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'''Dragons''' are a magical species of animal similar to the standard mythical creature. They are extremely rare in Westeros, and by the beginning of ''[[A Game of Thrones]]'' they are believed to be extinct.
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{{Hatnote|This article is about the creature. For the unit of money, see [[Currency]]}}
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[[File: Drogon in Daznak's Pit.jpg|thumb|350px|[[Daenerys Targaryen]] and [[Drogon]] in [[Daznak's Pit]] by Marc Simonetti ©]]
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'''Dragons''' are magical [[Bestiary|creatures]], which existed on the continents of [[Westeros]] and [[Essos]], but are considered to have been extinct for almost one hundred and fifty years. The only remaining traces of the dragons are skeletal remains and [[dragon egg]]s which are thought to have turned to stone.
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Dragons are depicted in the sigils of Houses [[House Blackfyre|Blackfyre]], [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]], [[House Toland|Toland]], [[House Vance of Atranta|Vance of Atranta]], [[House Vance of Wayfarer's Rest|Vance of Wayfarer's Rest]], and [[House Willum|Willum]].
  
 
==Appearance==
 
==Appearance==
Dragons are scaled, reptilian creatures with sharp teeth and claws. They have leathery wings for forelegs, like bats, though some ''A Song of Ice and Fire'' artwork shows them with four legs and a detached pair of wings. They have long necks and tails, with spiny crests running down their backs. As hatchlings, they are around the size of a cat, and can reach sizes large enough to swallow a mammoth whole. The polished skulls of the Targaryen dragons look like glittering onyx, and their teeth like curved daggers of black diamond. Their bones are black due to their high iron content. [[Dragonbone]] is a highly sought after crafting material.<ref>[[A Game of Thrones]], [[A Game of Thrones-Chapter 13|Chapter 13]], Tyrion</ref>
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[[File:Daenerys and dragon HBO.jpg|thumb|350px|[[Daenerys Targaryen]] and [[Drogon]] in ''[[Game of Thrones]]'']]
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{{See also|:Category:Images of Dragons|l1=Images of Dragons}}
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Dragons are scaled,{{Ref|agot|23}}{{Ref|acok|12}} reptilian creatures. They have four limbs: two wings, which are used as forelegs like [[w:bats|bats]] and [[w:pterosaur|pterosaurs]],<ref>[[Not a Blog]]: [http://grrm.livejournal.com/493818.html?thread=24775162#t24775162 Awards, Awards (July 15th, 2016) Comment July 15, 2016]</ref> and two rear legs.<ref name=COMICCON07>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2267/ Comic-Con (NEW YORK CITY, NY) (February 25, 2007)]</ref><ref>[[Not A Blog]]: [http://grrm.livejournal.com/327410.html?thread=17902322#t17902322 Dany and the Dragons (July 9, 2013)]</ref> [[George R. R. Martin]]'s dragons thereby differ from the traditional depiction of dragons as six limbed creatures. Martin came to his decision as he was bothered by the fact that no animal in nature has ever evolved in such a way (i.e. four legs and two wings).<ref name=COMICCON07/> Nonetheless, some ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'' artwork shows them with four legs and a detached pair of wings.
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Dragons have strong jaws,{{Ref|tpatq}} sharp teeth{{Ref|ACOK|48}} and claws,{{Ref|ACOK|12}} leathery wings{{Ref|adwd|68}}{{Ref|adwd|5}} and long necks{{Ref|ADWD|52}} and tails,{{Ref|ADWD|68}} with horns upon their heads.{{Ref|ACOK|12}} As young hatchlings, they are around the size of a cat.{{Ref|acok|12}} Provided it has food and freedom, a dragon never stops growing.{{Ref|asos|8}}{{Ref|adwd|68}} A dragon given such freedom can reach a span width of twenty feet within a year and a half.{{Ref|ADWD|52}} Dragons which are locked up, e.g., the [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] dragons housed in the [[Dragonpit]] in [[King's Landing]], do not grow as large as dragons left free to fly as they wish.{{Ref|asos|8}}{{Ref|adwd|68}} Although increasing age means increasing size, a larger size is not always an indication of a higher age (e.g., the younger [[Meraxes]]  was larger than the older [[Vhagar]]).{{Ref|Agot|13}}<ref group="N">Although the year of birth of [[Meraxes]] is not known, she is known to have hatched some point after Lord [[Aenar Targaryen]] arrived with his household on [[Dragonstone]] in [[Years before Aegon's Conquest|126 BC]] (''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]'', The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest). That means she might have been born as early as the year of [[House Targaryen]]'s arrival. Meraxes's death in {{Date|10}}, however, makes it impossible for her to have been older at the time of her death than [[Vhagar]], who died at the age of a hundred and eighty-one, had been when she died. Regardless of the fact that Meraxes died at a younger age, her skull was larger than Vhagar's (''[[A Game of Thrones]]'', [[A Game of Thrones-Chapter 13|Tyrion II]]).</ref> [[Balerion]], the largest Targaryen dragon, was large enough to swallow an aurochs or a mammoth from [[Ibben]] whole.{{Ref|agot|13}}
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The polished skulls of the [[House Targaryen|Targaryen]] dragons look like glittering onyx, and their teeth like curved daggers of black diamond. Dragonbones are black due to their high iron content.{{Ref|AGOT|13}}
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[[Sea dragon]]s in the [[Sunset Sea]] and [[ice dragon]]s in the [[Shivering Sea]] are recalled in legends and folklore, but scholars have no proof of their existence.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Iron Islands: Driftwood Crowns}}{{Ref|twoiaf|Beyond the Free Cities: The Shivering Sea}}
  
 
==Characteristics==
 
==Characteristics==
Great heat eminates from dragons' bodies, to the point that they steam during cold nights. They breathe extremely hot fire and cook their meat before eating it.<ref>[[A Clash of Kings]], [[A Clash of Kings-Chapter 12|Chapter 12]], Daenerys</ref> They are capable of forming strong attachments to humans who raise them. They have a reasonably high level of animal intelligence, and can be trained to serve as battlemounts and receive vocal commands.  
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[[File:Red Keep Dragon Cellar by Kim Pope.jpg|thumb|350px|[[Skulls of the Targaryen dragons|Dragon skulls]] in the [[Red Keep]] cellars by Kim Pope]]
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It is said that dragons are fire made flesh. Great heat emanates from dragons' bodies, to the point that they steam during cold nights. Dragons only eat cooked meat, and use the extremely hot flame which they breathe to cook their meat before eating it.{{Ref|aCoK|12}}
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A dragon's scales are largely, but not entirely, impervious to flame as well, and serve as protection for the more vulnerable flesh and musculature beneath. As a dragon ages, its scales thicken and grow harder, affording even more protection,{{Ref|tpatq}} leaving dragons nearly immune to fire,<ref name=COMICCON07/><ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20051103091500/nrctc.edu/fhq/vol1iss3/00103009.htm/ "Interview with the Dragon" Copyright © 2003 Robert Shaw.]</ref> although they can still be wounded by [[dragonflame]] (e.g., [[Moondancer]]'s eyes being blinded by [[Sunfyre]]'s fire during the [[Dance of the Dragons]]). Similarly, as dragons age, the fires they breath become hotter and fiercer. Where a hatchling's flame can set straw aflame, the flames of older dragons, like Balerion and [[Vhagar]] in the fullness of their power, could melt steel and stone.{{Ref|TPATQ}}The lifespan of dragons is many times that of a human.{{Ref|asos|8}} Balerion, the largest and oldest Targaryen dragon, already alive when House Targaryen relocated from [[Valyria]] to [[Dragonstone]] in {{date|-128}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}} died of old age<ref>[[Not a Blog]]: [http://grrm.livejournal.com/360936.html?thread=18791400#t18791400 The Rogues are Coming (March 12, 2014), Reply to question (March 12, 2014)]</ref> in {{Date|94}}{{ref|trp}} during the reign of King [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]], near two hundred years of age.{{Ref|aSoS|8}} They are not invulnerable; a [[w:Scorpio (weapon)|scorpion]] killed Meraxes.{{ref|twoiaf| Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons}} When Balerion returned with Princess [[Aerea Targaryen]] before Aerea's death, the dragon had large new and bloody wounds from an unknown cause.{{Ref|fab|Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Their Triumphs and Tragedies}}
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Dragons are believed to be intrinsically tied to [[magic]] in the world. Since the death of the last dragon in {{Date|153}}, summers grew shorter and the winters colder and crueler,{{Ref|thk}} while magical spells became less powerful.{{Ref|acok|49}}
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Dragonbone is as strong as steel, but lighter and far more flexible, and impervious to fire.{{Ref|AGOT|13}} It has been used to make brooches,{{ref|AGOT|3}} bows,{{ref|AGOT|11}}{{ref|AGOT|13}} hilts of [[Valyrian steel dagger]]s,{{ref|AGOT|14}} and whip handles.{{ref|ASOS|27}}
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===Reproduction===
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Historians, like Septon [[Barth]], Grand Maester [[Munkun]], and Maester [[Thomax]], disagree on the mating habits of dragons.{{Ref|aDwD|14}} Dragons lay large, scaled [[dragon egg|eggs]] to reproduce.{{Ref|aFfC|35}} According to Archmaester [[Gyldayn]], and agreed upon by Maester [[Yandel]], the ability of a dragon to lay eggs is proof that said dragon is female. When a dragon is never observed to have laid eggs, this is taking as proof that it must have been male.{{Ref|twoiaf|The North: Winterfell}} However, according to Barth and Maester [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Maekar I)|Aemon]], dragons have no fixed gender, but are “now one and now the other, as changeable as flame”.{{ref|AFFC|35}} Barth believed that dragons can change sex at need,{{Ref|twoiaf|The North: Winterfell}}{{Ref|AFFC|35}} but Maester [[Anson]] believes this to be erroneous, and states in his ''[[Truth (book)|Truth]]'' that Barth's statement is simply a misunderstood esoteric metaphor.{{Ref|twoiaf|The North: Winterfell}}
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Dragons believed to be female, e.g., [[Syrax]],{{Ref|adwd|8}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}}{{Ref|TRP}}{{Ref|TPATQ}} [[Dreamfyre]],{{Ref|TRP}}{{Ref|TPATQ}} [[Tessarion]],{{Ref|TRP}}{{Ref|tpatq}} and [[Meleys]],{{Ref|TPATQ}} are referred to as a ''she-dragon'' or sometimes a ''queen''.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}} The dragon [[Caraxes]] has been referred to with both male and female pronouns.{{ref|tpatq}}{{ref|trp}}{{ref|fab|The Dying of the Dragons - Rhaenyra Triumphant}}
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Traditionally, Targaryen princes received a dragon's egg in their cradle, allowing them to bond with the dragons as soon as the eggs hatched.{{Ref|TRP}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}} This tradition supposedly started during the reign of King [[Aegon I Targaryen]], when Princess [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Aenys I)|Rhaena Targaryen]] placed a dragon egg in the cradles of her younger siblings, [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen|Jaehaerys]] and [[Alysanne Targaryen|Alysanne]] shortly after their births.{{Ref|fab|Birth, Death, and Betrayal Under King Jaehaerys I}}{{Ref|fab|The Sons of the Dragon}} From these two eggs, the dragons [[Vermithor]] and [[Silverwing]] hatched.{{Ref|fab|The Sons of the Dragon}}
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During the rule of King [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]], the king placed an egg in the cradle of his newborn son, [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Jaehaerys I)|Aemon]], in {{Date|55}}, at the suggestion of Queen [[Alysanne Targaryen]].{{Ref|fab|Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Their Triumphs and Tragedies}}
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During the reign of King [[Viserys I Targaryen]], placing a dragon egg in the cradle of a newborn princeling became truly customary.{{Ref|fab|Heirs of the Dragon - A Question of Succession}} [[Jacaerys Velaryon]], [[Lucerys Velaryon]], [[Joffrey Velaryon]],{{Ref|fab|Heirs of the Dragon - A Question of Succession}} [[Viserys II Targaryen|Viserys Targaryen]], [[Jaehaerys Targaryen (son of Aegon II)|Jaehaerys Targaryen]], [[Jaehaera Targaryen]], and [[Maelor Targaryen]]{{Ref|fab|Heirs of the Dragon - A Question of Succession}} are all known to have received an egg in their cradle during Viserys I's reign. During the reign of King [[Aegon III Targaryen]], eggs were placed in the cradles of Prince [[Aegon IV Targaryen|Aegon]] and Lady [[Laena Velaryon (daughter of Alyn)|Laena Velaryon]].{{Ref|fab|The Lyseni Spring and the End of Regency}}
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Un-hatched eggs can become fossilized at an old age.{{Ref|AGOT|11}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}}
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===Dragonriders===
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:{{See also|Dragonrider}}
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[[File:Aegon on Balerion.jpg|450px|right|thumb|[[Aegon I Targaryen|Aegon the Conqueror]] upon [[Balerion]], the Black Dread, by [http://jordigart.blogspot.com/ Jordi Gonzalez] ©]]
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Dragons are intelligent creatures<ref name=COMICCON07/> which can be trained to serve as battle mounts and understand vocal commands. They are said to be capricious in nature,{{Ref|aDwD|5}} and have to be trained to keep them from laying waste to everything around them.{{Ref|ACOK|40}} However, dragons will not allow everyone to mount them. In [[Valyria]], the noble-born dragonriding families, the [[dragonlord]] families, frequently married brother to sister to keep the bloodline pure,{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}} and it is generally believed that Valyrian heritage plays a part; During the civil war known as the [[Dance of the Dragons]], Prince [[Jacaerys Velaryon]] called upon Targaryen [[bastard]]s and their descendants, the so-called [[dragonseeds]], to try and mount a dragon. Regardless, men without Valyrian descent made their attempt as well.{{ref|tpatq}} Nor is the possession of Valyrian blood (no matter how directly) a guarantee that bonding with a dragon will be successful.{{Ref|trp}}{{Ref|ADWD|68}}
  
Dragons grow throughout their lives, but it is unknown how long they can live or how large they can grow. The largest and oldest Targaryen dragon, [[Balerion]], lived about 200 years and could swallow a mammoth whole, but dragons raised in captivity are thought to be smaller than their wild brethren.<ref>[[A Storm of Swords]], [[A Storm of Swords-Chapter 8|Chapter 8]], Daenerys</ref> They have no gender differentiation, but lay large, scaled eggs to reproduce.<ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 35|Chapter 35]], Samwell</ref> 
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Once a dragon has bonded with a rider, that dragon will not allow anyone else to mount it while its rider lives, no matter how familiar said person might be to the dragon, although they are willing to accept another person upon their backs when their own rider has mounted as well. When the rider of a dragon dies, that dragon can bond with a new rider.{{Ref|tpatq}} No rider has ever ridden a different dragon while their current dragon was alive.{{Ref|aDwD|50}} However, when Prince [[Viserys I Targaryen|Viserys Targaryen]]'s dragon [[Balerion]] died, according to Martin, "[Viserys] did not take a second dragon",<ref>[[Not a Blog]]: [http://grrm.livejournal.com/360936.html?thread=18786792#/t18786792 The Rogues are Coming... (March 12, 2014), Comment (March 12, 2014)]</ref> leaving the possibility that a rider might bond with a new dragon after their first dragon has died. Indeed, Queen [[Rhaenyra Targaryen]], following the death of her dragon [[Syrax]], insisted on finding more dragon eggs, as she "must have another dragon". Dragons who have had a rider once before are easier to bond with than wild dragons.{{Ref|tpatq}}
  
Dragons are believed to be intrinsically tied to magic and the seasons of the world. Since dragons became extinct from Westeros, the power of magic dwindled and winters grew colder.
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A dragon might to be able to sense when its current rider is in distress or has died. This is implied in the case of the dragon [[Dreamfyre]], who, despite being locked and chained in the [[Dragonpit]], is said to have sensed when her rider [[Helaena Targaryen]] committed suicide in [[Maegor's Holdfast]], at the other side of [[King's Landing]].{{ref|tpatq}} A dragonrider has also screamed out when their dragon was hit by a spear.{{Ref|adwd|52}}
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Dragons are native to the continent of [[Essos]], and were discovered some five thousand years ago, by the [[Valyria]]ns in the [[Fourteen Fires]], a ring of volcanoes on the Valyrian Peninsula. The Valyrians mastered the art of raising dragons and used them as weapons of war to carve out a [[Valyrian Freehold|massive empire]]. After the [[Doom of Valyria]], The only dragons known to have survived were the three dragons belonging to the [[House Targaryen|Targaryens]], who fled with them to Westeros.  
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===Ancient Dragons===
[[Aegon I]] and his sisters each rode one of their dragons in the [[War of Conquest]] to consolidate six of the Seven Kingdoms under Targaryen rule. The Targaryens built the Dragonpit in King's Landing to raise and house their dragons. During the reign of [[Jaehaerys I]], Jaehaerys took six dragons with him to the North to visit the Warden of the North.{{Ref|aSoS|41}} And they had at least nineteen dragons over the years.(the number of dragon skulls stored by the Targaryens in the Red Keep cellars).{{Ref|aGoT|13}} Over the centuries, the Targaryen dragons died in various wars, and in later generations did not grow as large as their parents. The last dragon was a stunted and misshapen thing, and died young during the reign of [[Aegon III]].{{Ref|aGoT|22}}She had been a green female, small, stunted with withered wings. She laid a clutch of five eggs.<ref>[[The Mystery Knight]]</ref> None of her eggs hatched.<ref>[[The Hedge Knight]]</ref> Its been suggested by [[maesters]] that dragons were meant to be beneath the sky rather than cooped up in cages or cells in the Dragonpit, however massive.  
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[[File:Magali Villeneuve Dragonlords.jpg|thumb|350px|Dragonlords from the [[Valyrian Freehold]] by Magali Villeneuve in ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]'']]
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In [[Barth]]'s ''[[Unnatural History]]'', the [[septon]] considered several legends regarding the origins of dragons. The [[Valyrians]] claimed that dragons sprang forth from the [[Fourteen Flames]], a ring of volcanoes on the [[Valyrian peninsula]].{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria}} In [[Qarth]], tales state dragons came from a second moon in the sky, which was scalded by the sun and cracked like an egg, and a million dragons poured forth.{{ref|AGOT|23}} Dragons are also said to have originated from the [[Shadow Lands]] beyond [[Asshai]] and the islands of the [[Jade Sea]].{{Ref|aGoT|23}} Ancient tales from Asshai claim that an unnamed people first tamed these dragons, brought them to [[Valyria]], and taught the Valyrians their arts before departing from the annals of history.{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria}} Barth put forth the theory that dragons were created by Valyrian [[bloodmages]] using [[wyvern]] stock.{{Ref|twoiaf|Beyond the Free Cities: Sothoryos}} Dragons may also be related to [[firewyrm]]s.{{ref|AFFC|22}}
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Dragons populated most of the [[known world]] in ages past,<ref name=Dragons>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/Dragons_in_Westeros/ Dragons in Westeros (December 11, 1999)]</ref> and ancient dragon bones have been found as far north as [[Ib]] and as south as the jungles of [[Sothoryos]].{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria}} The yellow emperor [[Chai Duq]] of [[Yi Ti]] is said to have kept a dragon at his court.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Bones and Beyond: Yi Ti}}
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In [[Westeros]], Ser [[Galladon of Morne]] is said to have slain a dragon with the [[Just Maid]],{{ref|AFFC|20}} [[Crackbones]] allegedly twisted a dragon's neck into a knot,{{ref|AFFC|20}} and [[Serwyn of the Mirror Shield]] slew the dragon [[Urrax]].{{ref|ADWD|8}} [[Davos the Dragonslayer]] is a hero beloved in the [[Reach]],{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reach: The Gardener Kings}} and dragons are also said to have once roosted on [[Battle Isle]] until the first [[House Hightower|Hightower]] put an end to them.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reach: Oldtown}} [[Smallfolk]] claim that the hot springs below [[Winterfell]] are warmed by the breath of a subterranean dragon.{{Ref|twoiaf|The North: Winterfell}} [[Nagga]] is said to have been the first [[sea dragon]].{{ref|AFFC|19}}
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===Valyrian Freehold===
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The [[Valyria]]ns mastered the art of raising dragons and used them as weapons of war to carve out a massive empire, the [[Valyrian Freehold]].{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria}} The Valyrians are said to have used [[dragon horn]]s to tame dragons.{{Ref|aFfC|19}}
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The Valyrians used dragons to conquer the [[Old Empire of Ghis]] in the [[Ghiscari wars]],{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria}} and hundreds of dragons were employed by Valyria during the [[Rhoynish Wars]].{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: Ten Thousand Ships}}
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After the [[Doom of Valyria]], however, the only dragons known to have survived were five dragons on [[Dragonstone]]. They belonged to [[House Targaryen]], who had brought them from Valyria when they went into exile. Four of these dragons eventually died on Dragonstone, leaving only [[Balerion]]. However, the other dragons left eggs behind, and from these hatched [[Vhagar]] and [[Meraxes]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}}
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===The Targaryen Dragons===
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[[File:Battle Beneath the Gods Eye.jpg|[[Balerion]] makes short work of [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Aenys I)|Aegon Targaryen]] and [[Quicksilver]] during the [[Battle Beneath the Gods Eye]], as depicted by Michael Komarck in ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]''|thumb|350px|left]]
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[[House Targaryen]] used [[Balerion]], [[Vhagar]], and [[Meraxes]] in their [[Wars of Conquest]] against the [[Seven Kingdoms]]. They were instrumental in the [[burning of Harrenhal]] and the [[Field of Fire]], and the threat of dragons led to the submissions of [[Torrhen Stark]] and [[Sharra Arryn]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}} Dragons were also used in the [[First Dornish War]], which caused the death of Meraxes at the [[Hellholt]] in {{Date|10}}.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I}} The valuable golden coin of the [[Iron Throne]] became known as a dragon.{{ref|AGOT|16}}
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Many dragons were hatched after [[Aegon's Conquest]]. During Aegon I's reign, "half a dozen" hatchlings were born on Dragonstone.  One of the first was [[Quicksilver]], hatched in {{date|7}}, who bonded with Aegon I's elder son and heir, [[Aenys I Targaryen|Aenys]]. Another two hatched during the first year of Aenys's reign in {{date|38}}.{{ref|tsotd}}  Dragon fought dragon for the first time since the [[Doom of Valyria]] in the [[Battle Beneath the Gods Eye]], resulting in the death of Quicksilver in {{Date|43}}.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}}{{Ref|tsotd}}
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Over the course of one hundred and fifty years the Targaryens rode their dragons as a symbol of their power. King [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]] took six dragons with him to the [[north]] to visit the [[Warden of the North]]. These included Jaehaerys on [[Vermithor]], Queen [[Alysanne Targaryen|Alysanne]] on [[Silverwing]], and four other currently-unknown dragons.{{Ref|aSoS|41}}
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Balerion finally died of old age in {{Date|94}}, late in the reign of Jaehaerys I.{{Ref|TRP}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I}} Jaehaerys's grandson and eventual successor [[Viserys I Targaryen|Viserys I]] was Balerion's rider at the time of its death.{{ref|trp}}<ref>[[Not A Blog]]: [http://grrm.livejournal.com/360936.html?thread=18791400#t18791400 The Rogues Are Coming... (Comment March 12, 2014)]</ref> This left Vhagar as the largest living dragon, and by {{Date|129}} she was approaching Balerion's size.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
  
After their extinction, the only remnants of dragons that remained were their skulls and a few petrified eggs. The eggs were highly valuable, both for their beauty and exotic nature as well as their potential to hatch dragons. Many futile attempts were made to hatch dragons from petrified eggs. The [[Tragedy of Summerhall]] resulted from [[Aegon V]]'s attempt. [[Aegon III]], the Dragonbane had nine mages cross the narrow sea to use their magics, [[Baelor I]] the Blessed prayed over the eggs. Also The art of taming and commanding dragons enough to ride is considered lost aside from a few exceedingly rare books.
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By {{Date|129}}, on the eve of civil war between [[Rhaenyra Targaryen|Rhaenyra]] and [[Aegon II Targaryen|Aegon II]], there were twenty living dragons.{{ref|tpatq}} The largest and oldest dragons were Vhagar, Vermithor, Silverwing, [[Dreamfyre]], [[Meleys]], [[Caraxes]], and [[Syrax]]. Younger dragons still large enough to be ridden to war were [[Seasmoke]], [[Sunfyre]], [[Tessarion]], [[Vermax]], [[Arrax]], [[Tyraxes]], and [[Moondancer]]. [[Stormcloud]], [[Morghul]], and [[Shrykos]] were hatchlings not yet big enough to ride.
  
Ultimately, [[Daenerys Targaryen]] managed to hatch three dragons by sacrificing [[Mirri Maz Duur]] in her [[Khal Drogo|husband]]'s funeral pyre and stepping into the flames with her eggs. With Daenerys's exchange of life for life, the first three dragons in over a hundred years were born.
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There were also three wild dragons living on [[Dragonstone]] which had never been successfully claimed by any rider: [[Grey Ghost]], [[Sheepstealer]], and the [[Cannibal (dragon)|Cannibal]]. Sheepstealer hatched when Jaehaerys I was still young, and the Cannibal was even older (none knew for certain when it had hatched), and thus they were also quite large by the time of the [[Dance of the Dragons]], while Grey Ghost was a younger and smaller beast. Not every hatchling lived to maturity, however, as seen with [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Daemon)|Rhaena of Pentos]], whose hatchling only lived a matter of hours.{{ref|tpatq}}
  
==Daenerys Dragons==
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===Extinction and Revival===
*[[Drogon]]
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[[File:Tomasz Jedruszek Dragon sight.jpg|350px|thumb|right|Dragons in flight by Tomasz Jedruszek © Fantasy Flight Games]]
*[[Rhaegal]]
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By the end of the reign of King [[Viserys I Targaryen]], twenty dragons were alive. The majority of these died during the civil war called the [[Dance of the Dragons]], which began in {{Date|129}} and would last until mid {{Date|131}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}} Archmaester [[Marwyn]], however, holds that the order of [[maesters]], with their secret goal to suppress [[magic]], was responsible for the extinction of dragons.{{Ref|AFFC|45}}
*[[Viserion]]
 
  
==Historical Dragons==
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By the end of the Dance in {{Date|131}}, only four dragons remained alive: [[Sheepstealer]], the [[Cannibal (dragon)|Cannibal]], and [[Silverwing]], who had been born years before the war, and the dragon [[Morning]], which had hatched during the war.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}} There were still many dragon eggs left after the war, and at least one of those hatched. The [[last dragon]] was a stunted, sick and misshapen thing, and she died young, in {{Date|153}}, during the reign of King [[Aegon III Targaryen]], the Dragonbane.{{Ref|aGoT|22}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III}} She had been a green female, small with withered wings. She laid a clutch of five eggs,{{Ref|TMK}} which never hatched.{{Ref|THK}}
*[[Balerion]]
+
 
*[[Meraxes]]
+
The Targaryens also had a collection of [[Dragon skulls (Targaryen)|nineteen dragons skulls]] of various sizes and ages that they displayed on the walls of the throne room in the [[Red Keep]]. Some of these were thousands of years old.{{Ref|aGoT|13}}
*[[Silverwing]]
+
 
*[[Syrax]]
+
After their extinction, the only remnants of dragons were their skulls{{Ref|AGOT|13}} and the eggs, some of which were petrified.{{Ref|TMK}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}} The eggs were highly valued for their beauty and exotic nature.{{Ref|AGOT|46}} According to Ser [[Arlan of Pennytree]], the summers became shorter after the last dragon died, and the winters longer and crueler.{{Ref|THK}}
*[[Urrax]]
+
 
*[[Vhagar]]
+
Many futile attempts were made to revive dragons. [[Aegon III Targaryen]], known as the Dragonbane, had nine mages cross the narrow sea to use their magics in attempt to hatch remaining dragon eggs.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III}} The pious King [[Baelor I Targaryen]] attempted to hatch his egg by praying over it.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I}} [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] ordered pyromancers to build seven mechanical "dragons" that shot jets of [[wildfire]]. Hundreds of men died in a failed attempt to use them to invade [[Dorne]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV}} The [[tragedy of Summerhall]] resulted from the attempt of King [[Aegon V Targaryen]] to hatch dragon eggs.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}}
<!--[[:Category:Dragons|Listed here]]-->
+
 
 +
==Recent Events==
 +
===''A Game of Thrones''===
 +
[[Daenerys Targaryen]] manages to hatch three dragons—[[Drogon]], [[Rhaegal]], and [[Viserion]]—in her husband [[Drogo]]'s funeral pyre when she steps into the fire while they lay inside it. With Daenerys's exchange of life for life, the first three dragons in over a hundred years are born in the [[Dothraki sea]].{{ref|AGOT|72}}
 +
 
 +
===''A Clash of Kings''===
 +
In [[King's Landing]] Wisdom [[Hallyne]], a [[pyromancer]] of the [[Alchemists' Guild]], tells [[Tyrion Lannister]] that their spells are more effective than usual, and wonders if there are any dragons around, as Wisdom [[Pollitor]] had once told him that [[magic]] had begun to go out of the world the day the [[last dragon]] died.{{ref|acok|49}}
 +
 
 +
The [[warlocks]] of [[Qarth]] attempt to kill Daenerys and claim her dragons, but she survives and the [[House of the Undying]] is destroyed.{{ref|ACOK|48}}
 +
 
 +
===''A Storm of Swords''===
 +
Daenerys uses her dragons to conquer [[fall of Astapor|Astapor]].{{ref|ASOS|27}}
 +
 
 +
During a [[small council]] meeting [[Varys]] reports that sailors back from the [[Jade Sea]] report that a three-headed dragon has hatched in Qarth, and is the wonder of that city. Lord [[Tywin Lannister]] dismisses the report.{{ref|ASOS|19}}
 +
 
 +
===''A Feast for Crows''===
 +
The [[small council]] of Queen Regent [[Cersei Lannister]] discounts rumors of dragons from [[Essos]].{{ref|AFFC|17}}
 +
 
 +
Maester [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Maekar I)|Aemon]] discusses dragons with [[Samwell Tarly]].{{ref|AFFC|35}}
 +
 
 +
===''A Dance with Dragons''===
 +
Daenerys encloses Rhaegal and Viserion within the [[Dragon pit (Great Pyramid)|dragon pit]] of [[Meereen]]'s [[Great Pyramid]] after the death of [[Hazzea]], although [[Drogon]] remains free.{{ref|ADWD|11}} Drogon later causes chaos at [[Daznak's Pit]],{{ref|ADWD|52}} and Daenerys flies on his back to the Dothraki sea.{{ref|ADWD|71}}
 +
 
 +
Rhaegal and Viserion are freed from the Great Pyramid during [[Quentyn Martell]]'s ill-fated attempt to tame a dragon.{{ref|ADWD|68}}{{ref|ADWD|70}}
 +
 
 +
==Known Dragons==
 +
{| class=wikitable width=100%
 +
! width=15%|Dragon
 +
! width=25%|Riders
 +
! Notes
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Arrax]]
 +
| Prince [[Lucerys Velaryon]]
 +
| Born during the reign of King [[Viserys I Targaryen]], between {{Date|115}} and {{Date|129}}.{{Ref|trp}} Killed with its rider in {{Date|129}} above [[Shipbreaker Bay]] by [[Vhagar]].{{Ref|tpatq}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="4"| [[Balerion]] (''The Black Dread'')
 +
| King [[Aegon I Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="4"|Born before [[House Targaryen]] relocated from Valyria to [[Dragonstone]] in [[126 BC]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reing of the Dragons: The Conquest}} Died in {{Date|94}}, of old age.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I}}{{Ref|trp}}
 +
|-
 +
| King [[Maegor I Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| Princess [[Aerea Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| Prince [[Viserys I Targaryen|Viserys Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| The [[Cannibal (dragon)|Cannibal]]
 +
| None
 +
| A wild dragon, never ridden.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|- style="height:24px;"
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Caraxes]] (''The Blood Wyrm'')
 +
| Prince [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Jaehaerys I)|Aemon Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Killed with its rider [[Battle Above the Gods Eye|in battle]] by [[Vhagar]] above the [[Gods Eye]] in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}{{Ref|TRP}}
 +
|-
 +
| Prince [[Daemon Targaryen]]
 +
|- style="height:24px;"
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Dreamfyre]]
 +
| Princess [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Aenys I)|Rhaena Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Died in {{Date|130}} in the [[Storming of the Dragonpit]].{{Ref|tpatq}}
 +
|-
 +
| Queen [[Helaena Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Drogon]]
 +
| Queen [[Daenerys Targaryen]]
 +
| Hatched from an egg by [[Daenerys Targaryen]], who placed Drogon's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal [[Drogo]],{{Ref|AGOT|72}} whom Drogon is named after.{{Ref|acok|12}} Mounted by Daenerys for the first time in {{Date|300}}.{{Ref|adwd|52}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Grey Ghost]]
 +
| None
 +
| A wild dragon, never ridden. Died in {{Date|130}} when attacked by [[Sunfyre]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Meleys]] (''The Red Queen'')
 +
| Princess [[Alyssa Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Claimed by Alyssa from {{date|75}} until {{date|84}}, claimed by Rhaenys from {{date|87}} until the deaths of both dragon and rider in {{Date|129}}, during the [[Battle at Rook's Rest]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| Princess [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Aemon)|Rhaenys Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Meraxes]]
 +
| Queen [[Rhaenys Targaryen]]
 +
| Born on [[Dragonstone]] between [[126 BC]] and [[Aegon's Conquest]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}} Died at [[Hellholt]] in [[Dorne]] in {{Date|10}} during the [[First Dornish War]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}{{Ref|twoiaf|Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Moondancer]]
 +
| Lady [[Baela Targaryen]].
 +
| Died in {{Date|130}}, during the [[Dance of the Dragons]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Morghul]]
 +
| Princess [[Jaehaera Targaryen]]
 +
| Born during the reign of King [[Viserys I Targaryen]], after an egg was placed in the cradle of Princess Jaehaera.{{Ref|trp}} Died during the [[Storming of the Dragonpit]] in {{date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Morning]]
 +
| Lady [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Daemon)|Rhaena Targaryen]].
 +
| Born during the [[Dance of the Dragons]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Quicksilver]]
 +
| King [[Aenys I Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Killed in {{Date|43}} by [[Balerion]] in the [[Battle Beneath the Gods Eye]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}}
 +
|-
 +
| Prince [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Aenys I)|Aegon Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Rhaegal]]
 +
| None
 +
| Hatched from an egg by [[Daenerys Targaryen]], who placed Rhaegal's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal [[Drogo]].{{Ref|AGOT|72}} Daenerys named Rhaegal after her oldest brother, [[Rhaegar Targaryen]].{{Ref|acok|12}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Seasmoke]]
 +
| Ser [[Laenor Velaryon]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Died during the [[Second Battle of Tumbleton]] in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[Addam Velaryon]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Sheepstealer]]
 +
| Nettles
 +
| A wild dragon, claimed during the [[Dance of the Dragons]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Shrykos]]
 +
| Prince [[Jaehaerys Targaryen (son of Aegon II)|Jaehaerys Targaryen]]
 +
| Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Jaehaerys Targaryen during the reign of King [[Viserys I Targaryen]].{{Ref|trp}} Died during the [[Storming of the Dragonpit]] in {{date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Silverwing]]
 +
| Queen [[Alysanne Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Hatched from an egg placed in the cradle of Alysanne Targaryen.{{Ref|fab|The Sons of the Dragon}} Resided on Dragonstone after Alysanne's death, where she was eventually claimed by Ulf the White. Became wild after the death of her rider, and made her lair in an island on [[Red Lake]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[Ulf the White]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Stormcloud]]
 +
| Prince [[Aegon III Targaryen|Aegon "the Younger" Targaryen]]
 +
| Ridden only once, in {{Date|129}}. Died a few hours later.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Sunfyre]] (''The Golden'')
 +
| King [[Aegon II Targaryen]]
 +
| Said to have been young during {{Date|120}}{{Ref|trp}} and {{date|129}}.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}}{{ref|tpatq}} Died during the [[Dance of the Dragons]] in late {{Date|130}} at [[Dragonstone]].{{ref|tpatq}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Syrax]]
 +
| Queen [[Rhaenyra Targaryen]]{{Ref|aDwD|8}}
 +
| Born during the reign of King [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]], and named by Rhaenyra after a Valyrian goddess.{{Ref|trp}} Died during riots in King's Landing in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Tessarion]] (''The Blue Queen'')
 +
| Prince [[Daeron Targaryen (son of Viserys I)|Daeron Targaryen]]
 +
| Died during the [[Dance of the Dragons]], in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Tyraxes]]
 +
| Prince [[Joffrey Velaryon]]
 +
| Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Joffrey Velaryon.{{Ref|trp}} Died in {{Date|130}}, during riot's in King’s Landing.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Vermax]]
 +
| Prince [[Jacaerys Velaryon]]
 +
| Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Jacaerys Velaryon.{{Ref|trp}} Died in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2"| [[Vermithor]] (''The Bronze Fury'')
 +
| King [[Jaehaerys I Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="2"| Hatched from an egg placed in the cradle of Jaehaerys I Targaryen.{{Ref|fab|The Sons of the Dragon}} Unclaimed since Jaehaerys's death in {{Date|103}}, until he bonded with Hugh Hammer in {{Date|129}}. Died in {{Date|130}}, during the [[Dance of the Dragons]], at [[Tumbleton]].{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hugh Hammer]]
 +
|- style="height:24px;"
 +
| rowspan="4"| [[Vhagar]]
 +
| Queen [[Visenya Targaryen]]
 +
| rowspan="4"| Born in [[Years before Aegon's Conquest#Year 51 Before the Conquest|51]] on [[Dragonstone]]. Ridden by Visenya Targaryen until her death in {{Date|44}}.{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}} Remained unridden for twenty-nine years until {{Date|73}} with Baelon Targaryen claiming and riding her until his death in {{Date|101}}.{{ref|fab|The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, & Pain}} Vhagar was eventually claimed by Laena Velaryon, who rode the dragon until her own death in {{Date|120}}.{{Ref|trp}} Shortly afterwards, Vhagar was claimed by Prince Aemond Targaryen,{{Ref|trp}} and ridden by him until both rider and dragon died in {{Date|130}}.{{Ref|tpatq}}
 +
|-
 +
| Prince [[Baelon Targaryen (son of Jaehaerys I)|Baelon the Brave]]
 +
|-
 +
| Lady [[Laena Velaryon]]
 +
|-
 +
| Prince [[Aemond Targaryen]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| [[Viserion]]
 +
| None
 +
| Hatched from an egg by [[Daenerys Targaryen]], who placed Viserion's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal [[Drogo]].{{Ref|AGOT|72}} Daenerys named Viserion after her brother [[Viserys Targaryen]].{{Ref|acok|12}}
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1"| The [[Last dragon]].
 +
| None
 +
| Born and died during the reign of King [[Aegon III Targaryen]]. Was once seen by Ser [[Arlan of Pennytree]] when he was still a boy; it was not really combat-worthy.{{Ref|THK}}
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
===Of unknown or uncertain chronology===
 +
*[[Terrax]], the dragon of [[Jaenara Belaerys]], who at some point spent three years exploring [[Sothoryos]].
 +
*[[Urrax]], according to legend slain by [[Serwyn of the Mirror Shield]], is a legendary figure from the [[Age of Heroes]],{{Ref|twoiaf|Ancient History: The Age of Heroes}} although singers now claim he was a [[knight]] of the [[Kingsguard]].{{ref|agot|8}} The Kingsguard was founded in {{Date|10}},{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I}} thousands of years after the Age of Heroes and the arrival of the first knights in [[Westeros]].
  
 
==Known Dragon Eggs==
 
==Known Dragon Eggs==
* [[Aegon V]]'s egg - white and green swirls
+
[[File:Dragon Eggs HBO.jpg|thumb|350px|Dragon eggs in ''[[Game of Thrones]]'']]
* [[Aerion Targaryen]]'s egg - gold and silver
+
:{{main|Dragon egg}}
* [[Ambrose Butterwell]]'s egg - red
+
* [[Mysaria]]'s egg - When Prince [[Daemon Targaryen]] learned his concubine was pregnant, he presented her with a dragon egg, but King [[Viserys I Targaryen]] commanded him to return the egg and send Mysaria away.{{ref|trp}} Whereabouts unknown.
* [[Euron Greyjoy]]'s egg - thrown into sea
+
* {hatched} Prince [[Jacaerys Velaryon]]'s egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon [[Vermax]].{{ref|trp}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}}
 +
* {hatched} Prince [[Lucerys Velaryon]]'s egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon [[Arrax]].{{ref|trp}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}}
 +
* {hatched} Prince [[Joffrey Velaryon]]'s egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon [[Tyraxes]].{{ref|trp}}{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I}}
 +
*King [[Viserys II Targaryen]]'s egg - he possessed an egg during the [[Dance of the Dragons]], so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.{{Ref|TPATQ}}
 +
*Lady [[Rhaena Targaryen (daughter of Daemon)|Rhaena Targaryen]]'s eggs - her first egg hatched into a broken thing that died within hours. She possessed another egg at the start of the civil war, and took three eggs to the [[Vale]] with her during the war.{{Ref|TPATQ}} Only [[Morning|one egg]] is known to have hatched,{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}} the whereabouts of the others are unknown.
 +
*Prince [[Maelor Targaryen]]'s egg - he was given an egg at birth,{{Ref|trp}} which had not yet hatched by the start of the civil war.{{Ref|TPATQ}} It is unknown what happened to the egg after Maelor was killed at [[Bitterbridge]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II}}
 +
*King [[Aegon II Targaryen]]'s egg - purple and gold - seeking a replacement for the dead [[Sunfyre]], Aegon choose a new egg in the hopes of hatching a new dragon for himself.
 +
* Five eggs - from the [[last dragon]]'s clutch,{{Ref|TMK}} so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Princess [[Elaena Targaryen]]'s egg - silver and gold in unknown arrangement<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1605 Three Maidens in the Tower (June 27, 2006)]</ref> – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Prince [[Daeron Targaryen (son of Maekar I)|Daeron Targaryen]]'s egg - known to exist,{{Ref|TMK}} but so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Prince [[Aerion Targaryen]]'s egg - gold and silver, with veins of fiery colors{{Ref|TMK}} – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Prince [[Aemon Targaryen (son of Maekar I)|Aemon Targaryen]]'s egg - known to exist,{{Ref|TMK}} but so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* King [[Aegon V Targaryen]]'s egg - white and green swirls{{Ref|TMK}} – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Lord [[Ambrose Butterwell]]'s egg - red, with golden flecks and black whorls{{Ref|TMK}} – whereabouts unknown.
 +
* Seven eggs - used by King [[Aegon V Targaryen]] in the ceremony that caused the [[Tragedy at Summerhall]].{{Ref|twoiaf|The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V}} Some of these may have been the unhatched eggs mentioned above. Whereabouts unknown, but possibly destroyed by the fire.
 +
* King [[Euron Greyjoy]]'s egg - Euron claimed he had a dragon egg, but threw it into the sea.{{Ref|AFFC|29}}
 +
* {hatched} [[Drogon]]'s egg - black as the midnight sea, alive with scarlet ripples and swirls.{{Ref|aGoT|11}}
 +
* {hatched} [[Rhaegal]]'s egg - deep green, with burnished bronze flecks.{{Ref|aGoT|11}}
 +
* {hatched} [[Viserion]]'s egg - colored pale cream, streaked with gold.{{Ref|aGoT|11}}
  
==References and Notes==
+
==Books and scrolls about dragons==
 +
*''[[Blood and Fire]]'' by an anonymous author
 +
*''[[Dragons, Wyrms, and Wyverns: Their Unnatural History ]]'' by Septon [[Barth]]
 +
*''[[The Death of Dragons]]'' by Maester [[Thomax]]
 +
*''[[Truth (book)|Truth]]'' by Maester [[Anson]]
 +
*''[[Against the Unnatural]]'' by Maester [[Vanyon]]
 +
*''[[The Dance of the Dragons, A True Telling]]'' by Grand Maester [[Munkun]]
 +
*''[[Dragonkin, Being a History of House Targaryen from Exile to Apotheosis, with a Consideration of the Life and Death of Dragons|Dragonkin]]'' by Maester [[Thomax]]
 +
*[[Tyrion Lannister's dragonlore|unnamed dragonlore]] by [[Tyrion Lannister]]
 +
 
 +
==Quotes==
 +
[[File:MKomarck DaenerysTheUnburnt.jpg|thumb|350px‎|[[Daenerys Targaryen]], the Unburnt, by Michael Komarck ©]]
 +
{{quote|For the first time in hundreds of years, the night came alive with the music of dragons.{{ref|AGOT|72}}|thoughts of [[Daenerys Targaryen]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|Dragons are fire made flesh, and fire is power.{{Ref|aCoK|27}}|[[Quaithe]] to [[Daenerys Targaryen]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{quote|The [[last dragon]] in [[Westeros]] was the last dragon. That is well known.{{ref|AFFC|Prologue}}|[[Armen]] to [[Alleras]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|The grief and glory of [[House Targaryen|my house]].{{ref|affc|26}}|[[Aemon Targaryen (son of Maekar I)|Aemon Targaryen]] to [[Samwell Tarly]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|Once a man has seen a dragon in flight, let him stay at home and tend his garden in content, someone had written once, for this wide world has no greater wonder.{{Ref|aDwD|14}}|thoughts of [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|All I know of dragons is what [[Viserys Targaryen|my brother]] told me when I was a girl, and some I read in books, but it is said that even [[Aegon I Targaryen|Aegon the Conquerer]] never dared mount [[Vhagar]] or [[Meraxes]], nor did his sisters mount [[Balerion|Balerion the Black Dread]]. Dragons live longer than men, some for hundreds of years, so Balerion had other riders after Aegon died ... but no rider ever flew two dragons.{{Ref|aDwD|50}}|[[Daenerys Targaryen]] to [[Quentyn Martell]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|Death comes out of a dragon's mouth, but death does not go in that way.{{ref|adwd|66}}|writings of [[Barth]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|We shall not pretend to any understanding of the bond between dragon and [[dragonrider]]; wiser heads have pondered that mystery for centuries. We do know however, that dragons are not horses, to be ridden by any man who throws a saddle on their back.{{ref|tpatq}}|writings of [[Gyldayn]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Quote|Who can know the heart of a dragon?{{ref|tpatq}}|writings of [[Gyldayn]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{quote|There are no more dragons known to exist... but this is a medieval period, and large parts of the world are still ''terra incognita'', so there are always tales of dragon sightings in far off mysterious places. The [[maesters]] tend to discount those.<ref name=Dragons/>|[[George R. R. Martin]]}}
 +
 
 +
==Behind the Scenes==
 +
The writer [[:w:Phyllis Eisenstein|Phyllis Eisenstein]] convinced [[George R. R. Martin]] to add dragons to ''[[A Game of Thrones]]''. Martin dedicated ''[[A Storm of Swords]]'' to Eisenstein.<ref>[http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/news/george-r-r-martin-the-rolling-stone-interview-20140423 George R.R. Martin: The Rolling Stone Interview]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Notes==
 +
{{Notes}}
 +
 
 +
==References==
 
{{references|2}}
 
{{references|2}}
  
[[Category:Dragons|*]]
+
==External links==
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon Dragon] - Wikipedia article on the real-world mythological creature.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{Dragons}}
 +
{{Creatures}}
 +
 
 +
<!-- Categories -->
 +
[[Category:Dragons| ]]
 
[[Category:Animals]]
 
[[Category:Animals]]
[[Category:House Targaryen]] <!-- ?!? -->
+
[[Category:Magic]]
[[fr:Dragon]][[ru:Драконы]]
+
[[Category:Transport]]
 +
[[Category:Valyria]]
 +
 
 +
<!-- language interwikis -->
 +
[[es:Dragón]]
 +
[[fa:اژدها]]
 +
[[fr:Dragon]]
 +
[[ru:Драконы]]

Latest revision as of 10:10, 10 October 2019

Daenerys Targaryen and Drogon in Daznak's Pit by Marc Simonetti ©

Dragons are magical creatures, which existed on the continents of Westeros and Essos, but are considered to have been extinct for almost one hundred and fifty years. The only remaining traces of the dragons are skeletal remains and dragon eggs which are thought to have turned to stone.

Dragons are depicted in the sigils of Houses Blackfyre, Targaryen, Toland, Vance of Atranta, Vance of Wayfarer's Rest, and Willum.

Appearance

Dragons are scaled,[1][2] reptilian creatures. They have four limbs: two wings, which are used as forelegs like bats and pterosaurs,[3] and two rear legs.[4][5] George R. R. Martin's dragons thereby differ from the traditional depiction of dragons as six limbed creatures. Martin came to his decision as he was bothered by the fact that no animal in nature has ever evolved in such a way (i.e. four legs and two wings).[4] Nonetheless, some A Song of Ice and Fire artwork shows them with four legs and a detached pair of wings.

Dragons have strong jaws,[6] sharp teeth[7] and claws,[2] leathery wings[8][9] and long necks[10] and tails,[8] with horns upon their heads.[2] As young hatchlings, they are around the size of a cat.[2] Provided it has food and freedom, a dragon never stops growing.[11][8] A dragon given such freedom can reach a span width of twenty feet within a year and a half.[10] Dragons which are locked up, e.g., the Targaryen dragons housed in the Dragonpit in King's Landing, do not grow as large as dragons left free to fly as they wish.[11][8] Although increasing age means increasing size, a larger size is not always an indication of a higher age (e.g., the younger Meraxes was larger than the older Vhagar).[12][N 1] Balerion, the largest Targaryen dragon, was large enough to swallow an aurochs or a mammoth from Ibben whole.[12]

The polished skulls of the Targaryen dragons look like glittering onyx, and their teeth like curved daggers of black diamond. Dragonbones are black due to their high iron content.[12]

Sea dragons in the Sunset Sea and ice dragons in the Shivering Sea are recalled in legends and folklore, but scholars have no proof of their existence.[13][14]

Characteristics

Dragon skulls in the Red Keep cellars by Kim Pope

It is said that dragons are fire made flesh. Great heat emanates from dragons' bodies, to the point that they steam during cold nights. Dragons only eat cooked meat, and use the extremely hot flame which they breathe to cook their meat before eating it.[2]

A dragon's scales are largely, but not entirely, impervious to flame as well, and serve as protection for the more vulnerable flesh and musculature beneath. As a dragon ages, its scales thicken and grow harder, affording even more protection,[6] leaving dragons nearly immune to fire,[4][15] although they can still be wounded by dragonflame (e.g., Moondancer's eyes being blinded by Sunfyre's fire during the Dance of the Dragons). Similarly, as dragons age, the fires they breath become hotter and fiercer. Where a hatchling's flame can set straw aflame, the flames of older dragons, like Balerion and Vhagar in the fullness of their power, could melt steel and stone.[6]The lifespan of dragons is many times that of a human.[11] Balerion, the largest and oldest Targaryen dragon, already alive when House Targaryen relocated from Valyria to Dragonstone in 128 BC[16] died of old age[17] in 94 AC[18] during the reign of King Jaehaerys I Targaryen, near two hundred years of age.[11] They are not invulnerable; a scorpion killed Meraxes.[19] When Balerion returned with Princess Aerea Targaryen before Aerea's death, the dragon had large new and bloody wounds from an unknown cause.[20]

Dragons are believed to be intrinsically tied to magic in the world. Since the death of the last dragon in 153 AC, summers grew shorter and the winters colder and crueler,[21] while magical spells became less powerful.[22]

Dragonbone is as strong as steel, but lighter and far more flexible, and impervious to fire.[12] It has been used to make brooches,[23] bows,[24][12] hilts of Valyrian steel daggers,[25] and whip handles.[26]

Reproduction

Historians, like Septon Barth, Grand Maester Munkun, and Maester Thomax, disagree on the mating habits of dragons.[27] Dragons lay large, scaled eggs to reproduce.[28] According to Archmaester Gyldayn, and agreed upon by Maester Yandel, the ability of a dragon to lay eggs is proof that said dragon is female. When a dragon is never observed to have laid eggs, this is taking as proof that it must have been male.[29] However, according to Barth and Maester Aemon, dragons have no fixed gender, but are “now one and now the other, as changeable as flame”.[28] Barth believed that dragons can change sex at need,[29][28] but Maester Anson believes this to be erroneous, and states in his Truth that Barth's statement is simply a misunderstood esoteric metaphor.[29]

Dragons believed to be female, e.g., Syrax,[30][31][18][6] Dreamfyre,[18][6] Tessarion,[18][6] and Meleys,[6] are referred to as a she-dragon or sometimes a queen.[32] The dragon Caraxes has been referred to with both male and female pronouns.[6][18][33]

Traditionally, Targaryen princes received a dragon's egg in their cradle, allowing them to bond with the dragons as soon as the eggs hatched.[18][31] This tradition supposedly started during the reign of King Aegon I Targaryen, when Princess Rhaena Targaryen placed a dragon egg in the cradles of her younger siblings, Jaehaerys and Alysanne shortly after their births.[34][35] From these two eggs, the dragons Vermithor and Silverwing hatched.[35]

During the rule of King Jaehaerys I Targaryen, the king placed an egg in the cradle of his newborn son, Aemon, in 55 AC, at the suggestion of Queen Alysanne Targaryen.[20]

During the reign of King Viserys I Targaryen, placing a dragon egg in the cradle of a newborn princeling became truly customary.[36] Jacaerys Velaryon, Lucerys Velaryon, Joffrey Velaryon,[36] Viserys Targaryen, Jaehaerys Targaryen, Jaehaera Targaryen, and Maelor Targaryen[36] are all known to have received an egg in their cradle during Viserys I's reign. During the reign of King Aegon III Targaryen, eggs were placed in the cradles of Prince Aegon and Lady Laena Velaryon.[37]

Un-hatched eggs can become fossilized at an old age.[24][38]

Dragonriders

Aegon the Conqueror upon Balerion, the Black Dread, by Jordi Gonzalez ©

Dragons are intelligent creatures[4] which can be trained to serve as battle mounts and understand vocal commands. They are said to be capricious in nature,[9] and have to be trained to keep them from laying waste to everything around them.[39] However, dragons will not allow everyone to mount them. In Valyria, the noble-born dragonriding families, the dragonlord families, frequently married brother to sister to keep the bloodline pure,[40] and it is generally believed that Valyrian heritage plays a part; During the civil war known as the Dance of the Dragons, Prince Jacaerys Velaryon called upon Targaryen bastards and their descendants, the so-called dragonseeds, to try and mount a dragon. Regardless, men without Valyrian descent made their attempt as well.[6] Nor is the possession of Valyrian blood (no matter how directly) a guarantee that bonding with a dragon will be successful.[18][8]

Once a dragon has bonded with a rider, that dragon will not allow anyone else to mount it while its rider lives, no matter how familiar said person might be to the dragon, although they are willing to accept another person upon their backs when their own rider has mounted as well. When the rider of a dragon dies, that dragon can bond with a new rider.[6] No rider has ever ridden a different dragon while their current dragon was alive.[41] However, when Prince Viserys Targaryen's dragon Balerion died, according to Martin, "[Viserys] did not take a second dragon",[42] leaving the possibility that a rider might bond with a new dragon after their first dragon has died. Indeed, Queen Rhaenyra Targaryen, following the death of her dragon Syrax, insisted on finding more dragon eggs, as she "must have another dragon". Dragons who have had a rider once before are easier to bond with than wild dragons.[6]

A dragon might to be able to sense when its current rider is in distress or has died. This is implied in the case of the dragon Dreamfyre, who, despite being locked and chained in the Dragonpit, is said to have sensed when her rider Helaena Targaryen committed suicide in Maegor's Holdfast, at the other side of King's Landing.[6] A dragonrider has also screamed out when their dragon was hit by a spear.[10]

History

Ancient Dragons

Dragonlords from the Valyrian Freehold by Magali Villeneuve in The World of Ice & Fire

In Barth's Unnatural History, the septon considered several legends regarding the origins of dragons. The Valyrians claimed that dragons sprang forth from the Fourteen Flames, a ring of volcanoes on the Valyrian peninsula.[43] In Qarth, tales state dragons came from a second moon in the sky, which was scalded by the sun and cracked like an egg, and a million dragons poured forth.[1] Dragons are also said to have originated from the Shadow Lands beyond Asshai and the islands of the Jade Sea.[1] Ancient tales from Asshai claim that an unnamed people first tamed these dragons, brought them to Valyria, and taught the Valyrians their arts before departing from the annals of history.[43] Barth put forth the theory that dragons were created by Valyrian bloodmages using wyvern stock.[44] Dragons may also be related to firewyrms.[45]

Dragons populated most of the known world in ages past,[46] and ancient dragon bones have been found as far north as Ib and as south as the jungles of Sothoryos.[43] The yellow emperor Chai Duq of Yi Ti is said to have kept a dragon at his court.[47]

In Westeros, Ser Galladon of Morne is said to have slain a dragon with the Just Maid,[48] Crackbones allegedly twisted a dragon's neck into a knot,[48] and Serwyn of the Mirror Shield slew the dragon Urrax.[30] Davos the Dragonslayer is a hero beloved in the Reach,[49] and dragons are also said to have once roosted on Battle Isle until the first Hightower put an end to them.[50] Smallfolk claim that the hot springs below Winterfell are warmed by the breath of a subterranean dragon.[29] Nagga is said to have been the first sea dragon.[51]

Valyrian Freehold

The Valyrians mastered the art of raising dragons and used them as weapons of war to carve out a massive empire, the Valyrian Freehold.[43] The Valyrians are said to have used dragon horns to tame dragons.[51]

The Valyrians used dragons to conquer the Old Empire of Ghis in the Ghiscari wars,[43] and hundreds of dragons were employed by Valyria during the Rhoynish Wars.[52]

After the Doom of Valyria, however, the only dragons known to have survived were five dragons on Dragonstone. They belonged to House Targaryen, who had brought them from Valyria when they went into exile. Four of these dragons eventually died on Dragonstone, leaving only Balerion. However, the other dragons left eggs behind, and from these hatched Vhagar and Meraxes.[16]

The Targaryen Dragons

Balerion makes short work of Aegon Targaryen and Quicksilver during the Battle Beneath the Gods Eye, as depicted by Michael Komarck in The World of Ice & Fire

House Targaryen used Balerion, Vhagar, and Meraxes in their Wars of Conquest against the Seven Kingdoms. They were instrumental in the burning of Harrenhal and the Field of Fire, and the threat of dragons led to the submissions of Torrhen Stark and Sharra Arryn.[16] Dragons were also used in the First Dornish War, which caused the death of Meraxes at the Hellholt in 10 AC.[53] The valuable golden coin of the Iron Throne became known as a dragon.[54]

Many dragons were hatched after Aegon's Conquest. During Aegon I's reign, "half a dozen" hatchlings were born on Dragonstone. One of the first was Quicksilver, hatched in 7 AC, who bonded with Aegon I's elder son and heir, Aenys. Another two hatched during the first year of Aenys's reign in 38 AC.[55] Dragon fought dragon for the first time since the Doom of Valyria in the Battle Beneath the Gods Eye, resulting in the death of Quicksilver in 43 AC.[56][55]

Over the course of one hundred and fifty years the Targaryens rode their dragons as a symbol of their power. King Jaehaerys I Targaryen took six dragons with him to the north to visit the Warden of the North. These included Jaehaerys on Vermithor, Queen Alysanne on Silverwing, and four other currently-unknown dragons.[57]

Balerion finally died of old age in 94 AC, late in the reign of Jaehaerys I.[18][58] Jaehaerys's grandson and eventual successor Viserys I was Balerion's rider at the time of its death.[18][59] This left Vhagar as the largest living dragon, and by 129 AC she was approaching Balerion's size.[6]

By 129 AC, on the eve of civil war between Rhaenyra and Aegon II, there were twenty living dragons.[6] The largest and oldest dragons were Vhagar, Vermithor, Silverwing, Dreamfyre, Meleys, Caraxes, and Syrax. Younger dragons still large enough to be ridden to war were Seasmoke, Sunfyre, Tessarion, Vermax, Arrax, Tyraxes, and Moondancer. Stormcloud, Morghul, and Shrykos were hatchlings not yet big enough to ride.

There were also three wild dragons living on Dragonstone which had never been successfully claimed by any rider: Grey Ghost, Sheepstealer, and the Cannibal. Sheepstealer hatched when Jaehaerys I was still young, and the Cannibal was even older (none knew for certain when it had hatched), and thus they were also quite large by the time of the Dance of the Dragons, while Grey Ghost was a younger and smaller beast. Not every hatchling lived to maturity, however, as seen with Rhaena of Pentos, whose hatchling only lived a matter of hours.[6]

Extinction and Revival

Dragons in flight by Tomasz Jedruszek © Fantasy Flight Games

By the end of the reign of King Viserys I Targaryen, twenty dragons were alive. The majority of these died during the civil war called the Dance of the Dragons, which began in 129 AC and would last until mid 131 AC.[6][31] Archmaester Marwyn, however, holds that the order of maesters, with their secret goal to suppress magic, was responsible for the extinction of dragons.[60]

By the end of the Dance in 131 AC, only four dragons remained alive: Sheepstealer, the Cannibal, and Silverwing, who had been born years before the war, and the dragon Morning, which had hatched during the war.[31] There were still many dragon eggs left after the war, and at least one of those hatched. The last dragon was a stunted, sick and misshapen thing, and she died young, in 153 AC, during the reign of King Aegon III Targaryen, the Dragonbane.[61][62] She had been a green female, small with withered wings. She laid a clutch of five eggs,[63] which never hatched.[21]

The Targaryens also had a collection of nineteen dragons skulls of various sizes and ages that they displayed on the walls of the throne room in the Red Keep. Some of these were thousands of years old.[12]

After their extinction, the only remnants of dragons were their skulls[12] and the eggs, some of which were petrified.[63][64][38] The eggs were highly valued for their beauty and exotic nature.[65] According to Ser Arlan of Pennytree, the summers became shorter after the last dragon died, and the winters longer and crueler.[21]

Many futile attempts were made to revive dragons. Aegon III Targaryen, known as the Dragonbane, had nine mages cross the narrow sea to use their magics in attempt to hatch remaining dragon eggs.[62] The pious King Baelor I Targaryen attempted to hatch his egg by praying over it.[64] Aegon IV Targaryen ordered pyromancers to build seven mechanical "dragons" that shot jets of wildfire. Hundreds of men died in a failed attempt to use them to invade Dorne.[66] The tragedy of Summerhall resulted from the attempt of King Aegon V Targaryen to hatch dragon eggs.[67]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Daenerys Targaryen manages to hatch three dragons—Drogon, Rhaegal, and Viserion—in her husband Drogo's funeral pyre when she steps into the fire while they lay inside it. With Daenerys's exchange of life for life, the first three dragons in over a hundred years are born in the Dothraki sea.[68]

A Clash of Kings

In King's Landing Wisdom Hallyne, a pyromancer of the Alchemists' Guild, tells Tyrion Lannister that their spells are more effective than usual, and wonders if there are any dragons around, as Wisdom Pollitor had once told him that magic had begun to go out of the world the day the last dragon died.[22]

The warlocks of Qarth attempt to kill Daenerys and claim her dragons, but she survives and the House of the Undying is destroyed.[7]

A Storm of Swords

Daenerys uses her dragons to conquer Astapor.[26]

During a small council meeting Varys reports that sailors back from the Jade Sea report that a three-headed dragon has hatched in Qarth, and is the wonder of that city. Lord Tywin Lannister dismisses the report.[69]

A Feast for Crows

The small council of Queen Regent Cersei Lannister discounts rumors of dragons from Essos.[70]

Maester Aemon discusses dragons with Samwell Tarly.[28]

A Dance with Dragons

Daenerys encloses Rhaegal and Viserion within the dragon pit of Meereen's Great Pyramid after the death of Hazzea, although Drogon remains free.[71] Drogon later causes chaos at Daznak's Pit,[10] and Daenerys flies on his back to the Dothraki sea.[72]

Rhaegal and Viserion are freed from the Great Pyramid during Quentyn Martell's ill-fated attempt to tame a dragon.[8][73]

Known Dragons

Dragon Riders Notes
Arrax Prince Lucerys Velaryon Born during the reign of King Viserys I Targaryen, between 115 AC and 129 AC.[18] Killed with its rider in 129 AC above Shipbreaker Bay by Vhagar.[6]
Balerion (The Black Dread) King Aegon I Targaryen Born before House Targaryen relocated from Valyria to Dragonstone in 126 BC.[74] Died in 94 AC, of old age.[58][18]
King Maegor I Targaryen
Princess Aerea Targaryen
Prince Viserys Targaryen
The Cannibal None A wild dragon, never ridden.[6]
Caraxes (The Blood Wyrm) Prince Aemon Targaryen Killed with its rider in battle by Vhagar above the Gods Eye in 130 AC.[6][18]
Prince Daemon Targaryen
Dreamfyre Princess Rhaena Targaryen Died in 130 AC in the Storming of the Dragonpit.[6]
Queen Helaena Targaryen
Drogon Queen Daenerys Targaryen Hatched from an egg by Daenerys Targaryen, who placed Drogon's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal Drogo,[68] whom Drogon is named after.[2] Mounted by Daenerys for the first time in 300 AC.[10]
Grey Ghost None A wild dragon, never ridden. Died in 130 AC when attacked by Sunfyre.[6]
Meleys (The Red Queen) Princess Alyssa Targaryen Claimed by Alyssa from 75 AC until 84 AC, claimed by Rhaenys from 87 AC until the deaths of both dragon and rider in 129 AC, during the Battle at Rook's Rest.[6]
Princess Rhaenys Targaryen
Meraxes Queen Rhaenys Targaryen Born on Dragonstone between 126 BC and Aegon's Conquest.[16] Died at Hellholt in Dorne in 10 AC during the First Dornish War.[6][75]
Moondancer Lady Baela Targaryen. Died in 130 AC, during the Dance of the Dragons.[6]
Morghul Princess Jaehaera Targaryen Born during the reign of King Viserys I Targaryen, after an egg was placed in the cradle of Princess Jaehaera.[18] Died during the Storming of the Dragonpit in 130 AC.[6]
Morning Lady Rhaena Targaryen. Born during the Dance of the Dragons.[32]
Quicksilver King Aenys I Targaryen Killed in 43 AC by Balerion in the Battle Beneath the Gods Eye.[56]
Prince Aegon Targaryen
Rhaegal None Hatched from an egg by Daenerys Targaryen, who placed Rhaegal's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal Drogo.[68] Daenerys named Rhaegal after her oldest brother, Rhaegar Targaryen.[2]
Seasmoke Ser Laenor Velaryon Died during the Second Battle of Tumbleton in 130 AC.[6]
Addam Velaryon
Sheepstealer Nettles A wild dragon, claimed during the Dance of the Dragons.[6]
Shrykos Prince Jaehaerys Targaryen Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Jaehaerys Targaryen during the reign of King Viserys I Targaryen.[18] Died during the Storming of the Dragonpit in 130 AC.[6]
Silverwing Queen Alysanne Targaryen Hatched from an egg placed in the cradle of Alysanne Targaryen.[35] Resided on Dragonstone after Alysanne's death, where she was eventually claimed by Ulf the White. Became wild after the death of her rider, and made her lair in an island on Red Lake.[32]
Ulf the White
Stormcloud Prince Aegon "the Younger" Targaryen Ridden only once, in 129 AC. Died a few hours later.[6]
Sunfyre (The Golden) King Aegon II Targaryen Said to have been young during 120 AC[18] and 129 AC.[32][6] Died during the Dance of the Dragons in late 130 AC at Dragonstone.[6]
Syrax Queen Rhaenyra Targaryen[30] Born during the reign of King Jaehaerys I Targaryen, and named by Rhaenyra after a Valyrian goddess.[18] Died during riots in King's Landing in 130 AC.[6]
Tessarion (The Blue Queen) Prince Daeron Targaryen Died during the Dance of the Dragons, in 130 AC.[6]
Tyraxes Prince Joffrey Velaryon Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Joffrey Velaryon.[18] Died in 130 AC, during riot's in King’s Landing.[6]
Vermax Prince Jacaerys Velaryon Born from an egg placed in the cradle of Prince Jacaerys Velaryon.[18] Died in 130 AC.[6]
Vermithor (The Bronze Fury) King Jaehaerys I Targaryen Hatched from an egg placed in the cradle of Jaehaerys I Targaryen.[35] Unclaimed since Jaehaerys's death in 103 AC, until he bonded with Hugh Hammer in 129 AC. Died in 130 AC, during the Dance of the Dragons, at Tumbleton.[6]
Hugh Hammer
Vhagar Queen Visenya Targaryen Born in 51 on Dragonstone. Ridden by Visenya Targaryen until her death in 44 AC.[56] Remained unridden for twenty-nine years until 73 AC with Baelon Targaryen claiming and riding her until his death in 101 AC.[76] Vhagar was eventually claimed by Laena Velaryon, who rode the dragon until her own death in 120 AC.[18] Shortly afterwards, Vhagar was claimed by Prince Aemond Targaryen,[18] and ridden by him until both rider and dragon died in 130 AC.[6]
Prince Baelon the Brave
Lady Laena Velaryon
Prince Aemond Targaryen
Viserion None Hatched from an egg by Daenerys Targaryen, who placed Viserion's egg on the funeral pyre of her husband, Khal Drogo.[68] Daenerys named Viserion after her brother Viserys Targaryen.[2]
The Last dragon. None Born and died during the reign of King Aegon III Targaryen. Was once seen by Ser Arlan of Pennytree when he was still a boy; it was not really combat-worthy.[21]

Of unknown or uncertain chronology

Known Dragon Eggs

Dragon eggs in Game of Thrones
  • Mysaria's egg - When Prince Daemon Targaryen learned his concubine was pregnant, he presented her with a dragon egg, but King Viserys I Targaryen commanded him to return the egg and send Mysaria away.[18] Whereabouts unknown.
  • {hatched} Prince Jacaerys Velaryon's egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon Vermax.[18][31]
  • {hatched} Prince Lucerys Velaryon's egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon Arrax.[18][31]
  • {hatched} Prince Joffrey Velaryon's egg - placed in his cradle at his birth by royal decree, hatched into the dragon Tyraxes.[18][31]
  • King Viserys II Targaryen's egg - he possessed an egg during the Dance of the Dragons, so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.[6]
  • Lady Rhaena Targaryen's eggs - her first egg hatched into a broken thing that died within hours. She possessed another egg at the start of the civil war, and took three eggs to the Vale with her during the war.[6] Only one egg is known to have hatched,[32] the whereabouts of the others are unknown.
  • Prince Maelor Targaryen's egg - he was given an egg at birth,[18] which had not yet hatched by the start of the civil war.[6] It is unknown what happened to the egg after Maelor was killed at Bitterbridge.[32]
  • King Aegon II Targaryen's egg - purple and gold - seeking a replacement for the dead Sunfyre, Aegon choose a new egg in the hopes of hatching a new dragon for himself.
  • Five eggs - from the last dragon's clutch,[63] so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
  • Princess Elaena Targaryen's egg - silver and gold in unknown arrangement[79] – whereabouts unknown.
  • Prince Daeron Targaryen's egg - known to exist,[63] but so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
  • Prince Aerion Targaryen's egg - gold and silver, with veins of fiery colors[63] – whereabouts unknown.
  • Prince Aemon Targaryen's egg - known to exist,[63] but so far undescribed – whereabouts unknown.
  • King Aegon V Targaryen's egg - white and green swirls[63] – whereabouts unknown.
  • Lord Ambrose Butterwell's egg - red, with golden flecks and black whorls[63] – whereabouts unknown.
  • Seven eggs - used by King Aegon V Targaryen in the ceremony that caused the Tragedy at Summerhall.[67] Some of these may have been the unhatched eggs mentioned above. Whereabouts unknown, but possibly destroyed by the fire.
  • King Euron Greyjoy's egg - Euron claimed he had a dragon egg, but threw it into the sea.[80]
  • {hatched} Drogon's egg - black as the midnight sea, alive with scarlet ripples and swirls.[24]
  • {hatched} Rhaegal's egg - deep green, with burnished bronze flecks.[24]
  • {hatched} Viserion's egg - colored pale cream, streaked with gold.[24]

Books and scrolls about dragons

Quotes

Daenerys Targaryen, the Unburnt, by Michael Komarck ©

For the first time in hundreds of years, the night came alive with the music of dragons.[68]

—thoughts of Daenerys Targaryen

Dragons are fire made flesh, and fire is power.[81]

The last dragon in Westeros was the last dragon. That is well known.[82]

The grief and glory of my house.[83]

Once a man has seen a dragon in flight, let him stay at home and tend his garden in content, someone had written once, for this wide world has no greater wonder.[27]

—thoughts of Tyrion Lannister

All I know of dragons is what my brother told me when I was a girl, and some I read in books, but it is said that even Aegon the Conquerer never dared mount Vhagar or Meraxes, nor did his sisters mount Balerion the Black Dread. Dragons live longer than men, some for hundreds of years, so Balerion had other riders after Aegon died ... but no rider ever flew two dragons.[41]

Death comes out of a dragon's mouth, but death does not go in that way.[84]

—writings of Barth

We shall not pretend to any understanding of the bond between dragon and dragonrider; wiser heads have pondered that mystery for centuries. We do know however, that dragons are not horses, to be ridden by any man who throws a saddle on their back.[6]

—writings of Gyldayn

Who can know the heart of a dragon?[6]

—writings of Gyldayn

There are no more dragons known to exist... but this is a medieval period, and large parts of the world are still terra incognita, so there are always tales of dragon sightings in far off mysterious places. The maesters tend to discount those.[46]

Behind the Scenes

The writer Phyllis Eisenstein convinced George R. R. Martin to add dragons to A Game of Thrones. Martin dedicated A Storm of Swords to Eisenstein.[85]

Notes

  1. Although the year of birth of Meraxes is not known, she is known to have hatched some point after Lord Aenar Targaryen arrived with his household on Dragonstone in 126 BC (The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest). That means she might have been born as early as the year of House Targaryen's arrival. Meraxes's death in 10 AC, however, makes it impossible for her to have been older at the time of her death than Vhagar, who died at the age of a hundred and eighty-one, had been when she died. Regardless of the fact that Meraxes died at a younger age, her skull was larger than Vhagar's (A Game of Thrones, Tyrion II).

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 23, Daenerys III.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 12, Daenerys I.
  3. Not a Blog: Awards, Awards (July 15th, 2016) Comment July 15, 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 So Spake Martin: Comic-Con (NEW YORK CITY, NY) (February 25, 2007)
  5. Not A Blog: Dany and the Dragons (July 9, 2013)
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 6.35 6.36 6.37 6.38 6.39 6.40 6.41 The Princess and the Queen.
  7. 7.0 7.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 48, Daenerys IV.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 68, The Dragontamer.
  9. 9.0 9.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 5, Tyrion II.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 52, Daenerys IX.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 8, Daenerys I.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 13, Tyrion II.
  13. The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: Driftwood Crowns.
  14. The World of Ice & Fire, Beyond the Free Cities: The Shivering Sea.
  15. "Interview with the Dragon" Copyright © 2003 Robert Shaw.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  17. Not a Blog: The Rogues are Coming (March 12, 2014), Reply to question (March 12, 2014)
  18. 18.00 18.01 18.02 18.03 18.04 18.05 18.06 18.07 18.08 18.09 18.10 18.11 18.12 18.13 18.14 18.15 18.16 18.17 18.18 18.19 18.20 18.21 18.22 18.23 18.24 The Rogue Prince.
  19. The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Fire & Blood, Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Their Triumphs and Tragedies.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 The Hedge Knight.
  22. 22.0 22.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 49, Tyrion XI.
  23. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 11, Daenerys II.
  25. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 14, Catelyn III.
  26. 26.0 26.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 27, Daenerys III.
  27. 27.0 27.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 14, Tyrion IV.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 35, Samwell IV.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The North: Winterfell.
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion III.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II.
  33. Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons - Rhaenyra Triumphant.
  34. Fire & Blood, Birth, Death, and Betrayal Under King Jaehaerys I.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Fire & Blood, Heirs of the Dragon - A Question of Succession.
  37. Fire & Blood, The Lyseni Spring and the End of Regency.
  38. 38.0 38.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  39. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 40, Daenerys III.
  40. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I.
  41. 41.0 41.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 50, Daenerys VIII.
  42. Not a Blog: The Rogues are Coming... (March 12, 2014), Comment (March 12, 2014)
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: The Rise of Valyria.
  44. The World of Ice & Fire, Beyond the Free Cities: Sothoryos.
  45. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 22, Arya II.
  46. 46.0 46.1 So Spake Martin: Dragons in Westeros (December 11, 1999)
  47. The World of Ice & Fire, The Bones and Beyond: Yi Ti.
  48. 48.0 48.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 20, Brienne IV.
  49. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: The Gardener Kings.
  50. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: Oldtown.
  51. 51.0 51.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 19, The Drowned Man.
  52. The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: Ten Thousand Ships.
  53. 53.0 53.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I.
  54. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 16, Eddard III.
  55. 55.0 55.1 The Sons of the Dragon.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  57. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 41, Jon V.
  58. 58.0 58.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  59. Not A Blog: The Rogues Are Coming... (Comment March 12, 2014)
  60. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 45, Samwell V.
  61. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 22, Arya II.
  62. 62.0 62.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III.
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 63.5 63.6 63.7 The Mystery Knight.
  64. 64.0 64.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I.
  65. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 46, Daenerys V.
  66. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV.
  67. 67.0 67.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V.
  68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 68.3 68.4 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys X.
  69. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  70. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
  71. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 11, Daenerys II.
  72. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 71, Daenerys X.
  73. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 70, The Queen's Hand.
  74. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reing of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  75. The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons.
  76. Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, & Pain.
  77. The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: The Age of Heroes.
  78. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 8, Bran II.
  79. So Spake Martin: Three Maidens in the Tower (June 27, 2006)
  80. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 29, The Reaver.
  81. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 27, Daenerys II.
  82. A Feast for Crows, Prologue.
  83. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 26, Samwell III.
  84. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 66, Tyrion XII.
  85. George R.R. Martin: The Rolling Stone Interview

External links

  • Dragon - Wikipedia article on the real-world mythological creature.