Difference between revisions of "Oberyn Martell"

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{{Character
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{{Infobox character
| Character_name= [[File:MartellCoA.png |50px|left]][[File:Second Sons small.png|50px|right]]'''Oberyn Nymeros Martell'''
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| Character_name = [[File:House Martell.svg|50px|left]] Oberyn Martell [[File:Second Sons small.png|50px|right]]
| image         = [[File:Oberyn Martell.jpg|300px]]
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| image = [[File:MagaliVilleneuve Prince Oberyn Nymeros Martell.jpg|300px]]
| image_caption = Oberyn Martell by Amok©
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| image_caption = Oberyn Martell by MagaliVilleneuve©.
| Alias = The Red Viper
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| Alias = The Red Viper{{Ref|AGOT|Appendix}}<br>The snake{{Ref|ASOS|53}}<br>Oberyn Viper{{Ref|AFFC|13}}<br>Red snake{{Ref|AFFC|27}}
| Title = Prince of Dorne
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| Title = [[Prince]]<br>[[Knight|Ser]]
| Allegiance = [[House Martell|House Martell]]<br>[[Second Sons]] (formerly)
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| Allegiance = [[House Martell]]<br>[[Second Sons]] (formerly)
| Race = "Salty" Dornishman
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| Race = "Salty" Dornishman
| Culture = [[Dornishmen]]
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| Culture = [[Dornishmen]]
| Spouse =
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| Spouse = [[Ellaria Sand]] ([[paramour]])
| Place_of_Birth=
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| Issue = [[Obara Sand]]<br>[[Nymeria Sand]]<br>[[Tyene Sand]]<br>[[Sarella Sand]]<br>[[Elia Sand]]<br>[[Obella Sand]]<br>[[Dorea Sand]]<br>[[Loreza Sand]]
| Date_of_Birth ={{date|258}}
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| Father =
| Place_of_Death= [[King's Landing]]
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| Mother = [[Princess of Dorne (unnamed)|Princess of Dorne]]
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| Place_of_Birth =
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| Date_of_Birth = {{Date|257}} or {{Date|258}}<ref>''See the [[Years after Aegon's Conquest/Calculations Ages (Continued2)#Oberyn Martell|Oberyn Martell]] calculation.''</ref>
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| Place_of_Death = [[King's Landing]]
 
| Date_of_Death = {{Date|300}}
 
| Date_of_Death = {{Date|300}}
| coat-of-arms =  
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| Coat-of-arms =
| Books = [[A Game of Thrones]] (Mentioned)<br>[[A Clash of Kings]] (Mentioned)<br>[[A Storm of Swords]] (Appears)<br>[[A Feast for Crows]] (Mentioned)<br>[[A Dance with Dragons]] (Mentioned)
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| Books = ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[A Game of Thrones]]'' (appendix)<br>''[[A Clash of Kings]]'' (appendix)<br>''[[A Storm of Swords]]'' (appears)<br>''[[A Feast for Crows]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[A Dance with Dragons]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[The Winds of Winter]]'' (mentioned)
| coat-of-arms  =
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| Played_by = [[w:Pedro Pascal|Pedro Pascal]]
| Played_by     = Pedro Pascal
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| TV_series = [[Game of Thrones - Season 4|Season 4]]
| TV_series     = [[Game of Thrones - Season 4|Season 4]]
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
Prince '''Oberyn Nymeros Martell''', known as the '''Red Viper''', is a member of [[House Martell]] and is Prince [[Doran Martell|Doran]]'s hot-headed younger brother. He has eight bastard daughters, called the [[Sand Snakes]], the four youngest of which by his current paramour [[Ellaria Sand]]. Some rumors hold that he is bisexual.{{Ref|aSoS|38}} His squire (and one of his many rumored lovers) was [[Daemon Sand]]. In the television adaptation ''[[Game of Thrones]]'' Oberyn is portrayed by Pedro Pascal.
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Prince '''Oberyn Nymeros Martell''', also known as '''the Red Viper''', is a member of [[House Martell]] and is the younger brother of [[Doran Martell]], [[Prince of Dorne]]. Oberyn has eight [[bastard]] daughters called the [[Sand Snakes]], the four youngest of whom are by his current [[paramour]], [[Ellaria Sand]]. In the television adaptation ''[[Game of Thrones]]'' Oberyn is portrayed by [[w:Pedro Pascal|Pedro Pascal]].
  
 
==Appearance and Character==
 
==Appearance and Character==
:''See also: [[:Category:Images of Oberyn Martell|Images of Oberyn Martell]]''
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{{See also|:Category:Images of Oberyn Martell|l1=Images of Oberyn Martell}}
  
Oberyn has a lined face with thin eyebrows, black "viper" eyes and a sharp nose.{{Ref|aFfC|2}} His hair is lustrous and black with only a few silver streaks and recedes from his brow into a widow's peak.{{Ref|aSoS|38}}
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Oberyn has the features of a salty [[Dornishmen]]. He is a tall, slender, graceful, and fit man,{{Ref|ASOS|38}}{{Ref|ASOS|66}} and has a lined and saturnine face with thin eyebrows, black "viper" eyes and a sharp nose.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}{{Ref|ASOS|66}} His hair is lustrous and black with only a few silver streaks and recedes from his brow into a widow's peak.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}
  
Oberyn is a forceful, lusty man with a quick wit and barbed tongue. He studied at the [[Citadel]] for a while, and apparently forged several maester links but eventually grew bored and left the order. Oberyn had traveled the world, and even founded his own mercenary company. He had a very close relationship with his sister [[Elia Martell|Elia]] and they were inseparable as children.
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Oberyn has always been fierce.{{Ref|AFFC|2}} He has a fearsome and notorious reputation.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}{{Ref|ADWD|Epilogue}} According to Lord [[Tywin Lannister]], Oberyn has always been half-mad.{{Ref|ASOS|53}} Oberyn's brother [[Doran Martell|Doran]] has described him as "deadly, dangerous, [and] unpredictable", stating that "no man dared tread on him".{{Ref|ADWD|38}} However, Doran also claims Oberyn is rash.{{Ref|AFFC|2}} A witty man who is sharp of tongue,{{Ref|ASOS|38}}{{Ref|ASOS|66}} Oberyn has claimed to have been "a monstrous young fellow" in his youth.{{Ref|ASOS|70}} Oberyn is a bloodthirsty man, who for years has sought revenge for his sister [[Elia Martell|Elia]], with whom he had been inseparable as children.{{Ref|ASOS|38}} He studied at the [[Citadel]] until he grew bored, and has traveled the world, learning much about [[poison]]s.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}
  
Oberyn rides a black stallion with a tail the color of fire. He wears a pale red silk cloak and a shirt armored with overlapping discs of bright copper. His helm is adorned with a copper sun and he owns a steel round shield in the [[Dorne|Dornish]] style that is decorated with the sigil of [[House Martell]].{{Ref|aSoS|38}}
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Rumor has it that Oberyn is [[Gender and sexuality|bisexual]].{{Ref|ASOS|38}} His one-time [[squire]],{{Ref|AFFC|24}} Ser [[Daemon Sand]], is rumored to have been one of his lovers.<ref name=winds/> Additionally, it is said Oberyn has "begotten [[bastard]] girls all over Dorne", though in reality only four of his eight daughters are Dornish, born to his long-time [[paramour]], [[Ellaria Sand]].{{Ref|AFFC|Appendix}} He fearlessly claimed and raised them,{{Ref|AWOIAF| Oberyn Martell}} arming them so they would be able to defend themselves{{Ref|AFFC|40}} and allowing them the freedom to choose between [[wedding]], or taking pleasure wherever it can be found.{{Ref|AFFC|40}}
  
In battle, along with his brightly-polished round shield, Oberyn wields an ash spear eight feet long with a steel spearhead and spike. He chooses to wear lightly armored greaves, vambraces, gorget, spaulder and steel codpiece, in addition to supple leather and flowing silk. He wears a helm without a visor and scales of gleaming copper over his byrnie.{{ref|ASOS|70}}
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Oberyn has an interest in fine [[horse]]flesh.{{Ref|ASOS|38}} He despises Lord [[Mace Tyrell]],{{Ref|ASOS|66}} calling him the "Fat Flower of [[Highgarden]]".{{Ref|ASOS|38}}{{Ref|ASOS|66}}
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Oberyn is a renowned warrior,{{Ref|ASOS|38}} quick as a water snake{{Ref|AFFC|2}} and very athletic.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
===Early Life===
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===Early life===
[[File:MagaliVilleneuve Prince Oberyn Nymeros Martell.jpg|300px|thumb|Prince Oberyn Nymeros Martell - by MagaliVilleneuve ©]]
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In his youth, Oberyn was fostered at [[Sandstone]].{{Ref|AFFC|21}} When in his teens, Oberyn traveled with [[Princess of Dorne (unnamed)|his mother]], the ruling [[Princess of Dorne]], and his sister, Princess [[Elia Martell]], and met multiple potential [[marriage]] candidates for his sister, visiting castles at [[Starfall]], the [[Arbor]], [[Oldtown]], the [[Shield Islands]], and [[Crakehall]]. Oberyn spent his time mocking Elia's suitors. The last castle they visited was [[Casterly Rock]], where they arrived shortly after the death of Lady [[Joanna Lannister]] in childbirth. According to Oberyn, his mother and Joanna had planned to wed either Oberyn to [[Cersei Lannister]], or Elia to [[Jaime Lannister]], or both. Lord [[Tywin Lannister]], however, was unreceptive of the suggestion, stating that his daughter would marry Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]]. He offered the newborn [[Tyrion Lannister]] as a husband for Elia instead, which was seen as an insult.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
[[File:Oberyn Martell10.jpg‎‎|Oberyn Martell by Paul Phillips ©|thumb|250px]]
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In his youth, Oberyn was fostered at [[Sandstone]].{{Ref|aFfC|21}} At sixteen, Oberyn was found in bed with the [[paramour]] of Lord [[Edgar Yronwood]], so the lord challenged him to a duel. The duel was to first blood, given the prince’s youth and high birth, and both took cuts. Lord Edgar's wounds festered and killed him. Oberyn has been known as the "Red Viper" ever since by friends and foes alike, due to rumors that he fought the duel with a poisoned blade.{{Ref|aSoS|38}} Afterward, Oberyn was sent to [[Oldtown]] and then to [[Lys]] in temporary exile (though it was not called exile) in order for [[House Martell]] to make peace with [[House Yronwood]], [[Quentyn Martell]] was sent as a ward to [[House Yronwood]].<ref>[http://georgerrmartin.com/if-sample.html The Winds of Winter, Arianne sample chapter]</ref>
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At the age of sixteen, Oberyn was found in bed with the [[paramour]] of Lord [[Edgar Yronwood]], so the lord challenged him to a duel. The duel was to first blood, given the prince's youth and high birth, and both took cuts. Edgar's wounds festered and killed him. Oberyn has been known as the "Red Viper" ever since by friends and foes alike, due to rumors that he fought the duel with a [[poison]]ed blade.{{Ref|ASOS|38}} Afterward, Oberyn was sent to Oldtown and then to [[Lys]] in temporary exile (though none called it such) in order for [[House Martell]] to make peace with [[House Yronwood]], and Prince [[Quentyn Martell]] was sent as a ward to [[Yronwood]].<ref name=winds>''[[The Winds of Winter]]'', [[Arianne I (The Winds of Winter)|Arianne I]]</ref>
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Oberyn traveled extensively in the [[Free Cities]], where he learned much about poisons and perhaps even darker arts. He had studied at the [[Citadel]], going so far as to forge six links of a [[maester]]'s chain before he grew bored. He had soldiered in the [[Disputed Lands]] across the narrow sea, riding with the [[Second Sons]] for a time before forming his own company. It is said that he beds both men and women, and has begotten eight bastard daughters, called the [[Sand Snakes]].{{Ref|ASOS|38}} Oberyn, however, does not let his children grow up wanting: he takes responsibility for them, and actively seeks to help raise all his children (something few lords do when it comes to their [[bastard]] offspring). He teaches them how to defend themselves and allows them great independence in growing up.{{Ref|AFFC|40}}
  
Oberyn had traveled extensively in the Free Cities, where he learned much about [[poison]]s and perhaps even darker arts. He had studied at the [[Citadel]], going so far as to forge six links of a [[maester]]'s chain before he grew bored. He had soldiered in the [[Disputed Lands]] across the Narrow Sea, riding with the [[Second Sons]] for a time before forming his own company. It is said that he beds both men and women, and has begotten bastard girls all over Dorne. The ''[[Sand Snakes]]'', men call them.{{Ref|aSoS|38}}
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Prince Oberyn was unhorsed by Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] and Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] at a [[tourney at Storm's End]].{{Ref|ASOS|42}}{{Ref|ASOS|67}} He was also present during the [[tourney at Harrenhal]] in {{Date|281}}, where he danced with Lady [[Ashara Dayne]].{{Ref|ASOS|24}}
  
Oberyn, however, does not let his children grow up wanting: he takes responsibility for them, and actively seeks to help raise all his children (something few lords do when it comes to their [[Bastardy|bastard]] offspring). He teaches them how to defend themselves and allows them great independence in growing up.
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===Baratheon Era===
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Oberyn had a close relationship with his sister [[Elia Martell|Elia]]. It is currently unknown where Oberyn was during [[Robert's Rebellion]].<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/Various_questions_concerning_Tywin_Oberyn_Gregor_the_North_and_Sansa Various Questions Concerning Tywin, Oberyn, Gregor, the North, and Sansa (April 15, 2008)]</ref>
  
When Oberyn was young, the ruling Princess of Dorne planned to wed Oberyn or his sister, Princess Elia, to one of Lord Tywin's children, or both of them to his twins. For that purpose, they visited Casterly Rock, where they met Cersei, Jaime and Tyrion Lannister. However, they arrived shortly after [[Joanna Lannister]]'s death, which left Lord Tywin unreceptive. He offered the newborn Tyrion instead, which was seen as an insult.
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During the [[Sack of King's Landing]], Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] raped and murdered Elia and also killed her son, Prince [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon Targaryen]]. Another [[House Lannister|Lannister]] knight, Ser [[Amory Lorch]] killed her daughter, Princess [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys Targaryen]]. After hearing of these deaths, Oberyn attempted to raise Dorne for the exiled Prince [[Viserys Targaryen]]. The new [[Hand of the King]], Lord [[Jon Arryn]], traveled to Sunspear in the year following the war, and was able to keep the peace, but Oberyn has desired revenge ever since.{{Ref|ASOS|38}} After the war, Oberyn seldom left Dorne.{{Ref|ASOS|53}}
  
Oberyn is also primarily responsible for giving modern revitalization to the ongoing feud between his House and [[House Tyrell|the Tyrells]], because he accidentally crippled [[Willas Tyrell]] in a [[tourney]], Oberyn struck Willas breastplate clean, but his foot caught in a stirrup as he fell and his horse fell on top of him. Oberyn even sent his own [[Maesters|maestar]] to help treat Willas. Willas himself holds no grudge against Oberyn and the two correspond via raven message even after the accident as both share a passion for horses.{{Ref|aSoS|38}} Prince Oberyn was unhorsed by Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] at a tourney at [[Storm's End]].{{Ref|aSoS|42}} He was unhorsed by Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] at a different tourney at Storm's End.{{Ref|aSoS|67}}
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Oberyn is primarily responsible for giving modern revitalization to the ongoing feud between his House and the [[House Tyrell|Tyrells]], because he accidentally crippled [[Willas Tyrell]] in a [[tourney]]. Oberyn struck Willas's breastplate clean, but the boy's foot caught in a stirrup as he fell and his horse fell on top of him. Oberyn sent his own maester to help treat Willas, who holds no grudge against Oberyn. The two correspond via [[raven]] message as both share a passion for [[horse]]s.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}
  
===Events following Elia's murder===
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Oberyn and his brother [[Doran Martell|Doran]], [[Prince of Dorne]], worked in secret for years planning on bringing an end to the reign of King [[Robert I Baratheon]] and destroying [[House Lannister]].{{Ref|AFFC|40}} Oberyn traveled to Braavos, where Viserys and [[Daenerys Targaryen]] were living with Ser [[Willem Darry]]. Oberyn and Willem signed a [[secret marriage pact]], with the [[Sealord of Braavos]] as witness, promising Viserys the hand of Princess [[Arianne Martell]] in marriage, in return for Dorne's help in reclaiming the [[Iron Throne]] from [[House Baratheon of King's Landing|House Baratheon]].{{Ref|ADWD|43}}
Oberyn had a very close relationship with his sister [[Elia Martell|Elia]]. Following the [[Sack of King's Landing]], when he learned that she was raped and murdered by a Lannister knight, [[Gregor Clegane]], along with her [[Aegon Targaryen|son]] and how her [[Rhaenys Targaryen(daughter of Rhaegar)|daughter]] was killed by another Lannister knight ([[Amory Lorch]]), he attempted to raise Dorne for [[Viserys Targaryen|Viserys]]. The new Hand, [[Jon Arryn]], was able to keep the peace, but Oberyn has desired revenge ever since.{{Ref|aSoS|38}} He seldom left Dorne in a public capacity thereafter.{{Ref|aSoS|53}}
 
  
He and his brother [[Doran Martell|Doran]] worked in secret for years planning on bringing an end to the reign of [[Robert Baratheon]] and destroying [[House Lannister]]. Oberyn traveled to Braavos where [[Viserys Targaryen]] and [[Daenerys Targaryen]] were being kept by Ser [[Willem Darry]] and signed a secret pact that the Sealord of Braavos witnessed, promising Viserys the hand of [[Arianne Martell]] in return for Dorne's help in claiming the throne.
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Oberyn eventually granted [[knight]]hood on his squire, Ser [[Daemon Sand]].<ref name=winds/> Prince [[Quentyn Martell]] choose to be knighted by Lord [[Anders Yronwood]] instead of Oberyn.{{Ref|AFFC|13}}
  
 
==Recent Events==
 
==Recent Events==
 
===''A Storm of Swords''===
 
===''A Storm of Swords''===
[[File:Zippo514 RV vs Mountain.jpg|400px|thumb|The Red Viper vs The Mountain - by zippo514 ©]]
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[[File:Zippo514 RV vs Mountain.jpg|400px|thumb|The Red Viper vs The Mountain - by zippo514©.]]
Prince Oberyn comes to [[King's Landing]] to claim the seat on the [[small council]] on Prince [[Doran Martell]]'s behalf and obtain justice for his sister [[Elia Martell]]'s murderer, as was agreed with the acting [[Hand of the King]], [[Tyrion Lannister]].{{Ref|aSoS|38}} However, it soon becomes clear that the new Hand, Lord [[Tywin Lannister]], means to forgo that promise. Tywin plans on lying to Oberyn and claiming that the now deceased Ser [[Amory Lorch]] is responsible for all three deaths (Lorch was guilty of the death of only [[Rhaenys Targaryen(daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]]).{{Ref|aSoS|53}}
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Prince Oberyn comes to [[King's Landing]] to claim his brother [[Doran Martell|Doran]]'s [[small council]] seat, and to finally receive justice for the death of his sister [[Elia Martell|Elia]],{{Ref|ASOS|38}} as had been promised to the Martells by acting [[Hand of the King]] [[Tyrion Lannister]].{{Ref|ACOK|20}} Whenever he happens to see Tyrion, he asks when "justice would be served".{{Ref|ASOS|53}} However, Lord [[Tywin Lannister]] plans lie to Oberyn and claim that the now-deceased Ser [[Amory Lorch]] was responsible for the deaths of Elia, her daughter [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]], and her son [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon]], although Amory had only killed Rhaenys during the [[Sack of King's Landing]].{{Ref|ASOS|53}}
  
Oberyn gives King [[Joffrey Baratheon]] a red gold scorpion brooch for the [[Purple Wedding|royal wedding]]. {{ref|ASOS|59}}
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Oberyn is among those Lord [[Tywin Lannister]] considers as a possible candidate in marriage for his daughter, the widowed Queen [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]].{{Ref|ASOS|19}}{{Ref|ASOS|62}} Oberyn gives King [[Joffrey Baratheon|Joffrey I Baratheon]] a red gold scorpion brooch for the [[Purple Wedding|royal wedding]].{{Ref|ASOS|59}}
  
When Tyrion is accused of Joffrey's murder, Oberyn is one of the judges. The day before a judgement is to be pronounced, Oberyn offers to be Tyrion's champion in a [[trial by combat]], if Tyrion tells who is guilty of the murder of Elia. Tyrion takes Oberyn up on his offer. He denies any involvement of his father but tells Oberyn that Lorch killed Rhaenys and Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] killed Elia and [[Aegon Targaryen|Aegon]].{{Ref|aSoS|66}} Oberyn knows already that Ser Gregor will be his adversary.  
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After Tyrion is accused of Joffrey's murder, Oberyn is one of his judges. The day before a judgment is to be pronounced, Oberyn offers to be Tyrion's champion in a [[trial by combat]] against Ser [[Gregor Clegane]], if Tyrion tells who is guilty of the murder of Elia. Tyrion denies any involvement of his father, Tywin, but tells Oberyn that Amory killed Rhaenys and Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] killed Elia and Aegon.{{Ref|ASOS|66}} When Tyrion realizes the witness testimonies at the trial are sure to lead to a guilty verdict, he demands a trial by battle. To the consternation of the court, Oberyn announces that he will be Tyrion's champion. Tywin is angered, but grants Tyrion's request.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
  
Despite his enormous physical disadvantage, Oberyn using speed manages to wound Clegane several times and cripple him by finding chinks in his armour and severing his hamstring after the Mountain tired from chasing him. As Oberyn prolongs Gregor's death, trying to wring a murder confession from him, the prostrated Clegane manages to grab hold of Oberyn and smash his armoured fist into Oberyn's face, killing him: dashing out his brains after first destroying his teeth and knocking out his eyes. Before killing Oberyn however, Clegane roars his guilt in killing Elia and Aegon for for all to hear. {{Ref|aSoS|70}}
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The next morning, Tyrion is given leave to visit his champion. Oberyn plans to fight with a spear and use only light armor. He specifically warns Tyrion not to touch the weapon. He is confident, but Tyrion is not sure of his choice of weapon. Oberyn invites Tyrion to go to [[Dorne]] after the trial and talks about crowning [[Myrcella Baratheon]]. He then changes the subject to the time he visited [[Lannisport]] with his [[Princess of Dorne (unnamed)|mother]] and sister Elia. His mother and Tyrion's mother [[Joanna Lannister]] were friends, and were planning on marrying Jaime to Elia and/or Cersei to Oberyn. However, when they arrived at [[Casterly Rock]], Joanna had died, and Tywin refused both suggestions and said that Cersei was intended for Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]]. Because Elia later married Rhaegar, Oberyn thinks that this is why Tywin had Elia killed. Oberyn proclaims that today he will have justice for Elia and her children.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
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In the trial by battle, Oberyn wounds Gregor several times by finding chinks in his armor, and severs Gregor's hamstring after the latter tires from chasing him. He breaks his spear in Gregor's belly, but rather than killing him, Oberyn insists that Gregor confess to Elia's murder. Changing the tide of the battle, Gregor trips Oberyn and smashes his armored fist into Oberyn's face, destroying his teeth and knocking out his eyes, then smashing in the prince's skull. Before killing Oberyn, however, Gregor announces his guilt in the death of Elia and Aegon for all to hear.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
  
 
===''A Feast for Crows''===
 
===''A Feast for Crows''===
Oberyn achieves posthumous vengeance by having coated his spear in a special kind of poison, leaving Clegane to die slowly and in tremendous agony.{{Ref|aFfC|2}}
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Oberyn achieves posthumous vengeance, as Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] dies a slow and agonizing death from [[poison]].{{Ref|AFFC|2}}{{Ref|AFFC|17}}
 
 
Oberyn's daughters, the [[Sand Snakes]], seek vengeance for his death; Prince [[Doran Martell]] orders [[Areo Hotah]] to place them under arrest to keep the peace.{{ref|AFFC|2}}
 
  
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Oberyn's daughters, the [[Sand Snakes]], seek vengeance for his death; Prince [[Doran Martell]] orders [[Areo Hotah]] to place them under arrest to keep the peace.{{Ref|AFFC|2}}
  
 
===''A Dance with Dragons''===
 
===''A Dance with Dragons''===
[[Tyene Sand]] mentions that she knows about the poison her father used on the Mountain and that if his spear so much as broke Cleganes skin then he is dead. {{Ref|aDwD|38}}
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After [[Gregor Clegane]]'s [[Mountain's skull|skull]] has been brought to [[Sunspear]], Oberyn's family wonders how to be certain it was indeed Gregor's. [[Tyene Sand]] claims to know which poison Oberyn had used during his duel with Gregor and states that if his spear so much as broke Gregor's skin, Gregor could not have survived.{{Ref|ADWD|38}}
  
 
==Quotes by Oberyn==
 
==Quotes by Oberyn==
[[File:Oberyn Martell fights Gregor Clegane.jpg|300px|thumb|Oberyn fights Gregor Clegane by M.Luisa Giliberti©]]
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[[File:Oberyn martell by bellabergolts.jpg‎‎|Oberyn Martell by Bella Bergolts©.|thumb|300px]]
  
{{Quote|'''Ellaria:''' You're going to fight [[Gregor Clegane|that]]?<br>
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{{Quote|'''Ellaria''': You're going to fight [[Gregor Clegane|that]]?<br>
'''Oberyn:''' I'm going to kill that.{{Ref|asos|70}}}}
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'''Oberyn''': I'm going to kill that.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}|Oberyn and [[Ellaria Sand]]}}
Oberyn and [[Ellaria Sand]]
 
  
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{{Quote|[[Elia Martell]], Princess of Dorne, you raped her. You murdered her. You killed her children.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}|Oberyn to [[Gregor Clegane]]}}
  
{{Quote|[[Elia Martell]], Princess of Dorne, you raped her. You murdered her. You killed her children.{{ref|aSoS|53}}}} – Oberyn while fighting [[Gregor Clegane]]
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{{Quote|If you die before you say [[Elia Martell|her name]], I will hunt you through all seven hells.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}|Oberyn to [[Gregor Clegane]]}}
 
 
  
 
==Quotes about Oberyn==
 
==Quotes about Oberyn==
{{Quote|Oberyn has always been half-mad.{{ref|aSoS|53}}}} – [[Tywin Lannister]] to [[Tyrion Lannister]]
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{{Quote|Oberyn has always been half-mad.{{Ref|ASOS|53}}|[[Tywin Lannister]] to [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
  
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{{Quote|The man's infamous, and not just for [[poison]]ing his sword. He has more [[bastard]]s than [[Robert I Baratheon|Robert]], and beds with boys as well.{{Ref|ASOS|62}}|[[Jaime Lannister]] to [[Tywin Lannister]]}}
  
{{Quote|The man's infamous, and not just for poisoning his sword. {{ref|aSoS|62}}}} – [[Jaime Lannister]] to [[Tywin Lannister]]
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{{Quote|He knew the man only by reputation ... but the reputation was fearsome.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}|thoughts of [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
  
 
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{{Quote|Oberyn was ever the viper. Deadly, dangerous, unpredictable. No man dared tread on him.{{Ref|ADWD|38}}|[[Doran Martell]] to the [[Sand Snakes]]}}
{{Quote|He knew the man only by reputation...but the reputation is fearsome...His tourneys, his battles, his duels, his horses, his carnality.{{Ref|aSoS|38}}}} - Thoughts of [[Tyrion Lannister]]
 
 
 
 
 
{{Quote|Oberyn was ever the viper. Deadly, dangerous, unpredictable. No man dared tread on him.{{Ref|aDwD|38}}}} – [[Doran Martell]] to the [[Sand Snakes]]
 
  
 
==Family==
 
==Family==
 
{{Martell tree}}
 
{{Martell tree}}
  
==References and Notes==
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==Behind the Scenes==
{{references|3}}
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The [[w:Visconti of Milan|Visconti of Milan]], whose arms depicted a blue viper, were an inspiration for Oberyn, the Red Viper.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1298 Private Meeting (Sante Fe, NM) (May 04, 2004)]</ref>
  
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==References==
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{{References}}
  
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Latest revision as of 11:18, 23 August 2019

House Martell.svg
Oberyn Martell
Second Sons small.png
MagaliVilleneuve Prince Oberyn Nymeros Martell.jpg
Oberyn Martell by MagaliVilleneuve©.

Alias The Red Viper[1]
The snake[2]
Oberyn Viper[3]
Red snake[4]
Title Prince
Ser
Allegiance House Martell
Second Sons (formerly)
Race "Salty" Dornishman
Culture Dornishmen
Born In 257 AC or 258 AC[5]
Died In 300 AC, at King's Landing
Spouse Ellaria Sand (paramour)
Issue Obara Sand
Nymeria Sand
Tyene Sand
Sarella Sand
Elia Sand
Obella Sand
Dorea Sand
Loreza Sand
Book(s) The World of Ice & Fire (mentioned)
A Game of Thrones (appendix)
A Clash of Kings (appendix)
A Storm of Swords (appears)
A Feast for Crows (mentioned)
A Dance with Dragons (mentioned)
The Winds of Winter (mentioned)

Played by Pedro Pascal
TV series Season 4

Prince Oberyn Nymeros Martell, also known as the Red Viper, is a member of House Martell and is the younger brother of Doran Martell, Prince of Dorne. Oberyn has eight bastard daughters called the Sand Snakes, the four youngest of whom are by his current paramour, Ellaria Sand. In the television adaptation Game of Thrones Oberyn is portrayed by Pedro Pascal.

Appearance and Character

Oberyn has the features of a salty Dornishmen. He is a tall, slender, graceful, and fit man,[6][7] and has a lined and saturnine face with thin eyebrows, black "viper" eyes and a sharp nose.[6][7] His hair is lustrous and black with only a few silver streaks and recedes from his brow into a widow's peak.[6]

Oberyn has always been fierce.[8] He has a fearsome and notorious reputation.[6][9] According to Lord Tywin Lannister, Oberyn has always been half-mad.[2] Oberyn's brother Doran has described him as "deadly, dangerous, [and] unpredictable", stating that "no man dared tread on him".[10] However, Doran also claims Oberyn is rash.[8] A witty man who is sharp of tongue,[6][7] Oberyn has claimed to have been "a monstrous young fellow" in his youth.[11] Oberyn is a bloodthirsty man, who for years has sought revenge for his sister Elia, with whom he had been inseparable as children.[6] He studied at the Citadel until he grew bored, and has traveled the world, learning much about poisons.[6]

Rumor has it that Oberyn is bisexual.[6] His one-time squire,[12] Ser Daemon Sand, is rumored to have been one of his lovers.[13] Additionally, it is said Oberyn has "begotten bastard girls all over Dorne", though in reality only four of his eight daughters are Dornish, born to his long-time paramour, Ellaria Sand.[14] He fearlessly claimed and raised them,[15] arming them so they would be able to defend themselves[16] and allowing them the freedom to choose between wedding, or taking pleasure wherever it can be found.[16]

Oberyn has an interest in fine horseflesh.[6] He despises Lord Mace Tyrell,[7] calling him the "Fat Flower of Highgarden".[6][7]

Oberyn is a renowned warrior,[6] quick as a water snake[8] and very athletic.[11]

History

Early life

In his youth, Oberyn was fostered at Sandstone.[17] When in his teens, Oberyn traveled with his mother, the ruling Princess of Dorne, and his sister, Princess Elia Martell, and met multiple potential marriage candidates for his sister, visiting castles at Starfall, the Arbor, Oldtown, the Shield Islands, and Crakehall. Oberyn spent his time mocking Elia's suitors. The last castle they visited was Casterly Rock, where they arrived shortly after the death of Lady Joanna Lannister in childbirth. According to Oberyn, his mother and Joanna had planned to wed either Oberyn to Cersei Lannister, or Elia to Jaime Lannister, or both. Lord Tywin Lannister, however, was unreceptive of the suggestion, stating that his daughter would marry Prince Rhaegar Targaryen. He offered the newborn Tyrion Lannister as a husband for Elia instead, which was seen as an insult.[11]

At the age of sixteen, Oberyn was found in bed with the paramour of Lord Edgar Yronwood, so the lord challenged him to a duel. The duel was to first blood, given the prince's youth and high birth, and both took cuts. Edgar's wounds festered and killed him. Oberyn has been known as the "Red Viper" ever since by friends and foes alike, due to rumors that he fought the duel with a poisoned blade.[6] Afterward, Oberyn was sent to Oldtown and then to Lys in temporary exile (though none called it such) in order for House Martell to make peace with House Yronwood, and Prince Quentyn Martell was sent as a ward to Yronwood.[13]

Oberyn traveled extensively in the Free Cities, where he learned much about poisons and perhaps even darker arts. He had studied at the Citadel, going so far as to forge six links of a maester's chain before he grew bored. He had soldiered in the Disputed Lands across the narrow sea, riding with the Second Sons for a time before forming his own company. It is said that he beds both men and women, and has begotten eight bastard daughters, called the Sand Snakes.[6] Oberyn, however, does not let his children grow up wanting: he takes responsibility for them, and actively seeks to help raise all his children (something few lords do when it comes to their bastard offspring). He teaches them how to defend themselves and allows them great independence in growing up.[16]

Prince Oberyn was unhorsed by Prince Rhaegar Targaryen and Ser Barristan Selmy at a tourney at Storm's End.[18][19] He was also present during the tourney at Harrenhal in 281 AC, where he danced with Lady Ashara Dayne.[20]

Baratheon Era

Oberyn had a close relationship with his sister Elia. It is currently unknown where Oberyn was during Robert's Rebellion.[21]

During the Sack of King's Landing, Ser Gregor Clegane raped and murdered Elia and also killed her son, Prince Aegon Targaryen. Another Lannister knight, Ser Amory Lorch killed her daughter, Princess Rhaenys Targaryen. After hearing of these deaths, Oberyn attempted to raise Dorne for the exiled Prince Viserys Targaryen. The new Hand of the King, Lord Jon Arryn, traveled to Sunspear in the year following the war, and was able to keep the peace, but Oberyn has desired revenge ever since.[6] After the war, Oberyn seldom left Dorne.[2]

Oberyn is primarily responsible for giving modern revitalization to the ongoing feud between his House and the Tyrells, because he accidentally crippled Willas Tyrell in a tourney. Oberyn struck Willas's breastplate clean, but the boy's foot caught in a stirrup as he fell and his horse fell on top of him. Oberyn sent his own maester to help treat Willas, who holds no grudge against Oberyn. The two correspond via raven message as both share a passion for horses.[6]

Oberyn and his brother Doran, Prince of Dorne, worked in secret for years planning on bringing an end to the reign of King Robert I Baratheon and destroying House Lannister.[16] Oberyn traveled to Braavos, where Viserys and Daenerys Targaryen were living with Ser Willem Darry. Oberyn and Willem signed a secret marriage pact, with the Sealord of Braavos as witness, promising Viserys the hand of Princess Arianne Martell in marriage, in return for Dorne's help in reclaiming the Iron Throne from House Baratheon.[22]

Oberyn eventually granted knighthood on his squire, Ser Daemon Sand.[13] Prince Quentyn Martell choose to be knighted by Lord Anders Yronwood instead of Oberyn.[3]

Recent Events

A Storm of Swords

The Red Viper vs The Mountain - by zippo514©.

Prince Oberyn comes to King's Landing to claim his brother Doran's small council seat, and to finally receive justice for the death of his sister Elia,[6] as had been promised to the Martells by acting Hand of the King Tyrion Lannister.[23] Whenever he happens to see Tyrion, he asks when "justice would be served".[2] However, Lord Tywin Lannister plans lie to Oberyn and claim that the now-deceased Ser Amory Lorch was responsible for the deaths of Elia, her daughter Rhaenys, and her son Aegon, although Amory had only killed Rhaenys during the Sack of King's Landing.[2]

Oberyn is among those Lord Tywin Lannister considers as a possible candidate in marriage for his daughter, the widowed Queen Cersei.[24][25] Oberyn gives King Joffrey I Baratheon a red gold scorpion brooch for the royal wedding.[26]

After Tyrion is accused of Joffrey's murder, Oberyn is one of his judges. The day before a judgment is to be pronounced, Oberyn offers to be Tyrion's champion in a trial by combat against Ser Gregor Clegane, if Tyrion tells who is guilty of the murder of Elia. Tyrion denies any involvement of his father, Tywin, but tells Oberyn that Amory killed Rhaenys and Ser Gregor Clegane killed Elia and Aegon.[7] When Tyrion realizes the witness testimonies at the trial are sure to lead to a guilty verdict, he demands a trial by battle. To the consternation of the court, Oberyn announces that he will be Tyrion's champion. Tywin is angered, but grants Tyrion's request.[11]

The next morning, Tyrion is given leave to visit his champion. Oberyn plans to fight with a spear and use only light armor. He specifically warns Tyrion not to touch the weapon. He is confident, but Tyrion is not sure of his choice of weapon. Oberyn invites Tyrion to go to Dorne after the trial and talks about crowning Myrcella Baratheon. He then changes the subject to the time he visited Lannisport with his mother and sister Elia. His mother and Tyrion's mother Joanna Lannister were friends, and were planning on marrying Jaime to Elia and/or Cersei to Oberyn. However, when they arrived at Casterly Rock, Joanna had died, and Tywin refused both suggestions and said that Cersei was intended for Prince Rhaegar Targaryen. Because Elia later married Rhaegar, Oberyn thinks that this is why Tywin had Elia killed. Oberyn proclaims that today he will have justice for Elia and her children.[11]

In the trial by battle, Oberyn wounds Gregor several times by finding chinks in his armor, and severs Gregor's hamstring after the latter tires from chasing him. He breaks his spear in Gregor's belly, but rather than killing him, Oberyn insists that Gregor confess to Elia's murder. Changing the tide of the battle, Gregor trips Oberyn and smashes his armored fist into Oberyn's face, destroying his teeth and knocking out his eyes, then smashing in the prince's skull. Before killing Oberyn, however, Gregor announces his guilt in the death of Elia and Aegon for all to hear.[11]

A Feast for Crows

Oberyn achieves posthumous vengeance, as Ser Gregor Clegane dies a slow and agonizing death from poison.[8][27]

Oberyn's daughters, the Sand Snakes, seek vengeance for his death; Prince Doran Martell orders Areo Hotah to place them under arrest to keep the peace.[8]

A Dance with Dragons

After Gregor Clegane's skull has been brought to Sunspear, Oberyn's family wonders how to be certain it was indeed Gregor's. Tyene Sand claims to know which poison Oberyn had used during his duel with Gregor and states that if his spear so much as broke Gregor's skin, Gregor could not have survived.[10]

Quotes by Oberyn

Oberyn Martell by Bella Bergolts©.

Ellaria: You're going to fight that?
Oberyn: I'm going to kill that.[11]

—Oberyn and Ellaria Sand

Elia Martell, Princess of Dorne, you raped her. You murdered her. You killed her children.[11]

—Oberyn to Gregor Clegane

If you die before you say her name, I will hunt you through all seven hells.[11]

—Oberyn to Gregor Clegane

Quotes about Oberyn

Oberyn has always been half-mad.[2]

The man's infamous, and not just for poisoning his sword. He has more bastards than Robert, and beds with boys as well.[25]

He knew the man only by reputation ... but the reputation was fearsome.[6]

—thoughts of Tyrion Lannister

Oberyn was ever the viper. Deadly, dangerous, unpredictable. No man dared tread on him.[10]

Family

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess
of Dorne
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
Lewyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doran
 
Mellario
 
Mors
 
Olyvar
 
Elia
 
Rhaegar
Targaryen
 
 
 
 
Various
women
 
Oberyn
 
Ellaria Sand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arianne
 
Quentyn
 
Trystane
 
 
 
 
 
Rhaenys
Targaryen
 
Aegon
Targaryen
 
Obara Sand
 
 
Tyene Sand
 
 
Elia Sand
 
 
Dorea Sand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nymeria
Sand
 
Sarella Sand
 
Obella Sand
 
Loreza Sand
 


Behind the Scenes

The Visconti of Milan, whose arms depicted a blue viper, were an inspiration for Oberyn, the Red Viper.[28]

References

  1. A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
  3. 3.0 3.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 13, The Soiled Knight.
  4. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 27, Jaime III.
  5. See the Oberyn Martell calculation.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 66, Tyrion IX.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 2, The Captain Of Guards.
  9. A Dance with Dragons, Epilogue.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 38, The Watcher.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion X.
  12. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 24, Cersei V.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 The Winds of Winter, Arianne I
  14. A Feast for Crows, Appendix.
  15. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Oberyn Martell.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 40, Princess In The Tower.
  17. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
  18. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 42, Daenerys IV.
  19. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 67, Jaime VIII.
  20. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 24, Bran II.
  21. So Spake Martin: Various Questions Concerning Tywin, Oberyn, Gregor, the North, and Sansa (April 15, 2008)
  22. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 43, Daenerys VII.
  23. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 20, Tyrion V.
  24. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  25. 25.0 25.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 62, Jaime VII.
  26. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 59, Sansa IV.
  27. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
  28. So Spake Martin: Private Meeting (Sante Fe, NM) (May 04, 2004)