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House Martell

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House Martell of Sunspear
MartellCoA.png
Coat of arms Orange, a sun in splendour gules pierced bendwise by a spear.
Words Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken
Seat Sunspear
Current Lord Prince Doran Martell
Region Dorne
Title Lord of Sunspear
Prince of Dorne
Heir Arianne Martell
Overlord House Baratheon of King's Landing
Founder Mors Martell & Nymeria of the Rhoynar
Founded 1000 years ago

House Nymeros Martell of Sunspear is one of the Great Houses of Westeros and is the ruling house of Dorne. 'Nymeros' indicates "of the line of Nymeria," but generally it is simply called House Martell. Their seat is Sunspear in southeastern Dorne. The Martells of old used a spear as their emblem, while Nymeria and her Rhoynar used the sun as theirs. When Nymeria wed King Mors Martell, the symbols were combined into a gold spear piercing a red sun on an orange field. Their words are Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken.[1] In appearance they are classic salty Dornishmen, with dark eyes, dark hair in ringlets, and olive skin.

Contents

History

Nymeria's War

Main article: Rhoynar migration

House Martell's founding is unknown, except that they were one of the ruling families of Dorne, which, since the Andal invasion, had been a collection of feuding petty kingdoms even as the other regions of Westeros began to consolidate into larger realms. When Nymeria, the warrior queen of the Rhoynar, came with her people to Westeros from Essos, the Martell lands were dwarfed by those of House Yronwood.[2] However, Nymeria took Lord Mors Martell as her husband and, combining their strength, the two managed to unite all of Dorne under their rule in Nymeria's War; House Nymeros Martell has reigned since.

The union of their peoples saw the Martells abandon many of their older Andal customs in favor of those of the Rhoynar. Specifically, they began to call their rulers "princes" instead of kings, and their lands and title passed down to the eldest child regardless of gender.

Targaryen Wars

Main articles: Wars of Conquest, and Conquest of Dorne

As Aegon the Conqueror waged his Wars of Conquest, he eventually came to Dorne. Here his army was bled dry by guerrilla warfare in the desert, a situation in which his dragons were of little use. Deciding that conquering Dorne would be too costly, the Conqueror opted to leave the Martells as sovereign princes. House Martell kept Dorne independent from the Targaryens for two centuries, the only one of the Seven Kingdoms to manage such a feat.

In 110AC the Martells joined The Triarchy in the war against Prince Daemon Targaryen in the Stepstones. Daemon's brother King Viserys I spoke of wedding his daughter Rhaenyra to the Prince of Dorne as a way of finally uniting the Seven Kingdoms, though ultimately this did not occur.[3]

After repeated failed attempts at conquest (most notably under Daeron I), Dorne did eventually join the fold through marriage between the two houses. The alliance was a dual one, with the future King Daeron II marrying Princess Myriah Martell and Prince Maron Martell later marrying Daeron's sister Daenerys.[4][5]

During Daeron II's reign, the Red Keep assumed a decidedly Dornish flavor due to the influence of his Martell wife. This was one reason that many nobles opted to rise against his rule in the Blackfyre Rebellion. The Martells thus defended his claim against Daemon Blackfyre. After their victory, Maron and Daenerys fulfilled their betrothal, formally bringing Dorne into the Seven Kingdoms. Since then, the Martells have ruled Dorne in the name of the King on the Iron Throne, while keeping the title of Prince of Dorne.

Robert's Rebellion

Main article: Robert's Rebellion

When Oberyn and Elia Martell were 15 and 16, they travelled together from Dorne to Casterly Rock, meeting potential suitors and marriage alliances, culminating in a visit to Joanna Lannister to fulfill their mother's wishes that their children would marry. When they arrived, Joanna had just died giving birth to Tyrion Lannister. Lord Tywin Lannister slighted the Martells shamefully, ignoring them for a few weeks before offering Elia the dwarf baby Tyrion, a further slight. Instead of marrying Jaime Lannister, Princess Elia wed Rhaegar Targaryen, Prince of Dragonstone, a slight to Tywin who had hoped to marry his daughter Cersei to Rhaegar.

When Rhaegar won the Tourney at Harrenhal, he named Lyanna Stark the queen of love and beauty, not Elia. A year later he abducted Lyanna, sparking Robert's Rebellion, also known as the War of the Usurper. Although the Martells were unhappy with Rhaegar's betrayal of Elia, they still supported King Aerys II Targaryen's bid to retain the throne since the Mad King held Elia and her children hostage in the Red Keep. The Dornish provided a quarter of the royal troops at the Battle of the Trident. The Martells lost many soldiers there, including Prince Lewyn Martell of the Kingsguard. When King's Landing fell, Princess Elia and her children were brutally murdered during the Sack of King's Landing by two Lannister knights, Gregor Clegane and Amory Lorch.

Oberyn made motions to continue the war in the name of Viserys Targaryen, but the diplomacy between Prince Doran Martell and Jon Arryn prevented further conflict. Though House Martell swore fealty to King Robert Baratheon after the war, they have harbored anger and resentment towards the Lannisters ever since, including Cersei Lannister having become Robert's queen. They have adopted a mostly isolationist policy ever since, not mixing with the other Great Houses unless necessary, preferring to deal instead with the Free Cities.

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Prince Doran and his sons are named by King Joffrey among the nobles who must swear fealty to him or be adjudged traitors.[6] At the war council at Riverrun when Robb Stark is named King in the North, Ser Marq Piper suggests the Martells will likely declare for King Renly.[7]

A Clash of Kings

On the outset of the War of the Five Kings, House Martell stays neutral in the conflict, though it is commonly thought they may support Renly Baratheon's claim[8]. They grudgingly ally with the Lannisters when Tyrion Lannister, acting as Hand of the King in his father Tywin Lannister's stead, promises the betrothal of Prince Trystane Martell to Princess Myrcella Baratheon, a Dornish seat on the small council, some castles in the Dornish Marches, and the head of Ser Gregor Clegane, the one who raped and killed Prince Doran's sister, Princess Elia Martell.

A Storm of Swords

Prince Oberyn Martell comes to King's Landing to claim Doran's seat on the council and to press for Ser Gregor’s head. It becomes clear that Tywin ,now Hand in his own right, means to forego Tyrion's promise. When Queen Cersei Lannister accuses Tyrion of poisoning King Joffrey Baratheon, Oberyn sees a chance to kill Clegane, by championing Tyrion's cause when Cersei names Gregor her champion. In the trial by combat against Clegane, Oberyn taunts Gregor, repeating the names of his family who died at his hands. He wounds Clegane with his poisoned speartip, but is killed himself in the process.

A Feast for Crows

Princess Arianne Martell, convinced her father Doran is a man of inaction who wishes to elevate her younger brother Quentyn Martell to rule Dorne, enacts a plot to crown Princess Myrcella Baratheon as Queen of Westeros. This fails due to a traitor in her conspiracy and Myrcella is disfigured in the process by Darkstar, Ser Gerold Dayne. While Arianne is imprisoned, Doran confides that he hoped Quentyn would rule Dorne whilst Arianne would become Queen, as she had secretly been promised to the now-dead Viserys Targaryen in an effort to undermine those who lead to Elia's death. His new plan is to have Quentyn travel across the narrow sea to meet Viserys's sister, Daenerys Targaryen, and wed her instead.

A Dance with Dragons

Doran convinces Arianne and Oberyn's bastard daughters, the Sand Snakes, to work with him. Obara Sand is to guide the investigating Ser Balon Swann of the Kingsguard to hunt Darkstar. Doran reveals that Cersei was plotting with Balon to have Trystane murdered en route to King's Landing with Myrcella and to frame Tyrion Lannister.

Nymeria Sand is sent to take up the Dornish seat on the small council, while Tyene Sand follows her to King's Landing disguised as a septa, with the hopes of befriending the new High Septon. It seems likely that Sarella Sand is in Oldtown, disguised as a boy training to become a maester of the Citadel.

House Martell at the end of the third century

With unspecified familiar relationship to the main branch there is also:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess of Dorne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lewyn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doran
 
Mellario of Norvos
 
Mors
 
Elia
 
Rhaegar Targaryen
 
Olyvar
 
Various women
 
Oberyn "the Red Viper"
 
Ellaria Sand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ArianneQuentynTrystane
 
Rhaenys TargaryenAegon Targaryen
 
Obara SandNymeria SandTyene SandSarella Sand
 
Elia SandObella SandDorea SandLoreza Sand
 


Household

Prince Oberyn's retinue to King's Landing

Princess Arianne's retinue

Prince Quentyn's retinue

Historic members

Houses sworn to House Martell

Quotes

The arms of House Martell display the sun and spear, the Dornishman’s two favored weapons, but of the two, the sun is the more deadly.[11]
Daeron I Targaryen, Conquest of Dorne


House Martell is ancient and noble, and has been a leal friend to House Targaryen for more than a century.[12]
Barristan Selmy

References and Notes

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at House Martell. The list of authors can be seen in the page history of House Martell. As with A Wiki of Ice and Fire, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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