From A Wiki of Ice and Fire
Ruins of the Valyrian Freehold Capital City
Topless towers of Valyria
|Location||Valyrian peninsula, Essos|
|Government||Dragonlords , Freehold (freeborn landholders).|
|Founded||At least five thousand years ago.|
|Destroyed||400 years ago, in the Doom of Valyria|
Valyria is a ruined city in Essos. It is a long-dead city of wonderment, and was once the capital of a great empire called the Valyrian Freehold. It was destroyed by a cataclysmic event known as the Doom of Valyria a century before Aegon's Landing. It is the ancestral home of House Targaryen.
Valyria was located on a peninsula of the same name extending into the Summer Sea. The Doom of Valyria shattered the peninsula, separating the city of Valyria from the Lands of the Long Summer by the Smoking Sea. The city of Valyria lies at the center of the largest surviving island, surrounded by cliffs where the island has broken away from the mainland. Valyria was connected by Valyrian roads to surrounding cities, such as Tyria.
A common racial characteristic among Valyrians appears to have been purple eyes and hair of silver-gold or platinum white. Valyria is said to still hold many treasures from before the Doom, such as Valyrian steel blades and items of magical power. It is said that the glass candles of Oldtown were brought there from Valyria a thousand years before the Doom.
Valyria was ruled by its dragonlords, led by two score rival houses that contested for power. House Targaryen, however, was not considered a powerful house.  The Valyrians' empire, the Valyrian Freehold, conquered the Ghiscari Empire to the east and established colonies to the west and north. Valyria and its peninsula were shattered by the Doom, however.
Some years ago Gerion Lannister journeyed to Valyria to try to recover Brightroar, the lost Valyrian steel sword of House Lannister, and any other treasures that might have survived the Doom. He did not return and was presumed lost at sea. More recently, Euron Greyjoy claims to have returned from Valyria to claim the throne of the Iron Islands.
References and Notes
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Map of Slaver's Bay
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
- ↑ The Lands of Ice and Fire
- ↑ Reading from the world of Ice and Fire. Notes from George R.R. Martin's reading and Q&A at the Bubonicon 44 in Albuquerque by Trebla.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 32, Tyrion.
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