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Dorne

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Map of Dorne with its major strongholds
Dorne location on Westeros

Dorne is the large peninsula which makes up the southern-most part of Westeros, and is one of the constituent regions of the Seven Kingdoms. Its capital is Sunspear and the lords of the ruling House Martell still style themselves "Prince" and "Princess" in the Rhoynish fashion.[1]

Contents

Geography

See also: Images of Dorne

Dorne is the hottest region of Westeros. The region is rocky, mountainous, arid and dry, and features the only desert on the continent. Dorne is bordered by the Sea of Dorne to the north, the islands known as the Stepstones to the east, and the Summer Sea to the south. Stretched between them is the mountain range known as the Red Mountains, which separates Dorne from the Stormlands to the north and the Reach to the northwest and west. There are two major passes, the Boneway and the Prince's Pass, which go through the Red Mountains to the Dornish Marches of the Stormlands. The Prince's Pass leads to Nightsong, while the Boneway leads to Summerhall.[2] Sunspear and the Water Gardens, both controlled by the ruling House Martell, are located in southeastern Dorne.

Dorne's rivers provide some fertile lands and even during a long summer there is enough rain and other supplies of water to keep Dorne habitable.[3] Inland water is almost as valuable as gold, and wells are jealously guarded. The major Dornish river is the Greenblood in southeastern Dorne, which is formed by the Vaith and the Scourge near Godsgrace. The trading port called Planky Town is located at the mouth of the Greenblood along the Summer Sea. The Brimstone in southern Dorne flows past the Hellholt to the Summer Sea. The Torentine has its source in the Red Mountains of western Dorne and ends at Starfall along the Summer Sea. The Wyl flows across the Boneway in northern Dorne to the Sea of Dorne. There is another river in northern Dorne which flows near Yronwood to the Sea of Dorne, but its name is as yet unknown.[2]

The southern coast is some four hundred leagues long. It is ridden with cliffs, whirlpools, and hidden shoals, with few safe landings.[4]

People

Main article: Dornishmen

Dorne is the least populous of the Seven Kingdoms.[5] Dornishmen differ both culturally and ethnically from other Westerosi due to the historical mass immigration of Rhoynish people and their relative isolation. Dornishmen have adopted many Rhoynish customs on top of their First Men and Andal origins. Dornishmen have a reputation for hot-bloodedness and sexual licentiousness, and are still viewed with some mistrust and rivalry by the people of the neighboring Dornish Marches. Dornish bastards are given the surname Sand.

According to a semi-canon source from 2005[6] and Daeron I Targaryen's Conquest of Dorne, the Martells could raise fifty thousand Dornishmen. However, Daeron exaggerated the quantity of his opponents to enhance his victory; the Martells have not corrected the claim in order to make Dorne appear stronger.[5]

Economy

Dorne provides many exotic products which are uncommon in the rest of the Seven Kingdoms, in particular, citrus fruits and Dorne's own special wines. Lemons, olives, and pomegranates come chiefly from Dorne. Many of these plants are grown with the aid of canals that bring water from streams and rivers. Dorne is also famous for the sand steed, a type of slim but swift horse bred in only in Dorne, which can run for near two days before tiring.[7]

Ships from the Free Cities such as Volantis trade at the port town Planky Town, which is located at the mouth of the river Greenblood, allowing transport of goods across the land. Caravans take on supplies at Sunspear before crossing the deep sands to reach the Prince's Pass.

History

Dorne © FFG
The throne of Dorne - by Marc Simonetti ©
A blood orange grove Dorne © FFG

The First Men settled Westeros by crossing the land bridge across the narrow sea called the Arm of Dorne. During their great war with the First Men, the children of the forest allegedly broke the Arm in an attempt to stop them coming.

The Rhoynar migration

One thousand years ago, Dorne was a coalition of Andal states and petty kingdoms, with no ruler strong enough to seize control of the entire region, until the Rhoynar migration which forced the people of the Rhoynar to flee their homeland along the Rhoyne in Essos. Led by their legendary warrior-queen Nymeria, they left in a fleet of 10,000 ships, making landfall at Dorne. Nymeria made alliance with Lord Mors Martell of Sunspear, and with his support conquered the entire peninsula, uniting it with House Nymeros Martell as its ruler. While the monarchs from the rest of Westeros used the title "king", the new rulers of Dorne used the Rhoynish title "prince" instead. The second most powerful house in Dorne is House Yronwood;[5] the head of the house continues to hold the title "The Bloodroyal", recognizing the Yronwoods' status as petty kings prior to the victory of the Martells.

The Rhoynar brought their own gods with them to Dorne, but they have largely disappeared in favour of the Faith of the Seven. Nevertheless, many Rhoynish customs, including inheritance regardless of gender, have been absorbed into Dornish society.[8] Descendents of the Rhoynar who have not assimilated into Dornish society are known as orphans of the Greenblood.

Dorne has had a violent history, particularly with the houses of the Red Mountains, who lived by raiding across the borders into the Dornish Marches, feuding with each other endlessly. Dorne, the Reach, and the Stormlands fought border wars beyond count and made countless raids across mountains and marches even when at peace, leading to their great enmity.

The War of Conquest

Seven centuries after the Rhoynar invasion, Aegon the Conqueror invaded Westeros and in his War of Conquest subjugated all of the Andal kings one by one, except Dorne, which successfully resisted the Dragon King. Whereas other kings and lords had taken to the field against Aegon, or clustered in castles, the Dornish refused to give open battle and allow Aegon to deploy his dragons. Instead, they turned to ambush and raids, striking quickly and then slipping back into the desert or through the mountain passes, where even the dragons could not find them. In time, Aegon pulled away from Dorne.


In 4AC, King Aegon I Targaryen announced another campaign against Dorne. Aegon's younger sister-wife, Queen Rhaenys Targaryen, participated in this war, which eventually lead to her death. Rhaenys' dragon, Meraxes, was killed also killed, after being hit in the eye by a scorpion.[9][10]

War for the Stepstones

In 110AC, Dorne joined the Triarchy in the war against Prince Daemon Targaryen for control of the Stepstones.

The Conquest of Dorne

A century and a half after the Conquest, King Daeron I Targaryen, the Young Dragon, managed to do what his ancestor could not and successfully subdued the kingdom. Unfortunately, Dorne almost immediately rose in rebellion. In the resulting conflict, forty thousand soldiers gave their lives, forcing the Targaryens to pull away from Dorne.

After Daeron's death, his brother and successor Baelor the Blessed made peace with Dorne instead, marrying off his cousin, another Daeron, to Myriah Martell. When this prince ruled as Daeron II, he made another marriage pact, offering his younger sister Daenerys to the ruling Prince of Dorne Maron Martell, finally joining Dorne to the rest of the Seven Kingdoms through a peaceful alliance. Before officially joining the realm, the Dornishmen fought alongside Daeron II's forces (being led by his half-Martell son Baelor Targaryen), helping to suppress the Blackfyre Rebellion. Even though they are no longer independent and now owe allegiance to the Iron Throne, the ruling Martells still use the title prince, unlike their lordly counterparts in the rest of the Seven Kingdoms.

Robert's Rebellion/The War of the Usurper

The Dornish were loyalists who supported the Targaryens during the War of the Usurper, as Elia Martell was married to the crown prince, Rhaegar Targaryen. Lewyn Martell commanded ten thousand Dornishmen in the Battle of the Trident, in which Lewyn and Rhaegar were killed. After lifting the Siege of Storm's End, Eddard Stark fought three members of the Kingsguard at the tower of joy in northern Dorne. The Dornish were livid because of the deaths of Elia and her children in the Sack of King's Landing, but Jon Arryn, the Hand of the new king, Robert Baratheon, was able to make peace with Prince Doran Martell.

Recent Events

A Clash of Kings

The acting Hand of the King, Tyrion Lannister, sends Princess Myrcella Baratheon to Sunspear to gain House Martell as an ally for House Baratheon of King's Landing.[11]

A Storm of Swords

Oberyn Martell leads a Dornish retinue to King's Landing to take his place on the small council.[7] Seeking vengeance for his murdered sister Elia Martell, he is killed by Ser Gregor Clegane during Tyrion's trial by battle.[12]

A Feast for Crows

Oberyn's daughters, the Sand Snakes, demand vengeance for their father and want to lead the angry Dornish against the Baratheons, Lannisters, and Tyrells. Oberyn's cautious brother, Prince Doran Martell, has the Sand Snakes seized, however.

Doran's daughter, Arianne Martell, plots to crown Myrcella and place her on the Iron Throne. Her plan falters on the Greenblood, however. Ser Arys Oakheart of the Kingsguard is killed by Areo Hotah, while Myrcella is wounded by Darkstar, Ser Gerold Dayne. With the exception of Darkstar, Arianne and her fellow conspirators are taken into custody. Later, Doran reveals to his daughter that there were plans to marry her to the now-deceased Viserys Targaryen and Quentyn Martell to Daenerys Targaryen.

A Dance with Dragons

Doran sends Obara Sand with Ser Balon Swann to apprehend Darkstar, while Tyene Sand and Nymeria Sand are sent to King's Landing.

Quentyn travels across Essos to Daenerys in Meereen. The young queen rejects him, however, and Quentyn is killed while attempting to tame one of her dragons.

The Winds of Winter

Arianne departs Sunspear on a mission from her father to discover the truth about the supposed Aegon Targaryen. Dornish hosts are massed in the Prince's Pass and the Boneway.

Houses

AllyrionCoA.png House Allyrion of Godsgrace.
BlackmontCoA.png House Blackmont of Blackmont.
DaltCoA.png House Dalt of Lemonwood.
House Unknown House Dayne of High Hermitage.
DayneCoA.png House Dayne of Starfall.
House Unknown House Drinkwater.
FowlerCoA.png House Fowler of Skyreach.
GargalenCoA.png House Gargalen of Salt Shore.
JordayneCoA.png House Jordayne of the Tor.
House Unknown House Ladybright.
ManwoodyCoA.png House Manwoody of Kingsgrave.
MartellCoA.png House Martell of Sunspear.
QorgyleCoA.png House Qorgyle of Sandstone.
SantagarCoA.png House Santagar of Spottswood.
TolandCoA.png House Toland of Ghost Hill.
UllerCoA.png House Uller of the Hellholt.
VaithCoA.png House Vaith of Vaith.
House Unknown House Wells.
House Unknown House Wyl of Wyl.
YronwoodCoA.png House Yronwood of Yronwood.


Quotes

Like Dornish food and Dornish law, Dornish speech was spiced with the flavors of the Rhoyne, but a man could comprehend it.[13]
- thoughts of Tyrion Lannister


This is Dorne. You are not wanted here, return at your peril.[14]
Mariya Martell to Rhaenys Targaryen


Dorne is a very special land, with a slightly different cultural basis than the rest of Westeros… it was politically apart for a long time, it was also culturally apart because of the Rhoynar and the traditions they brought, but they didn’t influence the rest of Westeros so much.[15]
- George R. R. Martin

References and Notes

  1. A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Lands of Ice and Fire
  3. SSM August 04, 2005
  4. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 29, The Reaver.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 40, Princess In The Tower.
  6. A Game of Thrones RPG and Resource Book, Guardians of Order
  7. 7.0 7.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion.
  8. So Speak Martin: Event horizon chat, March 18, 1999
  9. A World of Ice and Fire.
  10. The Princess and the Queen.
  11. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 41, Tyrion.
  12. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion.
  13. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 1, Tyrion.
  14. Chicon 7 Reading (September 02, 2012) So Spake Martin
  15. George R.R. Martin: "Trying to please everyone is a horrible mistake" Adria's News
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