Difference between revisions of "Languages"

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==Portrayal==
 
==Portrayal==
Unlike [[w:J. R. R. Tolkien|J. R. R. Tolkien]], who created entire languages with grammar, syntax, and tenses, [[George R. R. Martin]] has created only a few words from each language and his languages are not conveyed in any great detail. Instead, the tongue in which they are speaking is noted but rendered in English, with added characteristics and flavor portrayed through out the text. Martin explained,
+
Unlike [[w:J. R. R. Tolkien|J. R. R. Tolkien]], who created entire languages with grammar, syntax, and tenses, [[George R. R. Martin]] has created only a few words from each language in his world, and his languages are not conveyed in any great detail. Instead, the tongue in which they are speaking is noted but rendered in English, with added characteristics and flavor portrayed through out the text. As Martin explained,
  
 
{{quote|Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing [[w:Elvish languages (Middle-earth)|Elvish]] in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a [[High Valyrian|Valyrian language]]. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1250/ Yet More Questions (July 22, 2001)]</ref>}}
 
{{quote|Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing [[w:Elvish languages (Middle-earth)|Elvish]] in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a [[High Valyrian|Valyrian language]]. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1250/ Yet More Questions (July 22, 2001)]</ref>}}
  
[[w:David J. Peterson|David J. Peterson]] developed spoken [[Dothraki language|Dothraki]] and High Valyrian for HBO's television adaptation, ''[[Game of Thrones]]''. The languages expand greatly from Martin's few bits of published words. A website, [http://www.dothraki.org/ dothraki.org], helps teach and spread the constructed tongues. Film critic and indie director Lee Demarbre has called the Dothraki language the "new Klingon".{{fact}}
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[[w:David J. Peterson|David J. Peterson]] developed spoken [[Dothraki language|Dothraki]] and High Valyrian for HBO's television adaptation, ''[[Game of Thrones]]''. The languages expand greatly from Martin's few created words. A website, [http://www.dothraki.org/ dothraki.org], helps teach and spread the constructed tongues. The popularity of the Dothraki language has led it to be called "the new [[w:Klingon language|Klingon]]".<ref>[http://www.ew.com/article/2015/04/17/dothraki-new-klingon Entertainment Weekly: Is Dothraki the new Klingon? (April 17, 2015)]</ref>
  
 
==Languages of Westeros==
 
==Languages of Westeros==
The [[Old Tongue]] was the language of the [[First Men]] who dominated Westeros thousands of years. Today, the Old Tongue is still remembered by [[giants]] and some [[free folk]] who live [[beyond the Wall]], while most people within the [[Seven Kingdoms]] know no other language than the [[Common Tongue]]. Although there are minor variations to it from place to place, [[Dornishmen]] can communicate with [[northmen]] without difficulty. Foreign tongues are taught in the [[Citadel]] or are are brought from other lands by immigrants, merchants, sellswords, and the like.
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The [[Old Tongue]] was the language of the [[First Men]], who dominated [[Westeros]] for thousands of years. Today, the Old Tongue is still remembered by [[giants]] and some [[free folk]] who live [[beyond the Wall]],{{ref|acok|51}}{{ref|asos|15}} but most people within the [[Seven Kingdoms]] know no other language than the [[Common Tongue]]. Although the Common Tongue has minor variations and regional accents,<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2802 Cyvasse, Accents, Historical Mysteries, and Dornish Nationalism (April 18, 2008)]</ref>{{ref|agot|26}} [[Dornishmen]] can communicate with [[northmen]] without difficulty. Foreign tongues are taught in the [[Citadel]] and by [[maesters]],{{ref|adwd|1}} or are are brought from other lands by immigrants, merchants, sellswords, and the like.
  
 
==Languages of Essos==
 
==Languages of Essos==
 
Many languages exist in [[Essos]], the continent across the [[narrow sea]].  
 
Many languages exist in [[Essos]], the continent across the [[narrow sea]].  
  
* [[High Valyrian]], the language of the old [[Valyrian Freehold]], is now spoken in bastardized dialects across its remnants, including the [[Free Cities]] and [[Slaver's Bay]].
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* [[High Valyrian]], the language of the old [[Valyrian Freehold]], is now spoken in bastardized dialects across its remnants, including the [[Free Cities]] and [[Slaver's Bay]]. Each Free City's dialect is on its way to be a separate language,{{ref|adwd|1}} but someone who is fluent in High Valyrian can communicate well enough.{{ref|adwd|6}}
 
* The [[Dothraki language]] is the tongue of the [[Dothraki]], the indigenous inhabitants of the [[Dothraki sea]].
 
* The [[Dothraki language]] is the tongue of the [[Dothraki]], the indigenous inhabitants of the [[Dothraki sea]].
* [[Old Ghiscari]] is a largely extinct tongue. It was spoken five thousand years ago by the [[Ghiscari]] people of the [[Old Empire of Ghis]], which was destroyed by the [[Valyrian Freehold]]. Ghiscari was supplanted by a bastardized version of High Valyrian, though it is still spoken by some and engraved Ghiscari glyphs can be found on various objects of old.
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* [[Old Ghiscari]] is a largely extinct tongue. It was spoken five thousand years ago by the [[Ghiscari]] people of the [[Old Empire of Ghis]], which was destroyed by the [[Valyrian Freehold]]. Ghiscari was supplanted by a "mongrel" blend with High Valyrian,{{ref|adwd|14}}{{ref|adwd|60}} though it is still spoken by some, and engraved Ghiscari glyphs can be found on various old objects.{{ref|asos|23}}
* The people of [[Asshai]] have a language which they use in [[spells]].
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* The people of [[Asshai]] have a language which is used in [[spells]].{{ref|acok|10}}
 
* [[Lhazareen]] is described as singsong.{{Ref|AGOT|61}}
 
* [[Lhazareen]] is described as singsong.{{Ref|AGOT|61}}
 
* The [[Summer Tongue]] is  used in the [[Summer Isles]].
 
* The [[Summer Tongue]] is  used in the [[Summer Isles]].
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==Non-Human Communication==
 
==Non-Human Communication==
* The [[children of the forest]] are said to sing in the [[True Tongue]].
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* The [[children of the forest]] speak and sing in the [[True Tongue]], and have taught it to some [[raven]]s.{{ref|adwd|13}}{{ref|adwd|34}}
 
* The [[Others]]' language is described as sounding like cracking of ice on a winter lake.{{ref|AGOT|Prologue}} In ''[[Game of Thrones]]'' it is named [[Skroth]].
 
* The [[Others]]' language is described as sounding like cracking of ice on a winter lake.{{ref|AGOT|Prologue}} In ''[[Game of Thrones]]'' it is named [[Skroth]].
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
* Dothraki wiki, on [http://wiki.dothraki.org/Other_languages languages]
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* [http://wiki.dothraki.org/Other_languages Dothraki wiki, on languages]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 18:36, 2 August 2016

Throughout A Song of Ice and Fire, numerous cultural and regional dialects are discussed. These dialects form the world's spoken tongue, and help define its people.

Portrayal

Unlike J. R. R. Tolkien, who created entire languages with grammar, syntax, and tenses, George R. R. Martin has created only a few words from each language in his world, and his languages are not conveyed in any great detail. Instead, the tongue in which they are speaking is noted but rendered in English, with added characteristics and flavor portrayed through out the text. As Martin explained,

Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing Elvish in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a Valyrian language. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.[1]

David J. Peterson developed spoken Dothraki and High Valyrian for HBO's television adaptation, Game of Thrones. The languages expand greatly from Martin's few created words. A website, dothraki.org, helps teach and spread the constructed tongues. The popularity of the Dothraki language has led it to be called "the new Klingon".[2]

Languages of Westeros

The Old Tongue was the language of the First Men, who dominated Westeros for thousands of years. Today, the Old Tongue is still remembered by giants and some free folk who live beyond the Wall,[3][4] but most people within the Seven Kingdoms know no other language than the Common Tongue. Although the Common Tongue has minor variations and regional accents,[5][6] Dornishmen can communicate with northmen without difficulty. Foreign tongues are taught in the Citadel and by maesters,[7] or are are brought from other lands by immigrants, merchants, sellswords, and the like.

Languages of Essos

Many languages exist in Essos, the continent across the narrow sea.

Non-Human Communication

External links

References