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[[w:Tournament (medieval)|Tourney]]s play a central role in [[A Song of Ice and Fire]]. Large parts of the plot are arranged around a number of major tourneys, and stylistically, they are used as an evocative medieval [[w:Trope (literature)#Literary use|trope]].
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[[File:Marc Simonetti Tournament.jpg|A splendid tourney in [[King's Landing]] during the [[Targaryen]] era - by Marc Simonetti © |thumb|400px|right]]
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[[File:Mark_Evans_tourney.jpg|400px|thumb|[[Knight]]s jousting during a tourney - by Mark Evans. © Fantasy Flight Games]]
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[[File:T Jedruszek jousting steedII.jpg|400px|thumb|Jousting helps hone a [[knight]]'s skills for battle. © Fantasy Flight Games]]
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[[File:Tourney hbo.jpg|thumb|400px|[[The Hand's tourney]] from ''[[Game of Thrones]].'']]
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A '''tourney''' is a [[w:Tournament (medieval)|tournament]] popular in the [[Seven Kingdoms]]. They play a central role in ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]''. Large parts of the plot are arranged around a number of major tourneys, and stylistically, they are used as an evocative medieval [[w:Trope (literature)#Literary use|trope]].
  
 
==Significance==
 
==Significance==
  
The continent of [[Westeros]], where the largest parts of the books take place, has a culture and level of technology that is based on Northwestern Europe in the Middle Ages. The dozens of tournaments that are described or mentioned in the series are important social events, and form the background of many of the major plot developments. For the knights, the tourney outcomes are an important part of their personal history.
+
The continent of [[Westeros]], where the largest parts of the books take place, has a culture and level of technology that is based on Northwestern Europe in the Middle Ages. The dozens of tourneys that are described or mentioned in the series are important social events, and form the background of many of the major plot developments. For the [[knight]]s, the tourney outcomes are an important part of their personal history.
  
[[George R. R. Martin|Martin]]'s descriptions of these tournament vary wildly. Some, like the [[#The Hand's tourney|Hand's tourney]] in [[A Game of Thrones]] or the [[#Ashford tourney|Ashford tourney]] in [[The Hedge Knight]] are part of the basic plot, and narrated first hand. Martin describes their spectacular pageantry in vivid detail that is characteristic of his style in [[A Song of Ice and Fire]], often mentioning of the heraldry and the armour of individual entrants, and the results of every tilt. Other tourneys of pivotal significance, like the [[#Harrenhal Tourney|Harrenhal Tourney]], are described piecemeal in flashbacks by various characters, and the reader must assemble the information from numerous small fragments.
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[[George R. R. Martin]]'s descriptions of these tourneys vary wildly. Some, like [[the Hand's tourney]] in ''[[A Game of Thrones]]'' or the [[tourney at Ashford Meadow]] in ''[[The Hedge Knight]]'' are part of the basic plot and are narrated first hand. Martin describes their pageantry in detail that is characteristic of his style in ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'', often mentioning the heraldry and the armour of individual entrants and the results of every tilt. Other tourneys of pivotal significance, like the [[tourney at Harrenhal]], are described piecemeal in flashbacks by various characters, and the reader must assemble the information from numerous small fragments.
  
 
==Formats and rules==
 
==Formats and rules==
 +
Tourneys in Westeros vary according to the region in which the tourney is held, the desires of the hosting [[lord]], and the rules devised by the lord's master of the games.<ref name=TR>So Spake Martin: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/Tourney_Rules Tourney Rules], April 29, 1999</ref> They may be held to celebrate a [[marriage]], such as the [[War for the White Cloaks]] at the [[Golden Wedding]].{{ref|FAB|The Year of the Three Brides - 49 AC}} Many forms of competition are known, including [[w:jousting|jousting]] (also called the lists), mock battles between teams of knights, archery competitions, or the [[w:melee|melee]], in which many warriors fight individually in one large battle. Tourneys can be small events focusing on one competition held on a single day, or they can be large events that take several days and may include several different competitions.
  
The central event of most Westerosi tournaments is [[w:jousting]], where two armoured knights aim to knock each other off their mounts with a [[w:jousting lance]], continuing on foot with a variety of blunted weapons. However, many forms of tournaments are known, including mock battles between teams of knights, archery competitions or mêlées, where many warriors fight individually in one large battle. Many tournaments are large events that take several days and may include several different competitions.
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The central event of many Westerosi tourneys is jousting, in which two armored knights aim to knock each other off their mounts with a [[w:jousting lance|jousting lance]], continuing on foot with a variety of blunted weapons. The loser of a joust must often forfeit his horse and armour to the winner, thus jeopardizing a considerable part of his possessions.
  
Many tournaments pit pairs of warriors in rounds, where the loser is eliminated and the winner proceeds to the next round. The winner of the last round is declared champion. This is similar to how many tournaments in real life were performed, with exception of the best-of-three rule; ''see [[w:jousting]]''. Another popular format was used at Ashford. This type of tournament starts with five champions who defend the honour of a woman, often a daughter of the Lord who arranges the tournament. Other participants can challenge one of the champions to a joust, and if successful take his place. At the end of the tournament, the five remaining champions either confirm the original Queen of Love and Beauty, or chose a new.
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Many tourneys pit pairs of warriors in rounds, where the loser is eliminated and the winner proceeds to the next round. The winner of the last round is declared champion. This is similar to how many tournaments in real life were performed, with exception of the best-of-three rule. Some ladies allow contestants to wear their favors during a tourney. The [[queen of love and beauty]] can be chosen from the ladies by the competition's victor.
  
In many tournaments, the loser of a joust forfeits his horse and armour to the winner, thus jeopardizing a considerable part of his possessions.
+
Another format was used at Ashford Meadow. This type of tourney starts with five champions who defend the honor of a woman, often a daughter of the lord who arranges the tournament. Other participants can challenge one of the champions to a joust, and if successful take his place. At the end of the tourney, the five remaining champions either confirm the original queen of love and beauty, or chose a new one.{{ref|THK}}
  
Some Westerosi tournaments are open only to anointed knights, whose privileges are jealously guarded; this forms an important plot element in [[The Hedge Knight]]. Indeed, tournament culture is closely connected to chivalric tradition and its spiritiual basis, the Andal Faith in the Seven Gods. These traditions dominate southern and central Westeros, and are uncommon in the North, where many follow the Old Gods. However, the rules for entering tournaments vary with time and place, and there have been many events where freeriders, squires, or followers of the Old Gods have entered the lists.
+
Some Westerosi tourneys are open only to anointed knights, whose privileges are jealously guarded; this forms an important plot element in ''[[The Hedge Knight]]''. Indeed, tourney culture is closely connected to chivalric tradition and its spiritual basis, the [[Andals]]' [[Faith of the Seven]]. These traditions dominate southern and central Westeros, especially in the [[Reach]], but they are uncommon in the [[North]], where many follow the [[old gods]]. However, the rules for entering tourneys vary with time and place, and there have been many events where [[freerider]]s, squires, or followers of the old gods have entered the lists.<ref name=TR/>
  
==Individual tourneys==
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==See also==
 +
*[[History of tourneys in Westeros]]
 +
*[[:Category:Images of Tourneys|Images of tourneys]]
  
The ordering below is roughly chronological. The dates are given in years after Aegon's Landing (AL).
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==References==
 
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{{References|2}}
===Tourney at Lannisport===
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{{EnWP|Tourneys in A Song of Ice and Fire|small=yes}}
* [[Arlan of Pennytree]] defeated [[Damon Lannister]].
 
 
 
===Tourney at King's Landing===
 
''Date'': [[193 AL]]
 
* [[Arlan of Pennytree]] defeated Lord Stokeworth
 
* [[Arlan of Pennytree]] defeated Bastard of Harrenhal
 
 
 
===Hastilude for Lord Baratheon's grandson===
 
''Date'': [[200 AL]]
 
* [[Baelor Targaryen]] defeated Arlan of Pennytree. (7 tilts according to Arlan, 4 according to Baelor)
 
 
 
===Tourney at King's Landing===
 
''Date'': [[206 AL]]
 
 
 
Continuing the age-old feud between houses [[House Blackwood|Blackwood]] and [[House Bracken|Bracken]], Ser Otho "the Brute of Bracken" slew Lord Blackwood at this tourney, smashing his helm and face with a blow from a blunted longaxe.
 
* [[Otho Bracken]] defeated [[Quentyn Blackwood]], killing him in the process
 
 
 
===Maidenpool tourney===
 
''Date:'' [[208 AL]]
 
 
 
''Mêlée champion:'' [[Humfrey Hardyng]]
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated [[Donnel of Duskendale]]
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated Lord Royce
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated Lord Arryn
 
 
 
===Ashford tourney===
 
''Date'': [[209 AL]]
 
 
 
The Ashford tourney provides the setting for [[The Hedge Knight]] and is presented in great detail in the short story, as well as in a graphic novel adaptation. The tournament was arranged by Lord Ashford in honour of his daughter, who reigned as Queen of Love and Beauty and was defended by five champions. The outcome of the tournament is unknown to us, and the event itself came to be overshadowed by the trial by battle that developed out of a confrontation between Duncan the Tall and Prince Aerion Brightflame, resulting in the death of crown prince Baelor Breakspear.
 
 
 
* [[Tybolt Lannister]] defeated [[Androw Ashford]] (6 tilts)
 
* [[Lyonel Baratheon ]] defeated [[Robert Ashford]] (10 tilts)
 
* [[Leo Tyrell (Longthorn)|Leo Tyrell]] defeated Lord [[Damon Lannister]] (3 tilts)
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated Lord [[Medgar Tully]] (2 tilts)
 
* [[Valarr Targaryen]] defeated [[Abelar Hightower]] (2 tilts)
 
* Leo Tyrell defeated [[Pearse Caron]]
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated [[Joseth Mallister]]
 
* Valarr Targaryen defeated Lord [[Gawen Swann]] (2 tilts)
 
* [[Tybolt Lannister]] defeated [[Jon Penrose]]
 
* Leo Tyrell defeated [[Robyn Rhysling]] (4 tilts)
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated [[Humfrey Beesbury]] (13 tilts)
 
* Humfrey Hardyng defeated [[Aerion Targaryen]] (by forfeit)
 
 
 
===Whitewalls Tourney===
 
''Date'': ca. [[212 AL]]
 
 
 
The tourney at [[Whitewalls]] provides the setting for ''[[The Mystery Knight]]'' and the second Blackfyre rebellion. It was arranged by Lord [[Ambrose Butterwell]] to celebrate his second marriage, to a daughter of [[House Frey]]. The format was a standard knock-out tournament; only few outcomes are known to us, and the tourney was aborted prematurely when an army led by [[Bloodraven]] attacked Whitewalls. Two knights entered the lists under false names: Duncan the Tall as the mystery “Gallows Knight,” Daemon II Blackfyre as “John the Fiddler.”
 
 
 
* [[Franklyn Frey]] defeated [[Harbert Paege]] (5 tilts)
 
* [[Glendon Flowers]] defeated [[Argrave the Defiant]] (1 tilt)
 
* [[Joffrey Caswell]] defeated [[Kyle|Kyle the Cat of Misty Moor]] (1 tilt)
 
* [[Uthor Underleaf]] defeated [[Duncan the Tall]] (1 tilt)
 
* [[Uthor Underleaf]] defeated [[Addam Frey]]
 
* [[Glendon Flowers]] defeated [[Alyn Cockshaw]]
 
* [[Daemon II Blackfyre]] defeated [[Franklyn Frey]]
 
* [[Glendon Flowers]] defeated Lord [[House Costayne|Costayne]]
 
* [[Glendon Flowers]] defeated [[Mortimer Boggs]]
 
* [[Tommard Heddle]] defeated [[Clarence Charlton]]
 
* [[Uthor Underleaf]] defeated [[Theomore Bulwer]] (5 tilts)
 
* [[Daemon II Blackfyre]] defeated [[Galtry the Green]] (10 tilts)
 
 
 
===Tourney at Blackhaven===
 
''Date'': [[248 AL]]
 
 
 
This tournament is notable as the first appearance of [[Barristan Selmy|Barristan Selmy]]. Selmy, then a squire of ten years, acquired a suit of armor and entered the lists as a mystery knight. He jousted well until being defeated by [[Duncan Targaryen]] and unmasked. He was dubbed Barristan the Bold for his deeds that day.
 
* Prince Duncan Targaryen defeated Barristan Selmy (mystery knight)
 
 
 
===Winter Tourney at King's Landing===
 
''Date'': [[254 AL]]
 
 
 
King [[Aegon V]] knighted the 16-year old [[Barristan Selmy]] for his great acts of prowess at this event.
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated [[Duncan the Tall]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated Prince Duncan Targaryen
 
 
 
===Tourney at Silver Bridge===
 
Only Ser Barristan's entry in the White Book tells of this tourney. He defended the passage against all comers.
 
 
 
''Champion'': Barristan Selmy
 
 
 
===Tourney at Maidenpool===
 
''Champion'': Barristan Selmy (mêlée)
 
 
 
===Oldtown tourney===
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated the Blackshield, unmasking the mystery knight and revealing him to be the Bastard of Uplands
 
 
 
===Tourney at Lannisport===
 
''Date'': ca. [[276 AL]]
 
 
 
* [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] defeated two of [[Cersei Lannister]]'s uncles and about a dozen of [[Tywin Lannister]]'s jousters.
 
 
 
===Melee at ???===
 
''Date'': ca. 279 AL
 
 
 
This may have been a squires-only melee.
 
 
 
* Champion: Jaime Lannister
 
 
 
===Tourney at Storm's End===
 
''Date'': between [[277 AL]] and [[280 AL]]
 
 
 
The information about this tourney is problematic because some details in ''[[A Storm of Swords]]'' conflict. The author has confirmed that the outlaw [[Simon Toyne]] did not attend this tourney, he was dead at that time and the elderly Ser Barristan misremembered.
 
 
 
''Champion:'' Barristan Selmy
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Oberyn Martell]]
 
* [[Arthur Dayne]] and Rhaegar Targaryen broke 12 lances
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Steffon Baratheon]]
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Jason Mallister]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated [[Robert Baratheon]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated [[Oberyn Martell]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated [[Leyton Hightower]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated [[Jon Connington]]
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated Jason Mallister
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated Rhaegar Targaryen
 
 
 
===The Great Harrenhal tourney===<!-- This section is linked from [[Westeros]] -->
 
''Date'': [[281 AL]]
 
 
 
Possibly the most pivotal event prior to ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'', this tourney took place more than a decade before the events in ''[[A Game of Thrones]]'', and only few details have been disclosed so far.  The tourney was held by Lord Whent in honor of his daughter and to show off his house's power; it was the greatest tourney of its time and perhaps ever.  Crown Prince Rhaegar Targaryen was champion, and in the end chose [[Lyanna Stark]] as Queen of Love and Beauty.  This was scandalous in that, not only was Rhaegar already married (to Elia of Dorne), but Lyanna herself was betrothed to [[Robert Baratheon]].  Rhaegar's indiscretion culminated in his abduction of Lyanna a year later, which touched off the War of the Usurper and brought an end to Targaryen rule.  Also at this occasion, 15-year-old [[Jaime Lannister]] was admitted into the order of the Kingsguard, and a mystery knight, the "Knight of the Laughing Tree", appeared in the lists to fight for the honour of [[Howland Reed]] of Greywater Watch.
 
 
 
''Champion'': Rhaegar Targaryen.
 
* Unknown jousters defeated the 4 sons of Lord Whent of Harrenhal
 
* The Knight of the Laughing Tree defeated a member of House Haigh
 
* The Knight of the Laughing Tree defeated a member of House Blount
 
* The Knight of the Laughing Tree defeated a member of House Frey
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Yohn Royce]]
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Brandon Stark]]
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated [[Arthur Dayne]]
 
* Rhaegar Targaryen defeated Barristan Selmy
 
''Other participants'': [[Gerold Hightower]], [[Oswell Whent]], Robert Baratheon, and [[Richard Lonmouth]].
 
 
 
===King Robert's wedding===
 
''Date'': [[284 AL]]
 
 
 
A tourney was held in celebration of King Robert Baratheon's marriage to Cersei of House Lannister.
 
 
 
''Champion'': Jaime Lannister
 
 
 
===Unnamed tourney===
 
''Date'': Between 285 and 290 AL
 
* Oberyn Martell defeated [[Willas Tyrell]] (who was left crippled)
 
 
 
===Tourney in celebration of Balon Greyjoy's defeat===
 
 
 
''Date'': 289 AL.
 
 
 
After King Robert's forces defeated the rebel [[Balon Greyjoy]], a tourney was arranged in celebration at nearby [[Lannisport]]. [[Jorah Mormont]], recently knighted for his valorous acts in the final battle at Pyke, won the tournament and with it the hand of Lynesse of House Hightower, whose favor he wore.
 
 
 
''Champion'': Jorah Mormont
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Jason Mallister
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Yohn Royce
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Ryman Frey
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Hosteen Frey
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Lord Whent
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Lyle Crakehall
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Boros Blount
 
* Jorah Mormont defeated Jaime Lannister in the final tilt. After 9 broken lances, King Robert awarded Jorah the victory.
 
*''Also jousting'': Lynesse's brothers
 
 
 
===Lord Mace Tyrell's name day Tourney===
 
''Date'': ca [[294 AL]]
 
 
 
''Champion'': William Rykker
 
 
 
===Unnamed tourney===
 
''Date'': ca [[296 AL]]
 
 
 
''Champion'': Barristan Selmy (aged 57)
 
 
 
===Crown Prince Joffrey's 12th name day===
 
''Date'': [[298 AL]]
 
 
 
''Champion'': Loras Tyrell
 
 
 
* Barristan Selmy defeated Sandor Clegane
 
* Some hedge knight defeated Danwell Frey
 
* Loras Tyrell defeated Hosteen Frey
 
* Loras Tyrell defeated Jaime Lannister
 
 
 
* Yohn Royce defeated Thoros of Myr (mêlée)
 
 
 
===The Hand's tourney===
 
''Date'': [[298 AL]]
 
 
 
This tourney is described in great detail over a number of chapters in [[A Game of Thrones]]. It was held at King's Landing in honor of [[Eddard Stark]], the newly appointed Hand of King [[Robert Baratheon]]. It included an archery tournament, a [[w:mêlée]], and a round-based jousting competition. The jousting competition ended when Gregor Clegane attacked Loras Tyrell after their tilt. Sandor Clegane stepped in and saved Loras's life, fighting his own brother to an impasse. After King Robert put a stop to the fighting, Loras yielded the final tilt to Sandor in gratitude.
 
 
 
''Champion'': [[Sandor Clegane]]
 
  
*  Jory Cassel defeated a member of House Frey
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[[Category:Tourneys| ]]
*  Jory Cassel defeated Horace Redwyne
 
*  Lothor Brune defeated Jory Cassel. After 3 tilts Lothor was awarded the victory.
 
*  Meryn Trant defeated Harwin of Winterfell
 
*  Balon Swann defeated Alyn of Winterfell
 
*  Jaime Lannister defeated Andar Royce
 
*  Jaime Lannister defeated Bryce Caron
 
*  Jaime Lannister defeated Barristan Selmy
 
*  Gregor Clegane defeated Hugh of the Vale, killing him in the process
 
*  Gregor Clegane defeated Balon Swann
 
*  Beric Dondarrion defeated a hedge knight in checkers, after the knight disgraced himself
 
*  Thoros of Myr defeated Beric Dondarrion
 
*  Aron Santagar jousted against Lothor Brune, but after 3 tilts they were awarded a draw
 
*  Jason Mallister defeated Aron Santagar
 
*  Robar Royce defeated Lothor Brune
 
*  Loras Tyrell defeated a knight of the Kingsguard
 
*  Loras Tyrell defeated another knight of the Kingsguard
 
*  Loras Tyrell defeated a third knight of the Kingsguard
 
*  Loras Tyrell defeated Robar Royce
 
*  Loras Tyrell defeated Gregor Clegane in the semi-final tilt. Loras rode a mare in heat that distracted Gregor's stallion.
 
*  Sandor Clegane defeated Renly Baratheon
 
*  Sandor Clegane defeated Jaime Lannister in the semi-final tilt
 
*  Sandor Clegane defeated Loras Tyrell in the final tilt, as Loras yielded the match
 
''Other participants'': Yohn Royce, Hobber Redwyne, Patrek Mallister, Jared Frey, Hosteen Frey, Danwell Frey, Emmon Frey, Theo Frey, Perwyn Frey, Martyn Rivers, Jalabhar Xho, Arys Oakheart, Mandon Moore, Preston Greenfield
 
 
 
''Archery champion'': Anguy the Archer, defeating Balon Swann and Jalabhar Xho at the final distance
 
 
 
''Mêlée champion'': Thoros of Myr
 
 
 
===Tourney for King Joffrey's 13th name day===
 
''Date'': [[299 AL]]
 
 
 
This tourney happens in the first Sansa chapter of [[A Clash of Kings]]. It was held at King's Landing in honour of the young King Joffrey Baratheon. It was called off prematurely by the King after the knight Ser Dontos Hollard shamed himself by appearing drunk.
 
 
 
* Meryn Trant defeated Hobber Redwyne (2 tilts)
 
* Balon Swann defeated Morros Slynt (1 tilt)
 
* Lothor Brune defeated Dontos Hollard (by forfeit)
 
 
 
===Bitterbridge tourney===
 
''Date'': [[299 AL]]
 
 
 
Only the end of this event, a large mêlée of 116 knights, is described in the books, a Catelyn chapter in ''[[A Clash of Kings]]''. The tourney was arranged by the self proclaimed king Renly Baratheon (younger brother of the late Robert Baratheon) on his march towards King's Landing during the War of the Five Kings.
 
 
 
''Champion'': Brienne of Tarth.
 
* Brienne of Tarth defeated Richard Farrow, Edmund Ambrose, Big Ben Bushy, Mark Mullendore, Raymond Nayland, Will the Stork, Harry Sawyer, Robin Potter, Ronnet Connington, and Loras Tyrell.
 
 
 
===Melee at Runestone===
 
''Date'': [[300 AL]]
 
 
 
This was a melee for squires only.
 
 
 
* ''Champion'': Harrold Hardyng.
 
 
 
===Miscellaneous results===
 
 
 
The remaining results cannot be tied to a specific event. These encounters may have happened at the same tourney or not.
 
 
 
''Champion:'' Denys Mallister.
 
* Thoros of Myr defeated Kevan Lannister (melee)
 
* Thoros of Myr defeated Sandor Clegane thrice (melee)
 
* Denys Mallister defeated Randyll Tarly's father
 
* Denys Mallister defeated Alester Florent
 
* Daven Lannister defeated Marq Piper (melee)
 
 
 
==References==
 
{{EnWP|Tourneys in A Song of Ice and Fire}}
 
  
[[Category:Tourneys|*]]
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[[es:Torneo]]
[[fr:Historique des tournois]]
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[[fr:Tournoi]]
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[[zh:比武大会]]
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[[ru:Турнир]]

Latest revision as of 09:03, 28 January 2019

A splendid tourney in King's Landing during the Targaryen era - by Marc Simonetti ©
Knights jousting during a tourney - by Mark Evans. © Fantasy Flight Games
Jousting helps hone a knight's skills for battle. © Fantasy Flight Games

A tourney is a tournament popular in the Seven Kingdoms. They play a central role in A Song of Ice and Fire. Large parts of the plot are arranged around a number of major tourneys, and stylistically, they are used as an evocative medieval trope.

Significance

The continent of Westeros, where the largest parts of the books take place, has a culture and level of technology that is based on Northwestern Europe in the Middle Ages. The dozens of tourneys that are described or mentioned in the series are important social events, and form the background of many of the major plot developments. For the knights, the tourney outcomes are an important part of their personal history.

George R. R. Martin's descriptions of these tourneys vary wildly. Some, like the Hand's tourney in A Game of Thrones or the tourney at Ashford Meadow in The Hedge Knight are part of the basic plot and are narrated first hand. Martin describes their pageantry in detail that is characteristic of his style in A Song of Ice and Fire, often mentioning the heraldry and the armour of individual entrants and the results of every tilt. Other tourneys of pivotal significance, like the tourney at Harrenhal, are described piecemeal in flashbacks by various characters, and the reader must assemble the information from numerous small fragments.

Formats and rules

Tourneys in Westeros vary according to the region in which the tourney is held, the desires of the hosting lord, and the rules devised by the lord's master of the games.[1] They may be held to celebrate a marriage, such as the War for the White Cloaks at the Golden Wedding.[2] Many forms of competition are known, including jousting (also called the lists), mock battles between teams of knights, archery competitions, or the melee, in which many warriors fight individually in one large battle. Tourneys can be small events focusing on one competition held on a single day, or they can be large events that take several days and may include several different competitions.

The central event of many Westerosi tourneys is jousting, in which two armored knights aim to knock each other off their mounts with a jousting lance, continuing on foot with a variety of blunted weapons. The loser of a joust must often forfeit his horse and armour to the winner, thus jeopardizing a considerable part of his possessions.

Many tourneys pit pairs of warriors in rounds, where the loser is eliminated and the winner proceeds to the next round. The winner of the last round is declared champion. This is similar to how many tournaments in real life were performed, with exception of the best-of-three rule. Some ladies allow contestants to wear their favors during a tourney. The queen of love and beauty can be chosen from the ladies by the competition's victor.

Another format was used at Ashford Meadow. This type of tourney starts with five champions who defend the honor of a woman, often a daughter of the lord who arranges the tournament. Other participants can challenge one of the champions to a joust, and if successful take his place. At the end of the tourney, the five remaining champions either confirm the original queen of love and beauty, or chose a new one.[3]

Some Westerosi tourneys are open only to anointed knights, whose privileges are jealously guarded; this forms an important plot element in The Hedge Knight. Indeed, tourney culture is closely connected to chivalric tradition and its spiritual basis, the Andals' Faith of the Seven. These traditions dominate southern and central Westeros, especially in the Reach, but they are uncommon in the North, where many follow the old gods. However, the rules for entering tourneys vary with time and place, and there have been many events where freeriders, squires, or followers of the old gods have entered the lists.[1]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 So Spake Martin: Tourney Rules, April 29, 1999
  2. Fire & Blood, The Year of the Three Brides - 49 AC.
  3. The Hedge Knight.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Tourneys in A Song of Ice and Fire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history of Tourneys in A Song of Ice and Fire. As with A Wiki of Ice and Fire, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.