Difference between revisions of "Old Tongue"

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Houses descended from the First Men tend to have simple, short names, often descriptive.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1428/ Event Horizon Chat (March 18, 1999)]</ref> Examples include the names [[House Stark|Stark]], [[House Wull|Wull]], [[House Umber|Umber]], and [[House Stout|Stout]].{{ref|twoiaf| The North}}
 
Houses descended from the First Men tend to have simple, short names, often descriptive.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1428/ Event Horizon Chat (March 18, 1999)]</ref> Examples include the names [[House Stark|Stark]], [[House Wull|Wull]], [[House Umber|Umber]], and [[House Stout|Stout]].{{ref|twoiaf| The North}}
  
The First Men had a runic writing system.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Iron Islands}} First Men left their runes on rocks in most of the [[Seven Kingdoms]]; Only in the [[Stormlands]], where races older than the First Men were dominant, did the First Men carve their tales into the trunks of trees, which have since rotted away.{{ref|affc|5}}{{Ref|adwd|7}}{{Ref|twoiaf| The Stormlands: House Durrandon}} The exact meaning of the runes of the First Men are disputed at the [[Citadel]] to this day.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Riverlands}}
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The First Men had their own writing system of the Old Tongue. In addition, they also had a [[Runes|runic writing system]].{{Ref|twoiaf| The Iron Islands}}
 
 
The writings of the First Men can be found on multiple locations and items. The [[House Royce|Lords]] of [[Runestone]] wear the bronze armor of their forebears, etched with runes that are said to ward the wearer from harm.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Vale: House Arryn}}{{Ref|agot|29}} However, many members of [[House Royce]] have been defeated or died whilst wearing such runic armor.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Vale: House Arryn}}{{Ref|agot|29}} The ancient crown of the [[King of Winter|Kings of Winter]] was a bronze circlet incised with the runes of the First Men.{{Ref|acok|7}} The horn that [[Mance Rayder]] claimed was the [[Horn of Joramun]] had runes graven upon its golden bands.{{Ref|aSoS|73}}{{Ref|adwd|10}} The [[wildling]] [[Tormund]] has thick golden bands in his possession, which are graven with the ancient runes of the First Men.{{Ref|asos|7}}{{Ref|adwd|53}} The warhammer upon the tomb of [[Tristifer IV Mudd]] once had runes upon it as well, though they have worn away in time.{{Ref|asos|45}}
 
  
 
==Known translations==
 
==Known translations==

Revision as of 10:59, 22 November 2017

The Old Tongue is the language of the First Men, brought to Westeros during their invasion over twelve thousand years ago. It is a harsh, clanging language.[1] The language is all but extinct in the Seven Kingdoms, where the Common Tongue has become dominant. In the lands beyond the Wall, however, the Old Tongue is still spoken the giants[2] and most wildlings.[1]

Language

The Old Tongue is the language spoken by the First Men of old, the current giants and free folk. Only few terms and translations are known from this language, as George R.R. Martin has not developed the actual language. On the developing of languages for A Song of Ice and Fire, the author stated:

"I don't have a whole imaginary language in my desk here, the way Tolkien did."

Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing Elvish in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a Valyrian language. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.[3]

Houses descended from the First Men tend to have simple, short names, often descriptive.[4] Examples include the names Stark, Wull, Umber, and Stout.[5]

The First Men had their own writing system of the Old Tongue. In addition, they also had a runic writing system.[6]

Known translations

Several names of terms and names are described in the published material:

Old Tongue Translation Notes
Magnar Lord[7][8]
Skagos Stone[9][10] Because of the definition of "skagos", the people from the island of Skagos call themselves stoneborn.[10]
Sygerrik Deceiver[11]
Woh dak nag gran The squirrel people[12] "The squirrel people" is the name the giants have given the children of the forest.[12]

References