Andal invasion

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Andal Invasion
Andal Invasion.jpg
Location Westeros
Result Andals occupy all land south of the Neck.
First Men hold on to the North
Ending of the Pact
Disappearance of the children of the forest

AndalsFirst Men
children of the forest
Notable commanders
Argos Sevenstar
Ser Gerold Grafton
Ser Artys Arryn
Vorian Vypren
Armistead Vance
King Theon Stark
King Yorwyck VI Royce
King Robar II Royce
King Tristifer IV Mudd
King Tristifer V Mudd

The Andal invasion was a migration of the Andals from Essos to Westeros. The time when this occurred is disputed; some sources indicate six thousand years ago,[1] the True History states it was four thousand years ago, and some maesters claim it was two thousand years ago.[2] The migration was often violent. The old kingdoms of the First Men were destroyed and the children of the forest were pushed back to the north. Sometimes the takeover was more peaceful with intermarriage between Andals and First Men as in the case of House Hightower.



The Andals were the first new invaders after the First Men had made their Pact with the children of the forest and lived in harmony with them for four thousand years. They came from the hills of Andalos in Essos. They were tall and fair-haired warriors who carried steel weapons and the seven-pointed star of their gods painted on their bodies.[3][4] They eventually swept across Westeros much as the First Men did thousands of years before.

The Fingers in what is now the Vale of Arryn were where the Andals first landed to wrest from the First Men.[5] The Andals arrived in successive waves. The wars between the First Men and the Andals lasted hundreds of years, but eventually the various First Men realms south of the Neck fell to them. Only the Kings of Winter remained in the North.[4] The Andals burned out all the weirwood groves and slew the children when they found them,[4] believing them abominations, and put the myriad First Men kingdoms of the south to the sword. They created great kingdoms of their own, but this process was somewhat slow. They expanded to the Iron Islands roughly two thousand years after their initial invasion, defeating House Greyiron, which had ruled the Iron Islands for a thousand years.

Eventually, Andal kings joined forces and extinguished House Mudd, who were the rulers of the Kingdom of the River and the Hills and kings among the First Men. After conquering the Trident, the Andals were able to invade the North. However, every attack was thrown back by the crannogmen of the Neck or the strong fortifications of Moat Cailin.[4] Eventually, the Andals relented and the North was allowed to remain in peace, although over succeeding millennia Andal blood entered the North through dynastic marriages.


One of the major, if largely forgotten, consequences of the invasions is the ending of the Pact;[4] the children of the forest abandoned Westeros and slowly disappeared over succeeding generations. During and following the Andal invasions, six southron kingdoms of Westeros were forged: the Kingdom of Mountain and Vale, the Kingdom of the Rock, the Kingdom of the Reach, the Kingdom of the Iron Islands, the Kingdom of the River and the Kingdom of the Stormlands. At this time Dorne was left as a confederation of bickering, feuding states.[6]

The Andals introduced writing, as before that time the First Men only used runes for carving on stone. Everything since written about the Age of Heroes, the Dawn Age, and the Long Night originates from stories written down by septons. They also introduced the Faith of the Seven to Westeros in their newly raised kingdoms and largely extinguished worship of the old gods south of the Neck. An exception to the spread of the Faith is the Iron Islands, where the native worship of the Drowned God was adopted by the invading Andals. They also introduced weapons of iron, the use of horses in warfare and the concept of chivalry.

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References and Notes

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