Difference between revisions of "Tywin Lannister"

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{{Infobox character
 
{{Infobox character
| Character_name = [[File:House_Lannister.png|50px|left]] [[File:House_Lannister.png|50px|right]] '''Tywin Lannister'''
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| Character_name = [[File:House_Lannister.svg|50px|left]] Tywin Lannister [[File:House_Lannister.svg|50px|right]]
| image          = [[Image:Tywin.jpg|350px]]
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| image          = [[File:Brittmartin TywinL.jpg|300px]]
| image_caption  = Portrait by Amoka©
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| image_caption  = Tywin Lannister - by BrittMartin
| Alias          = The Lion of Lannister<br>The Old Lion
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| Alias          = The Lion of Lannister<br>The Old Lion<br>The Great Lion of the Rock
| Title          = Lord of [[Casterly Rock]]<br>Shield of [[Lannisport]]<br>[[Warden of the West]]<br>[[Hand of the King]]<br>Savior of the City <small>(of King's Landing)</small>
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| Title          = [[Lord of Casterly Rock]]{{Ref|AGOT|56}}<br>[[Shield of Lannisport]]{{Ref|AGOT|56}}<br>[[Warden of the West]]{{Ref|AGOT|56}}<br>[[Hand of the King]]{{Ref|AGOT|56}}<br>[[Savior of the City]] <small>(of King's Landing)</small>{{Ref|ACOK|65}}<br>[[Knight|Ser]]{{Ref|TWOIAF|The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}}
 
| Allegiance    = [[House Lannister]]
 
| Allegiance    = [[House Lannister]]
 
| Race          =
 
| Race          =
| Culture        =
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| Culture        = [[Westermen]]
| Spouse        = [[Joanna Lannister]]
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| Spouse        = Lady [[Joanna Lannister]]{{Ref|AGOT|Appendix}}
| Place_of_Birth =
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| Issue          = [[Cersei Lannister]]{{Ref|AGOT|Appendix}}<br>[[Jaime Lannister]]{{Ref|AGOT|Appendix}}<br>[[Tyrion Lannister]]{{Ref|AGOT|Appendix}}
| Date_of_Birth  = +/- {{Date|242}}
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| Place_of_Birth = [[Casterly Rock]]{{Ref|AWOIAF| Tywin Lannister}}
| Place_of_Death = [[King's Landing]]
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| Date_of_Birth  = {{Date|242}}<ref>''See the [[Years after Aegon's Conquest/Calculations Ages (Continued3)#Tywin Lannister|Tywin Lannister]] calculation.''</ref>
| Date_of_Death  = {{Date|300}}
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| Place_of_Death = [[King's Landing]]{{Ref|ASOS|77}}
| Books          = [[A Game of Thrones]] (Appears)<br>[[A Clash of Kings]] (Appears)<br>[[A Storm of Swords]] (Appears)<br>[[A Feast for Crows]] (Mentioned)<br>[[A Dance with Dragons]] (Mentioned)
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| Date_of_Death  = {{Date|300}}{{Ref|ASOS|77}}
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| Books          = ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[A Game of Thrones]]'' (appears)<br>''[[A Clash of Kings]]'' (appears)<br>''[[A Storm of Swords]]'' (appears)<br>''[[A Feast for Crows]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[A Dance with Dragons]]'' (mentioned)<br>''[[The Winds of Winter]]'' (mentioned)
 
| coat-of-arms  =
 
| coat-of-arms  =
| Played_by      = Charles Dance
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| Played_by      = [[w:Charles Dance|Charles Dance]]
| TV_series      = [[Game of Thrones - Season 1|Season 1]] {{!}} [[Game of Thrones - Season 2|Season 2]] {{!}} [[Game of Thrones - Season 3|Season 3]]
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| TV_series      = [[Game of Thrones - Season 1|Season 1]] {{!}} [[Game of Thrones - Season 2|Season 2]] {{!}} [[Game of Thrones - Season 3|Season 3]]  {{!}} [[Game of Thrones - Season 4|Season 4]]
 
}}
 
}}
[[File:Tywin and Aerys.jpg|thumb|350px|Tywin appointed as [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys II]] [[King's Hand]]]]
 
  
'''Tywin Lannister''' is Lord of Casterly Rock, Shield of Lannisport and [[Warden of the West]]. Tywin is one of the most powerful lords in [[Westeros]]. He is the father of [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]], [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], and [[Tyrion Lannister]]. He loves his children Jaime and Cersei, but despises Tyrion. This is partly because Tyrion is deformed, but also Tywin blames his son for causing his beloved wife [[Joanna Lannister|Joanna]]'s death during his birth, as well as for shaming the family name with his frequent whoring.
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'''Tywin Lannister''' is Lord of [[Casterly Rock]], Shield of [[Lannisport]], and [[Warden of the West]]. The head of [[House Lannister]], Tywin is one of the most powerful lords in [[Westeros]], and is the father of [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]], and [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]]. He loves his children Jaime and Cersei, but despises Tyrion. This is partly because Tyrion is deformed, but also Tywin blames his son for causing his beloved wife [[Joanna Lannister|Joanna]]'s death during his birth, as well as for shaming the family name with his frequent whoring. In the television adaptation ''[[Game of Thrones]]'', Tywin is portrayed by [[w:Charles Dance|Charles Dance]].
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==Appearance and Character==
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{{See also|:Category:Images of Tywin Lannister|l1=Images of Tywin Lannister}}
  
==Character and Appearance==
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Tywin is a tall, slender, broad-shouldered man in his fifties. He has kept his head shaved ever since he started going bald, but grows out bushy golden side-whiskers, and has green eyes flecked with gold. In battle, he wears deep crimson armor highlighted with gold, with a cloth-of-gold cape.{{Ref|AGOT|56}}
Tywin Lannister is a calculating, intelligent, politically astute, ruthless, and controlling man. Tywin Lannister dedicated his whole life and all his efforts into maintaining the Lannisters prestige, ensuring House Lannister was respected or at least feared. He is a proven battle commander and politician and has a very powerful presence combined with an unflinching gaze that can make lesser men swiftly turn away.
 
  
Tywin is a tall, slender, broad-shouldered man in his fifties. He has kept his head shaved ever since he started going bald, but grows out bushy golden side-whiskers and has green eyes flecked with gold. In battle, he wears deep crimson armor highlighted with gold, with a cloth-of-gold cape.{{Ref|aGoT|56}}
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Tywin is a calculating, intelligent, politically astute, ruthless, and controlling man. He dedicates his life and efforts towards maintaining the Lannisters' prestige, and ensuring House Lannister is respected, or at least feared. He is a proven battle commander and politician, and has a very powerful presence combined with an intimidating gaze.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
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===Early life===
 
===Early life===
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[[File:Young-Tywin.jpg|250px|right|thumb|Tywin as a boy with his father Tytos as depicted by Magali Villeneuve in ''[[The World of Ice & Fire]]'']]
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Tywin was the first born of [[Tytos Lannister]] and his wife [[Jeyne Marbrand]]. His early years were formative ones, shaping his mind and resolve for the life that lay ahead of him. Tywin was forced to watch his mighty house nearly brought to ruin through his father's actions. His father while a gentle and amiable man was also weak willed and eager to please, loans went unpaid and his bannermen did what they pleased mocking him in their cups or openly defying him.
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According to [[Genna Lannister]], when Tytos agreed to marry her to [[Emmon Frey]], the second son of Lord [[Walder Frey]], just to please Lord Walder. The betrothal was announced at a feast in {{Date|252}}, with most of the Lords of the West in attendance. Upon the announcement, Lord [[Roger Reyne]] left the hall in anger and [[Ellyn Reyne]] laughed aloud. The rest of Lord Tytos's vassals sat on their tongues, only the ten-year-old Tywin spoke out against the wedding because he thought it an uneven match.{{Ref|AFFC|32}} Tytos later sent Tywin to [[King's Landing]] to serve as a royal cupbearer at King [[Aegon V Targaryen]]'s court. At the royal court Tywin befriended the young Prince [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys]] and the heir to [[Storm's End]], [[Steffon Baratheon]]. His cousin, [[Joanna Lannister]], also served at the royal court as a companion and lady-in-waiting to Princess [[Rhaella Targaryen]].{{Ref|TWOIAF| House Lannister under the Dragons}}{{Ref|TWOIAF|The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}}
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During the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]], eleven thousand westermen under the leadership Tywin's uncle, Ser [[Jason Lannister (son of Gerold)|Jason Lannister]] (who would later perish in the war) were sent to fight beside the forces of the [[Iron Throne]] in the [[Stepstones]]. Tywin who was already a knight by then joined the Lannister force as did his brothers [[Kevan Lannister|Kevan]] and [[Tygett Lannister|Tygett]] as squires.
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The young Prince Aerys Targaryen served as a squire during the war and when he won his knighthood, Tywin was granted the honor of knighting his friend.{{Ref|TWOIAF|The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II}}
  
Tywin was born to [[Tytos Lannister]]. Not much is known of Tywin’s childhood, but his early years were formative ones, shaping his mind and resolve for the life that lay ahead of him. Tywin was forced to watch his mighty house nearly brought to ruin through his father's actions. His father while a gentle and amiable man was also weak willed and eager to please, loans went unpaid and his bannermen did what they pleased mocking him in their cups or openly defying him. Perhaps the most important moment for Tywin was the realization of what power meant, which was driven home when his father, tried to quell Lord Tarbeck, his most disloyal bannermen by having him imprisoned. Lord Tarbeck's wife responded by capturing three Lannisters and threatening to harm them if her husband was not returned. Tywin counseled his father to send Lord Tarbeck back to his Lady in three pieces, but Tytos was a gentler man than that, and he caved in to Lady Tarbecks demands further weakening the position of their house. {{Ref|aSoS|44}}
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House Lannister's reputation was low because of Tywin's weak father, Tytos.{{Ref|aSoS|66}} Tywin decided to take ruthless steps to rectify the situation and restore the family honor and fortune from its near ruin.
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Upon the return of Ser Tywin Lannister from the [[Stepstones]] with his brothers, Ser [[Kevan Lannister|Kevan]] (newly knighted) and [[Tygett Lannister]] who while still a squire had distinguished himself well in the fighting. The three were now battle hardened from the war, they knew how their House was regarded by others under the misrule of their sire and were determined to change that. Tywin Lannister took upon himself the task of restoring his house's dominance. The young Tywin, declared to his father he was restoring [[House Lannister]] to its proper place, Lord Tytos protested feebly before returning to the comfort and embrace of his current mistress, who was a wet nurse.{{Ref|TWOIAF| House Lannister under the Dragons}}  
  
As a result of his father's follies Tywin Lannister never laughed as he mistrusted laughter, hearing too much of it directed at his father and House Lannister in his youth. Tywin also seldom smiled when he was young and never smiled again after his wife's death. <ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 33|Chapter 33]], Jaime</ref>
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Tywin began by demanding the repayment of the gold his father lent out, those who could not repay immediately had to send a hostage to [[Casterly Rock]] until their debt was settled. He charged his brother Kevan with command of five hundred knights, who were all blooded and seasoned veterans from the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]] and had them rid the westerlands of robber knights and bandit outlaws. Some hastened to obey, and Ser [[Harys Swyft]] stated, "The Lion has awoken."{{Ref|TWOIAF| House Lannister under the Dragons}}
  
===In power===
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Unable to pay the loan at the time, Ser Harys agreed to surrender his daughter [[Dorna Swyft|Dorna]] into Ser Kevan's custody, elsewhere the collectors were met with sullen resistance and open defiance. [[Roger Reyne]] reportedly laughed when he read Tywin's edicts and counseled his friends and vassals to do nothing. 
  
Tywin family's reputation was low because his weak father{{Ref|aSoS|66}}, Tywin had to take ruthless steps to rectify the situation restoring the family honor and fortune from its near ruin. Tywin took upon himself the task of putting down his two most unruly houses [[House Tarbeck]] and [[House Reyne]] for their [[Reyne-Tarbeck Rebellion|defiance]]. He did so with ruthless efficiency, destroying both houses entirely so that their lines were ended, leaving their ruined and shattered castles as a mute testimony to the fate that awaits those who scorn the power of [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|aSoS|19}} Such was the brutality of Tywin's destruction of House Reyne that a song called "[[The Rains of Castamere]]" was written as a tribute to the event. Indeed when Lord [[House Farman|Farman]] of Faircastle grew truculent Tywin sent a messenger with a lute instead of a letter and once the "Rains of Castamere" was played Lord Farman got the message and caused no further trouble.  
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Lord [[Walderan Tarbeck]] unwisely choose a different course. He rode to Casterly Rock to confront Lord Tytos, confident he could easily cow Tytos to rescind his son's edicts. Lord Tytos was not present when Lord Tarbeck arrived at court, but the young Tywin was and ordered Lord Walderan imprisoned for disloyalty.
  
When Tywins father Tytos finally keeled over of a burst heart while climbing a flight of steps to visit his mistress{{Ref|aFfC|3}}, Tywin Lannister became the Lord of Casterly Rock and [[Warden of the West]]. Upon his fathers death Tywin found his fathers mistress trying on one of his late mothers gowns, his father's mistress was a common born woman the daughter of a chandler and she had dominated Tytos utterly, ordering about the household knights and dismissing servants and helping herself to his late wife's jewelery.{{Ref|aSoS|66}} Tywin had her stripped naked and forced the sobbing woman to walk the streets of [[Lannisport]] to confess to every man she met that she was a thief and a harlot before banishing her from the [[Westerlands]].{{Ref|aFfC|3}}  
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In return, Lady [[Ellyn Reyne|Ellyn Tarbeck]] seized three Lannisters - two [[House Lannister of Lannisport|Lannisters]] of [[Lannisport]], as well as [[Stafford Lannister]], whose [[Joanna Lannister|sister]] was betrothed to Tywin and threatened them harm unless her Lord and husband was returned. This awoke Lord Tytos who was determined to get his [[Jason Lannister (son of Gerold)|late brother's]] son, Stafford, back alive and ignored Tywin's suggestion that Lord Walderan should be sent back to his wife in three pieces, one for every Lannister taken. Tytos returned Walderan unharmed and even forgave the Tarbeck debt to [[House Lannister]], further weakening the position of the House.{{Ref|AFFC|44}}{{Ref|TWOIAF| House Lannister under the Dragons}}
  
Tywin married his cousin [[Joanna Lannister|Joanna Lannister]] and from all reports the marriage was a happy one. Genna Lannister even said that Tywin smiled on the day he wed Joanna.{{Ref|aFfC|33}} It was said that though Tywin ruled the Seven Kingdoms ([[Hand of the King|as Hand]]) he was ruled at home by his lady wife. Joanna have given him twins that he hoped would one day be Lord of Casterly Rock and Queen of Westeros, but then disaster struck when his beloved wife died giving birth to [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]], a hideous monster. Tywin was devastated by her untimely death and took no further wife. [[Gerion Lannister]] once told his nephew Tyrion that the best part of Tywin died when Joanna did.{{Ref|aSoS|38}}
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Tywin was determined to bring the overmighty and belligerent vassals to heel. Late in the year of {{Date|261}} Tywin (who did not seek his lord father's leave, nor even informed him of his intent) sent a raven message to both [[Tarbeck Hall]] and [[Castamere]] demanding that they present themselves at [[Casterly Rock]] to answer for their crimes. Both refused (as Tywin knew they would) and choose defiance, rising in revolt and renouncing their fealty to [[House Lannister]]. Tywin rode forth himself taking command of the Lannister forces and immediately marched against the upstart vassals taking the army he had already gathered prior to sending the raven messages.  
  
Tywin's ability came to attention of King [[Aerys II Targaryen]], who impressed with the young and capable heir to Casterly Rock appointed Tywin, who was twenty at that time, to be his [[Hand of the King]]. Tywin proved himself a brilliant administrator and held the post for twenty years of peace and plenty. That people "joked" it was he and not the king who really ruled the land. It all ended when Aery's increasing paranoia and jealousy drove the two into several bitter disagreements. According to Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] Aerys lusted after Tywin's wife when she was alive (Aerys's own unhappy marriage was arranged) which caused further friction between the two. After Aerys refused to marry [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] to his heir, Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]], and raised [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] Tywins fifteen-year old son to the [[Kingsguard]], robbing Tywin of his prized heir, Tywin understood that the king’s motivations were to make Jaime a hostage to use against his father, so Tywin resigned his position on some thin pretext and returned to [[Casterly Rock]].
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Thus, Tywin took upon himself the task of putting down [[House Tarbeck]] and [[House Reyne]], for their [[Reyne-Tarbeck revolt|defiance]] and showing the world that the Lion of Lannister was a beast to fear. Tywin crushed both vassal houses with ruthless efficiency, destroying both houses entirely so that their lines were ended, leaving their ruined and shattered castles as a mute testimony to the fate that awaits those who scorn the power of [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|ASOS|19}} Such was the brutality of Tywin's destruction of House Reyne that a song called "[[The Rains of Castamere]]" was written as a tribute to the event. Indeed when Lord [[House Farman|Farman]] of [[Faircastle]] later grew truculent Tywin sent a messenger with a lute instead of a letter and once "The Rains of Castamere" was played Lord Farman caused no further trouble.
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Upon the death of King [[Jaehaerys II Targaryen]], the newly-crowned King [[Aerys II Targaryen]] choose his friend Ser Tywin as [[Hand of the King]], impressed by the ruthlessness demonstrated against the rebellious Reynes and Tarbecks. Tywin spent much of his time at the court of [[King's Landing]], his father continued to rule the westerlands for the next few years, though still a weak Lord none of his other vassals dared cause trouble after seeing what his heir Tywin did to Reynes and Tarbecks.
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When Tywin's father Tytos finally keeled over of a burst heart in {{Date|267}} while climbing a flight of steps to visit his new mistress,{{Ref|AFFC|3}} Ser Tywin became the Lord of Casterly Rock and [[Warden of the West]]. Upon his return to [[Casterly Rock]] after hearing of his father's death, Tywin found his father's new mistress trying on one of his late mother's gowns. Tywin learned that while he was away serving as at [[King's Landing]], his father's mistress, the daughter of a chandler, dominated Tytos utterly, ordering about the household knights and dismissing servants and helping herself to his late wife's jewelery.{{Ref|aSoS|66}} Tywin had her stripped naked and forced the sobbing woman to [[walk of atonement|walk the streets]] of [[Lannisport]] to confess to every man she met that she was a thief and a harlot before banishing her from the westerlands.{{Ref|AFFC|3}}
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As a result of his father's follies Tywin Lannister never laughed as he mistrusted laughter, hearing too much of it directed at his father and House Lannister in his youth. Tywin also seldom smiled when he was young and never smiled again after his wife's death.{{Ref|AFFC|33}}
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===As Hand of the King===
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Tywin married his cousin [[Joanna Lannister]] and from all reports the marriage was a happy one. [[Genna Lannister]] said that Tywin smiled on the day he wed Joanna.{{Ref|AFFC|33}} It was said that though Tywin ruled the Seven Kingdoms ([[Hand of the King|as Hand]]) he was ruled at home by his lady wife. Joanna gave him twins, [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] and [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] that he hoped would one day be Queen of Westeros and Lord of Casterly Rock, but then disaster struck when his beloved wife died giving birth to [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]], considered a hideous monster. Tywin was devastated by Joanna's untimely death and took no further wife. [[Gerion Lannister]] once told his nephew Tyrion that the best part of Tywin died when Joanna did.{{Ref|ASOS|38}}
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[[File:Tywin and Aerys.jpg|thumb|350px|Tywin appointed as [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys II]] [[King's Hand]]]]
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Tywin proved himself a brilliant administrator in the position of [[Hand of the King]] and held the post for twenty years of peace and plenty. Some people joked it was he and not the king who really ruled the land. It ended when Aerys' increasing paranoia and jealousy drove the two into several bitter disagreements. According to Ser [[Barristan Selmy]], Aerys lusted after Tywin's wife when she was alive<ref>Aerys's own unhappy marriage was arranged</ref> which caused further friction between the two. Tension increased at the [[tournament in honor of Viserys's birth]] in [[Lannisport]] in {{Date|276}} when Aerys refused Tywin's offer to betroth [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] to his heir, Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]]. In {{Date|281}} Aerys raised [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]], Tywin's fifteen-year old son, to the [[Kingsguard]], robbing Tywin of his prized heir; Tywin understood that the king’s motivations were to make Jaime a hostage to use against his father. Upset at Aerys's treatment of Jaime at the [[tourney of Harrenhal]], Tywin resigned his position on some thin pretext and returned to [[Casterly Rock]].
  
 
===Robert's Rebellion and aftermath===
 
===Robert's Rebellion and aftermath===
[[File:Nachomolina_Tywin_Lannister.jpg‎ ‎|Tywin Lannister - by Nacho Molina ©|thumb|430px|right]]
 
  
When [[Robert's Rebellion]] began, Lord Tywin sat at Casterly Rock and waited, ignoring King Aerys orders to arm, taking no side until after [[Robert Baratheon|Robert]]'s decisive victory at the [[Battle of the Trident]]. After the battle, Tywin mustered his forces and rode for the capital of [[King's Landing]]. After Aerys was convinced by [[Grand Maester Pycelle]] that Tywin had come to aid him, he ordered the gates of the city opened. When Aerys opened the gates, he proceeded to [[Sack of King's Landing|sack the city]]. Aerys was killed by Jaime before Tywin's forces arrived at the Red Keep, but [[Gregor Clegane]] and [[Amory Lorch]] (knights sworn to Tywin and under Tywin's orders) slew Rhaegar's wife [[Elia Martell|Elia of Dorne]] and her two young children [[Rhaenys daughter of Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaenys]] and [[Aegon Targaryen|Aegon]], Tywin then wrapped the bodies in crimson Lannister cloaks (to better conceal the blood) and presented them to [[Robert Baratheon|Robert]] as a token of fealty. When asked by his son [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]] years later why Tywin didn't let [[Robert Baratheon]] bloody his own hands, Tywin's reply was...
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When [[Robert's Rebellion]] began, Lord Tywin sat at Casterly Rock and waited, ignoring King Aerys's orders to arm, taking no side until after [[Robert I Baratheon|Robert Baratheon]]'s decisive victory at the [[Battle of the Trident]]. After the battle, Tywin mustered his forces and rode for the capital of [[King's Landing]]. After Aerys was convinced by Grand Maester [[Pycelle]] that Tywin had come to aid him, he ordered the gates of the city opened for Tywin. The westermen proceeded to [[Sack of King's Landing|sack the city]]. Aerys was killed by Jaime before Tywin's forces arrived at the Red Keep, but [[Gregor Clegane]] and [[Amory Lorch]], knights sworn to Tywin and under Tywin's orders, slew Rhaegar's wife [[Elia Martell|Elia of Dorne]] and her two young children, [[Rhaenys Targaryen (daughter of Rhaegar)|Rhaenys]] and [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon]]. Tywin wrapped the bodies in crimson Lannister cloaks to better conceal the blood and presented them to Robert Baratheon as a token of fealty. When asked by his son Tyrion years later why Tywin did not let Robert bloody his own hands, Tywin's replied:
  
{{Quote|''...we had come late to Robert's cause. it was necessary to demonstrate our loyalty. When I laid those bodies before the throne no man could doubt that we had forsaken House Targaryen forever. And Robert's relief was palpable. As stupid as he was he even knew Rhaegar's children had to die if his throne was ever to be secure. Yet he saw himself as a hero and heroes do not kill children.'' {{Ref|aSoS|53}}}}  
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{{Quote|We had come late to Robert's cause. It was necessary to demonstrate our loyalty. When I laid those bodies before the throne, no man could doubt that we had forsaken House Targaryen forever. And Robert's relief was palpable. As stupid as he was, even he knew that Rhaegar's children had to die if his throne was ever to be secure. Yet he saw himself as a hero, and heroes do not kill children.{{Ref|ASOS|53}}}}
  
This act while earning [[House Lannister]] the hatred of both [[House Martell]] of [[Dorne]] and the population of [[King's Landing]] also secured the new King's marriage to his daughter [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], whose proposed betrothal to Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] had been rejected by [[Aerys II|King Aerys]] much to Tywin's bitter disappointment. Cersei's marriage to the new, young, and popular King did much to make up for Tywin's earlier disappointment. After the rebellion, Tywin returned to [[Casterly Rock]] where he continued to serve as Lord and [[Warden of the West]]. Due to King Robert's financial mismanagement of the realm, as well as his own new connection to the throne by marriage, Lord Tywin frequently lent money to the crown, placing the court in King's Landing in great debt to House Lannister (over three million [[Currency|gold dragons]]).
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While earning House Lannister the hatred of both [[House Martell]] of [[Dorne]] and the population of [[King's Landing]], this act also secured the marriage of the new king, Robert I Baratheon, to Tywin's daughter [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], whose proposed betrothal to Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] had been rejected by Aerys much to Tywin's bitter disappointment. Cersei's marriage to the new, young, and popular king did much to make up for Tywin's earlier disappointment.
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[[File:Nachomolina_Tywin_Lannister.jpg‎|Tywin Lannister - by Nacho Molina ©|thumb|350px]]
  
Though ruthless, Tywin Lannister was also an able and shrewd ruler who brought great prosperity during his tenures as the King's Hand. He was especially talented at the raising of funds, leading to a persistent jest that he must "shit gold."{{Ref|aCoK|30}} His daughter Cersei once reminisced that the common folk of [[Lannisport]] cheered twice as loud for him as they did for their actual king, Mad Aerys II. Even so Tywin was more respected then loved in the [[Westerlands]] and he became despised in [[King's Landing]] after his House treacherously sacked the city.
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After the rebellion, Tywin returned to [[Casterly Rock]], where he continued to serve as Lord and Warden of the West. In {{Date|289}} Lord [[Balon Greyjoy]] began [[Greyjoy's Rebellion]] against King Robert by burning the Lannister fleet anchored at Lannisport. After the defeat of the Greyjoys, Tywin rebuilt his fleet<ref>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/The_Lannister_Fleet The Lannister Fleet]</ref> and hosted another [[tourney at Lannisport]]. Due to King Robert's financial mismanagement of the realm, as well as his own new connection to the throne by marriage, Lord Tywin frequently lent money to the crown, placing the court in King's Landing in debt of over three million [[Currency|gold dragons]] to House Lannister.
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Though ruthless, Tywin Lannister is an able and shrewd ruler who brought great prosperity during his tenures as the King's Hand. He is especially talented at the raising of funds, leading to a persistent jest that he must "shit gold."{{Ref|ACOK|30}} The common folk of Lannisport cheered twice as loud for Tywin at the [[Tournament in honor of Viserys's birth|tourney for King Aerys II]] as they did for their actual king. Even so, Tywin is more respected than loved in the [[westerlands]] and he became despised in [[King's Landing]] after his house treacherously sacked the city.
  
 
===Children===
 
===Children===
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When Tywin discovered his son [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]] wed a common girl, [[Tysha]], which in Tywin's eyes would make the house a laughingstock again, Tywin taught him a sharp lesson. He commanded Tyrion's brother [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] to name her a prostitute and made Tyrion watch as Tywin gave Tysha over to his garrison of guards, having each man pay the girl a silver coin after raping her. He forced Tyrion to do the same but pay the girl a gold coin.{{Ref|AGOT|42}} He earned the enmity of his son forever for that act, but Tywin did not care, for it was on his other children that he placed all his hopes.
When Tywin discovered his son [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]] wed a common girl, [[Tysha]], which in Tywin eyes would make the house a laughingstock again, Tywin taught him a ''"sharp lesson"'', he commanded his brother [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] to name her a prostitute and made Tyrion watch as Tywin gave Tysha over to his garrison of guards having each man pay the girl a silver coin after raping her. He then forced Tyrion to do the same but then pay the girl a gold coin.{{Ref|aGoT|42}} He earned the enmity of his son forever for that act, but Tywin did not care, for it was on his other children that he placed all his hopes.  
 
  
Later Tywin refused to allow Tyrion to travel and see the world (as Tywin's brothers both had in their youth) fearing he would bring further shame on House Lannister and as a ''"gift"'' for Tyrion's sixteenth [[Nameday|nameday]] he put his son in charge of cleaning all the drains of [[Casterly Rock]]. {{Ref|aDwD|8}}
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Tywin later refused to allow Tyrion to travel and see the world as Tywin's brothers had in their youth, fearing he would bring further shame on House Lannister and as a "gift" for Tyrion's sixteenth [[name day]] he put his son in charge of cleaning all the drains of [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|ADWD|8}}
  
When Tyrion became 16-years-old, the official age of adulthood, he believed he would be free to do as he wished. But Tywin disillusioned him, replying:
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When Tyrion became 16-years-old, the official age of adulthood, he believed he would be free to do as he wished. Tywin disillusioned him, replying:
  
{{Quote|No man is free. Only children and fools think elsewise. {{Ref|aDwD|8}}}}
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{{Quote|No man is free. Only children and fools think elsewise.{{Ref|ADWD|8}}}}
  
Though Tywin children also greatly respected him, none of them were ever able to conform to the paths he had laid out for them, a fact that caused many difficulties.{{Ref|aFfC|44}}
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Though Tywin's children also greatly respect him, none of them have been able to conform to the paths he had laid out for them, which causes many difficulties.{{Ref|AFFC|44}}
  
 
==Recent Events==
 
==Recent Events==
===A Game of Thrones===
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===''A Game of Thrones''===
[[File:Tywin Lannister3.png|thumb|350px|Charles Dance as Tywin Lannister]]
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[[File:MagaliVilleneuve TywinLannister.jpg|300px|left|thumb|Tywin Lannister preparing for war - by Magali Villeneuve ©]]
  
Believed to be responsible for hiring an assassin to murder [[Bran Stark]] while he lay in a coma, Tywin's son [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]] was encountered and arrested at the Inn of the Crossroads by [[Catelyn Tully]], the wife of [[Eddard Stark]]. She took him to her sister [[Lysa Tully|Lysa]], at The [[Eyrie]], for trial. Though Tywin didn't care about his son Tyrion's welfare he saw the arrest and kidnapping as a direct slight on the family's honor and Tywin Lannister does not tolerate any slights to House Lannister, and in response sent Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] and his men, disguised as brigands, to sack and pillage various villages and hamlets across the [[Riverlands]], Catelyn's home.{{Ref|aGoT|43}} These raids marked one of the seminal points in what was to become the [[War of the Five Kings]].  
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Believed to be responsible for hiring [[catspaw|an assassin]] to murder [[Bran Stark]] while he lay in a coma, Tywin's son [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]] is arrested at the [[inn at the crossroads]] by [[Catelyn Stark]], the wife of [[Eddard Stark]], current [[Hand of the King]]. She takes him to her sister [[Lysa Arryn|Lysa]], at the [[Eyrie]], for trial. Though Tywin does not care about Tyrion's welfare, he sees the arrest and kidnapping as a direct slight on House Lannister's honor which he will not tolerate. In response Tywin sends Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] and the [[Mountain's men]], disguised as brigands, to sack and pillage various villages and hamlets across the [[riverlands]], Catelyn's homeland.{{Ref|AGOT|43}} These raids mark one of the seminal points in what is to become the [[War of the Five Kings]].
  
Tywin's aim was to draw Eddard out of King's Landing, capture him, and exchange him for the freedom of his son. Eddard, however, had been injured in a skirmish on the streets of King's Landing with Tywin's son [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] and sent Lord [[Beric Dondarrion]] in his stead. When Beric's forces reached the Mummer's Ford, soldiers of Tywin's and Gregor's attacked from all sides, routing Dondarrion's host. Dondarrion himself was mortally wounded, though he would be revived by [[Thoros of Myr]] and go on to form the [[Brotherhood Without Banners]], which would continually harass the Lannister forces for the duration of the war.      
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Tywin's aim is to draw Eddard out of King's Landing, capture him, and exchange him for the freedom of his son.{{Ref|ASOS|17}} Eddard, however, is injured in a skirmish on the streets of King's Landing with Tywin's son [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]], who is unaware of Tywin's plans, and Eddard sends Lord [[Beric Dondarrion]] after Gregor in his stead. When Beric's forces reach the [[Mummer's Ford]], soldiers of Tywin's and Gregor's [[Battle at the Mummer's Ford|attack from all sides]], routing Beric's host.{{Ref|AGOT|55}}
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[[File:Thomas Denmark tywin jaime.jpg|300px|thumb|Tywin and [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] ride to war - by Thomas Denmark ©]]
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As the war gains momentum, Tywin's forces take the majority of the riverlands and lay siege to [[Riverrun]] before meeting their first real opposition in the [[battle on the Green Fork]]. Just prior to the battle, Tyrion, having won his freedom from the [[Vale of Arryn]] via [[trial by combat]] and earned the loyalty of many of the [[Vale mountain clans]] along the way, meets with his father. Tywin sends Tyrion and his clansmen into the battle on the left flank, believing the undisciplined men likely to rout, but giving the northern commander, which Tywin believed to be the young and inexperienced [[Robb Stark]], a chance to over-commit and be annihilated.{{Ref|aGoT|62}} The clansmen do not rout, however, and the northern commander is not Robb but instead the more cautious and experienced Lord [[Roose Bolton]]. The battle is a Lannister victory, but it buys enough time for a separate northern force under Robb Stark's command to cross the [[Trident]] at the [[Twins]]. With the [[battle in the Whispering Wood]] and the [[Battle of the Camps]], Robb is able to capture Tywin's other son, [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]], and lift the siege of Riverrun.{{Ref|AGOT|69}}
  
As the war gained momentum, Tywin's forces took the majority of the Riverlands and laid siege to Riverrun before meeting their first real opposition in the [[Battle of the Green Fork]]. Just prior to the battle, Tyrion, having won his freedom from the Vale via trial by combat and earned the loyalty of many of the [[Mountain clans]] along the way, met up with his father. Tywin sent Tyrion and his clansmen into the battle on the left flank, believing the undisciplined men likely to rout, but giving the Northern commander, which Tywin believed to be the young and inexperienced [[Robb Stark]], a chance to over-commit and be annihilated.{{Ref|aGoT|62}} The clansmen did not rout, however, and the Northern commander was not Stark but instead the more cautious and experienced [[Roose Bolton]]. The battle was a Lannister victory, but it bought enough time for a separate Northern force, under Robb Stark's command, to cross the [[Trident]] at [[The Twins]] and lift the siege of Riverrun, capturing Tywin's other son [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] in the process.        
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After the death of King [[Robert I Baratheon]], Tywin is named Hand of the King for his grandson, [[Joffrey Baratheon|Joffrey I Baratheon]].{{Ref|AGOT|57}} Tywin does not trust the "jackanapes" on the [[small council]]: [[master of coin]] [[Petyr Baelish]], Pycelle, and [[master of whisperers]] [[Varys]]. After the battle he sends Tyrion to King's Landing to serve as Hand in his stead, control the small council and Joffrey, and to prepare the city's defenses in anticipation of an attack from one or both of Robert's brothers, [[Stannis Baratheon|Stannis]] and [[Renly Baratheon|Renly]], while Tywin manages the war with the [[North]] and the Riverlands.{{Ref|AGOT|69}}
  
After the death of [[Robert Baratheon|King Robert]], Tywin had been named Hand of the King for his grandson [[Joffrey Baratheon]].{{Ref|aGoT|57}} After the battle, he sent Tyrion to King's Landing to serve as Hand in his stead, and to prepare the city's defenses in anticipation of an attack from one or both of Robert's brothers [[Stannis Baratheon|Stannis]] and [[Renly Baratheon|Renly]], both of whom had laid claim to the Iron Throne, while Tywin managed the war with the North and the Riverlands.{{Ref|aGoT|69}}
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===''A Clash of Kings''===
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The loss of [[Riverrun]] means that Tywin is not able to pursue and destroy [[Roose Bolton]]'s forces. Instead he marches south to [[Harrenhal]] while he ponders his next move. Lannister men in the riverlands are harassed by [[Beric Dondarrion]]'s [[brotherhood without banners|outlaw brotherhood]], despite Beric having been reported as slain several times.{{ref|ACOK|30}}
  
===A Clash of Kings===
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[[Robb Stark]], now the [[King in the North]], marches from Riverrun and invades the [[westerlands]], smashing a new Lannister host being raised and trained by [[Stafford Lannister]] at [[Battle of Oxcross|Oxcross]] and turning his forces loose to scour the westerlands. With [[Renly Baratheon|Renly]] mysteriously killed and the loyalties of his men disputed,{{ref|ACOK|33}}{{ref|ACOK|36}} Tywin leaves Harrenhal and marches his forces west in pursuit of Robb,{{ref|ACOK|38}} gambling that [[Stannis Baratheon|Stannis]] will be occupied with the [[siege of Storm's End (299)|siege of Storm's End]].<ref name=T&T>[[So Spake Martin]]: [http://www.westeros.org/Citadel/SSM/Entry/1044 Tyrion and Tywin], July 27, 1999</ref>{{ref|ACOK|44}} With Tywin gone, however, the [[Brave Companions]] abandon the Lannister cause and [[fall of Harrenhal|betray Harrenhal]] to Lord Bolton.{{Ref|ACOK|47}}
The loss of Riverrun meant that Tywin was not able to pursue and destroy Roose Bolton's forces. Instead he marched south to [[Harrenhal]] while he pondered his next move. When Robb Stark marched from Riverrun and invaded the [[Westerlands]], smashing a new Lannister host being raised and trained by [[Stafford Lannister]] at [[Battle of Oxcross|Oxcross]] and turning his forces loose to scour the Westerlands, Tywin left Harrenhal and marched his forces West in pursuit. Robb's plan was to lead Tywin's army on a long chase across the Westerlands, bleeding his forces and living off of their lands. However [[Edmure Tully]], who had been tasked with holding Riverrun (and who was unaware of Robb's plan), met Tywin's army in the field in the [[Battle of the Fords]].{{Ref|aCoK|45}}        
 
  
Tywin's forces were bloodied and thrown back, but the delay allowed word to reach Tywin that Stannis Baratheon had murdered his brother Renly and laid claim to much of his army, and that he was marching and sailing on King's Landing with an enormous force. Tywin turned his force southeast on a forced march to King's Landing, joining with the newly-allied forces of [[House Tyrell]]. Together they arrived just in time for the waning moments of the [[Battle of the Blackwater]], where they were able to break and drive away the majority of Stannis' army, which had been on the cusp of victory, by taking them in the flank.{{Ref|aSoS|14}} Tywin commanded the host's right flank during the battle.{{Ref|aCoK|62}} Tywin was declared Savior of the City by [[Joffrey Baratheon|King Joffrey]] (which is ironic as Tywin was responsible for the previous Sack of the city during the [[War of the Usurper]])
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Robb and Ser [[Brynden Tully]] plan to lead Tywin's army on a long chase across the westerlands, bleeding his forces and living off their lands.{{Ref|ASOS|14}} However, Ser [[Edmure Tully]], who has been tasked with holding Riverrun but is unaware of Robb's plan, meets Tywin's army in the field in the [[Battle of the Fords]].{{Ref|ACOK|45}} Tywin's forces are bloodied and thrown back, but the delay allows word to reach Tywin that Stannis has unexpectedly<ref name=T&T/> taken formidable Storm's End and laid claim to much of Renly's army, and that he is marching and sailing on King's Landing with an enormous force.{{ref|ACOK|42}}{{Ref|ACOK|44}}
  
Tywin's son Tyrion, who had done much for the city's defenses, was critically wounded in the fighting.{{Ref|aSoS|4}}
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Tywin turns his host southeast on a forced march to the headwaters of the [[Blackwater Rush]], where he meets Lords [[Mathis Rowan]] and [[Randyll Tarly]] of the newly-allied [[Reach]]. They then join with the forces of Lord [[Mace Tyrell]] at [[Tumbler's Falls]].{{Ref|ASOS|14}} Sailing together on barges down the Blackwater Rush, the Lannisters and Tyrells arrive just in time for the waning moments of the [[Battle of the Blackwater]], where they are able to break and drive away the majority of Stannis's army, which had been on the cusp of victory, by taking them in the flank.{{Ref|ASOS|14}} Tywin commands the host's right flank during the battle.{{Ref|ACOK|62}} Tywin is declared Savior of the City by King [[Joffrey Baratheon|Joffrey I Baratheon]]. Tywin's son Tyrion, who had done much for the city's defenses, is critically wounded in the fighting.{{Ref|ASOS|4}}
  
===A Storm of Swords===
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===''A Storm of Swords''===
Tywin's timely arrival at the Battle of the Blackwater allowed him to take the majority of the credit for the Lannister victory. Tywin assumed his official position as King Joffrey's Hand,{{Ref|aCoK|64}} while giving Tyrion, after his recovery, the position of [[Master of Coin]], which Tyrion saw as a demotion and an insult. He arranged for Tyrion to be wed to [[Sansa Stark]]{{Ref|aSoS|19}} before she could be betrothed to [[Willas Tyrell]], giving him claim over [[Winterfell]] and directly denying Tyrion's ambition to inherit [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|aSoS|4}} He also made plans to find a suitor to marry his widowed daughter [[Cersei Lannister|Queen Cersei]], though they were never realized. He offered her to Willas Tyrell but [[Mace Tyrell]] (after being hectored by his mother) refused the match; he demands that Tyrion act as if the offer were never made.{{Ref|aSoS|32}}  
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[[File:Pojypojy Tywin triumphant.jpg|350px|thumb|Tywin paraded as Savior of the City - by Pojypojy ©]]
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Tywin's timely arrival at the Battle of the Blackwater allows him to take the majority of the credit for the Lannister victory. Tywin assumes his official position as King Joffrey's Hand,{{Ref|aCoK|64}} while giving Tyrion, after his recovery, the position of [[Master of Coin]], which Tyrion sees as a demotion and an insult. Tywin arranges for Tyrion to be wed to [[Sansa Stark]]{{Ref|ASOS|19}} before she can be betrothed to [[Willas Tyrell]], giving him claim over [[Winterfell]] and directly denying Tyrion's ambition to inherit [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|ASOS|4}} He also makes plans to find a suitor to marry his widowed daughter, Queen [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], though they are never realized. He offers her to Willas Tyrell but [[Mace Tyrell]], after being hectored by his mother, [[Olenna Redwyne]], refuses the match. Tywin demands that Tyrion act as if the offer were never made.{{Ref|ASOS|32}}
  
After learning that Robb Stark had unexpectedly wed [[Jeyne Westerling]] and that [[House Westerling]] had gone over to the Starks, Tywin remained in communication, via raven, with Jeyne's mother [[Sybell Spicer]], as well as with [[Roose Bolton]], who had switched sides to the Lannisters after taking Harrenhal, and [[Walder Frey]], who saw Robb's marriage to Jeyne as an insult to his house, as it broke a marriage pact Robb had previously made to wed a Frey girl. The [[Red Wedding]] was the direct result of their correspondence, which saw Robb Stark betrayed and murdered along with the vast majority of his host, effectively ending the war with House Lannister the victor. Tywin stated that...
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After learning that Robb Stark has unexpectedly wed [[Jeyne Westerling]] and that [[House Westerling]] has gone over to the Starks, Tywin remains in communication, via raven, with Jeyne's mother [[Sybell Spicer]]. He also communicates with [[Roose Bolton]], who has switched sides to the Lannisters after taking Harrenhal, and Lord [[Walder Frey]], who sees Robb's marriage to Jeyne as an insult to [[House Frey]], as it breaks a marriage pact Robb had previously made to wed a Frey girl. The [[Red Wedding]] is the direct result of their correspondence, which sees Robb Stark betrayed and murdered along with the vast majority of his host, effectively ending the war with House Lannister the victor.
  
{{Quote|''"some wars are won with swords others with quills and ravens"''.{{Ref|aSoS|4}}}}  
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Tywin Lannister has [[Ice]], the [[Valyrian steel]] greatsword of [[Eddard Stark]], reforged into two longswords as gifts, [[Widow's Wail|one]] for Joffrey on his wedding day and [[Oathkeeper|the other]] to Jaime.{{Ref|aSoS|32}} Not long after, King Joffrey is poisoned and dies at [[Purple Wedding|the feast following his wedding]] to [[Margaery Tyrell]]. Tywin's son Tyrion is falsely accused of the crime, and Tywin agrees to be one of Tyrion's three judges, alongside [[Oberyn Martell]] and [[Mace Tyrell]], at his trial. When it becomes clear that he is going to be found guilty, Tyrion demands trial by combat, and Oberyn surprisingly volunteers to champion him. Cersei, being Tyrion's accuser, selects Ser Gregor Clegane to represent the crown. Gregor, despite being poisoned by Oberyn during the trial, wins the duel, slaying Oberyn, and Tyrion is thus found guilty.{{Ref|ASOS|70}}
  
Tywin Lannister also had Ice, the Valyrian Steel greatsword of [[Eddard Stark]] melted down and reforged into two longswords, one was a gift for Joffrey on his wedding day the other as a gift to Jaime.{{Ref|aSoS|32}}
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Tywin faces huge political ramifications from the trial. Before slaying Oberyn, Gregor roars his guilt in slaying [[Elia Martell]] and her son [[Aegon Targaryen (son of Rhaegar)|Aegon]] for all the realm to hear. Tywin fears [[Dorne]] might join [[Stannis Baratheon]], which could prolong the [[War of the Five Kings|war]] for years. He plans on having Gregor executed to appease [[House Martell]], but needs it to be seen to be the [[Ilyn Payne|King's Justice]] who carries out the deed, not poison. Tywin commands [[Pycelle]] to heal Gregor, but Pycelle's efforts prove fruitless.{{Ref|ASOS|72}}
Not long after, King Joffrey was poisoned and died at the feast that followed his wedding to [[Margaery Tyrell]]. Tywin's son Tyrion was (falsely) accused of the crime, and Tywin agreed to be one of Tyrion's three judges, alongside [[Oberyn Martell]] and [[Mace Tyrell]], at his trial. When it became clear that he was going to be found guilty, Tyrion demanded trial by combat, and Oberyn surprisingly volunteered to champion him. Cersei, being Tyrion's accuser, had selected Ser Gregor Clegane to represent the crown. Gregor won the duel, slaying Oberyn, and Tyrion was thus found guilty.{{Ref|aSoS|70}}        
 
  
Awaiting his sentencing, however, Tyrion was freed from the Black Cells by his brother Jaime (and a reluctant Varys). During his escape, Jaime revealed the truth about Tysha (Tyrion's first wife) to Tyrion saying she was not a whore but a girl just chance met on the road and father had made Jaime speak the lie to Tyrion. Tyrion was enraged by this and had Varys show him to a ladder that led directly into the Tower of the Hand, and climbed it straight into Tywin's residence, He found his ex-whore [[Shae]] in Tywin's bed, wearing nothing but his father's golden chain of office. Tyrion strangled her to death with it. He then took a crossbow from the wall and found Tywin in the privy and confronted him about Tysha. Tywin remained belligerent, repeatedly calling her a "whore", which Tyrion saw as the final insult and shot him in his bowels with the crossbow, killing him. Tywin died while seated on the privy and his bowels loosened in the moment of death causing Tyrion to think as he left his fathers body...
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Awaiting his sentencing, Tyrion is freed from the Red Keep's dungeon by his brother Jaime and a reluctant Varys. During his escape, Jaime reveals the truth about Tyrion's first wife Tysha, saying she was not a whore but a girl just met on the road and Tywin had made Jaime speak the lie to Tyrion. Tyrion is enraged by this and has Varys show him to a ladder that leads directly into the [[Tower of the Hand]], Tywin's residence, Tyrion finds his ex-lover [[Shae]] in Tywin's bed, wearing nothing but his father's golden chain of office. Tyrion strangles her to death with it. He then takes a crossbow from the wall and finds Tywin in the privy and confronts him about Tysha. Tywin remains belligerent, repeatedly calling her a whore, which Tyrion sees as the final insult; shooting him through his bowels with the crossbow, mortally wounding him. Tywin dies while seated on the privy, his bowels loosening in the moment of death causing Tyrion to think as he left his father's body:
  
{{Quote|''"...the oft repeated jape about his father was just another lie, Lord Tywin Lannister in the end did not shit gold".'' {{Ref|aSoS|77}}}}
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{{Quote|But the stink that filled the privy gave ample evidence that the oft-repeated jape about his father was just another lie. Lord Tywin Lannister did not, in the end, shit gold.{{Ref|ASOS|77}}}}
  
===A Feast for Crows===
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===''A Feast for Crows''===
After his body was discovered, it was prepared for a state burial. [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] had the [[House Kettleblack|Kettleblacks]] remove the body of [[Shae]] and swore she would have the tongue removed of any man who mentioned she was ever there.{{Ref|aFfC|3}} The remains of Lord Tywin were shown for seven days in the [[Great Sept of Baelor]] before making its way west with an entourage of knights and lords from the [[Westerlands]].
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After Tywin's body is discovered, it is prepared for a state burial. [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] has the [[House Kettleblack|Kettleblacks]] remove the body of [[Shae]] and swears she will have the tongue removed of any man who mentions Shae was ever there.{{Ref|AFFC|3}} The remains of Lord Tywin are shown for seven days in the [[Great Sept of Baelor]] before making its way west with an entourage of knights and lords from the [[westerlands]]. The smell of the body is so bad many of the mourners grow sick or faint from being too near. A drying of the mouth also causes Tywin's lips to curl up and make him appear to smile.{{Ref|AFFC|8}} This disturbs Jaime and Cersei, because Tywin Lannister seldom smiled.
The smell of the body was so bad many of the mourners grew sick or faint from being too near. A drying of the mouth also caused Lord Tywin lips to curl up and make him appear to smile.{{Ref|aFfC|8}} This disturbed both Jaime and Cersei because as mentioned above Tywin Lannister seldom smiled.
 
  
===Legacy===
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===''A Dance with Dragons''===
Although House Lannister became respected and powerful again due his efforts after his father's reign, it increasingly looks like the House is going to collapse into ruin and become an embarrassment again due to the follies of his children, especially Cersei, who in an ironic twist of fate was forced in A Dance with Dragons by the [[Faith of the Seven]] to do a penance walk naked through the streets of King's Landing just as Tywin once forced his father's mistress to do the same through the streets of Lannisport.
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Now in [[Essos]], on his way to meet up with the crew of the ''[[Shy Maid]]'', Tyrion listens to what [[Illyrio Mopatis]] has to say about [[Daenerys Targaryen]] and he wonders,
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{{Quote|Are you down in some hell, Father? A nice cold hell where you can look up and see me help restore [[Aerys II Targaryen|Mad Aerys's]] [[Daenerys Targaryen|daughter]] to the [[Iron Throne]]?{{Ref|ADWD|5}}}}
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Ser [[Kevan Lannister]] thinks of how Tywin would never have dreamed his golden daughter [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]] would experience a similar fate, a [[Walk of Shame|walk of shame]], as Tywin made their father [[Tytos Lannister|Tytos's]] mistress suffer.{{Ref|ADWD|Epilogue}}
  
In the end Tywin Lannister died a humiliating death and was also proven to be a hypocrite, through out his life Tywin repeatedly put Tyrion down for his whoring. Yet he was caught with a whore (no less his sons former whore [[Shae]]) in his own bed before his death. He was blind when it came to his children, refusing to see the true relationship between Cersei and Jaime and Tyrion's true potential. Even when his own sister [[Genna Lannister]] saw Tyrion's worth and told Tywin so, Tywin's response was to ignore her for half a year. It is due to this ignorance that his accomplishments in the War of the Five Kings, which almost resulted in complete victory for his House, have been undone largely by Cersei.
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==Quotes by Tywin==
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{{Quote|No man is free. Only children and fools think elsewise.{{Ref|ADWD|8}}|Tywin, to [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|Some battles are won with swords and spears, others with quills and ravens.{{Ref|ASOS|4}}|Tywin, to [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|'''Tyrion:''' Could the [[House Westerling|Westerlings]] and [[House Spicer|Spicers]] be such great fools as to believe [[House Stark|the wolf]] can defeat [[House Lannister|the lion]]?<br>
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'''Tywin:''' The greatest fools are ofttimes more clever than the men who laugh at them.{{Ref|ASOS|19}}|Tywin and [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|There is a tool for every task, and a task for every tool.{{Ref|ASOS|32}}|Tywin, to [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|When your enemies defy you, you must serve them steel and fire. When they go to their knees, however, you must help them back to their feet. Elsewise no man will ever bend the knee to you. And any man who must say 'I am the king' is no true king at all. [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys]] never understood that, but you will. When I've won [[War of the Five Kings|your war]] for you, we will restore the king's peace and the king's justice.{{Ref|ASOS|53}}|Tywin, to [[Joffrey Baratheon]]}}
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{{Quote|I did not fight [[War of the Five Kings|a war]] to seat [[Robert Baratheon|Robert]] the Second on the [[Iron Throne]].{{Ref|ASOS|53}}| Tywin, to [[Cersei Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|You are not my son. You say you are the [[Lord Commander of the Kingsguard]], and only that. Very well, ser. Go do your duty.{{Ref|ASOS|62}}|Tywin, to [[Jaime Lannister]]}}
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{{Quote|'''Tywin:''' I suppose the steward sent her on her way. I never thought to inquire.<br>
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'''Tyrion:''' On her way '''where'''?<br>
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'''Tywin:''' Wherever whores go.{{Ref|ASOS|77}}|Tywin and [[Tyrion Lannister]], regarding [[Tysha]]}}
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{{Quote|'''Tywin:''' You shot me.<br>
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'''Tyrion:''' You always were quick to grasp a situation, my lord, that must be why you're the [[Hand of the King]].<br>
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'''Tywin:''' You ... you are no ...  no son of mine.<br>
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'''Tyrion:''' Now that's where you’re wrong, Father. Why, I believe I'm you writ small. Do me a kindness now, and die quickly. I have a ship to catch. {{Ref|ASOS|77}}|Tywin and [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
  
 
==Quotes about Tywin==
 
==Quotes about Tywin==
{{Quote|''"Ned would sooner entrust a child to a pit viper than to Lord Tywin"''. {{Ref|aGoT|4}}}} -[[Eddard Stark]]
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{{Quote|I would sooner entrust a child to a pit viper than to Lord Tywin.{{Ref|AGOT|4}}|[[Eddard Stark]]'s thoughts}}
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{{Quote|A fool more foolish than most had once jested that even Lord Tywin’s shit was flecked with gold. Some said the man was still alive, deep in the bowels of [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|AGOT|56}}|[[Tyrion Lannister]]'s thoughts}}
  
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{{Quote|Every once in a very long while, Lord Tywin Lannister would actually threaten to smile; he never did, but the threat alone was terrible to behold.{{Ref|ASOS|19}}|[[Tyrion Lannister]]'s thoughts}}
  
{{Quote|''"Every once in a very long while, Lord Tywin Lannister would actually threaten to smile, he never did, but the threat alone was terrible to behold"''. {{Ref|aSoS|19}}}} -[[Tyrion Lannister]]
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{{Quote|'''Joffrey:''' You talk about [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys]], Grandfather, but you were scared of him.<br>
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'''Cersei:''' Joffrey, apologize to your grandfather.<br>
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'''Joffrey:''' Why should I? Everyone knows it’s true. [[Robert Baratheon|My father]] won all the battles. He killed Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]] and took the crown, while '''your''' father was hiding under [[Casterly Rock]].{{Ref|ASOS|53}}|[[Joffrey Baratheon]] and [[Cersei Lannister]]}}
  
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{{Quote|'''Kevan:''' Tywin seems a hard man to you, but he's no harder than he's had to be. [[Tytos Lannister|Our own father]] was gentle and amiable, but so weak his bannermen mocked him in their cups. [[Reyne-Tarbeck Rebellion|Some saw fit to defy him openly]]. Other lords borrowed his gold and never troubled to repay it. At court they japed of toothless lions. Even his own mistress stole from him. A woman scarcely one step above a whore, and she helped herself to my mother's jewels! It fell to Tywin to restore [[House Lannister]] to its proper place. Just as it fell to him to rule this realm, when he was no more than twenty. He bore that heavy burden for twenty years and all it earned him was [[Aerys II Targaryen|a mad king]]'s envy. Instead of the honor he deserved, he was made to suffer slights beyond count, yet he gave the [[Seven Kingdoms]] peace, plenty and justice. He is a just man.<br>
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'''Tyrion:''' You love him.<br>
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'''Kevan:''' He is my brother.{{Ref|ASOS|66}}|[[Kevan Lannister]] and [[Tyrion Lannister]]}}
  
{{Quote|''"Men say Tywin never smiled, but he smiled when he wed your [[Joanna Lannister|mother]], and when [[Aerys II|Aerys]] made him [[Hand of the King|Hand]]. When [[Tarbeck Hall]] came crashing down on [[Ellyn Tarbeck|Lady Ellyn]], that scheming bitch, [[Tygett Lannister|Tyg]] claimed he smiled then, and he smiled at your birth, Jaime I saw with my own eyes"''. <ref>[[A Feast for Crows]], [[A Feast for Crows-Chapter 33|Chapter 33]], Jaime</ref>}} -[[Genna Lannister]] to her nephew [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]]
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{{Quote|Lord Tywin Lannister did not, in the end, shit gold.{{Ref|ASOS|77}}|[[Tyrion Lannister]]'s thoughts}}
  
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{{Quote|I have served six kings, but here before us lies the greatest man I ever knew. Lord Tywin wore no crown, yet he was all a king should be.{{Ref|AFFC|8}}|[[Pycelle]]}}
  
{{Quote|''"Tywin seems a hard man to you, but he's no harder than he's had to be. [[Tytos Lannister|Our own father]] was gentle and amiable, but so weak his bannermen mocked him in their cups. [[Reyne-Tarbeck Rebellion|Some saw fit to defy him openly]]. Other lords borrowed his gold and never troubled to repay it. At court they japed of toothless lions. Even his own mistress stole from him. A woman scarcely one step above a whore, and she helped herself to my mother's jewels! It fell to Tywin to restore [[House Lannister]] to its proper place. Just as it fell to him to rule this realm, when he was no more than twenty. He bore that heavy burden for '''twenty years''' and all it earned him was [[Aerys II Targaryen|a mad king]]'s envy. Instead of the honor he deserved, he was made to suffer slights beyond count, yet he gave the Seven Kingdoms peace, plenty and justice. He is a just man."'' {{Ref|aSOS|66}}}} -[[Kevan Lannister]]
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{{Quote|...I remember the first time my father took me to court, Robert had to hold my hand. I could not have been older than four, which would have made him five or six. We agreed afterward that the king had been as noble as the dragons were fearsome. Years later, our father told us that Aerys had cut himself on the throne that morning, so his Hand had taken his place. It was Tywin Lannister who’d so impressed us.{{Ref|ASOS|54}}|[[Stannis Baratheon]]}}
  
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{{Quote|Men say Tywin never smiled, but he smiled when he wed [[Joanna Lannister|your mother]], and when [[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys]] made him [[Hand of the King|Hand]]. When [[Tarbeck Hall]] came crashing down on [[Ellyn Tarbeck|Lady Ellyn]], that scheming bitch, [[Tygett Lannister|Tyg]] claimed he smiled then, and he smiled at your birth, Jaime, I saw with my own eyes.{{Ref|AFFC|33}}|[[Genna Lannister]], to [[Jaime Lannister]]}}
  
{{Quote|''"I have served six kings, but here before us lies the greatest man I ever knew. Lord Tywin wore no crown, yet he was all a king should be"''{{ref|aFfC|8}}}} - [[Pycelle]] at Lord Tywins funeral.
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{{Quote|I was seven when [[Walder Frey]] persuaded [[Tytos Lannister|my lord father]] to give my hand to [[Emmon Frey|Emm]]. His ''second'' son, not even his heir. Father was himself a thirdborn son, and younger children crave the approval of their elders. Frey sensed that weakness in him, and Father agreed for no better reason than to please him. My betrothal was announced at a feast with half [[westerlands|the west]] in attendance. [[Ellyn Tarbeck]] laughed and the [[Red Lion of Castamere|Red Lion]] went angry from the hall. The rest sat on their tongues. Only Tywin dared speak against the match. A boy of ten. Father turned as white as mare's milk, and Walder Frey was '''quivering'''. How could I not love him after that? That is not to say I approved of all he did, or much enjoyed the company of the man he became ... but every little girl needs a big brother to protect her. Tywin was big even when he was little.{{Ref|AFFC|33}}|[[Genna Lannister]], to [[Jaime Lannister]]}}
  
 
==Family==
 
==Family==
Tywin married his cousin [[Joanna Lannister]]. They had three children; Cersei, Jaime and Tyrion. Joanna died when giving birth to Tyrion. It is an unexplained mystery why Tywin named his first son Jaime, after no one known, and gave the family-traditional-style name Tyrion to his deformed second son.  
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Tywin married his cousin [[Joanna Lannister]], with whom he had three children: [[Cersei Lannister|Cersei]], [[Jaime Lannister|Jaime]] and [[Tyrion Lannister|Tyrion]]. Joanna died when giving birth to Tyrion.  
 
    
 
    
 
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==References==
==References and Notes==
 
 
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==External links==
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* [http://gameofthrones.wikia.com/wiki/Tywin_Lannister Tywin Lannister] on the [http://gameofthrones.wikia.com/wiki/Main Game of Thrones wiki].
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Revision as of 15:31, 15 June 2019

House Lannister.svg
Tywin Lannister
House Lannister.svg
Brittmartin TywinL.jpg
Tywin Lannister - by BrittMartin

Alias The Lion of Lannister
The Old Lion
The Great Lion of the Rock
Title Lord of Casterly Rock[1]
Shield of Lannisport[1]
Warden of the West[1]
Hand of the King[1]
Savior of the City (of King's Landing)[2]
Ser[3]
Allegiance House Lannister
Culture Westermen
Born In 242 AC[4], at Casterly Rock[5]
Died In 300 AC[6], at King's Landing[6]
Spouse Lady Joanna Lannister[7]
Issue Cersei Lannister[7]
Jaime Lannister[7]
Tyrion Lannister[7]
Book(s) The World of Ice & Fire (mentioned)
A Game of Thrones (appears)
A Clash of Kings (appears)
A Storm of Swords (appears)
A Feast for Crows (mentioned)
A Dance with Dragons (mentioned)
The Winds of Winter (mentioned)

Played by Charles Dance
TV series Season 1 | Season 2 | Season 3 | Season 4

Tywin Lannister is Lord of Casterly Rock, Shield of Lannisport, and Warden of the West. The head of House Lannister, Tywin is one of the most powerful lords in Westeros, and is the father of Cersei, Jaime, and Tyrion. He loves his children Jaime and Cersei, but despises Tyrion. This is partly because Tyrion is deformed, but also Tywin blames his son for causing his beloved wife Joanna's death during his birth, as well as for shaming the family name with his frequent whoring. In the television adaptation Game of Thrones, Tywin is portrayed by Charles Dance.

Appearance and Character

Tywin is a tall, slender, broad-shouldered man in his fifties. He has kept his head shaved ever since he started going bald, but grows out bushy golden side-whiskers, and has green eyes flecked with gold. In battle, he wears deep crimson armor highlighted with gold, with a cloth-of-gold cape.[1]

Tywin is a calculating, intelligent, politically astute, ruthless, and controlling man. He dedicates his life and efforts towards maintaining the Lannisters' prestige, and ensuring House Lannister is respected, or at least feared. He is a proven battle commander and politician, and has a very powerful presence combined with an intimidating gaze.

History

Early life

Tywin as a boy with his father Tytos as depicted by Magali Villeneuve in The World of Ice & Fire

Tywin was the first born of Tytos Lannister and his wife Jeyne Marbrand. His early years were formative ones, shaping his mind and resolve for the life that lay ahead of him. Tywin was forced to watch his mighty house nearly brought to ruin through his father's actions. His father while a gentle and amiable man was also weak willed and eager to please, loans went unpaid and his bannermen did what they pleased mocking him in their cups or openly defying him.

According to Genna Lannister, when Tytos agreed to marry her to Emmon Frey, the second son of Lord Walder Frey, just to please Lord Walder. The betrothal was announced at a feast in 252 AC, with most of the Lords of the West in attendance. Upon the announcement, Lord Roger Reyne left the hall in anger and Ellyn Reyne laughed aloud. The rest of Lord Tytos's vassals sat on their tongues, only the ten-year-old Tywin spoke out against the wedding because he thought it an uneven match.[8] Tytos later sent Tywin to King's Landing to serve as a royal cupbearer at King Aegon V Targaryen's court. At the royal court Tywin befriended the young Prince Aerys and the heir to Storm's End, Steffon Baratheon. His cousin, Joanna Lannister, also served at the royal court as a companion and lady-in-waiting to Princess Rhaella Targaryen.[9][3]


During the War of the Ninepenny Kings, eleven thousand westermen under the leadership Tywin's uncle, Ser Jason Lannister (who would later perish in the war) were sent to fight beside the forces of the Iron Throne in the Stepstones. Tywin who was already a knight by then joined the Lannister force as did his brothers Kevan and Tygett as squires. The young Prince Aerys Targaryen served as a squire during the war and when he won his knighthood, Tywin was granted the honor of knighting his friend.[3]

House Lannister's reputation was low because of Tywin's weak father, Tytos.[10] Tywin decided to take ruthless steps to rectify the situation and restore the family honor and fortune from its near ruin. Upon the return of Ser Tywin Lannister from the Stepstones with his brothers, Ser Kevan (newly knighted) and Tygett Lannister who while still a squire had distinguished himself well in the fighting. The three were now battle hardened from the war, they knew how their House was regarded by others under the misrule of their sire and were determined to change that. Tywin Lannister took upon himself the task of restoring his house's dominance. The young Tywin, declared to his father he was restoring House Lannister to its proper place, Lord Tytos protested feebly before returning to the comfort and embrace of his current mistress, who was a wet nurse.[9]

Tywin began by demanding the repayment of the gold his father lent out, those who could not repay immediately had to send a hostage to Casterly Rock until their debt was settled. He charged his brother Kevan with command of five hundred knights, who were all blooded and seasoned veterans from the War of the Ninepenny Kings and had them rid the westerlands of robber knights and bandit outlaws. Some hastened to obey, and Ser Harys Swyft stated, "The Lion has awoken."[9]

Unable to pay the loan at the time, Ser Harys agreed to surrender his daughter Dorna into Ser Kevan's custody, elsewhere the collectors were met with sullen resistance and open defiance. Roger Reyne reportedly laughed when he read Tywin's edicts and counseled his friends and vassals to do nothing.

Lord Walderan Tarbeck unwisely choose a different course. He rode to Casterly Rock to confront Lord Tytos, confident he could easily cow Tytos to rescind his son's edicts. Lord Tytos was not present when Lord Tarbeck arrived at court, but the young Tywin was and ordered Lord Walderan imprisoned for disloyalty.

In return, Lady Ellyn Tarbeck seized three Lannisters - two Lannisters of Lannisport, as well as Stafford Lannister, whose sister was betrothed to Tywin and threatened them harm unless her Lord and husband was returned. This awoke Lord Tytos who was determined to get his late brother's son, Stafford, back alive and ignored Tywin's suggestion that Lord Walderan should be sent back to his wife in three pieces, one for every Lannister taken. Tytos returned Walderan unharmed and even forgave the Tarbeck debt to House Lannister, further weakening the position of the House.[11][9]

Tywin was determined to bring the overmighty and belligerent vassals to heel. Late in the year of 261 AC Tywin (who did not seek his lord father's leave, nor even informed him of his intent) sent a raven message to both Tarbeck Hall and Castamere demanding that they present themselves at Casterly Rock to answer for their crimes. Both refused (as Tywin knew they would) and choose defiance, rising in revolt and renouncing their fealty to House Lannister. Tywin rode forth himself taking command of the Lannister forces and immediately marched against the upstart vassals taking the army he had already gathered prior to sending the raven messages.

Thus, Tywin took upon himself the task of putting down House Tarbeck and House Reyne, for their defiance and showing the world that the Lion of Lannister was a beast to fear. Tywin crushed both vassal houses with ruthless efficiency, destroying both houses entirely so that their lines were ended, leaving their ruined and shattered castles as a mute testimony to the fate that awaits those who scorn the power of Casterly Rock.[12] Such was the brutality of Tywin's destruction of House Reyne that a song called "The Rains of Castamere" was written as a tribute to the event. Indeed when Lord Farman of Faircastle later grew truculent Tywin sent a messenger with a lute instead of a letter and once "The Rains of Castamere" was played Lord Farman caused no further trouble.

Upon the death of King Jaehaerys II Targaryen, the newly-crowned King Aerys II Targaryen choose his friend Ser Tywin as Hand of the King, impressed by the ruthlessness demonstrated against the rebellious Reynes and Tarbecks. Tywin spent much of his time at the court of King's Landing, his father continued to rule the westerlands for the next few years, though still a weak Lord none of his other vassals dared cause trouble after seeing what his heir Tywin did to Reynes and Tarbecks.

When Tywin's father Tytos finally keeled over of a burst heart in 267 AC while climbing a flight of steps to visit his new mistress,[13] Ser Tywin became the Lord of Casterly Rock and Warden of the West. Upon his return to Casterly Rock after hearing of his father's death, Tywin found his father's new mistress trying on one of his late mother's gowns. Tywin learned that while he was away serving as at King's Landing, his father's mistress, the daughter of a chandler, dominated Tytos utterly, ordering about the household knights and dismissing servants and helping herself to his late wife's jewelery.[10] Tywin had her stripped naked and forced the sobbing woman to walk the streets of Lannisport to confess to every man she met that she was a thief and a harlot before banishing her from the westerlands.[13]

As a result of his father's follies Tywin Lannister never laughed as he mistrusted laughter, hearing too much of it directed at his father and House Lannister in his youth. Tywin also seldom smiled when he was young and never smiled again after his wife's death.[14]

As Hand of the King

Tywin married his cousin Joanna Lannister and from all reports the marriage was a happy one. Genna Lannister said that Tywin smiled on the day he wed Joanna.[14] It was said that though Tywin ruled the Seven Kingdoms (as Hand) he was ruled at home by his lady wife. Joanna gave him twins, Cersei and Jaime that he hoped would one day be Queen of Westeros and Lord of Casterly Rock, but then disaster struck when his beloved wife died giving birth to Tyrion, considered a hideous monster. Tywin was devastated by Joanna's untimely death and took no further wife. Gerion Lannister once told his nephew Tyrion that the best part of Tywin died when Joanna did.[15]

Tywin appointed as Aerys II King's Hand

Tywin proved himself a brilliant administrator in the position of Hand of the King and held the post for twenty years of peace and plenty. Some people joked it was he and not the king who really ruled the land. It ended when Aerys' increasing paranoia and jealousy drove the two into several bitter disagreements. According to Ser Barristan Selmy, Aerys lusted after Tywin's wife when she was alive[16] which caused further friction between the two. Tension increased at the tournament in honor of Viserys's birth in Lannisport in 276 AC when Aerys refused Tywin's offer to betroth Cersei to his heir, Prince Rhaegar. In 281 AC Aerys raised Jaime, Tywin's fifteen-year old son, to the Kingsguard, robbing Tywin of his prized heir; Tywin understood that the king’s motivations were to make Jaime a hostage to use against his father. Upset at Aerys's treatment of Jaime at the tourney of Harrenhal, Tywin resigned his position on some thin pretext and returned to Casterly Rock.

Robert's Rebellion and aftermath

When Robert's Rebellion began, Lord Tywin sat at Casterly Rock and waited, ignoring King Aerys's orders to arm, taking no side until after Robert Baratheon's decisive victory at the Battle of the Trident. After the battle, Tywin mustered his forces and rode for the capital of King's Landing. After Aerys was convinced by Grand Maester Pycelle that Tywin had come to aid him, he ordered the gates of the city opened for Tywin. The westermen proceeded to sack the city. Aerys was killed by Jaime before Tywin's forces arrived at the Red Keep, but Gregor Clegane and Amory Lorch, knights sworn to Tywin and under Tywin's orders, slew Rhaegar's wife Elia of Dorne and her two young children, Rhaenys and Aegon. Tywin wrapped the bodies in crimson Lannister cloaks to better conceal the blood and presented them to Robert Baratheon as a token of fealty. When asked by his son Tyrion years later why Tywin did not let Robert bloody his own hands, Tywin's replied:

We had come late to Robert's cause. It was necessary to demonstrate our loyalty. When I laid those bodies before the throne, no man could doubt that we had forsaken House Targaryen forever. And Robert's relief was palpable. As stupid as he was, even he knew that Rhaegar's children had to die if his throne was ever to be secure. Yet he saw himself as a hero, and heroes do not kill children.[17]

While earning House Lannister the hatred of both House Martell of Dorne and the population of King's Landing, this act also secured the marriage of the new king, Robert I Baratheon, to Tywin's daughter Cersei, whose proposed betrothal to Prince Rhaegar Targaryen had been rejected by Aerys much to Tywin's bitter disappointment. Cersei's marriage to the new, young, and popular king did much to make up for Tywin's earlier disappointment.

Tywin Lannister - by Nacho Molina ©

After the rebellion, Tywin returned to Casterly Rock, where he continued to serve as Lord and Warden of the West. In 289 AC Lord Balon Greyjoy began Greyjoy's Rebellion against King Robert by burning the Lannister fleet anchored at Lannisport. After the defeat of the Greyjoys, Tywin rebuilt his fleet[18] and hosted another tourney at Lannisport. Due to King Robert's financial mismanagement of the realm, as well as his own new connection to the throne by marriage, Lord Tywin frequently lent money to the crown, placing the court in King's Landing in debt of over three million gold dragons to House Lannister.

Though ruthless, Tywin Lannister is an able and shrewd ruler who brought great prosperity during his tenures as the King's Hand. He is especially talented at the raising of funds, leading to a persistent jest that he must "shit gold."[19] The common folk of Lannisport cheered twice as loud for Tywin at the tourney for King Aerys II as they did for their actual king. Even so, Tywin is more respected than loved in the westerlands and he became despised in King's Landing after his house treacherously sacked the city.

Children

When Tywin discovered his son Tyrion wed a common girl, Tysha, which in Tywin's eyes would make the house a laughingstock again, Tywin taught him a sharp lesson. He commanded Tyrion's brother Jaime to name her a prostitute and made Tyrion watch as Tywin gave Tysha over to his garrison of guards, having each man pay the girl a silver coin after raping her. He forced Tyrion to do the same but pay the girl a gold coin.[20] He earned the enmity of his son forever for that act, but Tywin did not care, for it was on his other children that he placed all his hopes.

Tywin later refused to allow Tyrion to travel and see the world as Tywin's brothers had in their youth, fearing he would bring further shame on House Lannister and as a "gift" for Tyrion's sixteenth name day he put his son in charge of cleaning all the drains of Casterly Rock.[21]

When Tyrion became 16-years-old, the official age of adulthood, he believed he would be free to do as he wished. Tywin disillusioned him, replying:

No man is free. Only children and fools think elsewise.[21]

Though Tywin's children also greatly respect him, none of them have been able to conform to the paths he had laid out for them, which causes many difficulties.[11]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Tywin Lannister preparing for war - by Magali Villeneuve ©

Believed to be responsible for hiring an assassin to murder Bran Stark while he lay in a coma, Tywin's son Tyrion is arrested at the inn at the crossroads by Catelyn Stark, the wife of Eddard Stark, current Hand of the King. She takes him to her sister Lysa, at the Eyrie, for trial. Though Tywin does not care about Tyrion's welfare, he sees the arrest and kidnapping as a direct slight on House Lannister's honor which he will not tolerate. In response Tywin sends Ser Gregor Clegane and the Mountain's men, disguised as brigands, to sack and pillage various villages and hamlets across the riverlands, Catelyn's homeland.[22] These raids mark one of the seminal points in what is to become the War of the Five Kings.

Tywin's aim is to draw Eddard out of King's Landing, capture him, and exchange him for the freedom of his son.[23] Eddard, however, is injured in a skirmish on the streets of King's Landing with Tywin's son Jaime, who is unaware of Tywin's plans, and Eddard sends Lord Beric Dondarrion after Gregor in his stead. When Beric's forces reach the Mummer's Ford, soldiers of Tywin's and Gregor's attack from all sides, routing Beric's host.[24]

Tywin and Jaime ride to war - by Thomas Denmark ©

As the war gains momentum, Tywin's forces take the majority of the riverlands and lay siege to Riverrun before meeting their first real opposition in the battle on the Green Fork. Just prior to the battle, Tyrion, having won his freedom from the Vale of Arryn via trial by combat and earned the loyalty of many of the Vale mountain clans along the way, meets with his father. Tywin sends Tyrion and his clansmen into the battle on the left flank, believing the undisciplined men likely to rout, but giving the northern commander, which Tywin believed to be the young and inexperienced Robb Stark, a chance to over-commit and be annihilated.[25] The clansmen do not rout, however, and the northern commander is not Robb but instead the more cautious and experienced Lord Roose Bolton. The battle is a Lannister victory, but it buys enough time for a separate northern force under Robb Stark's command to cross the Trident at the Twins. With the battle in the Whispering Wood and the Battle of the Camps, Robb is able to capture Tywin's other son, Jaime, and lift the siege of Riverrun.[26]

After the death of King Robert I Baratheon, Tywin is named Hand of the King for his grandson, Joffrey I Baratheon.[27] Tywin does not trust the "jackanapes" on the small council: master of coin Petyr Baelish, Pycelle, and master of whisperers Varys. After the battle he sends Tyrion to King's Landing to serve as Hand in his stead, control the small council and Joffrey, and to prepare the city's defenses in anticipation of an attack from one or both of Robert's brothers, Stannis and Renly, while Tywin manages the war with the North and the Riverlands.[26]

A Clash of Kings

The loss of Riverrun means that Tywin is not able to pursue and destroy Roose Bolton's forces. Instead he marches south to Harrenhal while he ponders his next move. Lannister men in the riverlands are harassed by Beric Dondarrion's outlaw brotherhood, despite Beric having been reported as slain several times.[19]

Robb Stark, now the King in the North, marches from Riverrun and invades the westerlands, smashing a new Lannister host being raised and trained by Stafford Lannister at Oxcross and turning his forces loose to scour the westerlands. With Renly mysteriously killed and the loyalties of his men disputed,[28][29] Tywin leaves Harrenhal and marches his forces west in pursuit of Robb,[30] gambling that Stannis will be occupied with the siege of Storm's End.[31][32] With Tywin gone, however, the Brave Companions abandon the Lannister cause and betray Harrenhal to Lord Bolton.[33]

Robb and Ser Brynden Tully plan to lead Tywin's army on a long chase across the westerlands, bleeding his forces and living off their lands.[34] However, Ser Edmure Tully, who has been tasked with holding Riverrun but is unaware of Robb's plan, meets Tywin's army in the field in the Battle of the Fords.[35] Tywin's forces are bloodied and thrown back, but the delay allows word to reach Tywin that Stannis has unexpectedly[31] taken formidable Storm's End and laid claim to much of Renly's army, and that he is marching and sailing on King's Landing with an enormous force.[36][32]

Tywin turns his host southeast on a forced march to the headwaters of the Blackwater Rush, where he meets Lords Mathis Rowan and Randyll Tarly of the newly-allied Reach. They then join with the forces of Lord Mace Tyrell at Tumbler's Falls.[34] Sailing together on barges down the Blackwater Rush, the Lannisters and Tyrells arrive just in time for the waning moments of the Battle of the Blackwater, where they are able to break and drive away the majority of Stannis's army, which had been on the cusp of victory, by taking them in the flank.[34] Tywin commands the host's right flank during the battle.[37] Tywin is declared Savior of the City by King Joffrey I Baratheon. Tywin's son Tyrion, who had done much for the city's defenses, is critically wounded in the fighting.[38]

A Storm of Swords

Tywin paraded as Savior of the City - by Pojypojy ©

Tywin's timely arrival at the Battle of the Blackwater allows him to take the majority of the credit for the Lannister victory. Tywin assumes his official position as King Joffrey's Hand,[39] while giving Tyrion, after his recovery, the position of Master of Coin, which Tyrion sees as a demotion and an insult. Tywin arranges for Tyrion to be wed to Sansa Stark[12] before she can be betrothed to Willas Tyrell, giving him claim over Winterfell and directly denying Tyrion's ambition to inherit Casterly Rock.[38] He also makes plans to find a suitor to marry his widowed daughter, Queen Cersei, though they are never realized. He offers her to Willas Tyrell but Mace Tyrell, after being hectored by his mother, Olenna Redwyne, refuses the match. Tywin demands that Tyrion act as if the offer were never made.[40]

After learning that Robb Stark has unexpectedly wed Jeyne Westerling and that House Westerling has gone over to the Starks, Tywin remains in communication, via raven, with Jeyne's mother Sybell Spicer. He also communicates with Roose Bolton, who has switched sides to the Lannisters after taking Harrenhal, and Lord Walder Frey, who sees Robb's marriage to Jeyne as an insult to House Frey, as it breaks a marriage pact Robb had previously made to wed a Frey girl. The Red Wedding is the direct result of their correspondence, which sees Robb Stark betrayed and murdered along with the vast majority of his host, effectively ending the war with House Lannister the victor.

Tywin Lannister has Ice, the Valyrian steel greatsword of Eddard Stark, reforged into two longswords as gifts, one for Joffrey on his wedding day and the other to Jaime.[40] Not long after, King Joffrey is poisoned and dies at the feast following his wedding to Margaery Tyrell. Tywin's son Tyrion is falsely accused of the crime, and Tywin agrees to be one of Tyrion's three judges, alongside Oberyn Martell and Mace Tyrell, at his trial. When it becomes clear that he is going to be found guilty, Tyrion demands trial by combat, and Oberyn surprisingly volunteers to champion him. Cersei, being Tyrion's accuser, selects Ser Gregor Clegane to represent the crown. Gregor, despite being poisoned by Oberyn during the trial, wins the duel, slaying Oberyn, and Tyrion is thus found guilty.[41]

Tywin faces huge political ramifications from the trial. Before slaying Oberyn, Gregor roars his guilt in slaying Elia Martell and her son Aegon for all the realm to hear. Tywin fears Dorne might join Stannis Baratheon, which could prolong the war for years. He plans on having Gregor executed to appease House Martell, but needs it to be seen to be the King's Justice who carries out the deed, not poison. Tywin commands Pycelle to heal Gregor, but Pycelle's efforts prove fruitless.[42]

Awaiting his sentencing, Tyrion is freed from the Red Keep's dungeon by his brother Jaime and a reluctant Varys. During his escape, Jaime reveals the truth about Tyrion's first wife Tysha, saying she was not a whore but a girl just met on the road and Tywin had made Jaime speak the lie to Tyrion. Tyrion is enraged by this and has Varys show him to a ladder that leads directly into the Tower of the Hand, Tywin's residence, Tyrion finds his ex-lover Shae in Tywin's bed, wearing nothing but his father's golden chain of office. Tyrion strangles her to death with it. He then takes a crossbow from the wall and finds Tywin in the privy and confronts him about Tysha. Tywin remains belligerent, repeatedly calling her a whore, which Tyrion sees as the final insult; shooting him through his bowels with the crossbow, mortally wounding him. Tywin dies while seated on the privy, his bowels loosening in the moment of death causing Tyrion to think as he left his father's body:

But the stink that filled the privy gave ample evidence that the oft-repeated jape about his father was just another lie. Lord Tywin Lannister did not, in the end, shit gold.[6]

A Feast for Crows

After Tywin's body is discovered, it is prepared for a state burial. Cersei has the Kettleblacks remove the body of Shae and swears she will have the tongue removed of any man who mentions Shae was ever there.[13] The remains of Lord Tywin are shown for seven days in the Great Sept of Baelor before making its way west with an entourage of knights and lords from the westerlands. The smell of the body is so bad many of the mourners grow sick or faint from being too near. A drying of the mouth also causes Tywin's lips to curl up and make him appear to smile.[43] This disturbs Jaime and Cersei, because Tywin Lannister seldom smiled.

A Dance with Dragons

Now in Essos, on his way to meet up with the crew of the Shy Maid, Tyrion listens to what Illyrio Mopatis has to say about Daenerys Targaryen and he wonders,

Are you down in some hell, Father? A nice cold hell where you can look up and see me help restore Mad Aerys's daughter to the Iron Throne?[44]

Ser Kevan Lannister thinks of how Tywin would never have dreamed his golden daughter Cersei would experience a similar fate, a walk of shame, as Tywin made their father Tytos's mistress suffer.[45]

Quotes by Tywin

No man is free. Only children and fools think elsewise.[21]

—Tywin, to Tyrion Lannister

Some battles are won with swords and spears, others with quills and ravens.[38]

—Tywin, to Tyrion Lannister

Tyrion: Could the Westerlings and Spicers be such great fools as to believe the wolf can defeat the lion?
Tywin: The greatest fools are ofttimes more clever than the men who laugh at them.[12]

—Tywin and Tyrion Lannister

There is a tool for every task, and a task for every tool.[40]

—Tywin, to Tyrion Lannister

When your enemies defy you, you must serve them steel and fire. When they go to their knees, however, you must help them back to their feet. Elsewise no man will ever bend the knee to you. And any man who must say 'I am the king' is no true king at all. Aerys never understood that, but you will. When I've won your war for you, we will restore the king's peace and the king's justice.[17]

—Tywin, to Joffrey Baratheon

I did not fight a war to seat Robert the Second on the Iron Throne.[17]

— Tywin, to Cersei Lannister

You are not my son. You say you are the Lord Commander of the Kingsguard, and only that. Very well, ser. Go do your duty.[46]

—Tywin, to Jaime Lannister

Tywin: I suppose the steward sent her on her way. I never thought to inquire.

Tyrion: On her way where?

Tywin: Wherever whores go.[6]

—Tywin and Tyrion Lannister, regarding Tysha

Tywin: You shot me.

Tyrion: You always were quick to grasp a situation, my lord, that must be why you're the Hand of the King.
Tywin: You ... you are no ... no son of mine.

Tyrion: Now that's where you’re wrong, Father. Why, I believe I'm you writ small. Do me a kindness now, and die quickly. I have a ship to catch. [6]

—Tywin and Tyrion Lannister

Quotes about Tywin

I would sooner entrust a child to a pit viper than to Lord Tywin.[47]

Eddard Stark's thoughts

A fool more foolish than most had once jested that even Lord Tywin’s shit was flecked with gold. Some said the man was still alive, deep in the bowels of Casterly Rock.[1]

Tyrion Lannister's thoughts

Every once in a very long while, Lord Tywin Lannister would actually threaten to smile; he never did, but the threat alone was terrible to behold.[12]

Tyrion Lannister's thoughts

Joffrey: You talk about Aerys, Grandfather, but you were scared of him.

Cersei: Joffrey, apologize to your grandfather.

Joffrey: Why should I? Everyone knows it’s true. My father won all the battles. He killed Prince Rhaegar and took the crown, while your father was hiding under Casterly Rock.[17]

Kevan: Tywin seems a hard man to you, but he's no harder than he's had to be. Our own father was gentle and amiable, but so weak his bannermen mocked him in their cups. Some saw fit to defy him openly. Other lords borrowed his gold and never troubled to repay it. At court they japed of toothless lions. Even his own mistress stole from him. A woman scarcely one step above a whore, and she helped herself to my mother's jewels! It fell to Tywin to restore House Lannister to its proper place. Just as it fell to him to rule this realm, when he was no more than twenty. He bore that heavy burden for twenty years and all it earned him was a mad king's envy. Instead of the honor he deserved, he was made to suffer slights beyond count, yet he gave the Seven Kingdoms peace, plenty and justice. He is a just man.

Tyrion: You love him.

Kevan: He is my brother.[10]

Lord Tywin Lannister did not, in the end, shit gold.[6]

Tyrion Lannister's thoughts

I have served six kings, but here before us lies the greatest man I ever knew. Lord Tywin wore no crown, yet he was all a king should be.[43]

...I remember the first time my father took me to court, Robert had to hold my hand. I could not have been older than four, which would have made him five or six. We agreed afterward that the king had been as noble as the dragons were fearsome. Years later, our father told us that Aerys had cut himself on the throne that morning, so his Hand had taken his place. It was Tywin Lannister who’d so impressed us.[48]

Men say Tywin never smiled, but he smiled when he wed your mother, and when Aerys made him Hand. When Tarbeck Hall came crashing down on Lady Ellyn, that scheming bitch, Tyg claimed he smiled then, and he smiled at your birth, Jaime, I saw with my own eyes.[14]

I was seven when Walder Frey persuaded my lord father to give my hand to Emm. His second son, not even his heir. Father was himself a thirdborn son, and younger children crave the approval of their elders. Frey sensed that weakness in him, and Father agreed for no better reason than to please him. My betrothal was announced at a feast with half the west in attendance. Ellyn Tarbeck laughed and the Red Lion went angry from the hall. The rest sat on their tongues. Only Tywin dared speak against the match. A boy of ten. Father turned as white as mare's milk, and Walder Frey was quivering. How could I not love him after that? That is not to say I approved of all he did, or much enjoyed the company of the man he became ... but every little girl needs a big brother to protect her. Tywin was big even when he was little.[14]

Family

Tywin married his cousin Joanna Lannister, with whom he had three children: Cersei, Jaime and Tyrion. Joanna died when giving birth to Tyrion.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tytos
 
Jeyne
Marbrand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tywin
 
Joanna
Lannister
 
Kevan
 
Dorna
Swyft
 
Emmon
Frey
 
Genna
 
Tygett
 
Darlessa
Marbrand
 
Gerion
 
Briony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert
Baratheon
 
Cersei
 
Jaime
 
Tyrion
 
Sansa
Stark
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issue
 
 
 
 
 
Tyrek
 
Ermesande
Hayford
 
Joy
Hill
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joffrey
Baratheon
 
Myrcella
Baratheon
 
Tommen
Baratheon
 
Amerei
Frey
 
Lancel
 
Martyn
 
Willem
 
Janei
 
 
 

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 56, Tyrion VII.
  2. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 65, Sansa VIII.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  4. See the Tywin Lannister calculation.
  5. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Tywin Lannister.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 77, Tyrion XI.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
  8. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 32, Cersei VII.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 The World of Ice & Fire, House Lannister under the Dragons.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 66, Tyrion IX.
  11. 11.0 11.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 44, Jaime VII.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 3, Cersei I.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime V.
  15. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
  16. Aerys's own unhappy marriage was arranged
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
  18. So Spake Martin: The Lannister Fleet
  19. 19.0 19.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 30, Arya VII.
  20. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 42, Tyrion VI.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion III.
  22. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 43, Eddard XI.
  23. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 17, Arya III.
  24. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 55, Catelyn VIII.
  25. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 62, Tyrion VIII.
  26. 26.0 26.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 69, Tyrion IX.
  27. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 57, Sansa V.
  28. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 33, Catelyn IV.
  29. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 36, Tyrion VIII.
  30. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 38, Arya VIII.
  31. 31.0 31.1 So Spake Martin: Tyrion and Tywin, July 27, 1999
  32. 32.0 32.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 44, Tyrion X.
  33. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 47, Arya IX.
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 14, Catelyn II.
  35. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 45, Catelyn VI.
  36. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 42, Davos II.
  37. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 62, Sansa VII.
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 4, Tyrion I.
  39. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 64, Arya X.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 32, Tyrion IV.
  41. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion X.
  42. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 72, Jaime IX.
  43. 43.0 43.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 8, Jaime I.
  44. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 5, Tyrion II.
  45. A Dance with Dragons, Epilogue.
  46. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 62, Jaime VII.
  47. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 4, Eddard I.
  48. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 54, Davos V.

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