Errata of The World of Ice & Fire

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This page contains the errata for The World of Ice & Fire.

A Song of Ice and Fire Errata
Main series
A Game of Thrones (Appendix)
A Clash of Kings (Appendix)
A Storm of Swords (Appendix)
A Feast for Crows (Appendix)
A Dance with Dragons (Appendix)
Dunk & Egg tales
The Hedge Knight
The Sworn Sword
The Mystery Knight
History novellas
The Princess and the Queen
The Rogue Prince
The Sons of the Dragon
Fire & Blood
Reign of the Dragon
Three Heads Had the Dragon
The Sons of the Dragon
The Year of The Three Brides
A Time of Testing
The Long Reign
Heirs of the Dragon
The Dying of the Dragons
Under the Regents
The Lysene Spring and the End of Regency
Lineages and Family Tree
The World of Ice & Fire
The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest
The Targaryen Kings
The Fall of the Dragons
The Seven Kingdoms
The Free Cities
Beyond the Free Cities
The Bones and Beyond
Appendix
The Lands of Ice and Fire


Background

In his A Song of Ice and Fire series, George R. R. Martin uses the "unreliable narrator". As such, not all inconsistencies in the books that are mistakes. However, Martin has expressed that accidental mistakes can distract from the planned inconsistencies, making them less effective.[1] As such, the pages indexed here represent a collection of gathered possible and confirmed mistakes and, if possible, their confirmed corrections within Martin's series.

What you will not find on this page are discussions of information from the So Spake Martins which contradicts with more recently released printed material, contradictions found in sample chapters from unreleased books (e.g. The Winds of Winter), or speculations about possible solutions.

Examples of what will not be found on the errata pages include:

  • According to Osha, "the blue star in the rider's eye" of the constellation the Ice Dragon points north.[2] However, when Bran Stark later recalls Osha's statement, he does so incorrectly: "The blue star in the dragon's eye pointed the way north, as Osha told him once."[3]
  • Differences in views on certain events. While the "commonly told story about the Battle of the Bells" apparently states that Robert I Baratheon and Jon Connington did not come face to face during the battle (as stated by Maester Yandel ["Rightly famed is Robert's grand victory at Stoney Sept, also called the Battle of the Bells, where he slew the famous Ser Myles Mooton—once Prince Rhaegar's squire—and five men besides, and might well have killed the new Hand, Lord Connington, had the battle brought them together."][4] and Harwin of Winterfell ["Robert came out of hiding to join the fight when the bells began to ring. He slew six men that day, they say. One was Myles Mooton, a famous knight who'd been Prince Rhaegar's squire. He would have slain the Hand too, but the battle never brought them together."]),[5] Connington himself recalls it rather differently ("Bells and battle followed, and Robert emerged from his brothel with a blade in hand, and almost slew Jon on the steps of the old sept that gave the town its name.").[6]

The World of Ice & Fire

The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest

  • It says Aegon marched northeast, from Aegonfort to the Gods Eye and Harrenhal.[11] However, the direction should be "northwest". The error is fixed in Fire & Blood. [14]
  • It says "Thrice Argilac the Arrogant led his knights against the Baratheon positions...and the third and final charge of the Storm King and his knights broke through the Baratheon center...only to come upon Queen Rhaenys and Meraxes."[11] It should be the fourth charge that broke through the Baratheon center. The error is fixed in Fire & Blood. [14]

The Targaryen Kings

Aegon I

  • A first-run print of The World of Ice & Fire includes a mention of Prince Aenys Targaryen as the "Prince of Dragonstone" during Aegon I's reign in The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I, but this was confirmed to be a first print error which has been corrected in later versions.[15]

Aenys I

Maegor I

  • Princess Rhaena Targaryen, the daughter of King Aenys I Targaryen and Queen Alyssa Velaryon, was born in 23 AC.[18] In the chapter concerning Maegor I's reign, the section discussing the possible betrothal between Rhaena and Maegor ("[Ceryse Hightower] was advanced by her uncle, the High Septon, after he protested the betrothal of the thirteen-year-old Prince Maegor to Maegor's newborn niece, Princess Rhaena. Ceryse and Maegor were married in 25 AC.") implies that Maegor was thirteen years old at the time of the suggestion, placing the proposed betrothal in 25 AC. However, the wording was formulated as such as to get Maegor's age at his marriage in 25 AC across,[19] not his age at the suggestion of the betrothal, which has been established to have occurred in 24 AC.[18]
  • The chapter on the reign of Maegor I incorrectly gives the mysterious death of the High Septon (following Maegor's threat of burning Oldtown) in 44 AC.[20] However, The Sons of the Dragon places this event in 43 AC. This date is the correct one;[21] Seemingly, The World of Ice & Fire accidentally mixed the mysterious death of this High Septon when Maegor threatens Oldtown (in 43 AC) with the natural death of his successor a year later.
  • The chapter on the reign of Maegor I incorrectly states that Alys Harroway was the first of his wives to become pregnant in 48 AC. It has been confirmed that the correct date is 44 AC,[22] as is indeed stated in The Sons of the Dragon.[18]

Jaehaerys I

  • The chapter on the reign of Jaehaerys I Targaryen say "Robar Baratheon" was Lord Protector of the Realm and Hand of the King in the early years. However, the original manuscript used both "Robar" and "Rogar", with the former being chosen for The World of Ice & Fire[23] as it was the name Martin wrote down towards the end of the manuscript.[24] As revealed by Garcia in July 2018, Martin decided he preferred the name "Rogar",[25] which is used in Fire & Blood.
  • In the chapter on Jaehaerys I's reign, it is stated that Jaehaerys became king at the age of 14 in 48 AC and married his sister once he reached his majority two years later, in 50 AC. It is also stated that the marriage lasted 46 years. However, the marriage only ended at Alysanne's death in either 99 AC or 100 AC, forty-nine or fifty years after the wedding. Regardless, the statement of forty-six years is still correct, as the years of the First and Second Quarrel (both having lasted a year or two), are not counted among their "married years".</ref name=lannisterdatesandquarrels> Official explanation will be provided in Fire & Blood.[26]
  • In the chapter discussing the reign of Jaehaerys I, the castle town of Harrentown[27] is misspelled as “Harrenton”.
  • Princess Rhaenys Targaryen, is described as Prince Aemon Targaryen's eldest daughter in the chapter on Jaehaerys I Targaryen's reign.[27] However, she is his only daughter (and child).[28]
  • Jaehaerys I and Queen Alysanne's ashes are said to be buried beneath the Red Keep.[27] However, Fire & Blood revealed their ashes were interred on Dragonstone.[29]
  • The chapter on Jaehaerys I's reign, Septon Barth is stated to have died in 99 AC.[27] Fire and Blood states on several occasions that Barth died in 98 AC.[30]

Viserys I

  • Grand Maester Orwyle is described as having amputated King Viserys I Targaryen's fingers in 128 AC in the chapter on Viserys I's reign,[31] whereas The Rogue Prince states this was done by maester Gerardys. Fire & Blood confirmed that Gerardys is correct, although the year in question was changed to 126 AC.[32] The issue is partially fixed in later version of The World of Ice & Fire.[33]

Aegon II

Aegon III

Baelor I

  • The section on the sisters of Baelor I Targaryen in the chapter on Baelor I's reign states that "[...] and that the child conceived that night was by her cousin Aegon - he who later became King Aegon the Unworthy." in reference to the conception of Elaena Targaryen's son Viserys Plumm in 176 AC. However, the statement is incorrect in stating that "her cousin Aegon" would later become King Aegon; Aegon was already king in 176 AC.
  • The section on the sisters of Baelor I Targaryen in the chapter on Baelor I's reign states that Princess Elaena Targaryen had two children by her second husband, Ronnel Penrose,[41] but the family tree states that Elaena had four children with her Penrose husband.[28]

Aegon IV

Daeron II

  • Princess Myriah Martell's name, which was "Myriah" in the main series,[7][47] was changed into "Mariah" in The World of Ice & Fire,[48][28] but has been changed back to "Myriah Martell" in Fire & Blood.[49]

Aerys I

Aegon V

Aerys II

  • The date of the announcement of the Tourney at Harrenhal is contradictory. The chapter on the reign of Aerys II states it was first announced in 281 AC,[54] while the next chapter, The Year of the False Spring, states it was first announced in 280 AC.[55] In later editions, the date of the announcement was changed to 280 AC, with the phrase in "Aerys II" having been changed to 'shortly before Tywin Lannister's resignation in 281 AC'.[56]

The Fall of the Dragons

  • The dates and locations of the Anniversary Tourney of 272 AC and Lannisport tourney of 276 AC are confused across several chapters. In the chapter on the reign of Aerys II Targaryen, the "great Anniversary Tourney of 272 AC" in King's Landing is mentioned, as is the Lannisport tourney, mentioned to have taken place in 276 AC.[54] But in the chapter on The Year of the False Spring, it is incorrectly stated that "the great Lannisport Tourney" took place in 272 AC[55] (the tourney in 272 AC was the Anniversary Tourney in King's Landing[57]). However, it is correct that both tourney's were organized by Tywin.[58]
  • In the chapter The Year of the False Spring Prince Viserys is mentioned to be seven years old.[59] However, the False Spring takes place in 281 AC,[59] and Viserys was born in 276 AC,[54] meaning that he was five years old, not seven.
  • The chapter on Robert's Rebellion originally stated that "And after a partial victory at Ashford, which led to Robert's withdrawal, the Stormlands were left open to Lord Tyrell. " This has been changed to "The partial victory at Ashford, which led to Robert's march to the riverlands, had left the Stormlands open to Lord Tyrell." at least in the Bantam kindle ebook version v3.1r4)[46]

The Seven Kingdoms

The North:

  • Earlier prints of The World of Ice & Fire state that Lord Ellard Stark was the lord who had been forced to give up the New Gift. [60] However, it has been confirmed that this is an error,[61] and that the statement would be replaced by "the Starks were glad" in later prints, leaving it unknown for the time being which Stark had been the lord in question. In the latest version, the statement is changed to "Though in these days it is said that Lord Alaric Stark was glad to aid the Night’s Watch with the Gift, and took little convincing, the truth is otherwise. Letters from Lord Stark’s sons to the Citadel, asking the maesters to provide precedents against the forced donation of property, made it plain that the Starks were not eager to do as King Jaehaerys bid."[33]

The Riverlands:

  • In the first print, the chapter on House Tully, it is incorrectly stated that "As his enemies rose around him, the Tullys rallied to the banners of Prince Jaehaerys Targaryen, son of the slain Prince Aegon, in the final year of his cruel uncle's reign". Jaehaerys was Aegon's younger brother, not his son. This has been fixed in later prints,[62] changing "son" to "brother".
  • In the first edition, the Riverlands map labels the High Road as the "River Road".
  • Benedict I Justman is called "the first of the Andal kings" in the riverlands, but immediately after is identified as the bastard son of a Blackwood and a Bracken, both First Men houses.[63] According to Elio Garcia, co-author of The World of Ice & Fire, "What [George R. R. Martin] must have meant was that [Benedict] was the first king to follow the Seven to unify the riverlands, as the Andal petty kings before him just fought one another over their little petty kingdoms. Will tweak that in future editions".[64] Indeed, later editions have changed the sentence "HOUSE MUDD, of Oldstones (last dynasty of the First Men to rule the riverlands)" present in the original prints into "HOUSE MUDD, of Oldstones (last dynasty to worship the old gods in the riverlands)" in later editions, as Benedict I Justman, being half-Blackwood and half-Bracken, was a First Men. This fix has been incorporated at least in the Bantam kindle ibook version v3.1r4)[46]
  • Archmaester Perestan's book A Consideration of History[65] is incorrectly referred to as A Consideration on History.[63]
  • It states that Lyonel Strong was the first Lord of Harrenhal from House Strong,[66] which has been changed to Bywin Strong,[67] and future editions of The World of Ice & Fire will be adjusted.[68]

The Riverlands & The Iron Islands:

  • The chapter on the riverlands section says that House Justman came to power after the Andal invasion. (The first of the Andal kings to bring all the riverlands under his sway was a bastard born of a tryst between two ancient enemies, the Blackwoods and the Brackens). The line of House Justman was ended by Qhored the Cruel. (Their line was ended when Qhored Hoare, King of the Iron Islands, murdered the sons of King Bernarr II whilst they were held captive in Pyke. Their father did not long survive them, provoked into a hopeless war for vengeance against the ironborn.) After "a hundred years of conflict", House Teague won the rule over the riverlands.[63] However, the chapter on the iron islands section mentions that the Andals arrived on the mainland of Westeros only after the Iron Kings had taken power.[69] The Iron Kings ruled after Qhored, a High King, creating an inconsistency. Therefore, the following changes are made in later version of The World of Ice & Fire.[70][33]
    • In The Iron Islands: Driftwood Crows, the sentence "By his day, the first Men of the green lands had largely abandoned the shores of the Sunset Sea for fear of the reavers." is to be changed into "By his day, the men of the green lands had largely abandoned the shores of the Sunset Sea for fear of the reavers."
    • In The Iron Islands: Driftwood Crows, the sentence "And late in the Age of Heroes, another crisis weakened and divided the ironborn further still." Is to be changed into "And then came another crisis weakened and divided the ironborn further still."
    • In The Iron Islands: The Iron Kings, the sentence "The arrival of the Andals in the Seven Kingdoms only hastened the decline of the iron islands." Is to be changed into "The arrival of the Andals in the Seven Kingdoms centuries before had only hastened the decline of the iron islands."
With these changes, the situation becomes such that there were Andals present in the late driftwood king period, who had slowly begun to have an effect on things to start with but eventually became more and more of a problem for the ironborn. As formulated by Elio Garcia, "The Justmans were a post-Andal house some decades/centuries after the fall of the Mudds, they lasted three centuries, Qhored I Hoare took them out, but the decline of the ironborn that followed was obviously tied to the growing presence of the Andals on the mainland. And then as to Teague, Torrence Teague started a dynasty that eventually lost the throne, but centuries later another Teague had hold of things. No errata for that last, don't think we'll change anything regarding the Teagues in the text."
  • As follows from the above mentioned changes, the sentence "The kings who followed Qhored played a part in that, yet the men of the green lands were likewise growing stronger. The First Men were building longships of their own."[71] should be changed to "The kings who followed Qhored played a part in that, yet the men of the green lands were likewise growing stronger. They/The rivermen were building longships of their own", as Qhored lived after the Andal invasion.[72]
  • Two different locations are given for the place where Harwyn Hoare came ashore in the riverlands. In the chapter on the riverlands states that "Crossing Ironman's Bay with a hundred longships, Harwyn's force landed forty leagues south of Seagard and marched inland to the Blue Fork, carrying their ships with them on their shoulders in a feat the singers of the isles still celebrate.",[63] while the section on the Iron Islands states "Harwyn assembled a host and led it across the bay on a hundred of his father's longships. Landing unchallenged north of Seagard, they carried their ships overland to the Blue Fork of the Trident, then swept downstream with fire and sword."[73] The Blue Fork is located south of Seagard.

The Vale:

The Westerlands:

  • Earlier prints list House Parren as both a family from the westerlands and the Reach. Later editions have removed them from the houses in the westerlands,[46] establishing them as a house from the Reach. Most recent editions, however, have removed them from the Reach and placed them back as a house from the Westerlands.[76][77]
  • The chapter on The Westerlands discusses King Tyrion III and his son Gerold II who reigned the westerlands during the Andal Invasion. Earlier prints mention "Loreon IV was better known as Loreon the Lackwit […]. A later monarch, Tyrion II, was known as the Tormentor.", implying that Tyrion II (an Andal king) reigned after Tyrion III (king when the Andals finally arrived). Although no fix has yet been printed, one of the following two corrections should be incorporated: "Loreon IV was better known as Loreon the Lackwit […]. A later monarch, Tyrion IV, was known as the Tormentor.", or "Loreon IV was better known as Loreon the Lackwit […]. A monarch, Tyrion IV, was known as the Tormentor."[78]
  • In the chapter on the westerlands, Joffrey Lydden's name is misspelled as "Joffery Lydden".[79][80]
  • Tywin Lannister is stated to have been named Hand of the King by King Aerys II Targaryen in 262 AC at the age of twenty on page in the first edition.[81] On page 201, it is stated that Genna Lannister was betrothed in 254 AC,[81] an event where Tywin was known to have been ten years old.[82] The date of the betrothal has been confirmed to have been incorrect, with the "next print" (i.e. fourth print) and ibooks correctly stating 252 AC as the year in which Genne was betrothed.[83][46]
  • The chapter on the Westerlands misspells Houses Drox and Brax with an E on the end.
  • The chapter on the westerlands mentions "Stafford Lannister, the eldest son and heir of Lord Tytos's late brother, Ser Jason."[81] However, Stafford is not Jason's eldest son. Jason's firstborn son was Damon Lannister, born from Jason's first marriage. Stafford was Jason's first son from his second marriage, and his second born son overall.[84] Later editions have changed this to "Stafford Lannister, the eldest son of the late Ser Jason Lannister by his second wife." [46]
  • Two statements regarding Lomas Longstrider and Asshai contradict one another. In the chapter on the westerlands it is said that "Lomas Longstrider reports that, even in far Asshai-by-the-Shadow, there were merchants who asked him if it was true that the Lion Lord lived in a palace of solid gold [...]",[79] while the chapter on Asshai states "Who can say? Lomas Longstrider never saw Asshai-by-the-Shadow."[85]
  • The chapter on the westerlands states "Ellyn Reyne, now Lady Tarbeck, departed Casterly Rock with her husband, never to return, [...]".[81] However, she returned at least once as Genna Lannister mentions Ellyn to have been present at Casterly Rock at the announcement of her own betrothal to Emmon Frey in 252 AC.[82]

The Reach:

  • The section on Oldtown states that "Some believe His High Holiness was removed by his own brother, Ser Morgan Hightower, commander of the Warrior's Sons in Oldtown […]".[86] However, this is in error, as Morgan was the brother of Lord Martyn Hightower, not of the High Septon.[87]
  • The section on Oldtown gives the mysterious death of the High Septon (following Maegor's threat of burning Oldtown) in 44 AC.[86] However, The Sons of the Dragon places this event in 43 AC. This date is the correct one;[88] Seemingly, The World of Ice & Fire accidentally mixed the mysterious death of this High Septon when Maegor threatens Oldtown (in 43 AC with the natural death of his successor a year later.

The Stormlands:

  • Ser Laenor Velaryon is referred to twice as "Prince" in The World of Ice & Fire.[89] This is a confirmed error.[90]
  • The maps released in A Feast for Crows and A Dance with Dragons place Felwood south of the Wendwater, but on the map of the stormlands in The World of Ice & Fire it's located where the river originates. The map from The World of Ice & Fire is in error.[91]
  • The chapter on House Baratheon calls Aerys the eldest son of King Jaehaerys II.[89] However, Aerys was Jaehaerys's only son.
  • The chapter states that the Kingsguard Ser Raymont Baratheon saved Aenys I from a murder attempt by two Poor Fellows. However, name of the Kingsguard who saved Aenys is not given in Fire & Blood.[92] It's suggested to not name Raymont explicitly in future editions of The World of Ice & Fire.[93]
  • In earlier prints, the chapter on the Stormlands describes Alysanne Blackwood as Lord Benjicot Blackwood's sister.[89] However, "Black Aly Blackwood" has been confirmed to have been the aunt of Benjicot Blackwood, not his sister.[94] This has been corrected in later editions.[46]
  • In the first print, Rhaegar Targaryen is incorrectly stated to have died in 282 AC. This has been corrected in later editions to 283 AC.[62]

The Free Cities

  • The chapter describing Pentos states that the Pentoshi would give gifts and gold to all Dothraki Khals "who brought their khalasars east of the Rhoyne."[95] However, Pentos is located to the west of the Rhoyne.
  • In the chapter on Norvos Lomas Longstrider is misspelled as Loras.[96] This should already be corrected in later editions.[97]
  • In the chapter on Braavos a reference is made to "the imposing Palace of Justice".[98] However, in accordance with A Feast for Crows[99] and The Lands of Ice and Fire,[100] this is supposed to be "the imposing Palace of Truth".[101]

Beyond the Free Cities

  • Gogossos[102][103] is misspelled as Gorgossos in some earlier prints of The World of Ice & Fire.[104]
  • The city Sathar is stated to be located at the juncture of two branches of the Sarne.[105] On the maps of The Lands of Ice and Fire Sathar is not located on the Sarne, but on a separate river that flows north into the Bay of Tusks. The maps from The Lands of Ice and Fire show two rivers replacing the dried up sea mentioned in The World of Ice & Fire. The Lands of Ice and Fire is in error.[106]
  • The chapter on Asshai says "the Sea Snake never saw Asshai"',[107] which is incorrect as Fire & Blood states he was the first Westerosi to ever lie eyes on Asshai, on his second trip on the Sea Snake.[108]

Appendix

Targaryen Lineage:[28]

Stark Lineage:[111]

  • Jocelyn Stark is mentioned to have married "Bennedict Rodgers". However, this is supposed to be Benedict Royce. According to Elio Garcia, co-author of The World of Ice & Fire, Martin mistakenly called Royce "Benedict Vance" in earlier notes.[112] However, Harrold Rogers, the husband of Branda Stark, is correct.[113]
  • Munkun's True Telling says Cregan Stark had a younger brother dided in 119 AC.[114] However, in the family tree Cregan had no siblings.
  • Bolded names in the family tree indicate that said person has ruled as Lord of Winterfell. However, the names of Rodwell Stark and Donnor Stark are not bolded, even though they had been Lords of Winterfell. This should have been corrected by the third print.[115]
  • Spelling of Mariah Stark's name is changed to Myriah in later prints.[110]

Lannister Lineage:[116]

  • Jaime Lannister's name is misspelled as "Jamie".
  • Joffrey Baratheon's name is misspelled as "Joffery".
  • Myrielle Lannister's name is misspelled as "Myielle".
  • Willem and Martyn Lannister are not listed to be twins, even though they have been stated to be twins on multiple occasions elsewhere.
  • Bolded names in the family tree indicate that said person has ruled as Lord of Casterly Rock. Neither Cersei nor Cerelle Lannister are marked as "ruling lord or kings". As both have been specifically stated to have been "Lady of Casterly Rock",[8][9] this is an ommission. Kevan Lannister's name is bolded, while he was never a ruling Lord. As Cersei has remained "Lady of Casterly Rock" despite the charges of high treason,[9] and has two heirs who would inherit from her before Kevan would, even if she was stripped from her rights to Casterly Rock, Kevan's name being bolded likely is a mistake.
  • Melesa Crakehall, the wife of Lyonel Frey, is missing from the family tree.

Reign of the Kings:[117]

References

  1. So Spake Martin: TO BE CONTINUED (CHICAGO, IL; MAY 6-8) (MAY 6, 2001)
  2. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 35, Bran V.
  3. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 24, Bran II.
  4. The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion.
  5. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 29, Arya V.
  6. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 61, The Griffin Reborn.
  7. 7.0 7.1 A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
  8. 8.0 8.1 A Feast for Crows, Appendix.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 A Dance with Dragons, Appendix.
  10. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Harlen Tyrell (November 20, 2017)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  12. The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: House Tyrell.
  13. The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Fire & Blood, Aegon's Conquest.
  15. Twitter: Elio & Linda @Westerosorg Prince of Dragonstone
  16. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I.
  17. Fire & Blood, The Year of the Three Brides — 49 AC.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 The Sons of the Dragon.
  19. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Maegor's marriage (November 9, 2014)
  20. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  21. The Book of Swords - The Sons of the Dragon SPOILERS: Mysterious death of the High Septon (October 11, 2017)
  22. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Death of Alys Harroway (November 3, 2014)
  23. The Book of Swords - The Sons of the Dragon SPOILERS: Robar and Rogar (October 10, 2017)
  24. Vassals of Kingsgrave podcast (November 18, 2017)
  25. asoiaf.westeros.org: FIRE AND BLOOD Volume 1: Robar vs Rogar (July 24, 2018)
  26. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: The Quarrels (November 3, 2014)
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Targaryen Lineage.
  29. Fire & Blood, Heirs of the Dragon—A Question of Succession.
  30. Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
  31. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Viserys I.
  32. Fire & Blood, Heirs of the Dragon — A Question of Succession.
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 Errors in the WOIAF: Changes in latest Kindle version (February 12, 2019)
  34. Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons—The Red Dragon and the Gold.
  35. Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons—Rhaenyra Overthrown.
  36. [Spoilers] Fire and Blood Errata: [1]
  37. Fire & Blood, The Lysene Spring and the End of Regency.
  38. 38.0 38.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III.
  39. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II.
  40. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Rhaena & Baela (November 23, 2017)
  41. 41.0 41.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I.
  42. 42.0 42.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV.
  43. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Explanations in Fire and Blood (October 30, 2014)
  44. Not a Blog: Wars, Woes, Work
  45. The Winds of Winter, Chapter , Mercy.
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5 46.6 Reddit | (Spoilers Main) An Errata of Ice and Fire: list of fixed/confirmed/probable errors: Kindle Errata (November 8, 2017)
  47. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 2, The Captain Of Guards.
  48. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II.
  49. Fire & Blood, Lineages and Family Tree.
  50. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I.
  51. Small Questions v. 10105: THK timeline (January 22, 2019)
  52. FIRE AND BLOOD EXCERPT: Gyldayn retcon (November 20, 2018)
  53. Fire & Blood, Three Heads Had the Dragon—Governance Under King Aegon I.
  54. 54.0 54.1 54.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  55. 55.0 55.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring.
  56. Errors in the WOIAF: Date of Harrenhal tourney (March 10, 2017)
  57. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Anniversary Tourney of 272 AC in King's Landing (November 7, 2014)
  58. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Tywin's tourneys (February 7, 2016)
  59. 59.0 59.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons - The Year of the False Spring.
  60. The World of Ice & Fire, The North: The Lords of Winterfell.
  61. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Ellard Stark
  62. 62.0 62.1 [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Date of Battle of the Trident (October 28, 2014)
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 The World of Ice & Fire, The Riverlands.
  64. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Benedict the Bold (November 7)
  65. 65.0 65.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Vale.
  66. The World of Ice & Fire, The Riverlands: House Tully.
  67. Fire & Blood, Jaehaerys and Alysanne—Their Triumphs and Tragedies.
  68. [Spoilers] Fire and Blood Errata: Strong Lord of Harrenhal (December 17, 2018)
  69. The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: The Iron Kings.
  70. Errors in the WOIAF: That Bloody Ironborn section (February 5, 2015)
  71. The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: Driftwood Crowns.
  72. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Qhored Hoare (June 25, 2018)
  73. The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: The Black Blood.
  74. A Storm of Swords, Map of the South
  75. A Dance with Dragons, Map of the South
  76. Small Questions: (May 16, 2018)
  77. The ASOIAF wiki thread: (December 7, 2017)
  78. Reddit: (Spoilers Extended)Politics of the Seven Kingdoms: The Westerlands, Part II: Tyrion the Tormenter (December 20, 2016)
  79. 79.0 79.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands.
  80. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Joffrey Lydden (November 7, 2014)
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands: House Lannister Under the Dragons.
  82. 82.0 82.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime V.
  83. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Targaryen Quarrels & Lannister Dates (November 3, 2014)
  84. Georgerrmartin.com: World of Ice and Fire Sample
  85. The World of Ice & Fire, The Bones and Beyond: Asshai-by-the-Shadow.
  86. 86.0 86.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: Oldtown.
  87. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Morgan is Martyn's younger brother, not the High Septon's (November 5, 2014)
  88. The Book of Swords - The Sons of the Dragon SPOILERS: Mysterious death of the High Septon (October 11, 2017)
  89. 89.0 89.1 89.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Stormlands: House Baratheon.
  90. The ASOIAF wiki thread: "Prince" Laenor (March 23, 2019)
  91. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Felwood (May 7, 2016)
  92. Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
  93. [Spoilers] Family trees and successions: Raymont issue (December 21, 2018)
  94. Looking in the MUSH for some World Book content: Aly Blackwood (November 11, 2014)
  95. The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Pentos.
  96. The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Norvos.
  97. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Loras Longstrider (November 9, 2014)
  98. The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Braavos.
  99. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 34, Cat Of The Canals.
  100. The Lands of Ice and Fire, Braavos.
  101. Errors in the WOIAF: Palace of Truth (June 26, 2018)
  102. A Dance with Dragons, Map of Valyria
  103. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Gogossos.
  104. The ASOIAF wiki thread: Gogossos or Gorgossos? (April 29, 2016)
  105. The World of Ice & Fire, Beyond the Free Cities: The Grasslands.
  106. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Regarding the Sarne (November 5, 2014)
  107. The World of Ice & Fire, The Bones and Beyond: Asshai-by-the-Shadow.
  108. Fire & Blood, The Long Reign — Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
  109. The Book of Swords - The Sons of the Dragon SPOILERS: Rhaella & Rhalla (November 10, 2017)
  110. 110.0 110.1 Errors in the WOIAF: Family tree changes in latest Kindle version (February 12, 2019)
  111. The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Stark Lineage.
  112. Ran on TWOIAF and More Reddit AMA (October 28, 2014)
  113. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Harrold Rogers (October 18, 2014)
  114. Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons — A Son for a Son.
  115. [TWOIAF Spoilers] Inconsistency or Intentional?: Rodwell & Donnor Stark (November 3, 2014)
  116. The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Lannister Lineage.
  117. The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Reign of the Kings.