Difference between revisions of "Polygamy"

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[[File:1979698 617164915005949 798660048 n.jpg|thumb|right|400px|King [[Aegon I Targaryen]] had two wives who were also his sisters - By Amok ©]]
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[[File:Amok-Aegon and his sisters.jpg|thumb|right|400px|King [[Aegon I Targaryen]] had two wives who were also his sisters. Artwork by Amok©]]
'''Polygamy''' can be defined as a marriage which includes more than two partners.  In [[Westeros]] for the highborn and the lowborn marriage is chiefly between two people, a man and a woman.  The [[Faith of the Seven]] does not permit polygamy.{{ref|TWOIAF| Aenys I}}
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'''Polygamy''' can be defined as a marriage which includes more than two partners.  In [[Westeros]], for both the highborn and lowborn, marriage is chiefly between two people, a man and a woman.  The [[Faith of the Seven]] does not permit polygamy.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}}
  
 
==Polygamy in Westeros==
 
==Polygamy in Westeros==
[[House Targaryen]] was known to flout convention and openly practice polygamous marriages. [[Aenar Targaryen]] took multiple wives with him when he left Valyria for Dragonstone.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Conquest}} [[Aegon I Targaryen]] was married to two women who were also his full sisters, [[Visenya Targaryen|Visenya]] and [[Rhaenys Targaryen|Rhaenys]]. When Aegon married his sisters, this was considered unusual although there was precedent for it.<ref>Chicon 7 Reading (September 02, 2012) [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Category/C92/ So Spake Martin]</ref> 
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[[House Targaryen]] was known to flout convention and openly practice polygamous marriages. [[Aenar Targaryen]] took multiple wives with him when he left [[Valyria]] for [[Dragonstone]].{{ref|TWOIAF| The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}} [[Aegon I Targaryen]] was married to two women who were also his full sisters, [[Visenya Targaryen|Visenya]] and [[Rhaenys Targaryen|Rhaenys]]. When Aegon married both his sisters, this was considered unusual, although there was precedent for it.{{ref|twoiaf| The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest}}
  
Aegon's son [[Maegor]] is the last Targaryen known to have had multiple wives. His second marriage to [[Alys Harroway]] upset the Faith and led king [[Aenys]] to exile him to Pentos for a time.{{ref|TWOIAF| Aenys I}} With the death of their [[dragon]]s House Targaryen lost the clout that they needed to be able to get away with committing the sin of polygamy in [[Westeros]]. According to [[George R. R. Martin]], 
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Aegon's son [[Maegor I Targaryen|Maegor]] is the last Targaryen known to have had multiple wives. His second marriage to [[Alys Harroway]] upset the Faith, and led King [[Aenys I Targaryen]] to exile him to [[Pentos]] for a time.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I}} Later, as king, Maegor married three women, the [[Black Brides]], in a single ceremony.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I}}
{{Quote|[[Maegor I Targaryen|Maegor the Cruel]] has multiple wives, from lines outside his own, so there was and is precedent. However, the extent to which the Targaryen kings could defy convention, the Faith, and the opinions of the other lords decreased markedly after they no longer had dragons. If you have a [[dragon]], you can have as many wives as you want, and people are less likely to object.<ref>The Citadel. "Asshai.com Forum Chat" (July 27, 2008) [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Month/2008/07/ So Spake Martin]</ref>}}
 
  
There has been no mention of a Targaryen woman having more than one husband.  
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With the death of their [[dragon]]s, House Targaryen lost the power and threat that they needed to be able to get away with committing the sin of polygamy in [[Westeros]]. According to [[George R. R. Martin]], 
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{{Quote|[[Maegor I Targaryen|Maegor the Cruel]] has multiple wives, from lines outside his own, so there was and is precedent. However, the extent to which the Targaryen kings could defy convention, the Faith, and the opinions of the other lords decreased markedly after they no longer had dragons. If you have a [[dragon]], you can have as many wives as you want, and people are less likely to object.<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/2997 Asshai.com Forum Chat (July 27, 2008) ]</ref>}}
  
In the [[Iron Islands]] a man can still have several "[[Salt wife|salt wives]]" but only one true ironborn wife, his "[[rock wife]]".  Salt wives are considered more than mere concubines. Sons born of such unions are not considered bastards and can inherit if their father has no surviving sons by his rock wife.
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Despite the lack of dragons, it is possible that King [[Aegon IV Targaryen]] promised his [[bastard]] son [[Daemon I Blackfyre|Daemon Blackfyre]] that he could marry both [[Rohanne of Tyrosh]] and Princess [[Daenerys Targaryen (daughter of Aegon IV)|Daenerys]], but his successor King [[Daeron II Targaryen]] did not permit it.{{ref|twoiaf| The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II}}
  
In [[Dorne]] it's not uncommon for a nobleman or a noblelady to have a spouse for political reasons and a [[paramour]] for love. This isn't polygamy in the traditional way, but the closest thing to that because paramours have an official status in the dornish society. Regardless of that children by paramours are [[Bastardy|bastards]] and have to use the surname "Sand" while the children by the spouse use the familyname and inherit.
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There has been no mention of a Targaryen or Valyrian woman having more than one husband at a time, although Queen [[Daenerys Targaryen]] has considered the subject.{{ref|asos|8}}{{ref|adwd|50}}
  
King [[Garland II Gardener|Garland]] II "The Bridegroom" Greenhand had multiple wives until he put them aside to marry the daughter of Lymond Hightower. {{ref|TWOIAF| The Reach}}
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In the [[Iron Islands]], a man can still have several "[[salt wife|salt wives]]", but only one true ironborn wife, his "[[rock wife]]".  Salt wives are considered more than mere concubines. Sons born of such unions are not considered bastards, and can inherit if their father has no surviving sons by his rock wife.
  
King [[Ronard Storm|Ronard]] "the Bastard" of [[Storm's End]] was said to have twenty three wives.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Stormlands}}
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In [[Dorne]], it is not uncommon for a nobleman or a noblewoman to have a spouse for political reasons and a [[paramour]] for love. This isn't polygamy in the traditional way, but the closest thing to it because paramours have an official status in Dornish society. Nevertheless, children by paramours are [[Bastardy|bastards]] and have to use the surname "Sand", while the children by the spouse use the family name and inherit.
  
==Polygamy Beyond the Wall==
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King [[Garland II Gardener|Garland II "The Bridegroom" Greenhand]] had multiple wives, until he put them aside to marry the daughter of [[Lymond Hightower]].{{ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: The Gardener Kings }}
* The wildling [[Craster]] has [[Craster's wives|multiple wives]], some of whom are also his daughters. 
 
* The wildling [[Ygon Oldfather]] has eighteen wives.{{ref|ADWD|69}}
 
  
==Polygamy in Essos==
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King [[Ronard Storm|Ronard "the Bastard"]] of [[Storm's End]] was said to have twenty-three wives.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Stormlands: House Durrandon}}
* [[Dothraki]] ''[[khal]]s'' sometimes have more than one wife,{{Ref|aGoT|46}} such as Khal [[Jommo]] who has four.
 
  
* In [[Leng]], the first god-empress of the current dynasty, [[Khiara|Khiara the Great]], took two husbands, one [[Lengii]] and one [[YiTish]] - a customary pattern followed by her daughters and their daughters in turn.{{ref|TWOIAF| Leng}}
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==Polygamy [[Beyond the Wall]]==
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* The [[wildling]] [[Craster]] has [[Craster's wives|multiple wives]], some of whom are also his daughters.{{ref|acok|23}} 
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* The wildling [[Ygon Oldfather]] has eighteen wives.{{ref|ADWD|69}}
  
* The Lyseni Pirate [[Salladhor Saan]] has multiple wives {{Ref|aCoK|10}}
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==Polygamy in [[Essos]]==
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* [[Dothraki]] ''[[khal]]s'' sometimes have more than one wife, such as Khal [[Jommo]], who has four.{{ref|agot|46}}
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* In [[Leng]], the first god-empress of the current dynasty, [[Khiara|Khiara the Great]], took two husbands, one [[Lengii]] and one [[YiTish]] - a customary pattern followed by her daughters and their daughters in turn.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Bones and Beyond: Leng}}
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* The [[Lys]]eni pirate [[Salladhor Saan]] has multiple wives.{{Ref|aCoK|10}}
  
 
==References and Notes==
 
==References and Notes==

Revision as of 10:13, 2 May 2016

King Aegon I Targaryen had two wives who were also his sisters. Artwork by Amok©

Polygamy can be defined as a marriage which includes more than two partners. In Westeros, for both the highborn and lowborn, marriage is chiefly between two people, a man and a woman. The Faith of the Seven does not permit polygamy.[1]

Polygamy in Westeros

House Targaryen was known to flout convention and openly practice polygamous marriages. Aenar Targaryen took multiple wives with him when he left Valyria for Dragonstone.[2] Aegon I Targaryen was married to two women who were also his full sisters, Visenya and Rhaenys. When Aegon married both his sisters, this was considered unusual, although there was precedent for it.[2]

Aegon's son Maegor is the last Targaryen known to have had multiple wives. His second marriage to Alys Harroway upset the Faith, and led King Aenys I Targaryen to exile him to Pentos for a time.[1] Later, as king, Maegor married three women, the Black Brides, in a single ceremony.[3]

With the death of their dragons, House Targaryen lost the power and threat that they needed to be able to get away with committing the sin of polygamy in Westeros. According to George R. R. Martin,

Maegor the Cruel has multiple wives, from lines outside his own, so there was and is precedent. However, the extent to which the Targaryen kings could defy convention, the Faith, and the opinions of the other lords decreased markedly after they no longer had dragons. If you have a dragon, you can have as many wives as you want, and people are less likely to object.[4]

Despite the lack of dragons, it is possible that King Aegon IV Targaryen promised his bastard son Daemon Blackfyre that he could marry both Rohanne of Tyrosh and Princess Daenerys, but his successor King Daeron II Targaryen did not permit it.[5]

There has been no mention of a Targaryen or Valyrian woman having more than one husband at a time, although Queen Daenerys Targaryen has considered the subject.[6][7]

In the Iron Islands, a man can still have several "salt wives", but only one true ironborn wife, his "rock wife". Salt wives are considered more than mere concubines. Sons born of such unions are not considered bastards, and can inherit if their father has no surviving sons by his rock wife.

In Dorne, it is not uncommon for a nobleman or a noblewoman to have a spouse for political reasons and a paramour for love. This isn't polygamy in the traditional way, but the closest thing to it because paramours have an official status in Dornish society. Nevertheless, children by paramours are bastards and have to use the surname "Sand", while the children by the spouse use the family name and inherit.

King Garland II "The Bridegroom" Greenhand had multiple wives, until he put them aside to marry the daughter of Lymond Hightower.[8]

King Ronard "the Bastard" of Storm's End was said to have twenty-three wives.[9]

Polygamy Beyond the Wall

Polygamy in Essos

References and Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I.
  2. 2.0 2.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  3. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  4. So Spake Martin: Asshai.com Forum Chat (July 27, 2008)
  5. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II.
  6. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 8, Daenerys I.
  7. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 50, Daenerys VIII.
  8. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: The Gardener Kings.
  9. The World of Ice & Fire, The Stormlands: House Durrandon.
  10. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 23, Jon III.
  11. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 69, Jon XIII.
  12. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 46, Daenerys V.
  13. The World of Ice & Fire, The Bones and Beyond: Leng.
  14. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos I.