Difference between revisions of "Robert's Rebellion"

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{{Infobox Military Conflict
 
{{Infobox Military Conflict
| conflict_name          = <center>The War of the Usurper<br>Robert's Rebellion</center>
+
| conflict_name          = Robert's Rebellion
 
| part_of                =
 
| part_of                =
| image                  =
+
| image                  = [[File:Roberts Rebellion.jpg|350px]]
| image2                =
+
| caption                =  
| caption                =
+
| date                  = {{Date|282}} - {{Date|283}}
| date                  = {{Date|282}}-{{Date|283}}
 
 
| location              = [[Westeros]]
 
| location              = [[Westeros]]
| battles                = [[Battle of Summerhall|Summerhall]]<br>[[Battle of Ashford|Ashford]]<br>[[Battle of the Bells]]<br>[[Battle of the Trident|The Trident]]<br>[[Sack of King's Landing|King's Landing]]<br>[[Siege of Storm's End|Storm's End]]<br>[[Tower of Joy]]
+
| battles                = [[Taking of Gulltown]]<br>[[Battles at Summerhall]]<br>[[Battle of Ashford]]<br>[[Battle of the Bells]]<br>[[Battle of the Trident]]<br>[[Battle at the Mander]]<br>[[Sack of King's Landing]]<br>[[Siege of Storm's End]]<br>[[Combat at the tower of joy|Tower of joy]]<br>[[Assault on Dragonstone]]
| result                = Decisive victory for the rebel forces
+
| result                = Victory for the rebels, the end of the [[House Targaryen|Targaryen dynasty]], and the start of the [[House Baratheon of King's Landing|Baratheon dynasty]]
<!-- combatant 1 -->
+
<!-- combatant 1 -->  
| combatant1            = The rebels
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| combatant1            = '''[[Iron Throne]]''':/[[House Targaryen]] and royalist houses
:[[House Baratheon]]<br>[[House Stark]]<br>[[House Tully]]<br>[[House Arryn]]<br>[[House Lannister]] (late war)
+
| commander1            = Gulltown
| commander1            = [[Robert Baratheon]]<br>[[Stannis Baratheon]]<br>[[Eddard Stark]]<br>[[Hoster Tully]]<br>[[Jon Arryn]]<br>[[Tywin Lannister]]
+
:[[Marq Grafton]]
| strength1              =
+
Summerhall
| losses1                =<!-- combatant 2 -->
+
:[[Lord Fell]]
| combatant2            = The royalists
+
:[[Lord Cafferen]]
:[[House Targaryen]]<br>[[House Tyrell]]<br>[[House Martell]]
+
:[[Lord Grandison]]
| commander2            = [[Aerys II Targaryen]]<br>[[Rhaegar Targaryen]]<br>[[Owen Merryweather]]<br>[[Jon Connington]]<br>[[Qarlton Chelsted]]<br>[[Mace Tyrell]]<br>[[Randyll Tarly]]<br>[[Barristan Selmy]]<br>[[Lewyn Martell]]
+
Ashford
| strength2              =
+
:[[Randyll Tarly]]
 +
Storm's End
 +
:[[Mace Tyrell]]
 +
:[[Paxter Redwyne]]
 +
Stoney Sept
 +
:[[Jon Connington]]
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
The Trident
 +
:[[Rhaegar Targaryen]]
 +
:[[Barristan Selmy]]
 +
:[[Lewyn Martell]]
 +
:[[Jonothor Darry]]
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
King's Landing
 +
:[[Aerys II Targaryen]]
 +
:[[Rossart]]
 +
:[[Jaime Lannister]]
 +
Storm's End
 +
:Mace Tyrell
 +
:Paxter Redwyne
 +
Tower of joy
 +
:[[Gerold Hightower]]
 +
| strength1              = Trident: 40,000
 +
<br>King's Landing: several thousand{{Ref|aGoT|12}}
 +
| losses1                =
 +
<!-- combatant 2 -->  
 +
| combatant2            = Rebels
 +
| commander2            = Gulltown
 +
:[[Jon Arryn]]
 +
<br>
 +
Summerhall
 +
:[[Robert Baratheon]]
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
Ashford
 +
:[[Robert Baratheon]]
 +
Storm's End
 +
:[[Stannis Baratheon]]
 +
<br>
 +
Stoney Sept
 +
:[[Eddard Stark]]
 +
:[[Robert Baratheon]]
 +
:[[Jon Arryn]]
 +
:[[Hoster Tully]]
 +
The Trident
 +
:[[Robert Baratheon]]
 +
:[[Jon Arryn]]
 +
:[[Eddard Stark]]
 +
:[[Hoster Tully]]
 +
The Mander
 +
:[[Quellon Greyjoy]]
 +
King's Landing
 +
:[[Tywin Lannister]]
 +
:[[Jaime Lannister]] (changed side)
 +
:[[Eddard Stark]] (aftermath)
 +
Storm's End
 +
:[[Eddard Stark]]
 +
<br>
 +
Tower of joy
 +
:Eddard Stark
 +
Dragonstone
 +
:[[Stannis Baratheon]]
 +
| strength2              = Trident: less than 40,000
 +
King's Landing: 12,000 (westerlands){{Ref|aGoT|12}}
 
| losses2                =
 
| losses2                =
 
}}
 
}}
  
[[Image:War of the Usurper.png|right|thumb|300px|Overview of the war:<br><!--  arranged for better readability
+
'''Robert's Rebellion''',{{Ref|ASOS|2}}{{Ref|ASOS|22}}{{ref|affc|21}}<ref name=rr/> also known as the '''War of the Usurper''',<ref name=rr>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1043/ The Siege of Storm's End (July 18, 1999)]</ref> was a rebellion against [[House Targaryen]], primarily instigated by [[Eddard Stark]], [[Jon Arryn]], and [[Robert Baratheon]], for whom it is named. It lasted "close to a year"{{Ref|aGoT|12}} and resulted in the end of the Targaryen dynasty in the [[Seven Kingdoms]] and the beginning of Robert Baratheon's reign.
-->'''1''' [[Battle of Summerhall|Summerhall]],<!--
 
-->'''2''' [[Battle of Ashford|Ashford]],<!--
 
-->'''3''' [[Battle of the Bells]],<!--
 
-->'''4''' [[Battle of the Trident|The Trident]],<!--
 
-->'''5''' [[Sack of King's Landing|King's Landing]],<!--
 
-->'''6''' [[Siege of Storm's End|Storm's End]].<br><!--
 
-->The colours represent faction amies:<br><font color="#008000">Baratheon</font>. <font color="#808080">Stark</font>. <font color="#8B4513">Tyrell</font>. <font color="#ff0000">Lannister</font>. <font color="#000000">Targaryen</font>.]]
 
  
'''Robert's Rebellion''', also known as the '''War of the Usurper''', was a rebellion against [[House Targaryen]], primarily instigated by [[Eddard Stark]], [[Jon Arryn]], and [[Robert Baratheon]], for whom it is named. It lasted almost two years and resulted in the end of the Targaryens dynasty in the [[Seven Kingdoms]] and the beginning of Robert Baratheon's reign.
+
==Prelude==
 +
===Tourney at Harrenhal===
 +
In {{Date|281}}, a grand [[Tourney at Harrenhal|tourney]] was held by Lord [[Walter Whent]] at [[Harrenhal]].{{Ref|aGoT|58}} Many nobles from all over the Seven Kingdoms came to the [[riverlands]] to take part in the festivities. Amongst them were the heir to [[Winterfell]], [[Brandon Stark]], and his younger siblings, [[Eddard Stark|Eddard]], [[Lyanna Stark|Lyanna]] and [[Benjen Stark|Benjen]].{{Ref|aSoS|24}}
  
==Causes==
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The most prominent visitor of the tourney was King [[Aerys II Targaryen]], however. Aerys had not left the [[Red Keep]] for many years, ever since his half-year capture during the [[Defiance of Duskendale]] in {{Date|277}},{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}} but he was inspired to come to the tourney by words from his [[master of whisperers]], the eunuch [[Varys]].{{Ref|aDwD|67}}
The conflict was instigated after [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] had kidnapped [[Lyanna Stark]], who was betrothed to [[Robert Baratheon]]. Despite the pleading of [[Hoster Tully]] for patience, her brother [[Brandon Stark]] rode to the city of [[King's Landing]]. There, he went into the [[Red Keep]] shouting for Prince Rhaegar to come out and die. [[Aerys II|Aerys the Mad King]] arrested him and his companions (his squire [[Ethan Glover]], [[Jeffory Mallister]], [[Kyle Royce]], and the nephew and heir of the Lord of the Eyrie [[Elbert Arryn]]) for threatening the crown prince{{Ref|aCoK|55}} Aerys ordered the fathers of the men to come south to answer the charges against their sons. When they did this, they and their sons were all murdered without trial{{Ref|aCoK|55}} [[Ethan Glover]] was the only survivor. Lord Rickard Stark who demanded a trial by combat was roasted in his armor, as his son [[Brandon Stark]] was put in a strangulation device and was forced to watch, strangling himself in the process of trying to save his father. {{Ref|aCoK|55}}
 
  
When the Mad King demanded the heads of [[Robert Baratheon]] and [[Eddard Stark]] from their guardian, [[Jon Arryn]], Lord Arryn of the Eyrie. Rather than comply, Lord Arryn raised his banners in revolt against these unjust acts.{{Ref|aGoT|2}} However, many of Jon's bannermen sided with the King, chief among them Lord Grafton, who called the other loyalists to aid him in barring Jon and Robert from entering his port of [[Gulltown]]. After the fall of Gulltown's defenses, Robert was able to return to [[Storm's End]], while Eddard returned North. Both men called on their own bannermen.
+
The tourney was cause for great celebration, as spring had come to Westeros, or so men thought.<ref>{{date|281}} is called "the year of the false spring", showing that it had been winter previously. The term "false spring" shows that the warmer weather had only been for a short period of time, and that winter weather thus returned shortly thereafter.</ref> In addition, all of the [[Kingsguard]] had gathered to welcome their newest member, Ser [[Jaime Lannister]]. However, the tourney's ending was less joyful. After winning the final tilt, Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] was to crown the new [[queen of love and beauty]]. Instead of crowning his wife, the Dornish princess [[Elia Martell]], Rhaegar rode past her and crowned Lyanna Stark of Winterfell instead. Eddard Stark would later recall this moment as "the moment when all smiles died".{{Ref|aGoT|58}}
  
[[House Tully]] was recruited to the rebels when Eddard and Jon married [[Catelyn Tully|Catelyn]] and [[Lysa Tully|Lysa]] respectively, the daughters of [[Hoster Tully]], Lord of Riverrun.{{Ref|aGoT|2}} However, like the Vale, not all of his bannermen joined the rebel cause. Houses [[House Ryger|Ryger]], [[House Darry|Darry]], and [[House Mooton|Mooton]] took the side of the Targaryens in the war. [[House Frey|Frey]] remained neutral until the situation became clearer.
+
===Abduction of Lyanna Stark===
 +
At the coming of the near year, [[Lyanna Stark]] was abducted by Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] near [[Harrenhal]].{{ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring}} Her brother, [[Brandon Stark]], was on his way to [[Riverrun]] to wed [[Catelyn Stark|Catelyn Tully]], when the news reached him. Brandon rode at once to [[King's Landing]] with his companions: [[Ethan Glover]], Brandon's squire, [[Elbert Arryn]], nephew to Lord [[Jon Arryn]] and the heir of the [[Eyrie]], [[Kyle Royce]], and [[Jeffory Mallister]].{{Ref|aCoK|55}} Brandon rode for the [[Red Keep]], and outside its gates, unaware that Rhaegar was not present, shouted for him to come out and die. King [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys II]] had them all arrested for plotting the murder of the crown prince, and summoned the fathers of all those who stood accused to court.{{Ref|aCoK|55}} Lord [[Rickard Stark]], who had been on his way south with the wedding party for Brandon's wedding,{{Ref|AWOIAF| Catelyn Tully}} went to King's Landing with two hundred men.{{Ref|AGOT|53}} None of them returned north. In King's Landing, all of those who stood accused were executed,{{Ref|AGOT|53}} with the sole exception of Ethan Glover.{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
  
The other great houses, [[House Tyrell|Tyrell]] and [[House Martell|Martell]] stayed loyal to the throne as did all of their bannermen, including [[House Redwyne|Redwyne]] and [[House Hightower|Hightower]]. [[House Greyjoy|Greyjoy]] decided to remain neutral throughout the conflict.
+
King Aerys did allow for trials, of a sort. Lord Rickard Stark demanded a [[trial by battle]], and the king granted his request. Rickard dressed for battle, but Aerys declared fire to be the champion of [[House Targaryen]]. He had Rickard suspended from the rafters in the throne room, where his [[pyromancers]], [[Rossart]] amongst them, kindled a blaze beneath the Lord of Winterfell. Brandon Stark was brought in as well, and placed in a [[Tyrosh]]i strangling device, while a longsword was placed just outside his reach. Brandon was allowed to try and free his father, but the more he struggled to reach the sword, the tighter the cord around his neck became. Brandon strangled himself in an attempt to reach the sword and save his father, while Lord Rickard cooked in his armor.{{Ref|aCoK|55}}
  
==Events==
+
Next, Aerys demanded that Lord [[Jon Arryn]] send him the heads of Lord [[Robert Baratheon]] of [[Storm's End]], Lyanna's betrothed,{{Ref|aGoT|4}} and [[Eddard Stark]], now the Lord of Winterfell after the deaths of his father and older brother.{{Ref|AGOT|2}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}} Robert and Eddard were Jon's wards at the Eyrie, however, and Jon instead raised his banners in revolt.{{Ref|aGoT|2}} This act is seen as the start of the war,{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}} which would last "close to a year".{{Ref|aGoT|12}}
===Battle of Summerhall===
+
 
:{{main|Battle of Summerhall}}
+
==The Rebellion==
The '''Battle of Summerhall''' (1 on the map) was actually three battles all fought on one day. Robert hit three independent loyalist forces before they could converge upon him.  Lords Grandison, Cafferen, and Fell planned to join their hosts at [[Summerhall]] and march on Storm’s End, but Robert learned of their plans and struck first, attacking each army individually. Lord Fell died in the battle and Robert's forces captured his son, Silveraxe. Lords Grandison and Cafferen, both loyalist commanders, went over to Robert after the battle, as did Silveraxe.
+
[[Image:War of the Usurper.png|thumb|350px|Overview of the war:
 +
<!--  arranged for better readability
 +
-->'''1''' [[Battles at Summerhall|Summerhall]], <!--
 +
-->'''2''' [[Battle of Ashford|Ashford]], <!--
 +
-->'''3''' [[Battle of the Bells]], <!--
 +
-->'''4''' [[Battle of the Trident|The Trident]], <!--
 +
-->'''5''' [[Sack of King's Landing|King's Landing]], <!--
 +
-->'''6''' [[Siege of Storm's End|Storm's End]].
 +
<!--
 +
-->The colors represent faction amies:
 +
<font color="#008000">Baratheon</font>. <font color="#808080">Stark</font>. <font color="#8B4513">Tyrell</font>. <font color="#ff0000">Lannister</font>. <font color="#000000">Targaryen</font>.]]
 +
===Taking of Gulltown===
 +
:{{main|Taking of Gulltown}}
 +
Fighting began in the [[Vale of Arryn]]. Though [[Jon Arryn]] called for all his banners, not all of his bannermen sided with him.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}} There were those who sided with the king, chief among them [[Marq Grafton]]. Grafton called the other loyalists to aid him in barring the rebels from entering the port of [[Gulltown]].{{Ref|aDwD|9}} With the port blocked, [[Eddard Stark]] decided to make his own way back to the [[north]] by crossing the [[Mountains of the Moon]] to the [[Fingers]], where he would need to find a fisherman to carry him across the [[Bite]].{{Ref|aDwD|9}} Once north, Eddard could call his banners.
 +
 
 +
Gulltown's defenses eventually fell after an unknown amount of time, with Robert Baratheon slaying Marq Grafton in the [[taking of Gulltown]].{{Ref|aDwD|9}} Robert sailed to [[Storm's End]] to call his own banners as well.{{Ref|aGoT|12}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}
 +
 
 +
===Battles at Summerhall===
 +
:{{main|Battles at Summerhall}}
 +
Just as not all the lords in the Vale had sided with Jon Arryn, not all the lords in the [[stormlands]] sided with Robert Baratheon. The first major battle in the stormlands took place at [[Summerhall]]. They were [[battles at Summerhall|three battles]] (1 on the map), in truth, all fought on one day. Lords [[Lord Grandison|Grandison]], [[Lord Cafferen|Cafferen]], and [[Lord Fell|Fell]] had gathered their hosts and planned to join forces at [[Summerhall]]. From there, they would march on Storm's End. However, thanks to an informer, Robert learned of their plans and rode with his knights and squires to Summerhall, where he attacked each host in turn.{{Ref|ASOS|54}} Robert killed Lord Fell in battle.{{Ref|aSoS|54}}
 +
 
 +
Lord Cafferen and Grandison,{{ref|asos|36}} as well as Lord Fell's son, [[Silveraxe]],{{Ref|twoiaf| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}} were taken captive and brought to [[Storm's End]] when Robert's returned there after the battles, for unknown reasons.{{Ref|aSoS|36}} There, Robert turned his enemies into friends, as both Lords Grandison and Cafferen, as well as Silveraxe would later be loyal to Robert.{{Ref|ASOS|54}}{{Ref|ASOS|36}}
 +
 
 +
Following his victory at Summerhall, Robert was now free to march north, to join up with Jon Arryn and the northmen.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}
  
 
===Battle of Ashford===
 
===Battle of Ashford===
 
:{{main|Battle of Ashford}}
 
:{{main|Battle of Ashford}}
The '''Battle of Ashford''' (2 on the map) was an indecisive victory for loyalist forces when [[Randyll Tarly]]'s van smashed Robert’s forces before the bulk of [[Mace Tyrell]]’s main force could be brought to bear. Lord Cafferen, a former Loyalist turned rebel after the Battle of Summerhall, was cut down by Randyll Tarly while fighting under Robert’s banner.  Lord Tarly sent Lord Cafferen’s head to King Aerys. By all indications, the battle was indecisive, however Mace likes to remember it as his one great victory over Robert.
+
The next major battle was the [[Battle of Ashford]]{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: House Tyrell}} (2 on the map). Robert marched out again, leaving his younger brother [[Stannis Baratheon]] in charge of Storm's End. At [[Ashford]], Lord [[Randyll Tarly]] fell upon Robert's forces. Lord Randyll was the first of the loyalists to arrive, and with his van defeated Robert's forces before Lord [[Mace Tyrell]] could arrive with the main force from the [[Reach]].{{Ref|ASOS|19}} Despite the fact that it had been Randyll's victory, Mace Tyrell has taken the credit for the victory.{{Ref|ASOS|54}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: House Tyrell}}{{Ref|ASOS|19}}{{Ref|ASOS|78}} The battle is considered to have been indecisive.{{Ref|ASOS|19}}
 +
 
 +
During the battle, Lord Cafferen was cut down by Randyll Tarly, who sent his head to King Aerys II.{{ref|ASOS|78}} Robert managed to escape capture with the bulk of his forces, to join his strength with Lord Eddard Stark and Lord Jon Arryn.{{ref|awoiaf| Robert Baratheon}} Following the battle, Mace Tyrell marched on [[Storm's End]] and [[Siege of Storm's End|laid siege to the castle]] (6 on the map).{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: House Tyrell}} This siege would last "close to a year".{{Ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
 +
 
 +
King Aerys, due to the events in the [[stormlands]], came to believe that his [[Hand of the King]], Lord [[Owen Merryweather]], was ineffectual. The king was even considering that Merryweather might have been so ineffectual as to possibly aid the rebellion.<ref name=Jon>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1118/ Young Lord Connington (August 25, 2000)]</ref> In result, Owen was stripped of his lands and titles, and exiled.{{Ref|aCoK|3}} Lord [[Jon Connington]], a friend of Rhaegar's with a reputation of a warrior, was named as Hand in Owen's stead.<ref name=Jon/>
  
 
===Battle of the Bells===
 
===Battle of the Bells===
 
:{{main|Battle of the Bells}}
 
:{{main|Battle of the Bells}}
The '''Battle of the Bells''' (3 on the map) took place at [[Stoney Sept]]. Aerys’ forces were chasing after Robert Baratheon, attempting to cut him off from Eddard Stark’s forces. Robert was wounded and hiding in Stoney Sept.  [[Jon Connington]], the [[Hand of the King|Hand]], took the town by force and began searching from house to house. Eddard and Hoster Tully's forces swept into the town. Connington fought back fiercely.  Robert came out at that point and led a counterattack. When Connington saw the battle was lost, he ordered an orderly retreat. After the battle, Aerys realized that Robert was not some outlaw lord, but rather the greatest threat to the realm since [[Daemon Blackfyre]]. He exiled Lord Connington for his failure and ordered his [[Alchemists' Guild|pyromancers]] to place caches of [[wildfire]] throughout King’s Landing, even within the Red Keep itself.  
+
[[File:Battle of the Bells.jpg|thumb|350px|[[Battle of the Bells]]]]
 +
Eddard Stark had managed to reach [[Winterfell]], where he called his banners. He marched south with his forces, and joined up with Lord [[Jon Arryn]]. Together, they negotiated with Lord [[Hoster Tully]], the Lord of [[Riverrun]], for his support.{{Ref|awoiaf| Hoster Tully}}
 +
 
 +
Lord [[Jon Connington]] led a mighty army into the field. The forces he commanded gave chase, and Robert's march became a grueling one.{{Ref|awoiaf| Robert Baratheon}} Robert, wounded through unknown means, and all alone,{{Ref|ASOS|29}}{{ref|ADWD|61}} eventually took refuge at [[Stoney Sept]],{{ref|ASOS|29}} which would become the site of the [[Battle of the Bells]]{{Ref|ASOS|29}}{{Ref|ASOS|1}}{{Ref|ASOS|37}} (3 on the map), the first major battle known to have taken place in {{Date|283}}. Jon Connington's forces took the town by force and began to search every house. The residents of the town were actively helping Robert however, and despite the search, the offered pardons and rewards, the threats and the hostages Connington took and hung in crow cages, they could not find Robert.{{Ref|ASOS|29}}{{Ref|ADWD|61}}
 +
 
 +
Battle began when Lords Stark and Tully arrived with a rebel army. The soldiers fought in the streets and alleys and on the rooftops, and the septons rang the bells to warn the residents to lock their doors.{{Ref|ASOS|29}} Battle was fierce, and Jon Connington managed to wound Hoster Tully and kill Jon Arryn's cousin, Ser [[Denys Arryn]].{{ref|ASOS|29}} Eventually, Robert Baratheon came out of the [[Peach]], the brothel in which he had been hiding, and fought with Connington, almost killing him.{{Ref|ADWD|61}}
 +
 
 +
Suspicious of the loss at the Stoney Sept, King Aerys exiled Jon Connington, stripping him of his titles.{{Ref|ADWD|61}} Aerys began to realize that Robert was the greatest threat to his dynasty since [[Daemon I Blackfyre]], and he named Lord [[Qarlton Chelsted]] as his [[Hand of the King]] in Connington's stead. Ser [[Jonothor Darry]] and Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] of the [[Kingsguard]] were sent to rally Connington's men, while their [[Lord Commander of the Kingsguard|Lord Commander]], Ser [[Gerold Hightower]], was sent by King Aerys to find [[Rhaegar Targaryen]].{{Ref|awoiaf| Rhaegar Targaryen}} The crown prince finally returned from the south and convinced Aerys to ask [[Tywin Lannister]] for help,{{Ref|ASOS|37}} just as the rebels had or would do, at one point.{{Ref|AGOT|12}} Additionally, Aerys commanded his [[Alchemists' Guild|alchemists]] to [[wildfire plot|place caches of wildfire on multiple locations in King's Landing]].{{Ref|ASOS|37}}
 +
 
 +
With both [[Elbert Arryn]] and Denys Arryn now dead, Jon Arryn was in need of an heir. Hoster Tully swiftly betrothed his daughter, [[Lysa Arryn|Lysa]], who had previously proven fertile, to Jon.{{Ref|aSoS|2}}{{Ref|aGoT|2}} In a double ceremony at Riverrun, Eddard Stark and Jon Arryn married Hoster's daughters, [[Catelyn Stark|Catelyn]] and Lysa, respectively.{{Ref|aGoT|4}} Amongst those present at the wedding was Robert.{{Ref|awoiaf| Robert Baratheon}}
  
 
===Battle of the Trident===
 
===Battle of the Trident===
 
:{{main|Battle of the Trident}}
 
:{{main|Battle of the Trident}}
The '''Battle of the Trident''' (4 on the map) was the decisive battle of the war, matching the forces of Robert against the Targaryen loyalists.  Rhaegar and Robert met in single combat on the ford of the [[Trident]] while the battle crashed around them. Robert slew Rhaegar with a blow to the chest from his warhammer so powerful that it smashed the rubies right from the armor. After Rhaegar fell, the Targaryen host broke and ran.  
+
[[File:twoiaf battle of the trident.jpg|thumb|350px|The Battle of the Trident as depicted by Justin Sweet in ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]''.]]
Because Robert had suffered a grievous wound in the battle, he gave the command of the army to [[Eddard Stark]].
+
After at first refusing to send aid to Aerys, both due to his caution as well as due to his anger over [[Elia Martell|Elia's]] treatment,<ref name=BB>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/The_Baratheon_Brothers/ The Baratheon Brothers (September 11, 1999)]</ref> Prince [[Doran Martell]] agreed to send ten thousand [[Dornishmen]] to strengthen the army Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] was gathering.{{Ref|ASOS|37}} King Aerys sent Prince [[Lewyn Martell]], Doran's uncle, to take command of these forces, but also threatened him by stating that he held Princess [[Elia Martell]], Prince Rhaegar's wife, and their two young children, [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]] and [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon]], hostage.{{Ref|ASOS|37}}
 +
 
 +
The [[Battle of the Trident]] (4 on the map) was the decisive battle in the war. Fought in {{Date|283}}<ref>A Forum of Ice and Fire: [http://asoiaf.westeros.org/index.php?/topic/119534-twoiaf-spoilers-inconsistency-or-intentional/ TWOIAF Spoilers Inconsistency or Intentional?: Earlier editions of ''The World of Ice and Fire'' erroneously state 282 AC in "The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion"]</ref>  between the loyalist and rebels, the battle took place at a place known as the [[ruby ford]] since the battle, located on the northern bank of the [[Trident]],{{Ref|agot|15}} where Rhaegar tried to cross the river.{{Ref|acok|28}} The loyalists had forty thousand men,{{Ref|AGOT|36}} while the army of the rebels numbered fewer men, who were more battle hardened.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}} Rhaegar and Lord [[Robert I Baratheon|Robert Baratheon]] met in single combat with the battle raging on all around them.{{Ref|aGoT|4}} Rhaegar managed to wound Robert{{ref|agot|12}} before Robert killed Rhaegar with a blow to the chest from his warhammer.{{Ref|AGOT|4}} Eventually, the Targaryen host broke and ran.{{ref|agot|12}}
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 +
Around the time the [[Battle of the Trident]] was fought, Robert proclaimed his intention to claim the [[Iron Throne]].<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/US_Signing_Tour_Huntington_Beach_CA US Signing Tour (Huntington Beach, CA) (November 19, 2005)]</ref> Out of all three leaders of the rebellion, Robert had the better claim,{{ref|agot|30}} due to the fact that his grandmother had been Princess [[Rhaelle Targaryen]], the youngest daughter of King [[Aegon V Targaryen]].{{ref|affc|35}} To justify Robert's claim, the [[maester]]s would later use his bloodties to [[House Targaryen]],{{Ref|aCoK|22}} though it was conquest which won him the throne.
 +
 
 +
Because Robert had taken a wound from Rhaegar during battle, he gave the pursuit of the remnants of the Targaryen army to [[Eddard Stark]]. Eddard followed the remnants of the army back to [[King's Landing]], where the Red Keep was being held by several thousand loyalists.{{Ref|aGoT|12}}
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 +
===Battle at the Mander===
 +
:{{main|Battle at the Mander}}
 +
[[Quellon Greyjoy]], [[Lord of the Iron Islands]], desired neutrality for the [[ironborn]] during the war. After [[Pyke]] was informed of Rhaegar's death, however, Quellon was convinced by his eldest sons—[[Balon Greyjoy|Balon]], [[Euron Greyjoy|Euron]], and [[Victarion Greyjoy|Victarion]]—to join the rebels as soon as possible or else lose all chance at spoils. Since it was still unknown whether [[House Lannister]] of [[Casterly Rock]] would side with the loyalists or the rebels, most of the ironmen's fleet remained at home, while Quellon led fifty longships in attacking the [[Reach]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Iron Islands: The Old Way and the New}}
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 +
The Greyjoys captured some ships and raided some towns and villages. They were intercepted by the longships of the [[Shield Islands]], however, at the mouth of the [[Mander]]. After Lord Quellon was slain in the [[battle at the Mander]], his heir, Balon, led the remaining ironmen back to the [[Iron Islands]], having accomplished little.{{ref|TWOIAF| The Iron Islands: The Old Way and the New}}
  
 
===Sack of King's Landing===
 
===Sack of King's Landing===
 
:{{main|Sack of King's Landing}}
 
:{{main|Sack of King's Landing}}
The '''Sack of King’s Landing''' (5 on the map) occurred one year into the rebellion. Lord [[Tywin Lannister]], who had remained neutral until the Battle of the Trident and Rebel victory was a foregone conclusion, marched to the gates of King’s Landing, claiming loyalty to Aerys and asking to be let in. Aerys favored the advice of [[Pycelle|Grand Maester Pycelle]] over that of his spymaster [[Varys]] and opened the gates of the city. The Lannister forces then began to sack the city in Robert's name. Aerys ordered his most recent Hand, the [[Alchemists' Guild|pyromancer]] Rossart, to ignite the wildfire caches throughout the city, saying, "Let him [Robert] be king over charred bones and cooked meat. Let him be the king of ashes." 
+
[[File:Eddard_Jaime_Aerys_Iron_Throne_Room.jpg|350px|thumb|Ned finds Jaime seated on the Iron Throne by Amok©]]
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Already prior to the Battle of the Trident, King Aerys had been preparing his [[wildfire plot]]. His Hand of the King, Lord [[Qarlton Chelsted]], however, eventually became suspicious of the frequency with which the pyromancers visited the king. When he discovered the king's wildfire plot, he attempted to change the king's mind, and when nothing worked, he choose to resign his position. For this, Aerys had him burned alive.{{Ref|ASOS|37}} Following the Trident, Aerys named [[Rossart]], his favorite pyromancer,{{Ref|ASOS|37}} as his new Hand of the King.{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: The End}} He would only be Hand for a fortnight.{{Ref|ASOS|37}} Meanwhile, Aerys sent his wife, Queen [[Rhaella Targaryen|Rhaella]], and his new heir, their second son, Prince [[Viserys Targaryen|Viserys]], to [[Dragonstone]] for safety, where they would have the protection of, amongst others, Ser [[Willem Darry]], the master-at-arms of the [[Red Keep]], and [[royal fleet]].{{Ref|agot|39}}{{ref|agot|3}} Aerys refused to allow Rhaegar's wife, Princess [[Elia Martell]], and their children [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]] and [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon]], to leave the city, keeping them by his side instead.{{ref|asos|37}}
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While the Trident is seen by many as the decisive battle of the war, the capital remained untaken until the [[Sack of King's Landing]]{{Ref|ACOK|3}}{{Ref|AGOT|3}} (5 on the map) in {{date|283}},{{ref|ADWD|Appendix}} the last major battle of the war. Because [[Robert I Baratheon|Robert Baratheon]] had been injured in battle, Lord [[Eddard Stark]] and his army pursued the remnants of Rhaegar's army, who had fled back to the capital. Lord [[Tywin Lannister]], who had refused calls to arms from both the loyalists and the rebels until that point,{{ref|AGOT|12}} appeared at the gates of King's Landing with an army of twelve thousand men,{{Ref|agot|12}} mere hours before Eddard Stark would arrive.{{ref|agot|12}} Lord Tywin professed his loyalty to King Aerys, and while Lord [[Varys]] counseled Aerys to keep the gates locked, the king chose to listen to [[Grand Maester]] [[Pycelle]] and open the gates to Tywin's men. Once inside, the forces from the [[westerlands]] began to sack the city.{{Ref|asos|37}}
  
Aerys then ordered [[Jaime Lannister]], one of his Kingsguard and Tywin's own son, to kill his father. Instead, Jaime slew Lord Rossart and then murdered Aerys himself on the [[Iron Throne]]. Tywin sent his knights [[Gregor Clegane]] and [[Amory Lorch]] to deal with the rest of the royal family, securing the throne for Robert and proving that [[House Lannister]] had forsaken the Targaryens forever. Gregor killed the baby crown prince Aegon while his mother watched, and then proceeded to rape and murder Princess Elia herself. Amory dragged princess Rhaenys from under her father's bed and killed her. When Eddard Stark arrived shortly thereafter, he found Jaime seated on the Iron Throne and Aerys's corpse slumped below it. Tywin Lannister presented the bodies of Elia, Aegon and Rhaenys as tokens of his fealty. The resulting argument between Eddard Stark and Robert Baratheon over this brutal act led to Stark riding out alone to finish the war in the south.<ref>[[A Game of Thrones]], [[A Game of Thrones-Chapter 12|Chapter 12]], Eddard</ref>
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Upon the realization that all was lost, Aerys ordered Rossart to ignite the wildfire caches throughout the city, wishing to leave Robert nothing but “ashes and bones”. He ordered Ser [[Jaime Lannister]], Lord Tywin’s eldest son and the only knight of his [[Kingsguard]] present in the city, to kill Tywin and bring his head to Aerys. Instead, Jaime killed Rossart, and upon the realization that Aerys would simply give the order to burn the city down to another pyromancer, returned to the Red Keep and murdered Aerys himself in the throne room, mere seconds before soldiers from the westerlands entered.
  
===Siege of Storm's End===
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Meanwhile, Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] and Ser [[Amory Lorch]] had entered [[Maegor's Holdfast]] to deal with the rest of the royal family, to secure the throne for Robert, and to prove that [[House Lannister]] had forsaken the Targaryens forever. Gregor killed Prince [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon Targaryen]], Rhaegar's son and heir in front of the child's mother, Princess [[Elia Martell]], and then raped and murdered Elia herself with Aegon's blood and brains still on his hands. Amory dragged Princess [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys Targaryen]] from under her father's bed and killed her, stabbing her half a hundred times.
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 +
When Eddard Stark arrived in the city, he found Jaime seated on the Iron Throne and Aerys's corpse slumped below it.{{Ref|AGOT|3}} Robert Baratheon arrived in the city at a later point, upon which he was presented with the bodies of Elia, Rhaenys and Aegon by Lord Tywin. Robert was pleased by these deaths, but Eddard called it murder of children. This resulted in an argument between Eddard and Robert, and Eddard rode out alone in anger to fight the final battles of the war in the south.{{ref|AGOT|12}}
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 +
In the days that followed the Sack of King's Landing, Jaime Lannister sought out and killed [[Garigus]] and [[Belis]], the remaining two pyromancers aware of the [[wildfire plot]].{{Ref|ASOS|37}}
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 +
==Aftermath==
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While Robert's Rebellion is considered to have ended at the Sack of King's Landing,{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: The End}} not all battles were fought. In the south, the [[siege of Storm's End]] continued, while [[Lyanna Stark]] was still missing.
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===End of the Siege of Storm's End===
 
:{{main|Siege of Storm's End}}
 
:{{main|Siege of Storm's End}}
Although more attrition than actual battle, the '''Siege of Storm’s End''' (6 on the map) held up [[Mace Tyrell|Mace Tyrell’s]] forces at Storm's End for the better part of the entire war. During this siege the forces of the Reach, led by Mace and [[Paxter Redwyne]], feasted within sight of the castle while [[Stannis Baratheon]] and his men starved inside. Help eventually came in the form of [[Davos Seaworth]], who smuggled a cargo of onions past the blockade. In the end, Stannis and his forces held out until Eddard Stark arrived and Lord Tyrell dipped his banners.<ref>[[A Game of Thrones]], [[A Game of Thrones-Chapter 39|Chapter 39]], Eddard</ref>
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The [[siege of Storm's End]] (6 on the map) had begun after the [[Battle of Ashford]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: House Tyrell}} Lord [[Mace Tyrell]] had led his forces to [[Storm's End]], where they had laid siege to the castle for the better part of a year. Storm's End was being held by [[Stannis Baratheon]], the younger brother of Robert Baratheon. While the castle garrison was starving and ate rats to survive,{{Ref|ACOK|33}} the forces of the [[Reach]] feasted in sight of the castle.{{ref|acok|prologue}} A smuggler named [[Davos Seaworth|Davos]] managed to sail past the blockade of the Redwyne fleet and sold his cargo of onions and fish to the residents of Storm's End,{{ref|ACOK|Prologue}} thereby preventing them from resorting to cannibalism.{{Ref|ACOK|33}} The new food supply allowed Storm's End to hold out long enough until Eddard Stark arrived from King's Landing to lift the siege. The lords of the Reach were quick to dip their banners.{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
  
===Dragonstone===
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===Combat at the Tower of Joy ===
After the Siege of Storm's End was lifted, Stannis was given command of a fleet to take the last Targaryen stronghold, [[Dragonstone]]. Some nine months or more earlier, before the Sack of King's Landing, [[Rhaella Targaryen|Queen Rhaella]] and [[Viserys Targaryen|Prince Viserys]] had fled to the island with Ser Willem Darry. The Queen died in childbed giving birth to [[Daenerys Targaryen]] during a great storm that destroyed the Targaryen fleet at anchor.<ref>[[A Game of Thrones]], [[A Game of Thrones-Chapter 3|Chapter 3]], Daenerys</ref>
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:{{main|Combat at the tower of joy}}
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[[File:The tower of joy by henning.jpg|300px|thumb|Tower of joy, by Henning Ludvigsen, FFG©.<br>Note: The bottom image is the original version, but was redone to make the top image, which features the red mountains of Dorne.]]
 +
After lifting the siege at Storm's End, Lord Eddard Stark rode further south with six companions: [[Howland Reed]], Lord [[Willam Dustin]], [[Ethan Glover]], [[Martyn Cassel]], [[Theo Wull]], and Ser [[Mark Ryswell]].{{Ref|AGOT|39}} According to a semi-canon source, Ned's army did not accompany him south to [[Dorne]].<ref name=BB/>
  
Before Stannis's arrival, Ser Willem and a handful of men smuggled Viserys, Daenerys, and her wet nurse from the nursery and sailed for [[Braavos]], where the last Targaryens began their lives of wandering exile.
+
Near the [[Red Mountains]] of Dorne, they found three knights of Aerys II's [[Kingsguard]], Ser [[Arthur Dayne]], Ser [[Oswell Whent]], and the [[Lord Commander of the Kingsguard|Lord Commander]], Ser [[Gerold Hightower]].{{ref|AGOT|39}} They were guarding a tower which Rhaegar is said to have named the [[tower of joy]]. The northmen and Kingsguard fought, with only Eddard and Howland surviving the [[combat at the tower of joy]].{{Ref|AGOT|39}} Inside the tower, Eddard found his sister, [[Lyanna Stark]], who extracted a promise from Eddard, and Lyanna died shortly after with her brother by her side.{{Ref|AGOT|4}} Eddard later tore down the tower, so he could use the stones to make cairns for the eight dead men.{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
  
===Battle of the Tower of Joy - The End of Aerys's Kingsguard===
+
Afterwards, Eddard travelled further south, to [[Starfall]], where he delivered the famed sword [[Dawn]], which had been in the possession of the [[Sword of the Morning]], to Arthur's sister, Lady [[Ashara Dayne]].{{Ref|AGOT|6}}{{Ref|twoiaf| Dorne: The Andals Arrive}} The woman jumped into the sea to her death.{{ref|ASOS|43}}
Ser [[Arthur Dayne]], Ser [[Oswell Whent]], and the Lord Commander of the [[Kingsguard]] [[Gerold Hightower]] had been absent from the battles on the Trident, King's Landing, and Storm's End. They were guarding a small tower, named the [[Tower of Joy]], in the red mountains of Dorne where Prince Rhaegar had been holding [[Lyanna Stark]]. Lord Eddard rode there with six companions [[Howland Reed]], [[Willam Dustin]], [[Ethan Glover]], [[Martyn Cassel]], [[Theo Wull]] and [[Mark Ryswell]] , after lifting the siege of Storm's End. The seven companions fought the three Kingsguard, with only Eddard and Howland surviving. Lyanna died shortly after she extracted a promise from her brother. Afterwards, Eddard rode to [[Starfall]] to deliver Arthur's sword [[Dawn]] to his sister [[House_Dayne#Ashara_Dayne|Ashara Dayne]], who leapt into the sea shortly afterwards.
+
 +
===Assault on Dragonstone===
 +
:{{main|Assault on Dragonstone}}
 +
In between the Battle of the Trident and the Sack of King's Landing, Queen [[Rhaella Targaryen]] and her son and Aerys's new heir, Prince [[Viserys Targaryen]], had been sent to the [[Dragonstone (island)|island of Dragonstone]]{{Ref|aSoS|37}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: The End}} with the Red Keep's master-at-arms, Ser [[Willem Darry]].{{Ref|AGOT|39}} There, Viserys was crowned by his mother,{{Ref|awoiaf| Viserys Targaryen}} while on the mainland, [[Stannis Baratheon]] began constructing a new [[royal fleet]] to lead an assault on Dragonstone.{{Ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
  
==Outcome==
+
In {{Date|284}}, nine months after the flight to Dragonstone,{{ref|AGOT|3}} Rhaella died giving birth to Princess [[Daenerys Targaryen]] during a great storm that destroyed the Targaryen fleet at anchor at the island.{{ref|AGOT|3}} With most of the Targaryen fleet destroyed, and with the Baratheon fleet ready to take Dragonstone, the household of the last Targaryen stronghold was willing to sell the children to the new king, [[Robert I Baratheon]]. Shortly before Stannis sailed to Dragonstone, however, Willem Darry and four loyal men smuggled Viserys, Daenerys, and her wet nurse from the nursery and sailed for the [[Braavosian coast]], and the children subsequently lived in exile in the [[Free Cities]].{{Ref|agot|3}} While Stannis was successful in leading the [[assault on Dragonstone]], Robert scorned him for allowing Willem and the children to escape.{{Ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
In the aftermath, House Targaryen was displaced and most of its members wiped out, with only two survivors who fled into exile across the sea. Robert Baratheon took the Iron Throne and made Jon Arryn his Hand. As Lyanna Stark had died after her abduction, he married [[Cersei Lannister]] instead. Arryn negotiated a truce with [[Dorne]], and the Seven Kingdoms confirmed Robert as king.  
 
  
==References and sources==
+
===Establishment of Baratheon Dynasty===
{{references|3}}
+
Following the conclusion of the rebellion, [[Robert I Baratheon]] was successfully installed as the new [[Lord of the Seven Kingdoms]]. Robert named his foster father, [[Jon Arryn]], as his [[Hand of the King]], and he named his middle brother, [[Stannis Baratheon|Stannis]], as [[Lord of Dragonstone]].{{ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
{{EnWP|War of the Usurper|small=yes}}
 
  
 +
Robert had no wish to marry following the death of his betrothed, [[Lyanna Stark]], but Jon convinced him otherwise by informing Robert that the realm was in need of an heir. Jon suggested Lord [[Tywin Lannister]]'s daughter, [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], as the marriage would ensure Tywin's support, should [[Viserys Targaryen]] ever attempt to win his throne back.{{Ref|AGOT|30}} Robert and Cersei married in {{Date|284}}.<ref>''See the calculation for [[Years after Aegon's Conquest/Calculations Events#Cersei Lannister's wedding to Robert I Baratheon|Cersei Lannister's wedding to Robert I Baratheon]].''</ref> Maester [[Yandel]] described the marriage as Robert's "first act" as king.{{Ref|twoiaf| The Glorious Reign}}
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 +
===Rumored Dornish Resistance===
 +
The deaths of Princess [[Elia Martell]] and her two young children, [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]] and [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon Targaryen]], infuriated [[House Martell]]. Prince [[Oberyn Martell]], Elia's younger brother, attempted to raise [[Dorne]] for the exiled Viserys. Messages were sent by both raven and messenger, though their contents have remained a secret.{{Ref|ASOS|53}} [[Jon Arryn]], the [[Hand of the King]], went to Dorne the year after the rebellion,{{Ref|ASOS|38}} returned the bones of Prince [[Lewyn Martell]], and sat down with [[Doran Martell]], the [[Prince of Dorne]] and the older brother of Elia and Oberyn. During his stay in [[Sunspear]], Jon was "questioned closely" regarding the fates of Elia and her children,{{Ref|ASOS|38}} and a hundred others were questioned as well.{{Ref|ASOS|38}} While all talk of war ended in Dorne after Jon's visit,{{ref|ASOS|53}} Doran continued to plot a Targaryen restoration in secret,{{Ref|AFFC|41}} working closely together with Oberyn.{{Ref|ADWD|38}}
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 +
==Houses by Allegiance==
 +
While not every house supporting the loyalists and the rebels respectively is known, this list provides an overview of the loyalties that have been revealed thus far.
 +
While it is known that the houses in the [[riverlands]], the [[Vale of Arryn|Vale]], and the [[stormlands]] were divided between the loyalists and rebels in their loyalties, no mention has been made regarding any divided loyalties in [[Dorne]], the [[Reach]], and the [[north]]. Nonetheless, this list presents only houses specifically mentioned by name to have supported a side in the war.
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 +
===Loyalists===
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{{Columns|2|
 +
'''From the Crownlands'''
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*[[House Boggs]]{{ref|AFFC|20}}
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*[[House Brune]]{{ref|AFFC|20}}
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*[[House Crabb]]{{ref|AFFC|20}}
 +
*[[House Targaryen]]{{Ref|agot|2}}
 +
 +
'''From the Stormlands'''
 +
*[[House Cafferen]] (switched sides){{ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}{{Ref|ASOS|54}}
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*[[House Connington]] (both sides){{Ref|ASOS|29}}
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*[[House Fell]] (switched sides){{ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}{{Ref|ASOS|54}}
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*[[House Grandison]] (switched sides){{ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}{{Ref|ASOS|54}}
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 +
'''From the Riverlands'''
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*[[House Darry]]{{Ref|AGOT|16}}{{Ref|AGOT|28}}
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*[[House Goodbrook]]{{Ref|ASOS|43}}
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*[[House Lychester]] (both sides){{ref|ASOS|22}}
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*[[House Mooton]] {{Ref|AGOT|28}}
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*[[House Ryger]]{{Ref|AGOT|28}}
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'''From the Vale'''
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*[[House Corbray]] (switched sides){{ref|AFFC|23}}
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*[[House Grafton]] (switched sides){{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion}}{{Ref|adwd|9}}
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'''From Dorne'''
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*[[House Martell]]{{Ref|ASOS|37}}
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'''From the Reach'''
 +
*[[House Hightower]]{{ref|ACOK|12}}
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*[[House Merryweather]]{{ref|AFFC|27}}
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*[[House Redwyne]]{{Ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
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*[[House Rowan]]{{Ref|ACOK|33}}
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*[[House Tarly]]{{Ref|ASOS|36}}{{Ref|ASOS|78}}
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*[[House Tyrell]]{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Reach: House Tyrell}}{{Ref|ACOK|Prologue}}
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}}
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===Rebels===
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{{Columns|2|
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'''From the North'''
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*[[House Bolton]]{{Ref|agot|33}}
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*[[House Cassel]]{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
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*[[House Dustin]]{{Ref|ADWD|41}}
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*[[House Glover]]{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
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*[[House Karstark]]{{ref|ASOS|20}}
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*[[House Manderly]]{{Ref|ADWD|29}}
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*[[House Mormont]]{{Ref|ASOS|23}}{{Ref|ASOS|57}}
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*[[House Reed]]{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
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*[[House Ryswell]]{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
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*[[House Stark]]{{Ref|AGOT|2}}{{Ref|AGOT|33}}
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*[[House Umber]]{{Ref|ADWD|17}}
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*[[House Wull]]{{Ref|AGOT|39}}
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'''From the Vale'''
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*[[House Arryn]]{{Ref|AGOT|2}}
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*[[House Corbray]] (formerly loyalists){{ref|AFFC|23}}
 +
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'''From the Stormlands'''
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*[[House Baratheon]]{{Ref|AGOT|2}}{{Ref|AGOT|33}}
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*[[House Cafferen]] (formerly loyalists){{Ref|ASOS|36}}
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*[[House Connington]] (both sides){{Ref|AFFC|27}}
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*[[House Fell]] (formerly loyalists){{Ref|ASOS|36}}
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*[[House Grandison]] (formerly loyalists){{Ref|ASOS|36}}
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'''From the Riverlands'''
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*[[House Frey]] (after the Battle of the Trident){{Ref|AGOT|28}}
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*[[House Lychester]] (both sides){{ref|ASOS|22}}
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*[[House Mallister]]{{Ref|AGOT|29}}
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*[[House Tully]]{{Ref|ADWD|61}}{{Ref|ASOS|43}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Riverlands: House Tully}}
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'''Others'''
 +
*[[House Greyjoy]] (after the Battle of the Trident){{Ref|TWOIAF| The Iron Islands: The Old Way and the New}}
 +
*[[House Lannister]] (after the Battle of the Trident){{Ref|AGOT|12}}
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}}
 +
==Quotes==
 +
{{quote|There are still those in the [[Seven Kingdoms]] who call me [[Usurper]]. Do you forget how many houses fought for [[Aerys II Targaryen|Targaryen]] in the war? They bide their time for now, but give them half a chance, they will murder me in my bed, and my sons with me.{{ref|AGOT|12}}|[[Robert I Baratheon]] to [[Eddard Stark]]}}
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{{quote|[[Robert I Baratheon|Robert]] was betrothed to marry her, but Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]] carried her off and raped her. Robert fought a war to win her back. He killed Rhaegar on the [[Battle of the Trident|Trident]] with his hammer, but [[Lyanna Stark|Lyanna]] died and he never got her back at all.{{ref|AGOT|66}}|[[Bran Stark]] to [[Osha]]}}
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{{quote|[[Robert I Baratheon|Robert Baratheon]] led the rebellion. All commands came from him, in the end.{{ref|ACOK|17}}|[[Tyrion Lannister]] to [[Varys]]}}
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{{Quote|Once [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]] died, the war was done.{{ref|aCoK|25}}|[[Pycelle]] to [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|And so ended both the reign of [[House Targaryen]] and Robert's Rebellion—the war that put an end to nearly three hundred years of Targaryen rule and ushered in a new golden era under the auspices of [[House Baratheon of King's Landing|House Baratheon]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| The Fall of the Dragons: The End}}|writings of [[Yandel]]}}
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==References==
 +
{{references|2}}
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{{Wars in Westeros}}
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{{Robert's Rebellion}}
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[[Category:Robert's Rebellion| ]]
 
[[Category:Wars]]
 
[[Category:Wars]]
[[fr:Rébellion de Robert Baratheon]][[ru:Восстание Баратеона]]
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[[Category:Westeros]]
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[[Category:House Arryn wars]]
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[[Category:House Baratheon wars]]
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[[Category:House Boggs wars]]
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[[Category:House Bolton wars]]
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[[Category:House Brune of Brownhollow wars]]
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[[Category:House Brune of the Dyre Den wars]]
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[[Category:House Cafferen wars]]
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[[Category:House Cassel wars]]
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[[Category:House Chester wars]]
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[[Category:House Clegane wars]]
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[[Category:House Connington wars]]
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[[Category:House Corbray wars]]
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[[Category:House Crabb wars]]
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[[Category:House Crakehall wars]]
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[[Category:House Darry wars]]
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[[Category:House Dayne wars]]
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[[Category:House Dustin wars]]
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[[Category:House Fell wars]]
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[[Category:House Frey wars]]
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[[Category:House Glover wars]]
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[[Category:House Goodbrook wars]]
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[[Category:House Grafton wars]]
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[[Category:House Hewett wars]]
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[[Category:House Lorch wars]]
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[[Category:House Mallister wars]]
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[[Category:House Manderly wars]]
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[[Category:House Martell wars]]
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[[Category:House Mooton wars]]
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[[Category:House Redwyne wars]]
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[[Category:House Ryswell wars]]
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[[Category:House Selmy wars]]
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[[Category:House Serry wars]]
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[[Category:House Stark wars]]
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[[Category:House Targaryen wars]]
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[[Category:House Tarly wars]]
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[[Category:House Thorne wars]]
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[[Category:House Tully wars]]
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[[Category:House Tyrell wars]]
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[[Category:House Umber wars]]
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[[Category:House Whent wars]]
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[[Category:House Westerling wars]]
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[[Category:House Wull wars]]
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[[Category:House Wylde wars]]
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[[es:Rebelión de Robert]]
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[[fa:قیام رابرت]]
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[[fr:Rébellion de Robert Baratheon]]
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[[ru:Восстание Баратеона]]

Latest revision as of 16:07, 23 June 2019

Robert's Rebellion
Roberts Rebellion.jpg
Date 282 AC - 283 AC
Location Westeros
Battles Taking of Gulltown
Battles at Summerhall
Battle of Ashford
Battle of the Bells
Battle of the Trident
Battle at the Mander
Sack of King's Landing
Siege of Storm's End
Tower of joy
Assault on Dragonstone
Result Victory for the rebels, the end of the Targaryen dynasty, and the start of the Baratheon dynasty
Belligerents
Iron Throne:/House Targaryen and royalist housesRebels
Notable commanders
Gulltown
Marq Grafton

Summerhall

Lord Fell
Lord Cafferen
Lord Grandison

Ashford

Randyll Tarly

Storm's End

Mace Tyrell
Paxter Redwyne

Stoney Sept

Jon Connington




The Trident

Rhaegar Targaryen
Barristan Selmy
Lewyn Martell
Jonothor Darry





King's Landing

Aerys II Targaryen
Rossart
Jaime Lannister

Storm's End

Mace Tyrell
Paxter Redwyne

Tower of joy

Gerold Hightower
Gulltown
Jon Arryn


Summerhall

Robert Baratheon



Ashford

Robert Baratheon

Storm's End

Stannis Baratheon


Stoney Sept

Eddard Stark
Robert Baratheon
Jon Arryn
Hoster Tully

The Trident

Robert Baratheon
Jon Arryn
Eddard Stark
Hoster Tully

The Mander

Quellon Greyjoy

King's Landing

Tywin Lannister
Jaime Lannister (changed side)
Eddard Stark (aftermath)

Storm's End

Eddard Stark


Tower of joy

Eddard Stark

Dragonstone

Stannis Baratheon
Strength
Trident: 40,000
King's Landing: several thousand[1]
Trident: less than 40,000 King's Landing: 12,000 (westerlands)[1]

Robert's Rebellion,[2][3][4][5] also known as the War of the Usurper,[5] was a rebellion against House Targaryen, primarily instigated by Eddard Stark, Jon Arryn, and Robert Baratheon, for whom it is named. It lasted "close to a year"[1] and resulted in the end of the Targaryen dynasty in the Seven Kingdoms and the beginning of Robert Baratheon's reign.

Prelude

Tourney at Harrenhal

In 281 AC, a grand tourney was held by Lord Walter Whent at Harrenhal.[6] Many nobles from all over the Seven Kingdoms came to the riverlands to take part in the festivities. Amongst them were the heir to Winterfell, Brandon Stark, and his younger siblings, Eddard, Lyanna and Benjen.[7]

The most prominent visitor of the tourney was King Aerys II Targaryen, however. Aerys had not left the Red Keep for many years, ever since his half-year capture during the Defiance of Duskendale in 277 AC,[8] but he was inspired to come to the tourney by words from his master of whisperers, the eunuch Varys.[9]

The tourney was cause for great celebration, as spring had come to Westeros, or so men thought.[10] In addition, all of the Kingsguard had gathered to welcome their newest member, Ser Jaime Lannister. However, the tourney's ending was less joyful. After winning the final tilt, Prince Rhaegar Targaryen was to crown the new queen of love and beauty. Instead of crowning his wife, the Dornish princess Elia Martell, Rhaegar rode past her and crowned Lyanna Stark of Winterfell instead. Eddard Stark would later recall this moment as "the moment when all smiles died".[6]

Abduction of Lyanna Stark

At the coming of the near year, Lyanna Stark was abducted by Prince Rhaegar Targaryen near Harrenhal.[11] Her brother, Brandon Stark, was on his way to Riverrun to wed Catelyn Tully, when the news reached him. Brandon rode at once to King's Landing with his companions: Ethan Glover, Brandon's squire, Elbert Arryn, nephew to Lord Jon Arryn and the heir of the Eyrie, Kyle Royce, and Jeffory Mallister.[12] Brandon rode for the Red Keep, and outside its gates, unaware that Rhaegar was not present, shouted for him to come out and die. King Aerys II had them all arrested for plotting the murder of the crown prince, and summoned the fathers of all those who stood accused to court.[12] Lord Rickard Stark, who had been on his way south with the wedding party for Brandon's wedding,[13] went to King's Landing with two hundred men.[14] None of them returned north. In King's Landing, all of those who stood accused were executed,[14] with the sole exception of Ethan Glover.[15]

King Aerys did allow for trials, of a sort. Lord Rickard Stark demanded a trial by battle, and the king granted his request. Rickard dressed for battle, but Aerys declared fire to be the champion of House Targaryen. He had Rickard suspended from the rafters in the throne room, where his pyromancers, Rossart amongst them, kindled a blaze beneath the Lord of Winterfell. Brandon Stark was brought in as well, and placed in a Tyroshi strangling device, while a longsword was placed just outside his reach. Brandon was allowed to try and free his father, but the more he struggled to reach the sword, the tighter the cord around his neck became. Brandon strangled himself in an attempt to reach the sword and save his father, while Lord Rickard cooked in his armor.[12]

Next, Aerys demanded that Lord Jon Arryn send him the heads of Lord Robert Baratheon of Storm's End, Lyanna's betrothed,[16] and Eddard Stark, now the Lord of Winterfell after the deaths of his father and older brother.[17][18] Robert and Eddard were Jon's wards at the Eyrie, however, and Jon instead raised his banners in revolt.[17] This act is seen as the start of the war,[18] which would last "close to a year".[1]

The Rebellion

Overview of the war: 1 Summerhall, 2 Ashford, 3 Battle of the Bells, 4 The Trident, 5 King's Landing, 6 Storm's End. The colors represent faction amies: Baratheon. Stark. Tyrell. Lannister. Targaryen.

Taking of Gulltown

Fighting began in the Vale of Arryn. Though Jon Arryn called for all his banners, not all of his bannermen sided with him.[18] There were those who sided with the king, chief among them Marq Grafton. Grafton called the other loyalists to aid him in barring the rebels from entering the port of Gulltown.[19] With the port blocked, Eddard Stark decided to make his own way back to the north by crossing the Mountains of the Moon to the Fingers, where he would need to find a fisherman to carry him across the Bite.[19] Once north, Eddard could call his banners.

Gulltown's defenses eventually fell after an unknown amount of time, with Robert Baratheon slaying Marq Grafton in the taking of Gulltown.[19] Robert sailed to Storm's End to call his own banners as well.[1][18]

Battles at Summerhall

Just as not all the lords in the Vale had sided with Jon Arryn, not all the lords in the stormlands sided with Robert Baratheon. The first major battle in the stormlands took place at Summerhall. They were three battles (1 on the map), in truth, all fought on one day. Lords Grandison, Cafferen, and Fell had gathered their hosts and planned to join forces at Summerhall. From there, they would march on Storm's End. However, thanks to an informer, Robert learned of their plans and rode with his knights and squires to Summerhall, where he attacked each host in turn.[20] Robert killed Lord Fell in battle.[20]

Lord Cafferen and Grandison,[21] as well as Lord Fell's son, Silveraxe,[18] were taken captive and brought to Storm's End when Robert's returned there after the battles, for unknown reasons.[21] There, Robert turned his enemies into friends, as both Lords Grandison and Cafferen, as well as Silveraxe would later be loyal to Robert.[20][21]

Following his victory at Summerhall, Robert was now free to march north, to join up with Jon Arryn and the northmen.[18]

Battle of Ashford

The next major battle was the Battle of Ashford[22] (2 on the map). Robert marched out again, leaving his younger brother Stannis Baratheon in charge of Storm's End. At Ashford, Lord Randyll Tarly fell upon Robert's forces. Lord Randyll was the first of the loyalists to arrive, and with his van defeated Robert's forces before Lord Mace Tyrell could arrive with the main force from the Reach.[23] Despite the fact that it had been Randyll's victory, Mace Tyrell has taken the credit for the victory.[20][22][23][24] The battle is considered to have been indecisive.[23]

During the battle, Lord Cafferen was cut down by Randyll Tarly, who sent his head to King Aerys II.[24] Robert managed to escape capture with the bulk of his forces, to join his strength with Lord Eddard Stark and Lord Jon Arryn.[25] Following the battle, Mace Tyrell marched on Storm's End and laid siege to the castle (6 on the map).[22] This siege would last "close to a year".[26]

King Aerys, due to the events in the stormlands, came to believe that his Hand of the King, Lord Owen Merryweather, was ineffectual. The king was even considering that Merryweather might have been so ineffectual as to possibly aid the rebellion.[27] In result, Owen was stripped of his lands and titles, and exiled.[28] Lord Jon Connington, a friend of Rhaegar's with a reputation of a warrior, was named as Hand in Owen's stead.[27]

Battle of the Bells

Eddard Stark had managed to reach Winterfell, where he called his banners. He marched south with his forces, and joined up with Lord Jon Arryn. Together, they negotiated with Lord Hoster Tully, the Lord of Riverrun, for his support.[29]

Lord Jon Connington led a mighty army into the field. The forces he commanded gave chase, and Robert's march became a grueling one.[25] Robert, wounded through unknown means, and all alone,[30][31] eventually took refuge at Stoney Sept,[30] which would become the site of the Battle of the Bells[30][32][33] (3 on the map), the first major battle known to have taken place in 283 AC. Jon Connington's forces took the town by force and began to search every house. The residents of the town were actively helping Robert however, and despite the search, the offered pardons and rewards, the threats and the hostages Connington took and hung in crow cages, they could not find Robert.[30][31]

Battle began when Lords Stark and Tully arrived with a rebel army. The soldiers fought in the streets and alleys and on the rooftops, and the septons rang the bells to warn the residents to lock their doors.[30] Battle was fierce, and Jon Connington managed to wound Hoster Tully and kill Jon Arryn's cousin, Ser Denys Arryn.[30] Eventually, Robert Baratheon came out of the Peach, the brothel in which he had been hiding, and fought with Connington, almost killing him.[31]

Suspicious of the loss at the Stoney Sept, King Aerys exiled Jon Connington, stripping him of his titles.[31] Aerys began to realize that Robert was the greatest threat to his dynasty since Daemon I Blackfyre, and he named Lord Qarlton Chelsted as his Hand of the King in Connington's stead. Ser Jonothor Darry and Ser Barristan Selmy of the Kingsguard were sent to rally Connington's men, while their Lord Commander, Ser Gerold Hightower, was sent by King Aerys to find Rhaegar Targaryen.[34] The crown prince finally returned from the south and convinced Aerys to ask Tywin Lannister for help,[33] just as the rebels had or would do, at one point.[1] Additionally, Aerys commanded his alchemists to place caches of wildfire on multiple locations in King's Landing.[33]

With both Elbert Arryn and Denys Arryn now dead, Jon Arryn was in need of an heir. Hoster Tully swiftly betrothed his daughter, Lysa, who had previously proven fertile, to Jon.[2][17] In a double ceremony at Riverrun, Eddard Stark and Jon Arryn married Hoster's daughters, Catelyn and Lysa, respectively.[16] Amongst those present at the wedding was Robert.[25]

Battle of the Trident

The Battle of the Trident as depicted by Justin Sweet in The World of Ice & Fire.

After at first refusing to send aid to Aerys, both due to his caution as well as due to his anger over Elia's treatment,[35] Prince Doran Martell agreed to send ten thousand Dornishmen to strengthen the army Prince Rhaegar Targaryen was gathering.[33] King Aerys sent Prince Lewyn Martell, Doran's uncle, to take command of these forces, but also threatened him by stating that he held Princess Elia Martell, Prince Rhaegar's wife, and their two young children, Rhaenys and Aegon, hostage.[33]

The Battle of the Trident (4 on the map) was the decisive battle in the war. Fought in 283 AC[36] between the loyalist and rebels, the battle took place at a place known as the ruby ford since the battle, located on the northern bank of the Trident,[37] where Rhaegar tried to cross the river.[38] The loyalists had forty thousand men,[39] while the army of the rebels numbered fewer men, who were more battle hardened.[18] Rhaegar and Lord Robert Baratheon met in single combat with the battle raging on all around them.[16] Rhaegar managed to wound Robert[1] before Robert killed Rhaegar with a blow to the chest from his warhammer.[16] Eventually, the Targaryen host broke and ran.[1]

Around the time the Battle of the Trident was fought, Robert proclaimed his intention to claim the Iron Throne.[40] Out of all three leaders of the rebellion, Robert had the better claim,[41] due to the fact that his grandmother had been Princess Rhaelle Targaryen, the youngest daughter of King Aegon V Targaryen.[42] To justify Robert's claim, the maesters would later use his bloodties to House Targaryen,[43] though it was conquest which won him the throne.

Because Robert had taken a wound from Rhaegar during battle, he gave the pursuit of the remnants of the Targaryen army to Eddard Stark. Eddard followed the remnants of the army back to King's Landing, where the Red Keep was being held by several thousand loyalists.[1]

Battle at the Mander

Quellon Greyjoy, Lord of the Iron Islands, desired neutrality for the ironborn during the war. After Pyke was informed of Rhaegar's death, however, Quellon was convinced by his eldest sons—Balon, Euron, and Victarion—to join the rebels as soon as possible or else lose all chance at spoils. Since it was still unknown whether House Lannister of Casterly Rock would side with the loyalists or the rebels, most of the ironmen's fleet remained at home, while Quellon led fifty longships in attacking the Reach.[44]

The Greyjoys captured some ships and raided some towns and villages. They were intercepted by the longships of the Shield Islands, however, at the mouth of the Mander. After Lord Quellon was slain in the battle at the Mander, his heir, Balon, led the remaining ironmen back to the Iron Islands, having accomplished little.[44]

Sack of King's Landing

Ned finds Jaime seated on the Iron Throne by Amok©

Already prior to the Battle of the Trident, King Aerys had been preparing his wildfire plot. His Hand of the King, Lord Qarlton Chelsted, however, eventually became suspicious of the frequency with which the pyromancers visited the king. When he discovered the king's wildfire plot, he attempted to change the king's mind, and when nothing worked, he choose to resign his position. For this, Aerys had him burned alive.[33] Following the Trident, Aerys named Rossart, his favorite pyromancer,[33] as his new Hand of the King.[45] He would only be Hand for a fortnight.[33] Meanwhile, Aerys sent his wife, Queen Rhaella, and his new heir, their second son, Prince Viserys, to Dragonstone for safety, where they would have the protection of, amongst others, Ser Willem Darry, the master-at-arms of the Red Keep, and royal fleet.[15][46] Aerys refused to allow Rhaegar's wife, Princess Elia Martell, and their children Rhaenys and Aegon, to leave the city, keeping them by his side instead.[33]

While the Trident is seen by many as the decisive battle of the war, the capital remained untaken until the Sack of King's Landing[28][46] (5 on the map) in 283 AC,[47] the last major battle of the war. Because Robert Baratheon had been injured in battle, Lord Eddard Stark and his army pursued the remnants of Rhaegar's army, who had fled back to the capital. Lord Tywin Lannister, who had refused calls to arms from both the loyalists and the rebels until that point,[1] appeared at the gates of King's Landing with an army of twelve thousand men,[1] mere hours before Eddard Stark would arrive.[1] Lord Tywin professed his loyalty to King Aerys, and while Lord Varys counseled Aerys to keep the gates locked, the king chose to listen to Grand Maester Pycelle and open the gates to Tywin's men. Once inside, the forces from the westerlands began to sack the city.[33]

Upon the realization that all was lost, Aerys ordered Rossart to ignite the wildfire caches throughout the city, wishing to leave Robert nothing but “ashes and bones”. He ordered Ser Jaime Lannister, Lord Tywin’s eldest son and the only knight of his Kingsguard present in the city, to kill Tywin and bring his head to Aerys. Instead, Jaime killed Rossart, and upon the realization that Aerys would simply give the order to burn the city down to another pyromancer, returned to the Red Keep and murdered Aerys himself in the throne room, mere seconds before soldiers from the westerlands entered.

Meanwhile, Ser Gregor Clegane and Ser Amory Lorch had entered Maegor's Holdfast to deal with the rest of the royal family, to secure the throne for Robert, and to prove that House Lannister had forsaken the Targaryens forever. Gregor killed Prince Aegon Targaryen, Rhaegar's son and heir in front of the child's mother, Princess Elia Martell, and then raped and murdered Elia herself with Aegon's blood and brains still on his hands. Amory dragged Princess Rhaenys Targaryen from under her father's bed and killed her, stabbing her half a hundred times.

When Eddard Stark arrived in the city, he found Jaime seated on the Iron Throne and Aerys's corpse slumped below it.[46] Robert Baratheon arrived in the city at a later point, upon which he was presented with the bodies of Elia, Rhaenys and Aegon by Lord Tywin. Robert was pleased by these deaths, but Eddard called it murder of children. This resulted in an argument between Eddard and Robert, and Eddard rode out alone in anger to fight the final battles of the war in the south.[1]

In the days that followed the Sack of King's Landing, Jaime Lannister sought out and killed Garigus and Belis, the remaining two pyromancers aware of the wildfire plot.[33]

Aftermath

While Robert's Rebellion is considered to have ended at the Sack of King's Landing,[45] not all battles were fought. In the south, the siege of Storm's End continued, while Lyanna Stark was still missing.

End of the Siege of Storm's End

The siege of Storm's End (6 on the map) had begun after the Battle of Ashford.[22] Lord Mace Tyrell had led his forces to Storm's End, where they had laid siege to the castle for the better part of a year. Storm's End was being held by Stannis Baratheon, the younger brother of Robert Baratheon. While the castle garrison was starving and ate rats to survive,[48] the forces of the Reach feasted in sight of the castle.[26] A smuggler named Davos managed to sail past the blockade of the Redwyne fleet and sold his cargo of onions and fish to the residents of Storm's End,[26] thereby preventing them from resorting to cannibalism.[48] The new food supply allowed Storm's End to hold out long enough until Eddard Stark arrived from King's Landing to lift the siege. The lords of the Reach were quick to dip their banners.[15]

Combat at the Tower of Joy

Tower of joy, by Henning Ludvigsen, FFG©.
Note: The bottom image is the original version, but was redone to make the top image, which features the red mountains of Dorne.

After lifting the siege at Storm's End, Lord Eddard Stark rode further south with six companions: Howland Reed, Lord Willam Dustin, Ethan Glover, Martyn Cassel, Theo Wull, and Ser Mark Ryswell.[15] According to a semi-canon source, Ned's army did not accompany him south to Dorne.[35]

Near the Red Mountains of Dorne, they found three knights of Aerys II's Kingsguard, Ser Arthur Dayne, Ser Oswell Whent, and the Lord Commander, Ser Gerold Hightower.[15] They were guarding a tower which Rhaegar is said to have named the tower of joy. The northmen and Kingsguard fought, with only Eddard and Howland surviving the combat at the tower of joy.[15] Inside the tower, Eddard found his sister, Lyanna Stark, who extracted a promise from Eddard, and Lyanna died shortly after with her brother by her side.[16] Eddard later tore down the tower, so he could use the stones to make cairns for the eight dead men.[15]

Afterwards, Eddard travelled further south, to Starfall, where he delivered the famed sword Dawn, which had been in the possession of the Sword of the Morning, to Arthur's sister, Lady Ashara Dayne.[49][50] The woman jumped into the sea to her death.[51]

Assault on Dragonstone

In between the Battle of the Trident and the Sack of King's Landing, Queen Rhaella Targaryen and her son and Aerys's new heir, Prince Viserys Targaryen, had been sent to the island of Dragonstone[33][45] with the Red Keep's master-at-arms, Ser Willem Darry.[15] There, Viserys was crowned by his mother,[52] while on the mainland, Stannis Baratheon began constructing a new royal fleet to lead an assault on Dragonstone.[26]

In 284 AC, nine months after the flight to Dragonstone,[46] Rhaella died giving birth to Princess Daenerys Targaryen during a great storm that destroyed the Targaryen fleet at anchor at the island.[46] With most of the Targaryen fleet destroyed, and with the Baratheon fleet ready to take Dragonstone, the household of the last Targaryen stronghold was willing to sell the children to the new king, Robert I Baratheon. Shortly before Stannis sailed to Dragonstone, however, Willem Darry and four loyal men smuggled Viserys, Daenerys, and her wet nurse from the nursery and sailed for the Braavosian coast, and the children subsequently lived in exile in the Free Cities.[46] While Stannis was successful in leading the assault on Dragonstone, Robert scorned him for allowing Willem and the children to escape.[26]

Establishment of Baratheon Dynasty

Following the conclusion of the rebellion, Robert I Baratheon was successfully installed as the new Lord of the Seven Kingdoms. Robert named his foster father, Jon Arryn, as his Hand of the King, and he named his middle brother, Stannis, as Lord of Dragonstone.[26]

Robert had no wish to marry following the death of his betrothed, Lyanna Stark, but Jon convinced him otherwise by informing Robert that the realm was in need of an heir. Jon suggested Lord Tywin Lannister's daughter, Cersei, as the marriage would ensure Tywin's support, should Viserys Targaryen ever attempt to win his throne back.[41] Robert and Cersei married in 284 AC.[53] Maester Yandel described the marriage as Robert's "first act" as king.[54]

Rumored Dornish Resistance

The deaths of Princess Elia Martell and her two young children, Rhaenys and Aegon Targaryen, infuriated House Martell. Prince Oberyn Martell, Elia's younger brother, attempted to raise Dorne for the exiled Viserys. Messages were sent by both raven and messenger, though their contents have remained a secret.[55] Jon Arryn, the Hand of the King, went to Dorne the year after the rebellion,[56] returned the bones of Prince Lewyn Martell, and sat down with Doran Martell, the Prince of Dorne and the older brother of Elia and Oberyn. During his stay in Sunspear, Jon was "questioned closely" regarding the fates of Elia and her children,[56] and a hundred others were questioned as well.[56] While all talk of war ended in Dorne after Jon's visit,[55] Doran continued to plot a Targaryen restoration in secret,[57] working closely together with Oberyn.[58]

Houses by Allegiance

While not every house supporting the loyalists and the rebels respectively is known, this list provides an overview of the loyalties that have been revealed thus far. While it is known that the houses in the riverlands, the Vale, and the stormlands were divided between the loyalists and rebels in their loyalties, no mention has been made regarding any divided loyalties in Dorne, the Reach, and the north. Nonetheless, this list presents only houses specifically mentioned by name to have supported a side in the war.

Loyalists

Rebels


From the North

From the Vale

From the Stormlands

From the Riverlands

Others

Quotes

There are still those in the Seven Kingdoms who call me Usurper. Do you forget how many houses fought for Targaryen in the war? They bide their time for now, but give them half a chance, they will murder me in my bed, and my sons with me.[1]

Robert was betrothed to marry her, but Prince Rhaegar carried her off and raped her. Robert fought a war to win her back. He killed Rhaegar on the Trident with his hammer, but Lyanna died and he never got her back at all.[74]

Robert Baratheon led the rebellion. All commands came from him, in the end.[75]

Once Rhaegar died, the war was done.[76]

And so ended both the reign of House Targaryen and Robert's Rebellion—the war that put an end to nearly three hundred years of Targaryen rule and ushered in a new golden era under the auspices of House Baratheon.[45]

—writings of Yandel

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 12, Eddard II.
  2. 2.0 2.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 2, Catelyn I.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 22, Arya IV.
  4. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
  5. 5.0 5.1 So Spake Martin: The Siege of Storm's End (July 18, 1999)
  6. 6.0 6.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
  7. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 24, Bran II.
  8. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  9. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 67, The Kingbreaker.
  10. 281 AC is called "the year of the false spring", showing that it had been winter previously. The term "false spring" shows that the warmer weather had only been for a short period of time, and that winter weather thus returned shortly thereafter.
  11. The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 55, Catelyn VII.
  13. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Catelyn Tully.
  14. 14.0 14.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 53, Bran VI.
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 39, Eddard X.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 4, Eddard I.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 2, Catelyn I.
  18. 18.00 18.01 18.02 18.03 18.04 18.05 18.06 18.07 18.08 18.09 18.10 The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 9, Davos I.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 54, Davos V.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos IV.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: House Tyrell.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 78, Samwell V.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Robert Baratheon.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
  27. 27.0 27.1 So Spake Martin: Young Lord Connington (August 25, 2000)
  28. 28.0 28.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 3, Tyrion I.
  29. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Hoster Tully.
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 30.6 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 29, Arya V.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 61, The Griffin Reborn.
  32. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 1, Jaime I.
  33. 33.00 33.01 33.02 33.03 33.04 33.05 33.06 33.07 33.08 33.09 33.10 33.11 33.12 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 37, Jaime V.
  34. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Rhaegar Targaryen.
  35. 35.0 35.1 So Spake Martin: The Baratheon Brothers (September 11, 1999)
  36. A Forum of Ice and Fire: TWOIAF Spoilers Inconsistency or Intentional?: Earlier editions of The World of Ice and Fire erroneously state 282 AC in "The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion"
  37. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 15, Sansa I.
  38. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 28, Bran IV.
  39. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 36, Daenerys IV.
  40. So Spake Martin: US Signing Tour (Huntington Beach, CA) (November 19, 2005)
  41. 41.0 41.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 30, Eddard VII.
  42. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 35, Samwell IV.
  43. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 22, Catelyn II.
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: The Old Way and the New.
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The End.
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
  47. A Dance with Dragons, Appendix.
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 33, Catelyn IV.
  49. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 6, Catelyn II.
  50. The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: The Andals Arrive.
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 43, Arya VIII.
  52. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Viserys Targaryen.
  53. See the calculation for Cersei Lannister's wedding to Robert I Baratheon.
  54. The World of Ice & Fire, The Glorious Reign.
  55. 55.0 55.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
  57. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 41, Alayne II.
  58. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 38, The Watcher.
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 20, Brienne IV.
  60. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 16, Eddard III.
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 28, Catelyn V.
  62. 62.0 62.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 23, Alayne I.
  63. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 12, Daenerys I.
  64. 64.0 64.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 27, Jaime III.
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 33, Eddard VIII.
  66. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 41, The Turncloak.
  67. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 20, Catelyn III.
  68. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 29, Davos IV.
  69. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 23, Daenerys II.
  70. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 57, Daenerys V.
  71. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 17, Jon IV.
  72. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 29, Sansa II.
  73. The World of Ice & Fire, The Riverlands: House Tully.
  74. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 66, Bran VII.
  75. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 17, Tyrion IV.
  76. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 25, Tyrion VI.