Arm of Dorne
The Arm of Dorne was a land bridge which once linked southeastern Westeros and southwestern Essos. In place of the land bridge is now the archipelago called the Stepstones, which is located in the narrow sea between the Broken Arm of Dorne and the Disputed Lands.
Around 12,000 years before the War of Conquest, the First Men came to Westeros from Essos by crossing the Arm of Dorne. When the First Men and the children of the forest first went to war, the old songs say greenseers of the children used dark magics to make the seas rise and sweep away the land, shattering the Arm, in a futile attempt to end the invasion of the First Men. Although the shattering of the Arm was successful, it was too late, for the First Men in Westeros had already crossed and the wars went on until the Pact.
Archmaester Cassander argues in his Song of the Sea: How the Lands Were Severed that it wasn't the singing of greenseers that parted Westeros from Essos but what he calls "Song of the Sea", a slow rising of waters taking place over centurie,s caused by a series of long, hot summers and short, warm winters that melted the ice in the frozen lands north of the Shivering Sea.