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City state, one of the Free Cities
Free Cities.png
Location Essos, Free Cities, Stepstones
Government Archon
Religion Mixed religions
Founded Approx 1,000 years ago
Notable places Fountain of the Drunken God, Temple of Trios

Tyrosh is a harbor city and one of the Free Cities. It sits on an island to the north of the Stepstones, just off the coast of the Disputed Lands of Essos.[1] The ruler of Tyrosh is called the Archon.[2] He is chosen from among the members of a convlace of the wealthiest and noblest of the city.[3]


Tyrosh is far larger than the shadow city of Sunspear, being described as boisterous and loud. At the mouth of its harbor lies the Bleeding Tower.[4] There is a fountain in Tyrosh called the Fountain of the Drunken God. There is a temple called the Temple of Trios with a big statue of the three-headed Trios beside the temple's doors.

Slaves outnumber the freeborn three to one.[3]


A Tyroshi merchant - by Magali Villeneuve ©

Tyroshi are renowned for their greed.[5] They constantly fight to gain control of the Stepstones and Disputed Lands.

They love bright colors, even coloring their hair brightly.[5] Their inventors are known for creating ornate helmets and ingenious torture devices. Their dialect is a corrupted form of High Valyrian.[6]


A coin of Tyrosh, as depicted by Nutchapol Thitinunthakorn in The World of Ice and Fire

Slaves and sellswords are common in Tyrosh. It is renowned for its pear brandy,[7] and Tyroshi armorsmiths can make fantastic helmets shaped like birds and animals, chased with precious metals


Tyrosh began as a military outpost, with inner walls of fused black dragonstone, raised initially to control shipping passing through the Stepstones. Not long after the city was founded, however, a unique variety of sea snail was discovered. These snails secreted a substance that, when properly treated, yield a dye that soon became wildly fashionable among the nobility of Valyria. Thus, merchants came to Tyrosh by the thousands, and the outpost grew into a major city within a single generation. Tyroshi dyers soon learned to produce different colors of dyes by varying the diet of the snails.[8]

A few generations after the Doom, the Free City of Volantis thought to add Tyrosh to her conquests, but Pentos came to her aid, along with the Stormlands and Aegon Targaryen of Dragonstone, and Lys and Myr both rose in rebellion against Volantis. Tyrosh joined forces with Myr and Lys and defeated Volantis in the Battle of the Borderland.[8]

During the last years of Viserys I Targaryen and the Dance of the Dragons, Tyrosh was part of the Triarchy along with Lys and Myr. The flamboyant rogue Racallio Ryndoon was a Tyroshi captain who led the Triarchy's counter-attack in 110 AC against Prince Daemon Targaryen. By Maiden's Day, 130 AC, the alliance began to tear itself apart. The Triarchy was brought down by internal conflict following the murder of a Lyseni admiral by a rival for the affections of the Black Swan, a famed courtesan, and, later, an alliance of Braavos, Pentos, and Lorath.[8]

The Band of Nine, a group of sellswords, pirates and merchants who had conquered the Disputed Lands, marched on Tyrosh and took it. They installed the wealthy merchant Alequo Adarys as a tyrant and then moved on. While the rest of the possessions of the Band of Nine were lost soon after the death of Maelys Blackfyre in the War of the Ninepenny Kings, Alequo managed to hold on for six more years before he too was removed from power.[6]

When Daenerys Targaryen was a girl, she and her brother Viserys spent some time in Tyrosh when they were wandering from place to place.

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

The green-bearded brother of the Archon of Tyrosh attends the introduction of Daenerys Targaryen to her future husband Khal Drogo hosted in Drogo’s nine-towered manse in Pentos.[2]

During the Battle of the Camps, a Tyroshi sellsword leading Ser Forley Prester’s freeriders strikes his banners and goes over to Robb Stark. Ser Kevan Lannister had warned Ser Jaime Lannister not to trust him. [9]

A Storm of Swords

Tyrosh is on the verge of going to war with Lys.[10]

A Feast for Crows

Tyrosh and Lys are now on the verge of war with Myr.[11] It is later rumored that the Archon had offered terms to Lys to end the trade war.[12]

In Dorne Prince Doran Martell reveals to his daughter, Princess Arianne, that at one point she was to have been sent to Tyrosh to serve as the Archon's cupbearer, where she could have met her betrothed in secret but that plan fell through when he was slain in Vaes Dothrak.

Upon entering the Stinking Goose Brienne notes that the only drinkers there are three Tyroshi seamen in a corner, growling at each other through green and purple beards. In the Happy Port Samwell Tarly sees a Tyroshi sailor passed out in a corner, snoring into his huge scarlet beard.

As punishment for his involvement in Arianne Martell's plots, Garin is to spend the next two years in Tyrosh.

The captain of the Huntress tells Samwell Tarly that the ironmen had managed to capture a Tyroshi merchantman in the Redwyne Straits. They killed the ship's crew and disguised themselves as Tyroshi sailors intending to sneak into Oldtown. However their plot was foiled when the Lady of the Tower's oarsmaster hailed the ironmen in the Tyrohi language and they could not reply to his greeting.

A Dance with Dragons

Blue-bearded fighters from Tyrosh are among those who come to Meereen to battle in Daznak's Pit.[13]

References and Notes

  1. A Dance with Dragons, Map of the Free Cities
  2. 2.0 2.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Quarrelsome Daughters: Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh.
  4. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 35, Samwell IV.
  5. 5.0 5.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 18, Catelyn IV.
  6. 6.0 6.1 A Game of Thrones RPG and Resource Book, Guardians of Order
  7. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 54, Daenerys VI.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Quarrelsome Daughters: Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh.
  9. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 69, Tyrion IX.
  10. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  11. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 13, The Soiled Knight.
  12. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 24, Cersei V.
  13. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 52, Daenerys IX.