Sack of King's Landing
|Sack of King's Landing|
|Result|| rebel / Lannister victory|
Aerys killed by Ser Jaime Lannister
murder of the Targaryen children and Elia of Dorne
The Sack of King's Landing was the final battle in Robert's Rebellion, taking place "close to a year" after the war had begun. Soldiers of House Lannister sacked King's Landing, the capital of the Seven Kingdoms.
The Battle of the Trident resulted in a loss for the loyalists. Prince Rhaegar Targaryen was killed by Lord Robert Baratheon, as were Prince Lewyn Martell and Ser Jonothor Darry, both of the Kingsguard. Ser Barristan Selmy, the third and last knight of the Kingsguard who had accompanied Rhaegar to the Trident, was a severely-wounded captive of the rebels.
The loyalist army broke and ran, with the survivors fleeing back to King's Landing. Robert Baratheon had taken a wound from Rhaegar, and so gave command of the vanguard to Lord Eddard Stark of Winterfell, who chased them to the capital. There, King Aerys II Targaryen was located in the Red Keep, protected by several thousand loyalists. When news about Rhaegar's death arrived at King's Landing, King Aerys sent his wife, Queen Rhaella, and their young son, Prince Viserys, to Dragonstone, their second stronghold, for safety. However, convinced that Prince Lewyn Martell and his ten thousand Dornishmen had betrayed Rhaegar at the Trident, Aerys refused to allow Rhaegar's wife, Princess Elia Martell, and Rhaegar's two young children, Princess Rhaenys and the infant Prince Aegon, to go to Dragonstone as well. Instead, he kept them at the Red Keep as his hostages, to ensure the loyalty of Dorne.
Aerys had been preparing his wildfire plot for a while prior to the Battle of the Trident. Three pyromancers—Rossart, Garigus and Belis— came and went day and night at the Red Keep, and Aerys's Hand of the King, Lord Qarlton Chelsted, eventually became suspicious. When he discovered Aerys's wildfire plot, Qarlton attempted to convince Aerys otherwise, by reasoning, jesting, threatening, and begging the king. Nothing could convince Aerys, however, so Chelsted resigned his office. For that, Aerys had Chelsted dipped in wildfire and burned alive. After the Trident, Aerys named Rossart as his new Hand.
Tywin Lannister, Lord of Casterly Rock, had remained neutral throughout the war, ignoring calls to arms by both the loyalists and the rebels. However, about a fortnight after the Battle of the Trident he appeared at the gates of King's Landing with a force of twelve thousand men from the westerlands. He claimed his loyalty was with Aerys, and requested entrance into the city. While Lord Varys, the master of whisperers, told the king to keep the gates closed, Grand Maester Pycelle convinced the king to open his gates to Tywin. The Lannister forces began to sack the city, killing people of all ages and raping women. A handpicked group of men raced to the Red Keep, to storm the walls.
Ser Jaime Lannister of the Kingsguard, who was holding the Red Keep, asked permission to make terms when he realized King's Landing would fall. Aerys refused and ordered Jaime to instead kill his father, Lord Tywin.
With the Lannister forces sacking the city, Aerys held an audience with his new Hand of the King, Lord Rossart. When Jaime's messenger informed him that Rossart had just left from the king, Jaime realized that Aerys meant to burn the entire city with wildfire. Jaime found Rossart before the latter could leave the Red Keep, however, and killed him. While Rossart fought back, he was no match for Jaime.
With Rossart's death, the execution of the wildfire plot had temporarily been halted. Jaime next went to the throne room of the Red Keep, where Aerys was waiting, and informed him of killing Rossart. In shock, Aerys attempted to flee onto his throne. Jaime hauled Aerys off the steps and slashed his throat, killing the king before he could find another to send messages to the pyromancers. Just in time to witness Aerys's death, several knights from the westerlands, including Ser Elys Westerling and Lord Roland Crakehall, burst into the hall. Unable to deny having killed Aerys, Jaime's act earned him the nickname "Kingslayer".
Jaime ordered his father's men to spread the news that Aerys was dead. Lord Crakehall asked Jaime if they should proclaim a new king, and for a moment Jaime considered Prince Viserys Targaryen, who had become Aerys's new heir after Rhaegar's death, and Prince Aegon Targaryen, Rhaegar's young son. Realizing both descended from Aerys, he told Roland to proclaim whomever he liked. Climbing the steps of the Iron Throne, Jaime sat down with his sword across his knees to await who would come and claim the throne.
Meanwhile, Lannister soldiers were fighting the remaining loyalists on the steps and in the armory of the Red Keep. Lord Eddard Stark arrived at King's Landing from the Trident and led his army through the King's Gate. Lord Stark eventually rode into the throne room, and without saying a word, stared at Jaime, until the latter got up from the Iron Throne.
Gregor and Amory
The Lannisters needed a way to prove their loyalty to Robert's cause and Rhaegar's children had to die to ensure Robert's claim to the throne, so two of Tywin's knights, Gregor Clegane and Amory Lorch, scaled the walls of Maegor's Holdfast. Amory dragged Princess Rhaenys Targaryen from under Rhaegar's bed and stabbed her half a hundred times. Gregor smashed the head of the infant Prince Aegon in front of his mother, Princess Elia Martell, in the nursery, and the Mountain then raped and murdered Elia with Aegon's brains still on his hands.
When Robert Baratheon arrived in King's Landing, Tywin laid the bodies of Elia, Aegon, and Rhaenys beneath the Iron Throne and presented them to Robert as tokens of his fealty. The children were wrapped in crimson cloaks to hide the blood. While Rhaenys was recognizable, Aegon was a "faceless horror of bone and brain and gore", and no one looked long at him, believing Tywin at his word when he stated it was Aegon.
Although the actions of Gregor and Amory have been discussed in rumors and are even considered common knowledge in Casterly Rock, the murderers of Elia and her children have never been publicly confirmed. Some explanations gathered by Maester Yandel for his work The World of Ice and Fire include that the Mad King commanded their deaths after learning of Tywin's betrayal, or that Elia killed her own children to prevent them from falling into rebel hands.
Oberyn Martell is convinced Tywin himself ordered the deaths of Elia and her children in revenge for her marriage to Rhaegar Targaryen, to whom Tywin had intended his daughter, Cersei Lannister, to marry.
Eddard Stark and Robert Baratheon argued over the killing of Rhaegar's family. While Eddard believed it to have been unjustified murder, Robert had been satisfied with the deaths of Rhaegar's children, whom he described as "dragonspawn". Jon Arryn was not able to calm their anger, and Eddard rode south the next day, where he lifted the siege of Storm's End. Afterwards, he travelled to the tower of joy, where he battled the three remaining Kingsguard knights of Aerys II and found his sister Lyanna Stark dying. Only the grief Eddard and Robert shared over the death of Lyanna eventually reconciled them.
Robert was crowned before Eddard managed to lift the siege of Storm's End. While Eddard had argued that Jaime Lannister should be stripped of his white cloak and sent to the Wall, Robert listened to Jon Arryn's counsel instead. At Robert's coronation, Jaime, Varys, and Pycelle were forgiven for their crimes and taken into Robert's service. During the coronation feast, Robert joked to Jaime about the fact that he was being called "kingslayer". In the days following the Sack, Jaime hunted down and killed Belis and Garigus, the two other pyromancers who had known about Aerys's wildfire plot. Garigus wept for mercy, and Belis attempted to bribe Jaime with gold in exchange for his life.
The deaths of Elia and her children infuriated House Martell. While Prince Oberyn Martell's attempts at another rebellion were stopped by Doran Martell, Prince of Dorne, following Jon Arryn's visit to Dorne the year after Robert took the throne  Doran continued to plot a Targaryen restoration in secret, working closely together with his brother, Oberyn.
A Game of Thrones
Lord Eddard Stark repeats his disapproval of the Sack, Ser Jaime Lannister's murder of King Aerys II Targaryen, and the deaths of Prince Rhaegar Targaryen's children, but King Robert I Baratheon considers the actions to have been necessary to end the war.
A Clash of Kings
Grand Maester Pycelle admits to Tyrion Lannister that he had convinced Aerys to open the gates of King's Landing for Tyrion's father, Lord Tywin Lannister. Pycelle had felt that the war had been lost after the death of Rhaegar. With Aerys mad, and Viserys and Aegon too young, Pycelle admits that he had hoped that Tywin would have been the new king.
A Storm of Swords
Lord Tywin Lannister tells his son Tyrion that he ordered the Sack to prove House Lannister's loyalty to Robert Baratheon, the victor of the Trident, and out of worry of what Aerys would do to Jaime, his bodyguard and hostage within the Red Keep. Tywin explains that while the deaths of Prince Aegon and Princess Rhaenys were necessary, he had not expected Ser Gregor Clegane and Ser Amory Lorch to be so brutal, nor for Gregor to rape and kill Elia Martell. However, Tywin's explanation for Elia's brother, Prince Oberyn Martell, is that only Amory was responsible for the murders, an attempt by Amory to impress the future king, Robert.
Arrested for the death of King Joffrey I Baratheon, Tyrion confirms for Oberyn that Gregor was involved in the murders of his kin. Oberyn duels Gregor to avenge the deaths of his sister and her children, but the Red Viper is slain by the Mountain. During the trial by combat, the poisoned Gregor publicly admits to killing Elia and Aegon.
A Dance with Dragons
Illyrio Mopatis, Varys, and the Golden Company support a youth claiming to be Aegon Targaryen. Varys allegedly smuggled the infant prince away to safety in the Free Cities, so that Gregor actually killed the so-called pisswater prince.
Eddard: I expected to find the gates closed to us.
Robert: Instead you found that our men had already taken the city. What of it?Eddard: You were not there. There was no honor in that conquest.
Eddard: Not our men. The lion of Lannister flew over the ramparts, not the crowned stag. And they had taken the city by treachery.
Robert: Treachery was a coin the Targaryens knew well. Lannister paid them back in kind. It was no less than they deserved. I shall not trouble my sleep over it.
- A Dance with Dragons, Appendix.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 12, Eddard II.
- Tyrion Lannister learns that Young Griff claims to be Aegon Targaryen in A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 18.
- A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 3, Tyrion I.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 37, Jaime V.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The End.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 11, Jaime II.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 16, Jaime II.
- Rossart was named Hand of the King after the Battle of the Trident (The World of Ice and Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The End) and was Hand for a fortnight in total (A Storm of Swords, Jaime II), which ended with his death at the Sack of King's Landing.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 25, Tyrion VI.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 23, Daenerys II.
- George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Jaime Lannister.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 30, Eddard VII.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 63, Daenerys V.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 45, Eddard XII.
- A Dance with Dragons, Epilogue.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 17, Tyrion IV.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion X.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 39, Eddard X.
- George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Lyanna Stark.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 21, Tyrion III.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos IV.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 55, Catelyn VII.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 41, Alayne II.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 38, The Watcher.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 47, Arya IX.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 48, Daenerys IV.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 66, Tyrion IX.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 24, The Lost Lord.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 61, The Griffin Reborn.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 22, Tyrion VI.