Difference between revisions of "Incest"

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[[File:Amok-Aegon and his sisters.jpg|thumb|right|400px|King [[Aegon I Targaryen]] had taken both of his sisters to wife. Artwork by Amok©]]
 
[[File:Amok-Aegon and his sisters.jpg|thumb|right|400px|King [[Aegon I Targaryen]] had taken both of his sisters to wife. Artwork by Amok©]]
'''Incest''' is having sexual relations with a close family relative. <ref>[[w:Incest|Wikipedia: Incest]]</ref>
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Incest is defined as a relationship between two persons commonly regarded as too closely related to marry. <ref>[[w:Incest|Wikipedia: Incest]]</ref>
  
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==Incest in Westeros==
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===Incest in the Seven Kingdoms===
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The two main religions practised in the Seven Kingdoms, the [[Faith of the Seven]] and the [[old gods]], consider incest to be a vile sin.{{Ref|acok|33}}{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}} However, according to their [[marriage]] customs, it is acceptable and in fact quite common among the nobility for cousins to wed. Examples include [[Tywin Lannister|Tywin]] and [[Joanna Lannister]] (first cousins),{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Lannister Lineage}} [[Paxter Redwyne]] and [[Mina Tyrell]] (first cousins),{{Ref|affc|16}} [[Viserys I Targaryen]] and [[Aemma Arryn]] (first cousins),{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Targaryen Lineage}} [[Jocelyn Baratheon]] and [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Jaehaerys I)|Aemon Targaryen]] (first cousins once removed),{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Targaryen Lineage}} and [[Rickard Stark|Rickard]] and [[Lyarra Stark]] (first cousins once removed).{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Stark Lineage}} The exact degree of relations are unknown in the marriages of [[Jon Arryn|Jon]] and [[Rowena Arryn]], [[Shella Whent|Shella]] and [[Walter Whent]],{{Ref|twoiaf| The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring}} [[Benfrey Frey|Benfrey]] and [[Jyanna Frey]],{{Ref|acok|Appendix and [[Alys Frey|Alys]] and [[Jared Frey]].{{Ref|acok|Appendix}} Further, a marriage has been proposed between [[Robert Arryn]] and [[Sansa Stark]] (first cousins),{{Ref|ASOS|68}} to which the degree of common ancestry was not an objection.
  
In the World of Ice and Fire, Incest occurs in both [[Westeros]] and [[Essos]].  
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The Westerosi accepted the rule of [[Aegon I Targaryen]] following his [[Aegon's Conquest|Conquest]], despite the fact that he was in an incestuous, [[polygamy|polygamous]] marriage with both his sisters, [[Visenya Targaryen|Visenya]] and [[Rhaenys Targaryen|Rhaenys]].{{Ref|twoiaf| The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}} When his son [[Aenys I Targaryen|Aenys]] was wed in {{Date|22}} to his cousin [[Alyssa Velaryon]], no objections were raised. However, when a marriage was proposed between Aenys's brother, [[Maegor I Targaryen|Maegor]], and Aenys's daughter, [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Aenys I)|Rhaena]], the [[High Septon (Aegon I)|High Septon]] protested, preventing the marriage from taking place.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}}{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}}
  
Though the practice is overwhelmingly condemned in the majority of the world: In some places like Old [[Valyria]] it is considered common and even proper for Brother to wed Sister within families as it was believed by the Valyrians to keep the bloodline pure.  
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The views regarding marriages between an uncle and a niece (or an aunt to a nephew) might differ between the Faith and the old gods. Although the High Septon protested against a possible marriage between Prince Maegor and his niece Rhaena,{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}}{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}} in the [[north]], [[Serena Stark]] had been wed to her uncle, [[Edric Stark|Edric]], while her sister [[Sansa Stark]] had been wed to her uncle [[Jonnel Stark]].{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Stark Lineage}}
  
What defines incest depends on what part of the world you live in. Although Incest is considered an abomination in [[Westeros]] it does not seem to be considered incest by the [[Lord|Lords]] or [[smallfolk]] in the Seven Kingdoms to wed a first or second cousin.  
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In {{Date|41}}, when Aenys wed his daughter [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Aenys I)|Rhaena]] and son [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Aenys I)|Aegon]] to one another, the Faith [[Faith Militant uprising|rose in rebellion]]. The High Septon sent Aenys a denunciation, addressing him as "King Abomination"; pious lords and [[smallfolk]], who had once loved Aenys, turned against him.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}} The uprising lasted the remainder of Aenys's reign{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}} and continued throughout the reign of King [[Maegor I Targaryen]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}} Peace between the Faith and the Crown was eventually reached during the reign of [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]].{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I}}
  
Examples of this are [[Tywin Lannister]] who was wed to his first cousin [[Joanna Lannister]] {{Ref|aFfC|33}} and Lord [[Jon Arryn]]s second marriage was to his cousin, [[Rowena Arryn]].{{ref|AGOT|Appendix}}
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[[House Targaryen]] has, over the years, continued their incestuous marriages. Jaehaerys I himself was wed to his younger sister [[Alysanne Targaryen|Alysanne]], while his children [[Baelon Targaryen (son of Jaehaerys I)|Baelon]] and [[Alyssa Targaryen|Alyssa]] were married to one another. King [[Aegon II Targaryen]] was wed to his sister [[Helaena Targaryen]], King [[Baelor I Targaryen]] had been wed to his sister [[Daena Targaryen|Daena]] (although he had the marriage annulled upon ascending the throne), King [[Aegon IV Targaryen|Aegon IV]] was wed to his sister [[Naerys Targaryen|Naerys]], Prince [[Aelor Targaryen|Aelor]] his twin-sister [[Aelora Targaryen|Aelora]], King [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen]] to his sister [[Shaera Targaryen|Shaera]], and their son [[Aerys II Targaryen]] to his sister [[Rhaella Targaryen|Rhaella]].{{Ref|twoiaf| Appendix: Targaryen Lineage}}
  
[[House Targaryen]] practiced marriages of incest throughout their reign wedding brother to sister, aunt to nephew and uncle to niece.  
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King [[Aegon V Targaryen]], once betrothed to his own sister [[Daella Targaryen (daughter of Maekar I)|Daella]],{{Ref|tss}} became convinced that the incestuous marriage customs of House Targaryen were harmful. As such, Aegon and Queen [[Betha Blackwood]] betrothed four of their five children in {{Date|237}} to sons and daughters of some of the [[Great Houses]] of the [[Seven Kingdoms]]. When his son [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen|Jaehaerys]] and daughter [[Shaera Targaryen|Shaera]] married in secret, Aegon was forced to accept the marriage.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}} Years later, based on the [[prince that was promised|prophecy]] made by a  [[Ghost of High Heart|woods witch]], Jaehaerys commanded his son [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys]] and daughter [[Rhaella Targaryen|Rhaella]] to marry one another.{{ref|ADWD|23}} Whilst King Aegon V was frustrated by Jaehaerys's decision, he let his son have his way.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}}
  
In the early history of Targaryen rule, the [[Faith of the Seven]] rose in [[Faith Militant uprising|rebellion]] against the [[Iron Throne]] in {{Date|41}}, when [[Aenys I Targaryen|King Aenys]] wed his daughter [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Aenys I)|Rhaena]] and son [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Aenys I)|Aegon]] to one another. The High Septon sent Aenys a denunciation, addressing him as "King Abomination"; pious lords and [[smallfolk]], who had once loved Aenys, turned against the king.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}}
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===Incest Beyond the Wall===
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North of the [[Wall]], the [[wildling]] [[Craster]] has [[Craster's wives|nineteen wives]], many of whom are his own daughters.{{ref|acok|23}}
  
After the rebellion ended in {{Date|48}}, most lords and [[smallfolk]] turned a blind eye to [[House Targaryen]] marriages of incest as the Dragonlords were from [[Valyria]] where such practices were common. The Lords and [[smallfolk|peasants]] however are not tolerant of incest of any other house and consider children born of incest to be abominations. {{Ref|aCoK|33}}
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==Incest in Essos==
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In the [[Valyrian Freehold]], it was custom among the [[dragonlord]]s to marry brother to sister, or, if that was not possible, an uncle to a niece, or an aunt to a nephew.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}}
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==Recent Events==
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===''A Game of Thrones''===
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Lord [[Stannis Baratheon]], brother of King [[Robert I Baratheon]], becomes suspicious about the paternity of Queen [[Cersei Lannister]]’s three children, [[Joffrey Baratheon|Joffrey]], [[Myrcella Baratheon|Myrcella]], and [[Tommen Baratheon|Tommen]], believing they had not been fathered by her husband, King Robert I, but instead by her brother, [[Knight|Ser]] [[Jaime Lannister]] of the [[Kingsguard]].  He investigates the matter with Lord [[Jon Arryn]], who discovers proof for Cersei’s infidelity. Before he can reveal the secret to the king, he dies.
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When the king visits [[Winterfell]] with half his court, [[Bran Stark]] accidentally witnesses Queen Cersei and Ser Jaime having sex. In an attempt to keep their secret, Jaime throws Bran from the window of the tower they are in.{{Ref|agot|8}}
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In [[King's Landing]], Lord [[Eddard Stark]] discovers Queen Cersei's secret. He informs Lord [[Petyr Baelish]] of the fact, but Baelish's reaction suggests he had been aware for some time already.{{Ref|agot|47}} Eddard goes to confront Cersei, who confirms her relationship with Jaime.{{Ref|agot|45}} When King Robert I dies, Eddard attempts to prevent Joffrey from taking the [[Iron Throne|throne]], but is betrayed, arrested, and subsequently executed.{{Ref|agot|49}}{{Ref|agot|65}}
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During his captivity, Eddard is visited by [[Varys]], who reveals he was aware of the relationship between Cersei and Jaime.{{Ref|AGOT|58}}
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Before being presented to the [[Dothraki]] ''[[khal]]'' [[Drogo]], [[Daenerys Targaryen]] recalls how she had always assumed that she would marry her brother [[Viserys Targaryen|Viserys]] once she came [[age of majority|of age]].{{ref|AGOT|3}}
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===''A Clash of Kings''===
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Stannis Baratheon proclaims himself to be King on Dragonstone, and thereby lays claim to the Iron Throne.{{Ref|acok|Prologue}} He has his [[maester]], [[Pylos]], write numerous copies of a letter in which he proclaims Cersei’s three children to be the products of her incestuous relationship with her brother, Jaime.{{Ref|ACOK|10}} These letters are send to the lords of the Seven Kingdoms, including the [[Red Keep]] in [[King’s Landing]].{{Ref|ACOK|15}}
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While in captivity at [[Riverrun]], [[Jaime Lannister]] confirms to [[Catelyn Stark]] that Joffrey, Myrcella, and Tommen are his biological children.{{Ref|ACOK|55}}
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===''A Storm of Swords''===
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At [[Craster’s Keep]], [[Gilly]] gives birth to her father's son.{{Ref|asos|33}} She flees her father's keep with [[Samwell Tarly]]{{Ref|asos|46}} and eventually reaches [[Castle Black]] with the child.{{Ref|asos|75}}
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===''A Feast for Crows''===
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Ser [[Kevan Lannister]] makes it clear to both Cersei{{Ref|affc|7}} and Jaime{{Ref|AFFC|16}} that he is aware of their relationship and the paternity of Cersei's children.
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As part of her plot to discredit Queen [[Margaery Tyrell]], Dowager Queen Cersei Lannister has disgraced former [[maester]] [[Qyburn]] torture the [[Blue Bard]] into confessing how he witnessed Margaery having affairs with lovers. Among those accused he names Margaery’s brother, Ser [[Loras Tyrell]]. However, Cersei knows that the lie will not be believed, on account of Loras's sexual preferences, nor be taken kindly, following his recent military success at [[Dragonstone]], and insists the Blue Bard changes his confession.{{Ref|AFFC|39}}
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===''A Dance with Dragons''===
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When he discovers Gilly was not only Craster's daughter, but also his wife who gave birth to his son, he agrees to [[Jon Snow]]'s plan to send Gilly south, stating he will not suffer "such abominations" at the [[Wall]].{{Ref|adwd|3}}
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Having been taken captive by the Faith, Dowager Queen Cersei Lannister is charged with multiple crimes, including incest. She denies to the [[High Sparrow|High Septon]] that her children were fathered by her brother instead of her husband.{{Ref|ADWD|54}} During her [[walk of atonement]], the [[smallfolk]] call Cersei names, including "brotherfucker".{{Ref|ADWD|65}}
  
 
==Quotes==
 
==Quotes==
{{Quote|[[Bastards]] were common enough, but incest was a monstrous sin to both [[old gods]] and the [[Faith of the Seven|new]], and the children of such wickedness were named abominations in [[Sept|sept]] and [[Godswood|godswood]] alike. The [[House Targaryen|dragonkings]] had wed brother to sister, but they were the blood of old [[Valyria]] where such practices had been common, and like their [[dragons]] the Targaryens answered to neither gods nor men.{{Ref|aCoK|33}}}} – Thoughts of [[Catelyn Tully]]
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{{Quote|[[Bastards]] were common enough, but incest was a monstrous sin to both [[old gods]] and [[Faith of the Seven|the new]], and the children of such wickedness were named abominations in [[Sept|sept]] and [[godswood]] alike. The [[House Targaryen|dragonkings]] had wed brother to sister, but they were the blood of old [[Valyria]] where such practices had been common, and like their [[dragons]] the Targaryens answered to neither gods nor men.{{Ref|aCoK|33}}}} – Thoughts of [[Catelyn Stark]]
  
==References and Notes==
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==References==
 
{{References}}
 
{{References}}
  
 
[[Category:Terms]]
 
[[Category:Terms]]

Revision as of 12:23, 4 August 2017

King Aegon I Targaryen had taken both of his sisters to wife. Artwork by Amok©

Incest is defined as a relationship between two persons commonly regarded as too closely related to marry. [1]

Incest in Westeros

Incest in the Seven Kingdoms

The two main religions practised in the Seven Kingdoms, the Faith of the Seven and the old gods, consider incest to be a vile sin.[2][3] However, according to their marriage customs, it is acceptable and in fact quite common among the nobility for cousins to wed. Examples include Tywin and Joanna Lannister (first cousins),[4] Paxter Redwyne and Mina Tyrell (first cousins),[5] Viserys I Targaryen and Aemma Arryn (first cousins),[6] Jocelyn Baratheon and Aemon Targaryen (first cousins once removed),[6] and Rickard and Lyarra Stark (first cousins once removed).[7] The exact degree of relations are unknown in the marriages of Jon and Rowena Arryn, Shella and Walter Whent,[8] Benfrey and Jyanna Frey,{{Ref|acok|Appendix and Alys and Jared Frey.[9] Further, a marriage has been proposed between Robert Arryn and Sansa Stark (first cousins),[10] to which the degree of common ancestry was not an objection.

The Westerosi accepted the rule of Aegon I Targaryen following his Conquest, despite the fact that he was in an incestuous, polygamous marriage with both his sisters, Visenya and Rhaenys.[11] When his son Aenys was wed in 22 AC to his cousin Alyssa Velaryon, no objections were raised. However, when a marriage was proposed between Aenys's brother, Maegor, and Aenys's daughter, Rhaena, the High Septon protested, preventing the marriage from taking place.[3][12]

The views regarding marriages between an uncle and a niece (or an aunt to a nephew) might differ between the Faith and the old gods. Although the High Septon protested against a possible marriage between Prince Maegor and his niece Rhaena,[3][12] in the north, Serena Stark had been wed to her uncle, Edric, while her sister Sansa Stark had been wed to her uncle Jonnel Stark.[7]

In 41 AC, when Aenys wed his daughter Rhaena and son Aegon to one another, the Faith rose in rebellion. The High Septon sent Aenys a denunciation, addressing him as "King Abomination"; pious lords and smallfolk, who had once loved Aenys, turned against him.[3] The uprising lasted the remainder of Aenys's reign[3] and continued throughout the reign of King Maegor I Targaryen.[12] Peace between the Faith and the Crown was eventually reached during the reign of Jaehaerys I Targaryen.[13]

House Targaryen has, over the years, continued their incestuous marriages. Jaehaerys I himself was wed to his younger sister Alysanne, while his children Baelon and Alyssa were married to one another. King Aegon II Targaryen was wed to his sister Helaena Targaryen, King Baelor I Targaryen had been wed to his sister Daena (although he had the marriage annulled upon ascending the throne), King Aegon IV was wed to his sister Naerys, Prince Aelor his twin-sister Aelora, King Jaehaerys II Targaryen to his sister Shaera, and their son Aerys II Targaryen to his sister Rhaella.[6]

King Aegon V Targaryen, once betrothed to his own sister Daella,[14] became convinced that the incestuous marriage customs of House Targaryen were harmful. As such, Aegon and Queen Betha Blackwood betrothed four of their five children in 237 AC to sons and daughters of some of the Great Houses of the Seven Kingdoms. When his son Jaehaerys and daughter Shaera married in secret, Aegon was forced to accept the marriage.[15] Years later, based on the prophecy made by a woods witch, Jaehaerys commanded his son Aerys and daughter Rhaella to marry one another.[16] Whilst King Aegon V was frustrated by Jaehaerys's decision, he let his son have his way.[15]

Incest Beyond the Wall

North of the Wall, the wildling Craster has nineteen wives, many of whom are his own daughters.[17]

Incest in Essos

In the Valyrian Freehold, it was custom among the dragonlords to marry brother to sister, or, if that was not possible, an uncle to a niece, or an aunt to a nephew.[3]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Lord Stannis Baratheon, brother of King Robert I Baratheon, becomes suspicious about the paternity of Queen Cersei Lannister’s three children, Joffrey, Myrcella, and Tommen, believing they had not been fathered by her husband, King Robert I, but instead by her brother, Ser Jaime Lannister of the Kingsguard. He investigates the matter with Lord Jon Arryn, who discovers proof for Cersei’s infidelity. Before he can reveal the secret to the king, he dies.

When the king visits Winterfell with half his court, Bran Stark accidentally witnesses Queen Cersei and Ser Jaime having sex. In an attempt to keep their secret, Jaime throws Bran from the window of the tower they are in.[18]

In King's Landing, Lord Eddard Stark discovers Queen Cersei's secret. He informs Lord Petyr Baelish of the fact, but Baelish's reaction suggests he had been aware for some time already.[19] Eddard goes to confront Cersei, who confirms her relationship with Jaime.[20] When King Robert I dies, Eddard attempts to prevent Joffrey from taking the throne, but is betrayed, arrested, and subsequently executed.[21][22]

During his captivity, Eddard is visited by Varys, who reveals he was aware of the relationship between Cersei and Jaime.[23]

Before being presented to the Dothraki khal Drogo, Daenerys Targaryen recalls how she had always assumed that she would marry her brother Viserys once she came of age.[24]

A Clash of Kings

Stannis Baratheon proclaims himself to be King on Dragonstone, and thereby lays claim to the Iron Throne.[25] He has his maester, Pylos, write numerous copies of a letter in which he proclaims Cersei’s three children to be the products of her incestuous relationship with her brother, Jaime.[26] These letters are send to the lords of the Seven Kingdoms, including the Red Keep in King’s Landing.[27]

While in captivity at Riverrun, Jaime Lannister confirms to Catelyn Stark that Joffrey, Myrcella, and Tommen are his biological children.[28]

A Storm of Swords

At Craster’s Keep, Gilly gives birth to her father's son.[29] She flees her father's keep with Samwell Tarly[30] and eventually reaches Castle Black with the child.[31]

A Feast for Crows

Ser Kevan Lannister makes it clear to both Cersei[32] and Jaime[5] that he is aware of their relationship and the paternity of Cersei's children. As part of her plot to discredit Queen Margaery Tyrell, Dowager Queen Cersei Lannister has disgraced former maester Qyburn torture the Blue Bard into confessing how he witnessed Margaery having affairs with lovers. Among those accused he names Margaery’s brother, Ser Loras Tyrell. However, Cersei knows that the lie will not be believed, on account of Loras's sexual preferences, nor be taken kindly, following his recent military success at Dragonstone, and insists the Blue Bard changes his confession.[33]

A Dance with Dragons

When he discovers Gilly was not only Craster's daughter, but also his wife who gave birth to his son, he agrees to Jon Snow's plan to send Gilly south, stating he will not suffer "such abominations" at the Wall.[34]

Having been taken captive by the Faith, Dowager Queen Cersei Lannister is charged with multiple crimes, including incest. She denies to the High Septon that her children were fathered by her brother instead of her husband.[35] During her walk of atonement, the smallfolk call Cersei names, including "brotherfucker".[36]

Quotes

Bastards were common enough, but incest was a monstrous sin to both old gods and the new, and the children of such wickedness were named abominations in sept and godswood alike. The dragonkings had wed brother to sister, but they were the blood of old Valyria where such practices had been common, and like their dragons the Targaryens answered to neither gods nor men.[2]

– Thoughts of Catelyn Stark

References

  1. Wikipedia: Incest
  2. 2.0 2.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 33, Catelyn IV.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I.
  4. The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Lannister Lineage.
  5. 5.0 5.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 16, Jaime II.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Targaryen Lineage.
  7. 7.0 7.1 The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Stark Lineage.
  8. The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring.
  9. A Clash of Kings, Appendix.
  10. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 68, Sansa VI.
  11. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  13. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  14. The Sworn Sword.
  15. 15.0 15.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V.
  16. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 23, Daenerys IV.
  17. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 23, Jon III.
  18. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 8, Bran II.
  19. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 47, Eddard XIII.
  20. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 45, Eddard XII.
  21. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 49, Eddard XIV.
  22. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 65, Arya V.
  23. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
  24. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
  25. A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
  26. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos I.
  27. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 15, Tyrion III.
  28. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 55, Catelyn VII.
  29. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 33, Samwell II.
  30. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 46, Samwell III.
  31. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 75, Samwell IV.
  32. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 7, Cersei II.
  33. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 39, Cersei IX.
  34. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 3, Jon I.
  35. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 54, Cersei I.
  36. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 65, Cersei II.