Difference between revisions of "Bastardy"

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In the series, it is not unexpected for noblemen to have bastard children, however, it is not typical for a noble to bring his bastards home and raise them with his own children. It's more usually expected that he will see to the child's well-being to some degree.{{Ref|aGoT|6}} A nobly born wife has the right to take insult at her husband's bastards being introduced into her household and being commensurate in rank with her legally born children.  
 
In the series, it is not unexpected for noblemen to have bastard children, however, it is not typical for a noble to bring his bastards home and raise them with his own children. It's more usually expected that he will see to the child's well-being to some degree.{{Ref|aGoT|6}} A nobly born wife has the right to take insult at her husband's bastards being introduced into her household and being commensurate in rank with her legally born children.  
  
Bastards whose parents are both of the nobility may be considered non-baseborn, although even a royal decree has considerable difficulty in removing the stigma of a bastard{{Ref|TSS||''Legends II'', ISBN 978-0345456441, page 97 of 73-152}} and trueborn children of a bastard might change their surnames to show their legitimate nature. For example, a legitimate son of a Waters might change their surname to Longwaters. {{Ref|aFfC|8}} <ref>[[http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2999/ So Speak Martin]], June 26, 2001</ref>
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Bastards whose parents are both of the nobility may be considered non-baseborn, although even a royal decree has considerable difficulty in removing the stigma of a bastard{{Ref|TSS||''Legends II'', ISBN 978-0345456441, page 97 of 73-152}} and trueborn children of a bastard might change their surnames to show their legitimate nature. For example, a legitimate son of a Waters might change his surname to Longwaters. {{Ref|aFfC|8}} <ref>[[http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2999/ So Speak Martin]], June 26, 2001</ref>
  
 
At any point, the biological father of a bastard may acknowledge him and bring him formally into his house; for example, [[Ramsay Bolton|Ramsay Snow]] was acknowledged by his father [[Roose Bolton]], and [[Edric Storm]] was acknowledged (but not fostered) by [[Robert Baratheon|King Robert Baratheon]].  A more drastic measure is legitimization, a power traditionally reserved to kings alone; [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] legitimized many of his bastards of noble birth on his deathbed, and, almost a century later, Ramsay Bolton's official bastard status was removed by a royal decree (as a reward for the Boltons betraying the Starks and bowing to the Lannisters) and he became the heir of [[House Bolton]]. The social stigma of his bastardy was not lifted, however. [[Robb Stark]], as [[King in the North]], planned to legitimize his bastard half-brother [[Jon Snow]] and proclaim him as his heir; however, this would only be considered valid by those who supported Robb's claim to be King in the North. Following Robb's death, [[Stannis Baratheon]], having proclaimed himself king of the Seven Kingdoms, also proposed to legitimize Snow and make him lord of [[Winterfell]], but Jon declined Stannis's offer, electing to become [[Lord Commander of the Night's Watch]] instead.
 
At any point, the biological father of a bastard may acknowledge him and bring him formally into his house; for example, [[Ramsay Bolton|Ramsay Snow]] was acknowledged by his father [[Roose Bolton]], and [[Edric Storm]] was acknowledged (but not fostered) by [[Robert Baratheon|King Robert Baratheon]].  A more drastic measure is legitimization, a power traditionally reserved to kings alone; [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] legitimized many of his bastards of noble birth on his deathbed, and, almost a century later, Ramsay Bolton's official bastard status was removed by a royal decree (as a reward for the Boltons betraying the Starks and bowing to the Lannisters) and he became the heir of [[House Bolton]]. The social stigma of his bastardy was not lifted, however. [[Robb Stark]], as [[King in the North]], planned to legitimize his bastard half-brother [[Jon Snow]] and proclaim him as his heir; however, this would only be considered valid by those who supported Robb's claim to be King in the North. Following Robb's death, [[Stannis Baratheon]], having proclaimed himself king of the Seven Kingdoms, also proposed to legitimize Snow and make him lord of [[Winterfell]], but Jon declined Stannis's offer, electing to become [[Lord Commander of the Night's Watch]] instead.

Revision as of 01:10, 13 May 2013

A bastard is a person whose parents, at the time of their birth, were not married to each other. As a polite way of referring to someone who is bastard-born, someone may be referred to as a 'natural son' or 'natural daughter.' A less polite term, indicative of the social stigma against bastards, is "baseborn." A euphemism for being bastard-born is "being born on the wrong side of the sheets." If both parents of a bastard are nobles then the child is not considered "baseborn."

Family Life and Status

In the series, it is not unexpected for noblemen to have bastard children, however, it is not typical for a noble to bring his bastards home and raise them with his own children. It's more usually expected that he will see to the child's well-being to some degree.[1] A nobly born wife has the right to take insult at her husband's bastards being introduced into her household and being commensurate in rank with her legally born children.

Bastards whose parents are both of the nobility may be considered non-baseborn, although even a royal decree has considerable difficulty in removing the stigma of a bastard[2] and trueborn children of a bastard might change their surnames to show their legitimate nature. For example, a legitimate son of a Waters might change his surname to Longwaters. [3] [4]

At any point, the biological father of a bastard may acknowledge him and bring him formally into his house; for example, Ramsay Snow was acknowledged by his father Roose Bolton, and Edric Storm was acknowledged (but not fostered) by King Robert Baratheon. A more drastic measure is legitimization, a power traditionally reserved to kings alone; Aegon IV Targaryen legitimized many of his bastards of noble birth on his deathbed, and, almost a century later, Ramsay Bolton's official bastard status was removed by a royal decree (as a reward for the Boltons betraying the Starks and bowing to the Lannisters) and he became the heir of House Bolton. The social stigma of his bastardy was not lifted, however. Robb Stark, as King in the North, planned to legitimize his bastard half-brother Jon Snow and proclaim him as his heir; however, this would only be considered valid by those who supported Robb's claim to be King in the North. Following Robb's death, Stannis Baratheon, having proclaimed himself king of the Seven Kingdoms, also proposed to legitimize Snow and make him lord of Winterfell, but Jon declined Stannis's offer, electing to become Lord Commander of the Night's Watch instead.

Joffrey Baratheon was believed by Robert Baratheon to be his trueborn son, and therefore heir to House Baratheon and the Iron Throne. The revelation of Joffrey's bastardy, as the product of adultery on the part of Queen Cersei, caused his claim to the Iron Throne to be disputed after Robert's death by Robert's brother Stannis.

Far more often a bastard is acknowledged but not legitimized. For example, Eddard Stark acknowledged Jon Snow as his son and a member of House Stark, but did not legitimize him. Snow retained the bastard name of the North and the social status it conferred, and did not enter the line of succession of House Stark. Many bastards are never acknowledged and don't even know who their fathers are. One example is Gendry.

Rights of Inheritance

The baseborn have few rights under the law and custom when it comes to rights of inheritance. A bastard may inherit if the father has no other trueborn children nor any other likely kin to follow him. Additionally, a bastard can inherit if he is legitimized by a royal decree. It is unclear whether a legitimized bastard would be placed in the succession according to birth order, or would be placed at the end, after the trueborn children.[5]

Heraldic custom regarding bastards is fairly loose; bastards who take arms (noble born, knighted, etc.) often, but not always, take the coat of arms of their fathers with the colors reversed.[6] A bar sinister is sometimes added, as exemplified by Ser Walder Rivers's sigil.[7] A bastard that wants to emphasize his filiation and minimize his own bastardy may decide to use the same sigil as his father, as did Glendon Flowers,[8] perhaps illegally.[9][10]

However, any man can be knighted, even a bastard. A bastard may even be appointed to the Kingsguard. In the Night's Watch, any man may rise to command, no matter the circumstances of their birth, such was the case of Cotter Pyke, commander of Eastwatch-by-the-sea, and Jon Snow and Robin Hill, who became its Lord Commanders.

Social Status

It is considered rude to pry into the origins of a man's natural children. Men say that bastards are born from lust and lies, grow up more swiftly than other children, and their nature is wanton and treacherous.[11]

A bastard may study at the Citadel and become a maester.

Coat of Arms

The bastards do not have the right to use the arms of their families. The custom is thus a bastard using arms (when knighted for example) adds a distinction, called "breaking". This can be in the form of a color inversion on their own coats of arms, with the addition of a possible bar sinsister.

House Targaryen House Blackfyre Arms of House Blackfyre, founded by a bastard of the House Targaryen, has the colors reversed[12].
House Frey  personnel arms of Walder Rivers The personal arms of Walder Rivers, bastard son of Lord Walder Frey, has the Frey colors reversed and a red bar sinister added[13]

Surnames

Each of the nine constituent regions of the Seven Kingdoms have bastard surnames decreed by custom. Bastards with a high-born parent are given these surnames to hold them apart from their fathers' houses. The parents may give a bastard a different surname if they wishing, i.e. Tyrion Tanner. Bastards with no known relation to a noble house have no surname, like other smallfolk.

Region Surname Example Character
Reach Flowers Ser Robert Flowers
Westerlands Hill Joy Hill
Iron Islands Pyke Wex Pyke
Riverlands Rivers Walder Rivers
Dorne Sand Nymeria Sand
North Snow Jon Snow
Vale Stone Mya Stone
Stormlands Storm Ser Rolland Storm
Crownlands Waters Aurane Waters


As the surname is applied by region, bastards who are half-siblings may have different surnames. For example, Robert Baratheon's eldest bastard, born in the Vale, is called Mya 'Stone' and his bastard from the Stormlands is called Edric 'Storm'.

Notable Bastards

The North

The Iron Islands

The Riverlands

The Vale

The Westerlands

The Crownlands

The Reach

The Stormlands

Dorne

References and Notes

  1. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 6, Catelyn II.
  2. The Sworn Sword, Legends II, ISBN 978-0345456441, page 97 of 73-152.
  3. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 8, Jaime I.
  4. [So Speak Martin], June 26, 2001
  5. SSM
  6. The Sworn Sword, Legends II, ISBN 978-0345456441, page 104 of 73-152.
  7. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 38, Jaime VI.
  8. The Mystery Knight, Warriors 1, ISBN 978-0-7653-6026-7, page 279 of 251-394.
  9. The Hedge Knight.
  10. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 7, Arya I.
  11. I: 45, III: 830
  12. The Sworn Sword.
  13. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 39, Cersei IX.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bastard (Law of England and Wales). The list of authors can be seen in the page history of Bastard (Law of England and Wales). As with A Wiki of Ice and Fire, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.