Did you know
Did you know
Did you knows are little facts not widely known from the world of A Song of Ice and Fire. The goal is to provide for a different quote to be displayed on the Main Page each day. So don't be shy, please share with us your favorites!
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List of facts
|Fact Number||Did You Know|
|First||That the seat of the crannogmen is Greywater Watch?|
|Second||That Ellaria Sand, the paramour of Oberyn Martell, is the natural daughter of Lord Harmen Uller?|
|Third||House Templeton may be distantly related to House Stark through Jocelyn Stark, a sister of Eddard Stark's grandfather, Edwyle?|
|Fourth||The first Clegane was knighted because he saved Lord Tytos Lannister from a lioness and lost a leg and three dogs in the effort?|
|Fifth||Robert I Baratheon's warhammer was made by Donal Noye?|
|Sixth||The Brave Companions are a band of sellswords comprised of criminals and outcasts from many nations?|
|Seventh||The religion of the Drowned God dates from before the Andal invasion?|
|Eighth||The deserter of the Night's Watch that Eddard Stark executes in the beginning of A Game of Thrones is Gared, one of the men who was with Ser Waymar Royce in the prologue?|
|Ninth||Anguy, Thoros, and Sandor Clegane—the respective winners of the archery, melee, and jousting competitions within the Hand's tourney—are all present when Arya Stark visits the hollow hill?|
|Tenth||When Sansa Stark was betrothed to Joffrey Baratheon, Petyr Baelish proposed betrothing Robb Stark to Myrcella Baratheon when she came of age?|
|Eleventh||Eddard Stark's grandfather was named Edwyle Stark?|
|Twelfth||The Lannisters once owned a Valyrian sword called Brightroar?|
|Thirteenth||Quhuru Mo, the captain of the Cinnamon Wind which transports Samwell Tarly and Maester Aemon from Braavos to Oldtown, is the same person who told Daenerys Targaryen the news of Robert I Baratheon's death?|
|Fourteenth||The Sand Snakes are the cousins of Rhaegar Targaryen's son, Aegon, and daughter, Rhaenys?|
|Fifteenth||The heir of a Dothraki khal is named the khalakka?|
|Sixteenth||Tywin Lannister's wife, Lady Joanna, was also his cousin? Tywin's father Tytos was the older brother of Joanna's father Jason .|
|Seventeenth||Princess Rhaenys Targaryen named her little black kitten Balerion?|
|Eighteenth||The lords of House Arryn only live in the Eyrie during the summer, but move down to the Gates of the Moon before winter?|
|Nineteenth||Since Aegon's Conquest three hundred years ago Harrenhal has been the seat of nine different noble houses?|
|Twentienth||House Tarly's seat is called Horn Hill?|
|Twenty-First||Daemon Blackfyre, a Great Bastard, was Targaryen on both sides? His mother was Princess Daena Targaryen, the wife of King Baelor I Targaryen, and his father was King Aegon IV Targaryen.|
|Twenty-Second||The Port of Ibben, an icy port in the Shivering Sea, is lit by beacons burning whale oil?|
|Twenty-Third||Brienne of Tarth found a shield in the armory of Evenfall Hall displaying the same arms as that of Ser Duncan the Tall?|
|Twenty-Fourth||Bronze Yohn Royce, Lord of Runestone, wears bronze armor, reputedly thousands of years old and worked with runes that are supposed to ward him from harm?|
|Twenty-Fifth||The former ruling Princess of Dorne planned to wed her children, Princess Elia and Prince Oberyn Martell, to one or both of Lord Tywin Lannister's twins, Cersei and Jaime?|
|Twenty-Sixth||Brienne of Tarth had three siblings, none of whom survived childhood? Her brother Galladon drowned, and her sisters Arianne and Alysanne died as infants.|
|Twenty-Seventh||Mance Rayder used to be a ranger of the Night's Watch?|
|Twenty-Eighth||Petyr Baelish fought for the hand of Catelyn Tully when he was "scarcely fifteen", challenging her betrothed, Brandon Stark, who was twenty?|
|Twenty-Ninth||Valar morghulis is a well-known phrase in High Valyrian, and means "All men must die"? A common reply is Valar dohaeris, meaning "All men must serve".|
|Thirtieth||Renly Baratheon and Loras Tyrell were lovers?|
|Thirty-First||The Dothraki emerged from the Dothraki sea, about four hundred years ago, following the Doom of Valyria?|
|Thirty-Second||Three thousand years ago the free folk, led by Gendel and Gorne, managed to evade the Night's Watch and infiltrate the north in great numbers using a network of tunnels that extended under the Wall?|
|Thirty-Third||The dwarf siblings Penny and Oppo make their living as entertainers who ride atop a pig (Pretty Pig) and a dog (Crunch) while mock fighting each other as Groat and Penny after the two smallest coins?|
|Thirty-Fourth||Wyman Manderly has the titles Lord of White Harbor, Warden of the White Knife, Shield of the Faith, Defender of the Dispossessed, Lord Marshal of the Mander, and Knight of the Order of the Green Hand?|
|Thirty-Fifth||Construction of the Red Keep was finished by Maegor the Cruel, who rounded up everyone involved in its construction and had them killed, to preserve its secrets?|
|Thirty-Sixth||The Iron Throne, made from the swords of those defeated in Aegon's Conquest, was melted by Aegon I Targaryen's dragon, Balerion, the Black Dread? All Lords of the Seven Kingdoms have used it since.|
|Thirty-Seventh||The ancient books of Asshai prophesy the return of Azor Ahai, following a long summer marked by bleeding stars?|
|Thirty-Eighth||Aegon the Conqueror dated the beginning of his reign from the day the High Septon anointed him as king in Oldtown? That calendar is used to this day.|
|Thirty-Ninth||Everything written about the Age of Heroes, the Dawn Age, and the Long Night originates from stories written down by septons thousands of years later?|
|Fortieth||George R. R. Martin intended to have a five or six year gap between the events of A Storm of Swords and A Feast for Crows, but he eventually scrapped the plan?|
|Forty-First||Brienne of Tarth was once betrothed to Ser Ronnet Connington?|
|Forty-Second||Valyrian roads, the Wall, the Titan of Braavos, and the triple walls of Qarth are among the nine wonders listed in Wonders Made by Man written by Lomas Longstrider?|
|Forty-Third||Ser Loras Tyrell and Ser Lancel Lannister were born in the same year?|
|Forty-Fourth||Grand Maester Pycelle was appointed to the small council during the reign of King Aegon V Targaryen, meaning he was appointed before the births of his fellow council members Petyr Baelish, Renly Baratheon, Eddard Stark, Stannis Baratheon, Cersei Lannister, Jaime Lannister, Nymeria Sand, and Aurane Waters?|
|Forty-Fifth||Grand Maester Pycelle saw the reigns of eight kings, for six of which he served in the small council as Grand Maester?|
|Forty-Sixth||King Robert, Stannis, and Renly Baratheon were second cousins to Rhaegar, Viserys and Daenerys Targaryen? This made Robert a kinslayer for killing Rhaegar at the Trident.|
|Forty-Seventh||There are in fact three Houses Baratheon. While originally there was only House Baratheon of Storm's End, since Robert I Baratheon took the throne, House Baratheon of King's Landing and House Baratheon of Dragonstone were created.|
|Forty-Eighth||Sansa Stark fell madly in love with Ser Waymar Royce, the leading ranger in the prologue of A Game of Thrones, whom she met when he was on his way to the Wall?|
|Forty-Ninth||Waymar Royce is the third son of Bronze Yohn Royce, one of the Lord Declarants that Sansa meets in the Vale?|
|Fiftieth||“Circe” (which is pronounced the same as Cersei) is a witch in Greek mythology who murdered her husband?|
|Fifty-First||Roy Dotrice, who holds a Guinness World Record for his reading of the audiobook of A Game of Thrones, played Hallyne the pyromancer in Season 2 of HBO's Game of Thrones?|
|Fifty-second||Illyrio Mopatis and Varys were childhood friends in Pentos?|
|Fifty-Third||The Red Wedding is inspired by two similar events in Scottish history, the Black Dinner and the Glencoe Massacre?|
|Fifty-Fourth||George R.R. Martin’s inspiration for the Wall of Westeros was Hadrian's Wall in Northern England?|
|Fifty-Fifth||The Faith of the Seven, in which a single god has seven aspects, was inspired by the Christian Trinity, in which God has three aspects: the father, the son and the holy ghost?|
|Fifty-Sixth||The Others can be killed with dragonglass, whereas their undead thralls, the wights, cannot?|
|Fifty-Seventh||Wights retain some memories from before they died?|
|Fifty-Eight||Prince Aemon the Dragonknight was held captive in a crow cage, located above a pit filled with vipers, after Dornish rebels betrayed and killed King Daeron I Targaryen?|
|Fifty-Nine||Nine of the thirteen children of King Jaehaerys I and Good Queen Alysanne lived to adulthood?|
|Sixty||Lord Tytos Lannister, the father of Lord Tywin Lannister, was a thirdborn son, and was thus never expected to rule?|
|Sixty-One||Ser Duncan the Tall met the future Lord Walder Frey when Walder was only four years old?|
|Sixty-Two||The first seat from where Aegon I Targaryen ruled was called the Aegonfort? Aegon eventually decided it was unsuited to be the seat of power for a king, so he temporarily moved his family from King's Landing back to Dragonstone. The Aegonfort was razed to the ground and construction of the Red Keep began.|
|Sixty-Three||The dwarfs Quentyn Martell and Gerris Drinkwater saw performing their folly in Volantis were Penny and her brother Oppo, on their dog and pig, Crunch and Pretty Pig?|
|Sixty-Four||A member of House Frey named Rhaegar has a son named Robert, born several years after Robert Baratheon killed Prince Rhaegar Targaryen on the Trident?|
|Sixty-Five||Mance Rayder was present during the feast held at Winterfell to welcome King Robert I Baratheon to the North at the start of A Game of Thrones?|
|Sixty-Six||There have been eleven Targaryens who were named Aegon Targaryen over the past four hundred years? Only one of those predates Aegon the Conqueror.|
|Sixty-Seven||More people died during the rebellion that followed King Daeron I Targaryen's conquest of Dorne, than during the actual conquest?|
|Sixty-Eight||Lord Luthor Tyrell and Lady Olenna Redwyne, the parents of Lord Mace Tyrell, were, at one point, both betrothed to a Targaryen?|
|Sixty-Nine||King Jaehaerys I and Queen Alysanne Targaryen were married for forty-six years? The years of the First and Second Quarrel are not counted amongst those.|
|Seventy||Most consider Highgarden to be the most beautiful castle in the Seven Kingdoms? Only the lords of the Vale challenge this claim, preferring the Eyrie.|
|Seventy-One||The last of the Targaryen dragons died in 153 AC, the same year as future King Daeron II Targaryen was born?|
|Seventy-Two||Dorne officially joined the Seven Kingdoms 187 years after Aegon's Conquest?|
|Seventy-Three||The mother of King Aegon V Targaryen was a Dayne?|
|Seventy-Four||King Aerys II Targaryen and Queen Rhaella suffered three miscarriages, two stillbirths and three deaths in the cradle between the births of Princes Rhaegar (259 AC) and Viserys (276 AC)?|
|Seventy-Five||Eddard Stark's mother was called Lyarra Stark? She and Eddard's father Rickard were cousins.|
|Seventy-Six||Braavos is not only the youngest, but also the wealthiest of the nine Free Cities?|
|Seventy-Seven||Aegon the Conqueror's crown was lost when King Daeron I Targaryen died in Dorne in 161 AC?|
|Seventy-Eight||House Manderly originates from the Reach?|
|Seventy-Nine||Casterly Rock is two leagues long, and three times as high as the Wall?|
|Eighty||Pyke might be the oldest castle in Westeros?|
|Eighty-One||Following the conclusion of the Dance of the Dragons, Dowager Queen Alicent Hightower spent the remainder of her life imprisoned, until she died during the outbreak of the Winter Fever in 133 AC?|
|Eighty-Two||Maester Aemon was named by his grandfather, King Daeron II Targaryen?|
|Eighty-Three||The Dothraki Sea, from the Forest of Qohor to the Bone Mountains, stretches more than seven hundred leagues?|
|Eighty-Four||The wealth of Tyrosh originates from a rare species of sea snails?|
|Eighty-Five||In the forest of Qohor, lemurs can be found which are said to have silver-white fur and purple eyes? They are sometimes called Little Valyrians.|
|Eighty-Six||Meria Martell, the Princess of Dorne during Aegon's Conquest, died in 13 AC in her early nineties? She had ruled Dorne for more than seventy years.|
|Eighty-Seven||Norvoshi women, both highborn and lowborn, shave off all their body hair?|
|Eighty-Eight||When the Lorathi King Qarlon the Great laid siege on Norvos, the Valyrian Freehold rose to defend her daughter, resulting in the Scouring of Lorath? No man, woman, or child survived, and Lorath was uninhabited for more than a century thereafter.|
|Eighty-Nine||King Daeron I Targaryen intended to wed one of his sisters to the Sealord of Braavos?|
|Ninety||Daemon II Blackfyre had a prophetic dream in which he saw Duncan the Tall as a member of the Kingsguard, long before Duncan actually joined the order?|
|Ninety-One||During the past two centuries, no less than six wars were fought between Pentos and Braavos? The Braavosi victory of this conflict resulted in a ban on slavery in Pentos. Nonetheless, slavery is still practiced.|
|Ninety-Two||Daemon I Blackfyre was named by his mother for her grandfather, Prince Daemon Targaryen, who lived during the Dance of the Dragons?|
|Ninety-Three||Any foreigner who spends too much time on Naath contracts a mysterious, deadly illness? The Naathi themselves are not affected.|
|Ninety-Four||House Jordayne of the Tor refers to the late fantasy author Robert Jordan, whose Wheel of Time series is published by Tor? The name of the ruling Lord of the Tor at the start of the series is Trebor, which is "Robert" spelled backwards.|
|Ninety-Five||Stannis Baratheon is partially inspired by Tiberius Caesar, particularly the portrayal by George Baker in I, Claudius?|
|Ninety-Six||The black adder in the sigil of House Wyl is a reference by George R. R. Martin to the historical comedy Blackadder.|
|Ninety-Seven||The name and sigil of House Willum, as well as the names of Lord Willum's two sons, Josua and Elyas, are a tribute by George R. R. Martin to the Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn series of his colleague Tad William?|
|Ninety-Eight||Ser Patrek of King's Mountain is a reference to Patrick St. Denis, who runs a fantasy website called Pat's Fantasy Hotlist, and was included because George R. R. Martin lost a bet to Patrick? Patrick is a fan of the Dallas Cowboys, while Martin is a fan of the New York Giants. The bet was that, if Martin lost, he would have to kill Patrick horribly in the book. Ser Patrek's heraldry is described as looking somewhat like the heraldry of the Dallas Cowboys, with the silver star on a white field. And Patrek is eventually killed by Wun Wun, a giant, in A Dance with Dragons.|
|Ninety-Nine||The Volantene Triarch Belicho is a reference by George R. R. Martin to the New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick? Belicho's unbroken succession of conquests and triumphs eventually ended quite abruptly, when he was eaten by giants.|
|One Hundred||George R. R. Martin's inspirations for the Doom of Valyria include the legend of Atlantis and the fall of Rome?|
|A Hundred and One||George R. R. Martin has compared Queen Alysanne Targaryen to Eleanor of Aquitaine, including Katharine Hepburn's portrayal of her in The Lion in Winter.|
|A Hundred and Two||Ser Quentyn Ball, also known as Fireball, was loosely inspired by Hotspur Percy, hence the nickname referring to his fiery temper.|
|A Hundred and Three||Maester Kennet's Passages of the Dead suggests that the largest giants could have been as much as fourteen feet tall?|
|A Hundred and Four||Archmaester Rigney, who alleged that history is a wheel, refers to the late fantasy author Robert Jordan, who wrote the Wheel of Time series. The Archmaester's name is a reference to Jordan's actual name, James Rigney.|
|A Hundred and Five||George R. R. Martin wrote three different versions of Quentyn Martell’s arrival at Meereen for A Dance with Dragons?|
|A Hundred and Six||Though Stannis Baratheon and Cersei Lannister both believe that the gift of the lordship of Dragonstone as opposed to the lordship of Storm's End to Stannis was meant a slight, Robert I Baratheon did not necessarily intend for it to be a slight?|
|A Hundred and Seven||George R. R. Martin does not like HBO's arakh's?|
|A Hundred and Eight||The Dothraki were fashioned as an amalgam of a number of steppe and plains cultures, including Mongols, Huns, Alans, Sioux, Cheyenne, and various other Amerindian tribes?|
|A Hundred and Nine||Kurleket, Lharys and Mohor, who accompany Catelyn Stark and Tyrion Lannister to the Eyrie in A Game of Thrones, are a reference to the Three Stooges?|
|A Hundred and Ten||Bronn was not originally intended to be as important as he eventually became?|
|A Hundred Eleven||George R. R. Martin likes writing chapters from the POV of Arianne Martell and Asha Greyjoy?|
|A Hundred Twelve||The original idea was to have an inkblot spilled over the page discussing the events of Summerhall from 259 AC in The World of Ice & Fire? However, George R. R. Martin's editor Anne Groell believed that they would get thousands of returns if they went ahead with that plan, as people would likely think it was a printing error.|
|A Hundred Thirteen||Tyrion Lannister is the POV with the most chapters? Counting released sample chapters from The Winds of Winter, Tyrion currently has forty-nine chapters. Regardless, Arya Stark is the only POV to have chapters told from her perspective in each of the first six books.|
|A Hundred Fourteen||There is a good chance that the Dornish Tanselle will appear in a future Dunk and Egg story?|
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- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 55, Catelyn VIII.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 A Feast for Crows, Appendix.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 40, Princess In The Tower.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 45, Catelyn V.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 18, Sansa II.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 60, Sansa VI.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 21, Jaime III.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 21, Tyrion III.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 34, Arya VI.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 47, Eddard XIII.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 69, Bran VII.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 32, Tyrion IV.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 27, Daenerys II.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 34, Cat Of The Canals.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 44, Jaime VII.
- ↑ Rhaenys and Aegon were the children of Rhaegar Targaryen and Elia Martell. Elia was the sister of Oberyn Martell (A Game of Thrones, Appendix). The eight Sand Snakes are Oberyn's bastard daughters (A Feast for Crows, Appendix)
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 36, Daenerys IV.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 46, Daenerys V.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 61, Daenerys VII.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 A Clash of Kings, Appendix.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands: House Lannister Under the Dragons.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Lannister Lineage.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 10, Sansa I.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Riverlands: The Lords of Harrenhal.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 57, Sansa V.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 65, Sansa VIII.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 26, Jon IV.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: The Great Bastards (December 26, 2005)
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I.
- ↑ 33.0 33.1 33.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Ibben and Armor (November 09, 2002)
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 9, Brienne II.
- ↑ The Hedge Knight.
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 29, Sansa II.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion X.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 30, Jaime IV.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 53, Jon VII.
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 18, Catelyn IV.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 27, Daenerys III.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 66, Tyrion IX.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 43, Arya VIII.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 6, Arya I.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 22, Arya II.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 45, The Blind Girl.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 64, The Ugly Little Girl.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Union Square Signing (July 14, 2011)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: To Be Continued (Chicago, IL; May 6-8) (May 06, 2005)
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 8, Daenerys I.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 26, Jon III.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 40, Tyrion IX.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 19, Davos III.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 44, Tyrion X.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 3, Cersei I.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 43, Eddard XI.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 10, Davos I.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 28, Cersei VI.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 5, Samwell I.
- ↑ The Citadel: What happened to the five-year gap that was supposed to follow ASoS?
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 27, Jaime III.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion III.
- ↑ 65.0 65.1 So Spake Martin: Amazon Omniblog Interview (January 11, 2012)
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 57, Tyrion XI.
- ↑ Both Loras and Lancel were born in 282 AC
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 25, Eddard V.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 8, Jaime I.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 35, Samwell IV.
- ↑ 71.0 71.1 71.2 The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Targaryen Lineage.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Prologue.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 41, Alayne II.
- ↑ Circe on Wikipedia
- ↑ Colombia.edu: 
- ↑ Guinnes World Records: Most character voices for an audiobook individual
- ↑ Game of Thrones, Season 2, "The Ghost of Harrenhal".
- ↑ Game of Thrones, Season 2, "Blackwater".
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 5, Tyrion II.
- ↑ James Hibberd (June 2 2013) ('Game of Thrones' author George R.R. Martin: Why he wrote the Red Wedding. Entertainmaint Weekly, retrieved May 10 2013.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Historical Influences (June 20, 2001)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: The Sound of Young America Interview (September 19, 2011)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: The Sound of Young America Interview (September 19, 2011)
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 18, Samwell I.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 46, Samwell III.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 52, Jon VII.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Prologue.
- ↑ George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Jaehaerys I Targaryen.
- ↑ 90.0 90.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 33, Jaime V.
- ↑ George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire.
- ↑ 93.0 93.1 The Mystery Knight.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 6, The Merchant's Man.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 7, Jon I.
- ↑ Aegon Targaryen: Disambiguation
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 5, Jon I.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V.
- ↑ asoiaf.westeros.org: The time-outs of Jaehaerys I and Alysanne
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: Highgarden.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II.
- ↑ Date for Maron Martell's and Daenerys' Martell's wedding
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Stark Lineage.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Braavos.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maekar I.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The North: The Kings of Winter.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands: Casterly Rock.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: Pyke.
- ↑ asoiaf.westeros.org: Alicent Hightower's death
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 60, Jon VIII.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Beyond the Free Cities: The Grasslands.
- ↑ 116.0 116.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: The Quarrelsome Daughters: Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Qohor.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Norvos.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Lorath.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: Pentos.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 1, Tyrion I.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Beyond the Free Cities: Naath.
- ↑ The Citadel: Are there any nods to other works in the series?
- ↑ 92nd Street Y: Game of Thrones Mastermind George R. R. Martin: The World of Ice and Fire (Oct 26, 2014)
- ↑ Not a Blog: It's in the Pits (Jan 21, 2013)
- ↑ The Citadel: Are there any nods to other works in the series?
- ↑ The Citadel. Heraldry: In the Reach
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Josua and Elyas (December 4, 1999)
- ↑ 'Thrones' Author George R.R. Martin Plays Not My Job (September 14, 2013)
- ↑ Reddit/asoiaf: Football reference -- The life of the Triarch Belicho (in ADWD) (July 04, 2012)
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 33, Tyrion VIII.
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Dromen & Demonen Chat (April 23, 2002)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Good Queen Alysanne and Rhaenyra (June 18, 2006)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Private Meeting Santa Fe, NM (May 4, 2004)
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: The Dawn Age.
- ↑ The Citadel: Are there any nods to other works in the series?
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Asshai.com Interview in Barcelona (July 28, 2012)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: The Baratheon Brothers (September 11, 1999)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: On Arakhs and Dawn (August 4, 2012)
- ↑ Not a Blog: Yakkity Yak (Feb. 3rd, 2012) - Comment reply (Feb. 5th, 2012)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: The Three Stooges (March 10, 2006)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Foolscap (Bellevue, WA; September 17-19) (September 17, 2004)
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Norescon (Boston, MA; September 2-6) (September 2, 2004)/
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Stockholm and Archipelacon Report (June 28, 2015)
- ↑ A Wiki of Ice and Fire: POV Statistics
- ↑ twitter: November 12, 2016
- ↑ So Spake Martin: Tuscon 43 Q&A (November 12, 2016)