryen and his sister-Queen, Naerys. This caused the second major civil war in the history of the Targaryen reign. The war lasted nigh on a year. Battles were fought in the Reach, the westerlands, the riverlands, and more places. During the final battle of the war, the Battle of the Redgrass Field, Daemon and his two eldest sons, Aegon and Aemon, were killed, and his allies defeated. However, five of Daemon's sons and several daughters survived and were carried into exile to the Free Cities by Aegor Rivers, known as "Bittersteel", Daemon's half-brother, who had been one of Daemon's biggest supporters. They ended up in Tyrosh, the former home of Daemon's widow, Rohanne, where Daemon's descendants and Aegor Rivers continued plotting.[5][4][12]

Second Blackfyre Rebellion

In 212 AC, Daemon I Blackfyre's third son, Daemon II Blackfyre, disguised as "Ser John the Fiddler", and other Blackfyre loyalists attempted to launch a second rebellion under the pretense of gathering for a wedding tourney at Whitewalls. They were exposed by Hand of the King Brynden Rivers, who ended the rebellion before it began. Rivers arrested Daemon and either executed or punished those lords who had been willing to support the Blackfyre cause. Daemon was kept alive and imprisoned to prevent Aegor Rivers from crowning Daemon's younger brother, Haegon, as his successor.[12][13]

Third Blackfyre Rebellion

In 219 AC, Aegor "Bittersteel" Rivers launched a new invasion, after crowning Haegon I Blackfyre. Prince Maekar Targaryen, as well as two of his sons, Prince Aegon and Prince Aerion, fought in this conflict. Hand of the King Brynden Rivers once again duelled his half-brother, Aegor Rivers (their first duel having been during the Battle of the Redgrass Field, during the First Blackfyre Rebellion). The Third Blackfyre Rebellion ended with the death of Haegon I, and the arrest of Aegor. While Prince Aerion and Lord Brynden both argued that Aegor Rivers should be put to death, King Aerys I Targaryen agreed to send him to the Wall instead, to join the Night's Watch.[13] However, the ship which transported Rivers north was attacked by the Golden Company,[13] which had been founded by Bittersteel a year after the Second Blackfyre Rebellion had failed.[5] Rivers escaped, and before the year had ended, had crowned Haegon's eldest son, Daemon, Daemon III Blackfyre.[13]

Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion

In 236 AC, as a cruel winter was ending, Daemon III Blackfyre and Aegor Rivers launched the Fourth Blackfyre Rebellion. Their army landed at Massey's Hook. While Daemon had the support of the Golden Company, there were only few lords who flocked to their banners. The Rebellion ended with Daemon's death during the Battle of Wendwater Bridge, where Ser Duncan the Tall of the Kingsguard slew him. Aegor Rivers once more retreated across the Narrow Sea,[14] where he died several years later.

War of the Ninepenny Kings

The Band of Nine swore their oath of mutual aid and support in carving out kingdoms for each of their members. Amongst them was the last Blackfyre, Maelys the Monstrous, who had command of the Golden Company, and the kingdom they pledged to win for him was the Seven Kingdoms. Prince Duncan, when told of the pact, famously remarked that crowns were being sold nine a penny; thereafter the Band of Nine became known as the Ninepenny Kings in Westeros. It was thought at first that the Free Cities of Essos would surely bring their power against them and put an end to their pretensions, but nonetheless preparations were made, should Maelys and his allies turn on the Seven Kingdoms. But there was no great urgency to them, and King Aegon remained intent on his reign.

In 258 AC, nine outlaws, exiles, pirates and sellsword captains formed the Band of Nine in the Disputed Lands on Essos. Their goal was to carve out a kingdom for each of them. Maelys I Blackfyre, also known as "Maelys the Monstrous", the last Blackfyre, was amongst this Band of Nine. He commanded the Golden Company, having previously slain his own cousin, Daemon Blackfyre, and the Band of Nine promised him the Seven Kingdoms. King Aegon V Targaryen, however, saw no great urgency to the threat they posed, and while preparations were made, it was hoped that the Band of Nine would founder in Essos, or perhaps be defeated by the Free Cities.[14][6]

The Band of Nine did not founder, however, and captured Tyrosh and taken control of the Stepstones. In 260 AC, Westeros was their next target. King Jaehaerys II Targaryen responded swiftly to the threat, dispatching an army to the Stepstones to meet the Band of Nine in battle, instead of waiting for the threat to reach Westeros. The ensuing conflict was dubbed the War of the Ninepenny Kings. The threat to Targaryen rule was ended when Ser Barristan Selmy slew Maelys the Monstrous in single combat. As Maelys died, House Blackfyre died with him.[6][3]

Aftermath

After five generations, the Blackfyre Pretenders had all been killed.[6] The Golden Company, raised in 212 AC by Aegor Rivers,[5] still remains to this day, fighting as a mercenary force in Essos.[15] It is considered to be one of the finest sellsword companies, consisting out of exiles and sons of exiles, all formidable fighters[3] who dream of gold and home.[15]

The Pretenders

History records five Blackfyre Pretenders:[6]

Despite not being a Blackfyre Pretender, the fifth son of Daemon I, Aenys Blackfyre, put his name forward in the Great Council of 233 AC. Invited to King's Landing to present his claim, he was dishonorably killed by Lord Brynden Rivers, despite the previous promise of safe passage.[16]

House Blackfyre

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daena
Targaryen
 
 
 
Aegon IV
Targaryen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Barba
Bracken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daemon
 
Rohanne
of Tyrosh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aegon
 
Aemon
 
Daemon
 
Haegon
 
Unknown
wife
 
Aenys
 
Two sons
 
Daughter(s)
 
Calla
 
Aegor Rivers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daemon
 
Son(s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daemon
 
Maelys
 

References