Difference between revisions of "R'hllor"

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[[File:LordOfLightProtectUs JZee.jpg|thumb|350px|Red priestess performing the night ritual by Jen Zee©]]
 
[[File:LordOfLightProtectUs JZee.jpg|thumb|350px|Red priestess performing the night ritual by Jen Zee©]]
  
'''R'hllor''', also known as the '''Lord of Light''', the '''Heart of Fire''', the '''God of Flame and Shadow'''{{ref|aCoK|Prologue}}, is a prominent god on [[Essos]], but has only a few followers in [[Westeros]], where he is more commonly known as the '''red god'''.{{ref|ASOS|36}}{{ref|AFFC|17}} His symbol is a fiery heart.{{ref|ACOK|31}}
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'''R'hllor''', also known as the '''Lord of Light''', the '''Heart of Fire''', the '''God of Flame and Shadow''',{{ref|aCoK|Prologue}} is a prominent god in [[Essos]], but has only a few followers in [[Westeros]], where he is more commonly known as the '''red god'''.{{ref|ASOS|36}}{{ref|AFFC|17}} His symbol is a fiery heart.{{ref|ACOK|31}}
  
 
==Beliefs==
 
==Beliefs==
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==Clergy==
 
==Clergy==
 
[[File:MagaliVilleneuve cleansinglight.jpg‎‎|Worshippers asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn - by Magali Villeneuve. © Fantasy Flight Games|thumb|right|400px]]
 
[[File:MagaliVilleneuve cleansinglight.jpg‎‎|Worshippers asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn - by Magali Villeneuve. © Fantasy Flight Games|thumb|right|400px]]
Clergy of the R'hllor religion are called [[red priests]], due to the loose, crimson robes they wear. Red priests may be male or female. In the east, they are a common sight, where the faith of R'hllor's influence is more widespread and children are sometimes given to temples of R'hllor to be raised into the priesthood. The temples, often called "red temples", also buy children as [[Slavery|slaves]] who are known as [[Slave of R'hllor|Slaves of R'hllor]] and raise them as priests, temple prostitutes, or warriors. The warriors that protect the greater temples are called the [[Fiery Hand]].
+
Clergy of the R'hllor religion are called [[red priest]]s, due to the loose, crimson robes they wear. Red priests may be male or female. In the east, they are a common sight, where the faith of R'hllor's influence is more widespread and children are sometimes given to temples of R'hllor to be raised into the priesthood. The red temples also buy children as [[Slavery|slaves]]; these [[Slave of R'hllor|slaves of R'hllor]] are raised as priests, temple prostitutes, or warriors. The warriors that protect the greater temples are called the [[Fiery Hand]].
  
===Known red temples===
+
===Known Red Temples===
 
*the red temple in [[Pentos]]
 
*the red temple in [[Pentos]]
 
*the red temple in [[Braavos]]
 
*the red temple in [[Braavos]]
*the red temple in [[Lys]] - according to semi-canon sources, one of the greatest temples of R'hllor stands in Lys.
+
*the red temple in [[Lys]] - according to semi-canon sources, one of the greatest temples of R'hllor stands in Lys.{{fact}}
 
*the red temple in [[Selhorys]]
 
*the red temple in [[Selhorys]]
*the [[Temple of the Lord of Light (Volantis)|red temple in Volantis]]
+
*the [[Temple of the Lord of Light]] in [[Volantis]]
* a small red temple in [[Oldtown]] for the sailors who visit there.
+
* a small red temple in [[Oldtown]] for the sailors who visit there
*there may be a red temple in Dorne (suggested by [[Obara Sand]])
+
*At least one red temple in [[Dorne]]{{ref|AFFC|2}}
  
===Known Priests of R'hllor===
+
===Known Red Priests===
 
* [[Benerro]], High Priest of R'hllor of [[Volantis]].
 
* [[Benerro]], High Priest of R'hllor of [[Volantis]].
* [[Thoros of Myr]]
+
* [[Thoros of Myr|Thoros]] of [[Myr]]
 
* [[Moqorro]]
 
* [[Moqorro]]
 
* [[Melisandre]] of [[Asshai]]
 
* [[Melisandre]] of [[Asshai]]
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==Rituals==
 
==Rituals==
Every evening, red priests light fires and sing prayers at their temples, asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn. Followers often gaze into flames in an effort to receive visions of the future. It is believed that R'hllor will occasionally answer the prayers of his followers by granting visions and abilities such as raising the dead.{{Citation needed|magical favors??}} The priests of R'hllor also seem to be able to evoke fire with their bare hands and be able to control it to attack enemies or simply to impress common people. Some rites performed by the red priests include sacrificial immolation and administering the [[last kiss]] to the recently deceased. According to Melisandre, R’hllor speaks to his chosen ones through blessed fire, in a language of ash and cinder and twisting flame that only a god can truly grasp.{{Ref|aDwD|31}}  
+
Every evening, red priests light fires and sing prayers at their temples, asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn. Followers often gaze into flames in an effort to receive visions of the future. It is believed that R'hllor will occasionally answer the prayers of his followers by granting visions and abilities such as raising the dead.{{Citation needed|magical favors??}} The priests of R'hllor also seem to be able to evoke fire with their bare hands and be able to control it to attack enemies or simply to impress common people. Some rites performed by the red priests include sacrificial immolation and administering the [[last kiss]] to the recently deceased. According to Melisandre, R'hllor speaks to his chosen ones through blessed fire, in a language of ash and cinder and twisting flame that only a god can truly grasp.{{Ref|aDwD|31}}  
  
 
Trials by combat are an accepted practice in the R'hllor faith;{{fact}} prayers before the combat ask R'hllor to give strength to the just party. "The night is dark and full of terrors" is a common phrase in prayers to R'hllor.
 
Trials by combat are an accepted practice in the R'hllor faith;{{fact}} prayers before the combat ask R'hllor to give strength to the just party. "The night is dark and full of terrors" is a common phrase in prayers to R'hllor.
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==History==
 
==History==
 
[[File: Pojypojy_And_full_of_terrors.jpg‎|[[Melisandre]] came to [[Dragonstone]] because she believed [[Stannis Baratheon]] is [[Azor Ahai]] reborn and destined to defeat the [[Great Other]] - by Pojypojy ©|thumb|290px|right]]
 
[[File: Pojypojy_And_full_of_terrors.jpg‎|[[Melisandre]] came to [[Dragonstone]] because she believed [[Stannis Baratheon]] is [[Azor Ahai]] reborn and destined to defeat the [[Great Other]] - by Pojypojy ©|thumb|290px|right]]
The worship of R'hllor is a religious tradition on the continent of Essos, but has not gained much popularity in [[Westeros]]. Recent efforts to spread the faith to Westeros include the red priests sending [[Thoros of Myr|Thoros]] to [[King's Landing]] to convert the fire-obsessed [[Aerys II Targaryen]]. This attempt failed after Thoros was unable to impress Aerys with his fire magic.
 
  
Like other types of [[magic]], the magic of R'hllor seems to have faded after the last [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] [[dragon|dragons]] died, but with the return of the dragons in the east, the abilities of R'hllor priests have strengthened. Thoros, while serving at the temple in [[Myr]], did not experience any form of new-found powers. However, since the return of the dragons he has resurrected [[Beric Dondarrion]] during a traditional R'hllor burial ritual. Melisandre's powers have been augmented since her arrival at the [[Wall]].
+
The worship of R'hllor is a religious tradition in the continent of Essos, but has not gained much popularity in [[Westeros]]. Recent efforts to spread the faith to Westeros include the red priests sending [[Thoros of Myr]] to [[King's Landing]] to convert the fire-obsessed [[Aerys II Targaryen]]. This attempt failed after Thoros was unable to impress Aerys with his fire magic.
 +
 
 +
Like other types of [[magic]], the magic of R'hllor seems to have faded after the last [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] [[dragon|dragons]] died.{{ref|ACOK|49}}
  
 
==Recent Events==
 
==Recent Events==
 +
===''A Game of Thrones''===
 +
Three [[dragon]]s are hatched by [[Daenerys Targaryen]].{{ref|AGOT|72}}
  
Two new circles of worship formed in [[Westeros]], following red priests of R'hllor. Thoros and Beric founded the [[Brotherhood Without Banners]], an outlaw organization bound in part by their worship of R'hllor. At [[Dragonstone]], Melisandre wielded fire magic and convinced [[Stannis Baratheon]] to claim the mantle of [[Azor Ahai]]. However, after the final death of Beric and the defeat of Stannis at the [[Battle of the Blackwater|Blackwater]], Thoros and Melisandre's influence over their congregations waned.
+
===''A Clash of Kings''===
 +
At [[Dragonstone]], Melisandre wields fire magic and convinces [[Stannis Baratheon]] to claim the mantle of [[Azor Ahai]]. Followers of R'hllor at Stannis's court are known as [[queen's men]].
  
According to the [[High Septon]], Lord [[Stannis]] has turned from the truth of the Seven to worship a red demon, and his false faith has no place in the [[Seven Kingdoms]].
+
===''A Storm of Swords''===
 +
[[Thoros of Myr]] explains to [[Arya Stark]] that he surprisingly resurrected [[Beric Dondarrion]] after performing the [[last kiss]]. Many of the [[brotherhood without banners]] now worship the Lord of Light.
  
In her newly conquered city of [[Meereen]] atop the [[Great Pyramid]], [[Daenerys Targaryen]] contemplated the gods and thought about religion.  She recalled that the red priests believed in two gods, she had heard, but two who were eternally at war.  Dany does not like the sound of that.  She thinks to herself that she would not want to be eternally at war.
+
===''A Feast for Crows''===
 +
In [[Qohor]], the followers of R'hllor try to burn the [[Black Goat of Qohor|Black Goat]].{{ref|AFFC|21}}
  
In [[Qohor]], the followers of R'hllor tried to burn the [[Black Goat of Qohor|Black Goat]].  
+
Ser [[Daven Lannister]] informs Ser [[Jaime Lannister]] that his scouts have spotted night fires in the high places and villages near the [[siege of Riverrun]].{{ref|AFFC|33}}
  
In [[Volantis]], [[Benerro]] preaches that [[Daenerys Targaryen]] is [[Azor Ahai]] reborn and encourages many to support her.
+
===''A Dance with Dragons''===
 +
In [[Volantis]], [[Benerro]] preaches that [[Daenerys Targaryen]] is [[Azor Ahai]] reborn and encourages many to support her.{{ref|ADWD|27}}
 +
 
 +
[[Melisandre]] believes that her power is stronger at the [[Wall]] than it had been in [[Asshai]].{{ref|ADWD|31}}
 +
 
 +
According to the [[High Sparrow]], the new [[High Septon]], Stannis has turned from the truth of [[Faith of the Seven|the Seven]] to worship a red demon, and his false faith has no place in the [[Seven Kingdoms]].{{ref|ADWD|54}}
  
 
==Quotes by believers==
 
==Quotes by believers==
{{Quote|There are no gods but R'hllor and [[Great Other|the Other]], whose name may not be said.{{Ref|aDwD|63}}}} – [[Moqorro]]
+
{{Quote|R'hllor is the source of all good.{{Ref|asos|25|p 289}}}} – [[Melisandre]] to [[Davos Seaworth]]
  
  
{{Quote|Your [[Drowned God]] is a demon, he is no more than a thrall of the Other, the dark god whose name must not be spoken.{{Ref|aDwD|63}}}} – [[Moqorro]] to [[Victarion Greyjoy]]
+
{{Quote|There are no gods but R'hllor and [[Great Other|the Other]], whose name may not be said.{{Ref|aDwD|63}}}} – [[Moqorro]] to [[Victarion Greyjoy]]
  
  
{{Quote|R'hllor is the source of all good.{{Ref|asos|25|p 289}}}} – [[Melisandre]]
+
{{Quote|Your [[Drowned God]] is a demon, he is no more than a thrall of the Other, the dark god whose name must not be spoken.{{Ref|aDwD|63}}}} – [[Moqorro]] to [[Victarion Greyjoy]]
  
 
==Quotes by non-believers==
 
==Quotes by non-believers==
{{Quote|May the [[Others]] bugger your Lord of Light.{{Ref|acok|31|p 607}}}} – [[Cortnay Penrose]] to [[Melisandre]]  
+
 
 +
{{Quote|The red priests have a great temple on [[Lys]]. Always they are burning this and burning that, crying out to their R'hllor. They bore me with their fires. Soon they will bore King [[Stannis Baratheon|Stannis]] too, it is to be hoped.{{Ref|acok|10|p 152}}}} – [[Salladhor Saan]] to [[Davos Seaworth]]
  
  
{{Quote|The red priests have a great temple on [[Lys]].  Always they are burning this and burning that, crying out to their R'hllor.  They bore me with their fires.  Soon they will bore King [[Stannis]] too, it is to be hoped.{{Ref|acok|10|p 152}}}} – [[Salladhor Saan]]
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{{Quote|May the [[Others]] bugger your Lord of Light.{{Ref|acok|31|p 607}}}} – [[Cortnay Penrose]] to [[Melisandre]]  
  
  
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{{Quote|R'hllor will doom us.{{Ref|aDwD|62}}}} – [[Artos Flint]]
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{{Quote|'''Corliss''': You [[north]]men brought [[march on Winterfell|these snows]] upon us. You and your [[weirwood|demon trees]]. R'hllor will save us.<br>
 
+
'''Artos''': R'hllor will doom us.{{Ref|aDwD|62}}}} – [[Corliss Penny]] and [[Artos Flint]]
 
 
{{Quote|A red demon.{{Ref|aDwD|54}}}} – the [[High Sparrow]]
 
  
  
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==See also==
 
==See also==
:*[[:Category:Images of Worshippers of R'hllor|Images of Worshippers of R'hllor]]
+
*[[:Category:Images of Worshippers of R'hllor|Images of Worshippers of R'hllor]]
  
 
==References and Notes==
 
==References and Notes==
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{{Religions}}
 
{{Religions}}
  
 +
[[Category:R'hllor| ]]
 +
[[Category:Deities]]
 
[[Category:Religions]]
 
[[Category:Religions]]
[[Category:Deities]]
+
 
[[Category:R'hllor| ]]
 
 
[[es:R'hllor]]
 
[[es:R'hllor]]
 
[[fa:رلور]]
 
[[fa:رلور]]
 
[[fr:R'hllor]]
 
[[fr:R'hllor]]
 +
[[pt:R&#039;hllor]]
 
[[ru:Р'глор]]
 
[[ru:Р'глор]]
[[pt:R&#039;hllor]]
 

Revision as of 20:40, 7 July 2015

Red priestess performing the night ritual by Jen Zee©

R'hllor, also known as the Lord of Light, the Heart of Fire, the God of Flame and Shadow,[1] is a prominent god in Essos, but has only a few followers in Westeros, where he is more commonly known as the red god.[2][3] His symbol is a fiery heart.[4]

Beliefs

The religion is based on a dualistic, manichean view of the world: R'hllor, the god of light, heat, and life, and R'hllor's antithesis the Great Other, the god of ice and death.[5] They are locked in an eternal struggle over the fate of the world; a struggle that, according the ancient prophecies from the books of Asshai, will only end when Azor Ahai, the messianic figure, returns wielding a flaming sword called Lightbringer, the Red Sword of Heroes, and raises dragons from stone.[5] According to George R. R. Martin, this faith is roughly based upon the fire worship of Zoroastrianism. This religion's dualistic aspects of a good and an evil god are also inspired by Zoroastrianism, along with the Cathars of Medieval Europe who were annihilated during the Albigensian Crusade.[6]

Clergy

Worshippers asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn - by Magali Villeneuve. © Fantasy Flight Games

Clergy of the R'hllor religion are called red priests, due to the loose, crimson robes they wear. Red priests may be male or female. In the east, they are a common sight, where the faith of R'hllor's influence is more widespread and children are sometimes given to temples of R'hllor to be raised into the priesthood. The red temples also buy children as slaves; these slaves of R'hllor are raised as priests, temple prostitutes, or warriors. The warriors that protect the greater temples are called the Fiery Hand.

Known Red Temples

Known Red Priests

Rituals

Every evening, red priests light fires and sing prayers at their temples, asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn. Followers often gaze into flames in an effort to receive visions of the future. It is believed that R'hllor will occasionally answer the prayers of his followers by granting visions and abilities such as raising the dead.[citation needed] The priests of R'hllor also seem to be able to evoke fire with their bare hands and be able to control it to attack enemies or simply to impress common people. Some rites performed by the red priests include sacrificial immolation and administering the last kiss to the recently deceased. According to Melisandre, R'hllor speaks to his chosen ones through blessed fire, in a language of ash and cinder and twisting flame that only a god can truly grasp.[8]

Trials by combat are an accepted practice in the R'hllor faith;[citation needed] prayers before the combat ask R'hllor to give strength to the just party. "The night is dark and full of terrors" is a common phrase in prayers to R'hllor.

History

Melisandre came to Dragonstone because she believed Stannis Baratheon is Azor Ahai reborn and destined to defeat the Great Other - by Pojypojy ©

The worship of R'hllor is a religious tradition in the continent of Essos, but has not gained much popularity in Westeros. Recent efforts to spread the faith to Westeros include the red priests sending Thoros of Myr to King's Landing to convert the fire-obsessed Aerys II Targaryen. This attempt failed after Thoros was unable to impress Aerys with his fire magic.

Like other types of magic, the magic of R'hllor seems to have faded after the last Targaryen dragons died.[9]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Three dragons are hatched by Daenerys Targaryen.[10]

A Clash of Kings

At Dragonstone, Melisandre wields fire magic and convinces Stannis Baratheon to claim the mantle of Azor Ahai. Followers of R'hllor at Stannis's court are known as queen's men.

A Storm of Swords

Thoros of Myr explains to Arya Stark that he surprisingly resurrected Beric Dondarrion after performing the last kiss. Many of the brotherhood without banners now worship the Lord of Light.

A Feast for Crows

In Qohor, the followers of R'hllor try to burn the Black Goat.[11]

Ser Daven Lannister informs Ser Jaime Lannister that his scouts have spotted night fires in the high places and villages near the siege of Riverrun.[12]

A Dance with Dragons

In Volantis, Benerro preaches that Daenerys Targaryen is Azor Ahai reborn and encourages many to support her.[13]

Melisandre believes that her power is stronger at the Wall than it had been in Asshai.[8]

According to the High Sparrow, the new High Septon, Stannis has turned from the truth of the Seven to worship a red demon, and his false faith has no place in the Seven Kingdoms.[14]

Quotes by believers

R'hllor is the source of all good.[15]

Melisandre to Davos Seaworth


There are no gods but R'hllor and the Other, whose name may not be said.[16]

Moqorro to Victarion Greyjoy


Your Drowned God is a demon, he is no more than a thrall of the Other, the dark god whose name must not be spoken.[16]

Moqorro to Victarion Greyjoy

Quotes by non-believers

The red priests have a great temple on Lys. Always they are burning this and burning that, crying out to their R'hllor. They bore me with their fires. Soon they will bore King Stannis too, it is to be hoped.[17]

Salladhor Saan to Davos Seaworth


May the Others bugger your Lord of Light.[18]

Cortnay Penrose to Melisandre


Light our fire and protect us from the dark, blah, blah, light our way and keep us toasty warm, the night is full of terrors, save us from the scary thing, and blah blah blah some more.[19]

Tyrion Lannister's thoughts


Red Rahloo means nothing here.[20]

Hugo Wull to Godry Farring


Corliss: You northmen brought these snows upon us. You and your demon trees. R'hllor will save us.
Artos: R'hllor will doom us.[20]

Corliss Penny and Artos Flint


The red god's choir only knows a single song.[21]

Asha Greyjoy to Stannis Baratheon

See also

References and Notes

  1. A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
  2. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos IV.
  3. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
  4. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 31, Catelyn III.
  5. 5.0 5.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos III.
  6. Martin, George R.R. (July 28, 2011). [email protected] presents George R. R. Martin in conversation with Dan Anthony. At GoogleTalks. Event occurs at 47:00. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  7. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 2, The Captain Of Guards.
  8. 8.0 8.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 31, Melisandre I.
  9. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 49, Tyrion XI.
  10. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys X.
  11. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
  12. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime V.
  13. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 27, Tyrion VII.
  14. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 54, Cersei I.
  15. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos III, p 289.
  16. 16.0 16.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 63, Victarion I.
  17. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos I, p 152.
  18. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 31, Catelyn III, p 607.
  19. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 33, Tyrion VIII.
  20. 20.0 20.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 62, The Sacrifice.
  21. Theon I (The Winds of Winter)

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