From A Wiki of Ice and Fire
High Valyrian is a language originating from Valyria and the Valyrian Freehold. It is no longer widely spoken due to the Doom of Valyria, although there are songs and books still sung and read in it. In Westeros, highborn children, specifically the Targaryens, are taught Valyrian as a sign of their noble education. Corrupted dialects known as bastard Valyrian are spoken in the Free Cities and Slaver's Bay.
According to George R. R. Martin,
|“||Tolkien was a philologist, and an Oxford don, and could spend decades laboriously inventing Elvish in all its detail. I, alas, am only a hardworking SF and fantasy novel, and I don't have his gift for languages. That is to say, I have not actually created a Valyrian language. The best I could do was try to sketch in each of the chief tongues of my imaginary world in broad strokes, and give them each their characteristic sounds and spellings.||”|
House Targaryen came from Valyria and thus its members can be considered to have High Valyrian names. Such as:
The Valyrians most likely gave names in Valyrian to their dragons, as: "The singers had given them the names of gods: Balerion, Meraxes, Vhagar." However, not all dragons of House Targaryen had Valyrian names; Queen Alysanne Targaryen's dragon was named Silverwing. 
As well as Volantis's satellite cities,
The word dracarys is translated as meaning "dragonfire."  Obsidian is called dragonglass in the Common Tongue, but frozen fire in High Valyrian. This may be a direct translation of obsidian, the word, but given the word dracarys, it is not likely.Valonqar is the word for little brother. High Valyrian is the most likely source language for maegi (pronounced differently from 'Maggy'), which means "wise".
The Valyrian writing system, or at least a Valyrian writing system, is described as involving glyphs. It was also probably standard practice to write on scrolls, and not in books. The glyphs can also be inscribed, as on an old Valyrian dragonhorn, which, when sounded, had "every line and letter shimmering with white fire."
The Free Cities use Valyrian glyphs, as "Sark could not read the name painted on the hull; the words were strange, Myrish, Braavosi, perhaps even High Valyrian." The Ghiscari use glyphs to write Valyrian.
Valyrian is described as sounding "liquid".
Astapori Valyrian is described as having a "characteristic growl," influenced by Ghiscari. Also, Syrio Forel "had an accent, the lilt of the Free Cities, Braavos perhaps, or Myr." One of the Brave Companions is described as having a "thick Myrish accent."
Yunkai has its own variations on Valyrian.
- Daenerys Targaryen asks: "Missandei, what language will these Yunkai'i speak, Valyrian?"
- "Yes, Your Grace," the child said. "A different dialect than Astapor's, yet close enough to understand. The slavers name themselves the Wise Masters."
Yunkai used to be part of the Ghiscari Empire, and has at least languages tongues which are spoken in the city. Mhysa, Maela, Aelalla, Qathei, and Tato are given as names for "mother", but which tongue fits which name is unknown (excepting the first, which is Ghiscari).
Some characters that are familiar with High Valyrian
- Daenerys Targaryen
- Arya Stark – was taught High Valyrian by Maester Luwin but in Braavos the Kindly Man insists that she improve it.
- Septa Saranella – it was she who told Cersei Lannister the meaning of valonqar
- Tyrion Lannister – learned to read High Valyrian on his maester’s knee.
- Ser Barristan Selmy - has some High Valyrian, though not as much as Dany
- Melisandre - known to pray in High Valyrian
- Samwell Tarly – only has a little High Valyrian
- Gerris Drinkwater - speaks a halting approximation of High Valyrian
- Quentyn Martell - can read and write High Valyrian but has little practice speaking it
- Aegon Targaryen - is fluent in High Valyrian
- Haldon Halfmaester
- The Tattered Prince - he says "and now we ride" to his men in a classic High Valyrian
- The men of the Windblown - the closest thing they have to a company tongue is classic High Valyrian
- Sweets – is fluent in High Valyrian
- Valyrian languages on Wikipedia.
- High Valyrian 101: Learn and Pronounce Common Phrases By Katie M. Lucas
References and Notes
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 11, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 60, Tyrion.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Yet More Questions
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 9, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 15, Davos.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 6, Jon.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 67, Jaime.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 40, Bran.
- ↑ Citadel. Heraldry: In the area of King's Landing
- ↑ The Citadel. Heraldry: Houses in the Riverlands
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 13, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Map of Valyria
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 47, Arya.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 27, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 6, Arya.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 34, Cat Of The Canals.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords p.93
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 78, Samwell.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 39, Cersei.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 36, Cersei.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 19, The Drowned Man.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 1, Bran.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 32, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 65, Arya.
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 23, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 27, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 22, Arya.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 39, Arya.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 42, Daenerys.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos, p 146.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 26, Samwell.
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 34.2 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 6, The Merchant's Man (Quentyn I).
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 25, The Windblown (Quentyn II).
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 47, Tyrion.
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