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The Westerlands or westerlands is a region in the west of the continent of Westeros. It is ruled from Casterly Rock by House Lannister. Before the Targaryen conquest, it was known as the Kingdom of the Rock. People from the Westerlands are known as westermen. The customary surname of noble bastards born in the Westerlands is Hill.
The Westerlands lies along the coast of the Sunset Sea, with Ironman's Bay and the Iron Islands to the north. Settlements on the western coast include Banefort, the Crag, Faircastle on Fair Isle, Kayce, Feastfires, Casterly Rock with Lannisport, and Crakehall. Hills and mountain ranges are spread throughout the Westerlands, with inland castles near the Rock including Ashemark and Sarsfield.
The headwaters of the Tumblestone and the Red Fork flow east into the Riverlands. The main pass through the eastern mountains is guarded by the Golden Tooth, a castle which controls access to the river road leading to Riverrun. Further south is the Goldroad, which runs east to King's Landing. Deep Den watches the Goldroad, with Hornvale to the north and Silverhill to the south.
The southern Westerlands, which borders the Reach, contains more flatland than the rest of the country and includes Cornfield and the forest by Crakehall. The Ocean Road leads south from the Rock past Crakehall to Old Oak and Highgarden in the Reach.
Because of the numerous hills and mountains, the Westerlands' eastward border with the Riverlands is easily defensible. However, the Westerlands is potentially vulnerable to attack from the Sunset Sea or the south as the coast is quite flat and can be more easily invaded.
- Lannisport, a port city which is one of the major ports of the Seven Kingdoms and is the largest city in the Westerlands, ruled by House Lannister of Lannisport.
- Casterly Rock, the seat House Lannister, a fortress carved out of a massive hill of solid rock.
- The Golden Tooth, the seat of House Lefford, which guards the main pass from the Westerlands into the Riverlands.
People and Economy
The Westerlands are not the largest, most populous, or most fertile part of the realm, but they are the richest. Full of hills and crags, the land is dotted with mines from which pour gold and silver in astonishing quantities. There are gold mines at Casterly Rock, the Golden Tooth, Castamere, Nunn's Deep, and the Pendric Hills. According to semi-canon sources, there are settlements which become ghost towns once nearby mines stop producing ore. Besides farming, there is also some fishery in Lannisport and on Fair Isle.
According to a semi-canon source from 2005, the westermen could raise up to fifty thousand troops. The Lannister fleet at Lannisport consists of twenty or thirty cogs, carracks, galleys, and dromonds, while lesser lords have two or three ships for patrolling. In total, the westerman float fifty or sixty larger ships, while longships are used for coastal defense.
Before the Andals
Little is known of the time before the coming of the First Men. Like the rest of Westeros, the children of the forest probably lived in the Westerlands and fought with the First Men when they came. After the Pact at the Isle of Faces, the children only kept the forests; they might have lived near Crakehall.
Kingdom of the Rock
Some 6,000 years ago, the Andals invaded Westeros. They fought with the First Men and the children. All regions south of the Neck were conquered by them. As the Andals forged their kingdoms, the Westerlands became known as the Kingdom of the Rock, with the Kings of the Rock presumably taking Casterly Rock as their seat.
Little is known about the history of the Kingdom of the Rock, although it warred against the other kingdoms in Westeros. Ser Eustace Osgrey mentioned that a famous relative of his defeated an attack by the Kingdom of the Rock by killing a Lannister king, Lancel V. Given their difficulty in defending the coastline, the westermen most likely also fought with the ironborn.
- See also: War of Conquest
After the invasion of Aegon Targaryen, King Loren Lannister mustered his armies to fight the invaders. Allied with King Mern of the Reach, they assembled an enormous host, remembered as the Host of the Two Kings. However, they were no match for Targaryen dragons. King Loren escaped the so-called Field of Fire and submitted to Aegon. His primacy in the Westerlands was confirmed by the Targaryens. Since this time the Westerlands have been part of the Seven Kingdoms controlled by the Iron Throne.
During the Blackfyre Rebellion, some Westerland houses kept a foot in both camps. It is mentioned that some nobles supported Daemon Blackfyre, but no Westerland supporters of Daeron II are mentioned. It is unknown if this means the Westerlands only supported Daemon Blackfyre.
During the rule of Lord Tytos Lannister, the power of House Lannister was nominal. Tytos was held in low esteem and was largely ignored by his vassals. House Tarbeck and House Reyne eventually revolted against his rule. Tytos's son, Tywin, led the campaign against the Reyne-Tarbeck Rebellion. Houses Tarbeck and Reyne were extinguished; their respective seats at Tarbeck Hall and Castamere were razed. Since this time no house dares oppose House Lannister in the Westerlands. Because of this unity, the Westerlands are a force to be reckoned with. Tywin's own prestige was so great and his capabilities so well demonstrated that he became Hand of the King for King Aerys II Targaryen, although he later resigned from the position.
- Main article: Robert's Rebellion
After the apparent abduction of Lyanna Stark, who was betrothed to Lord Robert Baratheon, by Crown Prince Rhaegar Targaryen and the execution of her father and brother by King Aerys II, a rebellion of House Stark, House Arryn, House Baratheon, and House Tully against House Targaryen began.
For the better part of the War of the Usurper the Westerlands remained neutral. After the Battle of the Trident and the death of Rhaeger, however, Tywin chose the side of the rebels. The westermen army sacked King's Landing, and killed the Targaryen heirs to prove their support. After being crowned king, Robert Baratheon married Cersei Lannister to bind the Lannisters to his cause.
A Game of Thrones
After the abduction of Tyrion Lannister by Catelyn Tully, Lord Tywin Lannister sends Ser Gregor Clegane to raid the Riverlands and then retreat back to the Westerlands. After the death of King Robert Baratheon, Lord Tywin Lannister and Ser Jaime Lannister lead armies into the Riverlands, the start of what becomes the War of the Five Kings. Jaime crushes the rivermen in the Battle of the Golden Tooth, but he is eventually captured at the Battle of the Whispering Wood and his army is dispersed in the Battle of the Camps. Tywin sends hundreds of cavalry, including Gregor and Ser Amory Lorch, to set the Riverlands ablaze. In response to the actions of the westermen and King Joffrey Baratheon, the rivermen proclaim Robb Stark to be king at Riverrun.
A Clash of Kings
In retaliation and to draw Tywin from Harrenhal, Robb leads forces from the North and House Frey in an invasion of the Westerlands. After bypassing the Golden Tooth, Robb wins a crushing victory over Stafford Lannister in the Battle of Oxcross. They then pillage the eastern and northern areas of the Westerlands, capturing Ashemark, the Crag, and the gold mines at Castamere, Nunn's Deep and the Pendric Hills. Other areas of the Westerlands remain relatively unscathed. Robb marries Jeyne Westerling at the Crag.
A Storm of Swords
A Feast for Crows
Queen Cersei Lannister, the Lady of Casterly Rock, succeeds Tywin as the liege lord of the Westerlands. The lords of the west lead a procession of hundreds of soldiers which accompanies Tywin's corpse on its return to the Rock.
When King Euron and Lord Captain Victarion Greyjoy set out to attack mainland Westeros, the Westerlands escapes their wrath, as the Iron Fleet sails past and attacks the Shield Islands and the Reach instead.
House Banefort of Banefort.
House Brax of Hornvale.
House Casterly of Casterly Rock.
House Clegane of Clegane's Keep.
House Crakehall of Crakehall.
House Estren of Wyndhall.
House Farman of Faircastle.
House Greenfield of Greenfield.
House Kenning of Kayce.
House Lannister of Casterly Rock.
House Lannister of Lannisport.
House Lefford of the Golden Tooth.
House Lydden of Deep Den.
House Marbrand of Ashemark.
House Prester of Feastfires.
House Reyne of Castamere.
House Sarsfield of Sarsfield.
House Serrett of Silverhill.
House Spicer of Castamere.
House Swyft of Cornfield.
House Tarbeck of Tarbeck Hall.
House Westerling of the Crag.
References and Sources
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Prologue.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 26, Arya.
- ↑ The Princess and the Queen.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Map of the South
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 The Lands of Ice and Fire.
- ↑ A Song of Ice and Fire Campaign Guide
- ↑ A Game of Thrones RPG and Resource Book, Guardians of Order
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 43, Eddard.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 55, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 69, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 71, Catelyn.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 39, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 7, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 14, Arya.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 35, Bran.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 14, Catelyn.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 77, Tyrion.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Appendix.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 16, Jaime.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 29, The Reaver.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime.