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'''''Cyvasse''''' is a game from [[Volantis]]. The players move pieces across a board of alternating coloured squares. There were ten different pieces, each with its own attributes and powers. <ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 13|Chapter 13]], The Soiled Knight</ref>
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[[File:Sara Biddle The Long PlanII.png|350px|thumb|Prince [[Doran Martell]] eyeing the dragon piece in a game of ''cyvasse'' .© FFG]]
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[[File:A. L. Ashbaugh Outthought.JPG|350px|thumb|Dragon and elephant game pieces in ''cyvasse''.© FFG]]
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[[File: DoransGameJT.png|350px|thumb|Prince Doran's game.© FFG]]
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'''''Cyvasse''''' is a game played by two players and features ten types of pieces, each with different powers and attributes.
 +
 
 +
==Gameplay==
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{{See also|:Category:Images of Cyvasse|l1=Images of Cyvasse}}
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''Cyvasse'' is played on a board which changes from game to game. The players arrange the tiles on the board, with a screen in the middle, so neither can see how the other arranges their board. Among the squares that the players can place themselves, are mountains.{{Ref|AFFC|21}} In turn, the players move their pieces across the board.{{Ref|aFfC|13}} In Volantis there are ''cyvasse'' parlors.{{Ref|ADWD|27}}
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According to [[George R. R. Martin]], ''cyvasse'' is complex and profound but he has not come up with rules for the game.<ref name=cyvasse>[https://youtu.be/OMvFNaqSWEo?t=17m42s George R R Martin visiting SF-Bokhandeln]</ref>
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===Game Pieces===
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There are ten different pieces available:{{Ref|AFFC|13}}
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* [[smallfolk|rabble]]{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* spearmen{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* crossbowmen{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* [[horse|light horse]]{{Ref|ADWD|14}}{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* [[horse|heavy horse]]{{Ref|AFFC|40}}{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* [[trebuchet]]{{Ref|ADWD|14}}
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* catapult{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* [[dragon]]{{Ref|aDwD|22}}
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* [[elephant]]{{Ref|AFFC|40}}{{Ref|ADWD|22}}{{Ref|ADWD|14}}{{Ref|AFFC|21}}{{Ref|ADWD|33}}
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* [[king]]{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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The dragon is the most powerful piece in the game.{{Ref|ADWD|22}} It is not exactly known how many pieces each player has of each different kind, but one player has multiple elephants.{{Ref|ADWD|22}} The goal of the game is to "kill" the King.{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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Known color combinations of pieces include ivory and onyx,{{ref|AFFC|40}} ivory and jade,{{ref|ADWD|6}} and alabaster and onyx.{{ref|ADWD|22}} Squares of the game board can be colored jade, carnelian, and lapis lazuli.{{ref|AFFC|13}} Cheaper sets are carved from wood.
 +
 
 +
===Known Rules===
 +
Several rules are briefly mentioned in ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'':
 +
* A dragon can remove elephants from the board.{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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* A catapult can remove a dragon from the board.{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
 +
* A trebuchet can remove a dragon from the board.{{Ref|ADWD|14}}
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
The game came to [[Dorne]] by a trading galley at [[Planky Town]]. The orphans had spread the game while traveling the [[Greenblood]] and soon the Dornish court had learned to play the game.<ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 13|Chapter 13]], The Soiled Knight</ref>
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''Cyvasse'' originates from [[Volantis]].{{Ref|AFFC|13}}{{Ref|ADWD|47}} [[Ben Plumm]] learned the game when Volantis contracted the [[Second Sons]].{{Ref|ADWD|47}} Around {{Date|299}}, the game came to [[Westeros]], starting in [[Dorne]], where a trading galley from [[Volantis]] introduced the game. It was spread from [[Planky Town]] up and down the [[Greenblood]] by the [[Orphans of the Greenblood]].{{Ref|AFFC|13}} The game came to [[King's Landing]] in {{Date|300}}.{{Ref|AFFC|36}}
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 +
''Cyvasse'' is frequently played in [[Lys]]{{ref|ADWD|6}} and [[Volantis]].{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
  
 
==Recent Events==
 
==Recent Events==
===A Feast for Crows===
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[[File:Marc Fishman tyrion cyvasse.jpg|350px|thumb|[[Tyrion Lannister]] plays [[Qavo Nogarys]] in a game of ''cyvasse''.<br>Art by Marc Fishman]]
[[Myrcella Baratheon]] learned the game from her betrothed [[Trystane Martell]] when she came to live with him in [[Dorne]].<ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 13|Chapter 13]], The Soiled Knight</ref> Prince [[Doran Martell|Doran]] placed a ''cyvasse'' table in Princess [[Arianne Martell|Arianne]]'s chambers so she could learn the game. She, however, ignored it.<ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 40|Chapter 40]], The Princess in the Tower</ref>
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 +
===''A Feast for Crows''===
 +
''Cyvasse'' is a craze among the court at [[Sunspear]]. Princess [[Myrcella Baratheon]] learns the game from her betrothed, Prince [[Trystane Martell]], when she comes to live with him in [[Dorne]].{{Ref|aFfC|13}}  She takes to the game quickly, and wins more often that Trystane, though he does not seem to mind.{{Ref|AFFC|13}} Ser [[Arys Oakheart]] finds the game maddening.{{Ref|AFFC|13}} When riding through the desert with Princess [[Arianne Martell]], Myrcella comments that Trystane always places his squares the same way.{{Ref|AFFC|21}}
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 +
When Arianne is imprisoned in a chamber in the [[Spear Tower]] for her failed attempt at kidnapping Myrcella, she finds that her father [[Doran Martell]], the [[Prince of Dorne]], has had a ''cyvasse'' table placed there. She ignores it, but he later tells her it was there to teach her to study a game before she attempts to play it. When Arianne is summoned to her father's rooms at the end of her imprisonment, she finds him sitting across a ''cyvasse'' table, studying the pieces. He hands her an onyx dragon piece as he explains the [[secret marriage pact]] between [[House Martell]] and [[House Targaryen]].{{ref|AFFC|40}}
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In [[King's Landing]], Queen [[Margaery Tyrell]] and her cousins are studying the game when Queen Regent [[Cersei Lannister]] brings the news that Ser [[Loras Tyrell]] has taken [[siege of Dragonstone|Dragonstone]] but received severe injuries in the process.{{Ref|AFFC|36}}
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===''A Dance with Dragons''===
 +
While is in [[Lys]], Prince [[Quentyn Martell]] spots ''cyvasse'' pieces being sold.{{Ref|ADWD|6}}
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 +
''Cyvasse'' is played during [[Tyrion Lannister]]'s voyage on the ''[[Shy Maid]]'' with [[Haldon]]{{Ref|ADWD|14}} and [[Young Griff]], and he learns the game.{{Ref|ADWD|22}} While playing against Haldon, Tyrion places a bet, and wins the game, thereby learning from Haldon the true identity of Young Griff. In the game against Young Griff, Tyrion tells the boy to go to [[Westeros]], instead of seeking the hand of Queen [[Daenerys Targaryen]]. Later on, when he is separated from Young Griff's group, Tyrion learns that Young Griff actually listened.{{Ref|ADWD|27}} Tyrion, under Haldon's direction, plays against the custom officer [[Qavo Nogarys]] in [[Volantis]], in order to gain information from him.{{Ref|ADWD|22}}
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On board the ''[[Selaesori Qhoran]]'', Tyrion attempts to teach [[Penny]] how to play ''cyvasse'', though he soon realizes it is a lost cause.{{Ref|ADWD|33}} When Tyrion is enslaved and displayed on the slave market, he boasts about his ''cyvasse'' skills as a selling point.{{Ref|ADWD|47}} After Tyrion is bought by [[Yezzan zo Qaggaz]], he plays a game of ''cyvasse'' against a man who had originally wanted to buy him (and remembered his claims), and later against [[Ben Plumm]].{{Ref|ADWD|47}}
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===''The Winds of Winter''===
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{{Warning/twow}}
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In the camp of the [[Second Sons]] outside [[Meereen]], Tyrion plays numerous ''cyvasse'' games in [[Brown Ben Plumm]]'s tent. As the [[second siege of Meereen]] commences, a [[Yunkai|Yunkish]] nobleman enters Brown Ben's tent during a meeting. When he recognizes Tyrion, he demands that the dwarf be surrendered for punishment. [[Jorah Mormont]] opens the Yunkish nobleman's throat with his longsword. The man takes two wobbly steps, falls across the ''cyvasse'' board, scatters the wooden armies everywhere, and dies on the carpet. The white dragon piece ends up at Tyrion's feet. He scoops it off the carpet and wipes it on his sleeve, but some of the man's blood has collected in the fine grooves of the carving, so the pale wood appears to be veined with red.{{ref|twow||[[Tyrion II (The Winds of Winter)|Tyrion II]]}}
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Arianne Martell, on her way to [[Jon Connington]], loses in games of ''cyvasse'' against Ser [[Daemon Sand]] and Ser [[Garibald Shells]].{{ref|twow||[[Arianne I (The Winds of Winter)|Arianne]]}}
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==Quotes==
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{{Quote|''Cyvasse'', the game was called. It had come to the [[Planky Town]] on a trading galley from [[Volantis]], and the [[orphans of the Greenblood|orphans]] had spread it up and down the [[Greenblood]]. The [[Sunspear|Dornish court]] was mad for it. Ser Arys just found it maddening.{{Ref|AFFC|13}}|thoughts of [[Arys Oakheart]]}}
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{{Quote|I hope Your Grace will pardon me. Your king is trapped. Death in four.{{Ref|ADWD|22}}|[[Tyrion Lannister]] when defeating [[Young Griff]]}}
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{{Quote|You have other pieces beside the dragon, princess. Try moving them sometime.{{ref|twow||[[Arianne I (The Winds of Winter)|Arianne]]}}|[[Daemon Sand]], mocking [[Arianne Martell]] after she loses to him}}
  
===A Dance with Dragons===
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==Behind the Scenes==
Cyvasse is played during Tyrion's voyage on the Shy Maid. It is used not only to pass the time but to obtain information and to make bets.
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According to [[George R. R. Martin]], ''cyvasse'' is partially inspired by [[w:chess|chess]], ''[[w:Blitzkrieg (game)|Blitzkrieg]]'', and ''[[w:Stratego|Stratego]]''.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2802 Cyvasse, Accents, Historical Mysteries, and Dornish Nationalism], April 18, 2008</ref> Martin has turned down offers from game companies to develop rules for ''cyvasse'' and market the game, as he prefers to have the profundity and complexity of the game more suggested than detailed.<ref name=cyvasse/>
  
==References and Notes==
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==References==
{{references}}
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{{References}}
  
 
[[Category:Games]]
 
[[Category:Games]]
  
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[[es:Sitrang]]
 
[[fr:Cyvosse]]
 
[[fr:Cyvosse]]
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[[ru:Кайвасса]]

Latest revision as of 05:48, 19 November 2019

Prince Doran Martell eyeing the dragon piece in a game of cyvasse .© FFG
Dragon and elephant game pieces in cyvasse.© FFG
Prince Doran's game.© FFG

Cyvasse is a game played by two players and features ten types of pieces, each with different powers and attributes.

Gameplay

Cyvasse is played on a board which changes from game to game. The players arrange the tiles on the board, with a screen in the middle, so neither can see how the other arranges their board. Among the squares that the players can place themselves, are mountains.[1] In turn, the players move their pieces across the board.[2] In Volantis there are cyvasse parlors.[3]

According to George R. R. Martin, cyvasse is complex and profound but he has not come up with rules for the game.[4]

Game Pieces

There are ten different pieces available:[2]

The dragon is the most powerful piece in the game.[5] It is not exactly known how many pieces each player has of each different kind, but one player has multiple elephants.[5] The goal of the game is to "kill" the King.[5]

Known color combinations of pieces include ivory and onyx,[7] ivory and jade,[9] and alabaster and onyx.[5] Squares of the game board can be colored jade, carnelian, and lapis lazuli.[2] Cheaper sets are carved from wood.

Known Rules

Several rules are briefly mentioned in A Song of Ice and Fire:

  • A dragon can remove elephants from the board.[5]
  • A catapult can remove a dragon from the board.[5]
  • A trebuchet can remove a dragon from the board.[6]

History

Cyvasse originates from Volantis.[2][10] Ben Plumm learned the game when Volantis contracted the Second Sons.[10] Around 299 AC, the game came to Westeros, starting in Dorne, where a trading galley from Volantis introduced the game. It was spread from Planky Town up and down the Greenblood by the Orphans of the Greenblood.[2] The game came to King's Landing in 300 AC.[11]

Cyvasse is frequently played in Lys[9] and Volantis.[5]

Recent Events

Tyrion Lannister plays Qavo Nogarys in a game of cyvasse.
Art by Marc Fishman

A Feast for Crows

Cyvasse is a craze among the court at Sunspear. Princess Myrcella Baratheon learns the game from her betrothed, Prince Trystane Martell, when she comes to live with him in Dorne.[2] She takes to the game quickly, and wins more often that Trystane, though he does not seem to mind.[2] Ser Arys Oakheart finds the game maddening.[2] When riding through the desert with Princess Arianne Martell, Myrcella comments that Trystane always places his squares the same way.[1]

When Arianne is imprisoned in a chamber in the Spear Tower for her failed attempt at kidnapping Myrcella, she finds that her father Doran Martell, the Prince of Dorne, has had a cyvasse table placed there. She ignores it, but he later tells her it was there to teach her to study a game before she attempts to play it. When Arianne is summoned to her father's rooms at the end of her imprisonment, she finds him sitting across a cyvasse table, studying the pieces. He hands her an onyx dragon piece as he explains the secret marriage pact between House Martell and House Targaryen.[7]

In King's Landing, Queen Margaery Tyrell and her cousins are studying the game when Queen Regent Cersei Lannister brings the news that Ser Loras Tyrell has taken Dragonstone but received severe injuries in the process.[11]

A Dance with Dragons

While is in Lys, Prince Quentyn Martell spots cyvasse pieces being sold.[9]

Cyvasse is played during Tyrion Lannister's voyage on the Shy Maid with Haldon[6] and Young Griff, and he learns the game.[5] While playing against Haldon, Tyrion places a bet, and wins the game, thereby learning from Haldon the true identity of Young Griff. In the game against Young Griff, Tyrion tells the boy to go to Westeros, instead of seeking the hand of Queen Daenerys Targaryen. Later on, when he is separated from Young Griff's group, Tyrion learns that Young Griff actually listened.[3] Tyrion, under Haldon's direction, plays against the custom officer Qavo Nogarys in Volantis, in order to gain information from him.[5]

On board the Selaesori Qhoran, Tyrion attempts to teach Penny how to play cyvasse, though he soon realizes it is a lost cause.[8] When Tyrion is enslaved and displayed on the slave market, he boasts about his cyvasse skills as a selling point.[10] After Tyrion is bought by Yezzan zo Qaggaz, he plays a game of cyvasse against a man who had originally wanted to buy him (and remembered his claims), and later against Ben Plumm.[10]

The Winds of Winter

Content.png
Warning
This information has thus far been released in a sample chapter for The Winds of Winter, and might therefore not be in finalized form. Keep in mind that the content as described below is still subject to change.

In the camp of the Second Sons outside Meereen, Tyrion plays numerous cyvasse games in Brown Ben Plumm's tent. As the second siege of Meereen commences, a Yunkish nobleman enters Brown Ben's tent during a meeting. When he recognizes Tyrion, he demands that the dwarf be surrendered for punishment. Jorah Mormont opens the Yunkish nobleman's throat with his longsword. The man takes two wobbly steps, falls across the cyvasse board, scatters the wooden armies everywhere, and dies on the carpet. The white dragon piece ends up at Tyrion's feet. He scoops it off the carpet and wipes it on his sleeve, but some of the man's blood has collected in the fine grooves of the carving, so the pale wood appears to be veined with red.[12]

Arianne Martell, on her way to Jon Connington, loses in games of cyvasse against Ser Daemon Sand and Ser Garibald Shells.[13]

Quotes

Cyvasse, the game was called. It had come to the Planky Town on a trading galley from Volantis, and the orphans had spread it up and down the Greenblood. The Dornish court was mad for it. Ser Arys just found it maddening.[2]

—thoughts of Arys Oakheart

I hope Your Grace will pardon me. Your king is trapped. Death in four.[5]

Tyrion Lannister when defeating Young Griff

You have other pieces beside the dragon, princess. Try moving them sometime.[13]

Daemon Sand, mocking Arianne Martell after she loses to him

Behind the Scenes

According to George R. R. Martin, cyvasse is partially inspired by chess, Blitzkrieg, and Stratego.[14] Martin has turned down offers from game companies to develop rules for cyvasse and market the game, as he prefers to have the profundity and complexity of the game more suggested than detailed.[4]

References