R'hllor, also known as the Lord of Light, the Heart of Fire, the God of Flame and Shadow, is a prominent god in Essos, but has only a few followers in Westeros, where he is more commonly known as the red god. His symbol is a fiery heart.
The religion is based on a dualistic, manichean view of the world: R'hllor, the god of light, heat, and life, and R'hllor's antithesis the Great Other, the god of ice and death. They are locked in an eternal struggle over the fate of the world; a struggle that, according the ancient prophecies from the books of Asshai, will only end when Azor Ahai, the messianic figure, returns wielding a flaming sword called Lightbringer, the Red Sword of Heroes, and raises dragons from stone. According to George R. R. Martin, this faith is roughly based upon the fire worship of Zoroastrianism. This religion's dualistic aspects of a good and an evil god are also inspired by Zoroastrianism, along with the Cathars of Medieval Europe who were annihilated during the Albigensian Crusade.
Clergy of the R'hllor religion are called red priests, due to the loose, crimson robes they wear. Red priests may be male or female. In the east, they are a common sight, where the faith of R'hllor's influence is more widespread and children are sometimes given to temples of R'hllor to be raised into the priesthood. The red temples also buy children as slaves; these slaves of R'hllor are raised as priests, temple prostitutes, or warriors. The warriors that protect the greater temples are called the Fiery Hand.
Known Red Temples
- the red temple in Pentos
- the red temple in Braavos
- the red temple in Lys - according to semi-canon sources, one of the greatest temples of R'hllor stands in Lys.[Citation Needed]
- the red temple in Selhorys
- the Temple of the Lord of Light in Volantis
- a small red temple in Oldtown for the sailors who visit there
- At least one red temple in Dorne
Known Red Priests
Every evening, red priests light fires and sing prayers at their temples, asking R'hllor to bring back the dawn. Followers often gaze into flames in an effort to receive visions of the future. It is believed that R'hllor will occasionally answer the prayers of his followers by granting visions and abilities such as raising the dead.[Citation Needed] The priests of R'hllor also seem to be able to evoke fire with their bare hands and be able to control it to attack enemies or simply to impress common people. Some rites performed by the red priests include sacrificial immolation and administering the last kiss to the recently deceased. According to Melisandre, R'hllor speaks to his chosen ones through blessed fire, in a language of ash and cinder and twisting flame that only a god can truly grasp.
Trials by combat are an accepted practice in the R'hllor faith;[Citation Needed] prayers before the combat ask R'hllor to give strength to the just party. "The night is dark and full of terrors" is a common phrase in prayers to R'hllor.
The worship of R'hllor is a religious tradition in the continent of Essos, but has not gained much popularity in Westeros. Recent efforts to spread the faith to Westeros include the red priests sending Thoros of Myr to King's Landing to convert the fire-obsessed Aerys II Targaryen. This attempt failed after Thoros was unable to impress Aerys with his fire magic.
A Game of Thrones
A Clash of Kings
A Storm of Swords
A Feast for Crows
A Dance with Dragons
Quotes by believers
|“||R'hllor is the source of all good.||”|
|“||There are no gods but R'hllor and the Other, whose name may not be said.||”|
|“||Your Drowned God is a demon, he is no more than a thrall of the Other, the dark god whose name must not be spoken.||”|
Quotes by non-believers
|“||The red priests have a great temple on Lys. Always they are burning this and burning that, crying out to their R'hllor. They bore me with their fires. Soon they will bore King Stannis too, it is to be hoped.||”|
|“||May the Others bugger your Lord of Light.||”|
|“||Light our fire and protect us from the dark, blah, blah, light our way and keep us toasty warm, the night is full of terrors, save us from the scary thing, and blah blah blah some more.||”|
|“||Red Rahloo means nothing here.||”|
|“||Corliss: You northmen brought these snows upon us. You and your demon trees. R'hllor will save us.
Artos: R'hllor will doom us.
|“||The red god's choir only knows a single song.||”|
References and Notes
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos IV.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 31, Catelyn III.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos III.
- ↑ Martin, George R.R. (July 28, 2011). Authors@Google presents George R. R. Martin in conversation with Dan Anthony. At GoogleTalks. Event occurs at 47:00. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 2, The Captain Of Guards.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 31, Melisandre I.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 49, Tyrion XI.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys X.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime V.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 27, Tyrion VII.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 54, Cersei I.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 25, Davos III, p 289.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 63, Victarion I.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos I, p 152.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 31, Catelyn III, p 607.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 33, Tyrion VIII.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 62, The Sacrifice.
- ↑ Theon I (The Winds of Winter)
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