The guest right is a sacred law of hospitality, especially in the north. When a guest, be he commonborn or noble, eats the food and drinks the drink off a host's table beneath the host's roof, guest right is invoked. Bread and salt are traditional provisions.
When invoked, neither the guest nor the host can harm the other for the length of the guest's stay. For either to do so would be to break a sacred covenant that is believed to invoke the wrath of the gods. both old and new. Even robber lords and wreckers are bound by the ancient laws of hospitality.
A lord with a bared sword across his knees is making a traditional sign that he is denying guest right.
It is sometimes customary for a host to give guest gifts to the departing guests when they leave the host's dwellings; this usually represents the end of the sacred guest right. In addition, visiting guests will sometimes offer their host guest gifts as gratitude for giving them food and shelter.
Maester Egbert wrote about northern violations of guest right in Justice and Injustice in the North: Judgments of Three Stark Lords, with only kinslaying being an equivalent crime.
A Game of Thrones
A Clash of Kings
Jeor Mormont, Lord Commander of the Night's Watch, gifts Craster with an axe and a crossbow when the great ranging stays at Craster's Keep. The pregnant Gilly wants Jon Snow to take her away. When Jon protests that he is a guest, Gilly argues that Jon did not eat Craster's food or sleep in Craster's hall.
A Storm of Swords
Robb and his mother Catelyn receive bread and salt when they arrive at the Twins for the wedding of Lord Edmure Tully. Walder Frey, the Lord of the Crossing, betrays them in the Red Wedding, however. Despite having supported the massacre, Lord Tywin Lannister places the blame on Walder.
A Feast for Crows
Trust in guest right has declined in the riverlands in the aftermath of the Red Wedding. The brotherhood without banners hangs some outlaws and soldiers who expect safety at the crossroads inn.
A Dance with Dragons
Lord Wyman Manderly grants palfreys as guest gifts to Jared, Rhaegar Frey, and Symond Frey when they depart White Harbor. Wyman desires vengeance against House Frey for the death of his son, Wendel, who was killed at the Twins as a guest during the Red Wedding. The three Frey envoys disappear while traveling to Barrowton. Wyman serves three large pork pies during the wedding feast of Ramsay Bolton and "Arya Stark" at Winterfell.
|“||Once I had eaten at his board I was protected by guest right. The laws of hospitality are as old as the First Men, and sacred as a heart tree … Here you are the guest, and safe from harm at my hands … this night, at least.||”|
|“||Jeor: The gods will curse us. There is no crime so foul as for a guest to bring murder into a man's hall. By all the laws of the hearth, we-
|“||In the north, we hold the laws of hospitality sacred still.||”|
|“||Catelyn: If we are offered refreshment when we arrive, on no account refuse. Take what is offered, and eat and drink where all can see. If nothing is offered, ask for bread and cheese and a cup of wine.
Robb: I'm more wet than hungry …
|“||Walder: Bread and salt. Heh. Of course, of course. My guests. My honored guests. Be welcome beneath my roof, and at my table.
Robb: We thank you for your hospitality, my lord.
|“||Guest right don’t mean so much as it used to. Not since m’lady come back from the wedding. Some o’ them swinging down by the river figured they was guests too.||”|
|“||Tyrion: In the Seven Kingdoms it is considered a grave breach of hospitality to poison your guests at supper.
|“||I will see the dawn, at least … I have eaten of his bread and salt.||”|
|“||Ser Balon is a guest beneath my roof. He has eaten of my bread and salt. I will not do him harm.||”|
|“||Walder Frey's fourth wife was a Blackwood, but kinship counts for no more than guest right at the Twins.||”|
References and Notes
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 7, Jon I.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 1, Tyrion I.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 44, Jon IX.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 9, Davos I.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 24, Bran IV.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 29, Davos IV.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 23, Jon III.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 33, Samwell II.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 56, Bran IV.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The North.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands: House Lannister Under the Dragons.
- ↑ The Sworn Sword.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 49, Catelyn VI.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 51, Catelyn VII.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 37, Brienne VII.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 42, Brienne VIII.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 23, Alayne I.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 46, A Ghost in Winterfell.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 32, Reek III.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 37, The Prince of Winterfell.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 38, The Watcher.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 49, Jon X.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 37, Jaime V.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 48, Jaime I.