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Kingsguard sigil.png
Standard of the Kingsguard
Symbol Standard: A crown surrounded by seven white swords[1]
Arms: A pure white field
Type Sworn brotherhood
Royal bodyguard
Seat White Sword Tower, Red Keep, King's Landing
Region Seven Kingdoms
Allegiance Iron Throne
Current Leader Lord Commander Jaime Lannister
Founder King Aegon I Targaryen
Queen Visenya Targaryen
Founded 10 AC
Unadorned white shield of the Kingsguard.

The Sworn Brotherhood of the Kingsguard,[2] also known poetically as the White Swords[3] or white cloaks,[4] are the royal bodyguards of the Iron Throne. Regarded as the finest knights in the Seven Kingdoms,[5][6] they are sworn to protect their king and the royal family with their own lives, to obey his commands, and to keep his secrets.[7] The Kingsguard are sworn for life and are forbidden from owning land, taking a wife, or fathering children,[8] although they can hold non-hereditary commands, such as being warden[9] or Hand of the King.[4]

Two female ruling monarchs, Queen Rhaenyra Targaryen (129130 AC) and Queen Daenerys Targaryen (300 AC-Present), have operated with a Queensguard instead of a Kingsguard.



The Kingsguard is composed of seven men,[5] all of them sworn knights.[10] A Kingsguard knight serves for life,[11][12] regardless of age or any physical or mental ailments.[13] When an invalid Kingsguard knight is incapable of performing his duties, they are taken up by his sworn brothers.[14] The knights of the Kingsguard are forbidden to marry, father children, and to hold land.[15] Regardless, the White Swords may retain or be granted certain titles. Aemon Targaryen and Lewyn Martell continued to use the style of "prince",[5][10] while Lords Commander Ryam Redwyne, Criston Cole, and Marston Waters also acted as Hand of the King,[16][17][18][4][19] and Ser Jaime Lannister was named Warden of the East.[20]

The first duty of the Kingsguard is defending the king from harm. They are sworn to obey the king's commands, to keep his secrets, to counsel him when requested and to keep silent when not, and to defend his name and honor.[7] The king can decide to extend the protection offered by the Kingsguard to others. Some kings have chosen to extend this protection to their wives, children, and other relatives, and some have even chosen to grant this protection to their lovers, mistresses, and bastards.[7] The Kingsguard are sworn to protect the queen, though not from anything the king might do.[21] They are also sworn not to harm any member of the royal family.[22]

In order to protect the king and the royal family night and day, the seven-man Kingsguard must rely to some degree on others.[23] Prince Joffrey Baratheon has Sandor Clegane as his sworn shield,[24] and other knights are trusted with the king's security when the entire Kingsguard meets in White Sword Tower.[25] The queen may be guarded by her own sworn shield, such as Jonquil Darke for Alysanne Targaryen,[23] or household knights, such as Vylarr and his red cloaks for Cersei Lannister.[26]

The Lord Commander of the Kingsguard serves on the king's small council.[27] When the small council is in session, one of the Kingsguard always stands guard outside the council chambers, while another is usually posted at the end of the bridge into Maegor's Holdfast.[28][29]


The Kingsguard wear all white cloaks and intricate suits of white enameled scales, their fastenings for breastplate and other pieces made of silver.[30][10] They alone bear the right to carry a pure white unemblazoned shield.[3] Their white armor has little decoration, although some members wear decorative brooches or gaudy helms.[31][32][33] According to a semi-canon source, the Kingsguard's standard depicts seven silver swords encircling a golden crown.[1]


The rite for making a new member of the White Swords can vary. It can be a solemn and formal event in which the knight kneels as he makes his vows before the king, and he then receives the white cloak of the Kingsguard from the Hand of the King or the Lord Commander himself.[34][35] The new Kingsguard might then be anointed by the High Septon in the names of the Seven.[35]

The Lord Commander is always chosen by the king, with seniority and ability playing parts in the decision.[36] Also, the Lord Commander is generally chosen from the existing pool of the Kingsguard.[N 1]

White Book

The white cloaks' uninterrupted history since its creation during the reign of King Aegon I Targaryen is recorded in the White Book, formally named The Book of the Brothers. The White Book is kept in the White Sword Tower, the tower of the Red Keep in King's Landing which is home to the Kingsguard. Every knight who has ever served in the Kingsguard has a page in the book, on which his deeds are recorded. The Lord Commander of the Kingsguard is tasked with keeping the entries up to date, while septons come three times a year from the Great Sept of Baelor to add heraldic drawings and illuminations.[25]


Visenya slashes Aegon, by Jota Saraiva

The Kingsguard was founded during the reign of the first Targaryen king on the Iron Throne, Aegon the Conqueror. The first Kingsguard was created at the suggestion of Aegon's sister-wife, Queen Visenya Targaryen, after a Dornish assassination attempt on their lives in the streets of King's Landing in 10 AC. She deliberately modeled the Kingsguard vows of holding no lands or title on the ancient vows of the Night's Watch, and seven knights were chosen because the king ruled the Seven Kingdoms.[2]

When Prince Jaehaerys Targaryen put forth his claim to the Iron Throne, two Kingsguards of the reigning King Maegor I Targaryen, Olyver Bracken and Raymund Mallery, abandoned him.[37] According to some, Maegor was killed by a member of the Kingsguard who could no longer abide his tyranny.[38] As king, Jaehaerys selected five members of the Kingsguard in the War for the White Cloaks.[39]

During the Dance of the Dragons, the Kingsguard split between knights serving King Aegon II Targaryen and Queensguard serving Queen Rhaenyra Targaryen.[4]

A hedge knight, Ser Duncan the Tall,[22] rose to become Lord Commander for King Aegon V Targaryen.[25]

During Robert's Rebellion, Ser Jonothor Darry and Prince Lewyn Martell were killed during the Battle of the Trident, while Ser Arthur Dayne, Ser Oswell Whent, and Lord Commander Gerold Hightower died in combat at the tower of joy. Ser Jaime Lannister slew his charge, King Aerys II Targaryen, during the Sack of King's Landing, earning himself the "Kingslayer" sobriquet. The new king, Robert I Baratheon, allowed Jaime to remain in the Kingsguard and elevated the other surviving member of the Mad King's white cloaks, Ser Barristan Selmy, to the position of Lord Commander.[24]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Ser Jaime Lannister by Anders Finer © Fantasy Flight Games

After the death of Lord Jon Arryn, King Robert I Baratheon names Ser Jaime Lannister the new Warden of the East, even though Lord Eddard Stark speaks of Jaime also being in line to inherit the title of Warden of the West.[9] Robert later threatens to name Jaime his Hand of the King.[31]

Robert dies after being gored by a boar, and his successor, King Joffrey I Baratheon, dismisses the aged Lord Commander of the Kingsguard, Ser Barristan Selmy. This breaks tradition, as all previous Kingsguard served for life. Joffrey elevates his uncle, Jaime, to Lord Commander and adds to the Kingsguard Sandor Clegane, who is not a knight.[10] Jaime is captured by Robb Stark during the battle in the Whispering Wood.[40]

Daenerys Targaryen names Ser Jorah Mormont as the first member of her Queensguard.[41]

A Clash of Kings

During the War of the Five Kings, King Renly Baratheon is protected by his own Kingsguard, which he names the Rainbow Guard.[42]

Joffrey has his Kingsguard beat his betrothed, Sansa Stark. Ser Preston Greenfield is killed during the riot of King's Landing[43] and replaced by Ser Balon Swann.[35] Ser Boros Blount, who is removed from the white cloaks for not protecting Prince Tommen Baratheon, is replaced with Ser Osmund Kettleblack.[35]

Ser Mandon Moore drowns during the battle of the Blackwater,[44] while Sandor Clegane flees the battlefield.[13] Ser Loras Tyrell joins the Kingsguard after the battle.[45]

Aggo, Jhogo, and Rakharo are members of Daenerys's Queensguard.[46]

A Storm of Swords

Boros is restored to the Kingsguard.[11] In return for Lady Lysa Arryn returning to the king's peace, Lord Tywin Lannister, Joffrey's Hand, names Lord Robert Arryn the Warden of the East instead of Jaime.[47]

Jaime, released from imprisonment at Riverrun by Catelyn Stark,[48] returns to King's Landing.[13]

Strong Belwas is a member of Daenerys's Queensguard.[49]

A Feast for Crows

Jaime, standing vigil for his father, Lord Tywin, wears a long hauberk, its scales mother-of-pearl chased with gold.[50]

During the failed plot to crown Princess Myrcella Baratheon, Ser Arys Oakheart is killed by Areo Hotah at the Greenblood in Dorne.[6]

A Dance with Dragons

In Meereen, Barristan becomes the Lord Commander of Daenerys's Queensguard.[51]

Against the wishes of Lord Jon Connington, Ser Rolly Duckfield is named the first of the Kingsguard of Aegon Targaryen.[52]

Ser Robert Strong is named to the Kingsguard of King Tommen I Baratheon.[53]

Historical Members

Unknown Reign

It is unknown under which king the following Lords Commander and knights served in the Kingsguard:

Lords Commander


Aegon I Targaryen (1037 AC)

Two members of Aegon's Kingsguard died defending him.[2]

Aenys I Targaryen (3742 AC)

Maegor I Targaryen (4248 AC)

Two members of Maegor's Kingsguard were slain by Lord Rupert Falwell, famed as the Fighting Fool, at the Battle at the Great Fork of the Blackwater in 42 AC.[58]

The five Kingsguard knights who survived Maegor's reign were allowed to choose between joining the Night's Watch or death. Four out of five chose to take the black. Ser Olyver Bracken and Ser Raymund Mallery later raised a rebellion at the Wall trying to set themselves up as lords of their castles: in the counter-attack by House Stark, Olyver was killed and Raymund fled beyond the Wall, where he was killed by wildlings half a year later.[59]

Jaehaerys I Targaryen (48103 AC)

It is recorded by the maesters that King Jaehaerys had more Kingsguard knights serve during his reign than any other monarch. Furthermore many historians concur that no king ever possessed a Kingsguard that could equal Jaehaerys first seven.[39]

Viserys I Targaryen (103129 AC)

Dance of the Dragons (129131 AC)

The reign of King Aegon II Targaryen covered the war of succession known as the Dance of the Dragons. During this war, both the eldest living son of late King Viserys I, Prince Aegon, and the eldest living child of King Viserys I, the daughter he had proclaimed his heir, Princess Rhaenyra, were crowned. The Kingsguard itself split between the two rival claimants: three followed the Lord Commander in supporting Aegon II, and the remaining three swore allegiance to Rhaenyra and became the core of her Queensguard.

Aegon II Targaryen

Rhaenyra Targaryen

Lyonel, Harrold, Adrian, and Loreth were four knights that Rhaenyra elevated to her Queensguard after she captured King's Landing. When riots later forced her to flee the city they continued to defend her; Lyonel was killed in an attack by broken men as they made their way to the coast, while the remaining three were killed in the ambush that awaited Rhaenyra when she arrived back on Dragonstone in 130 AC. None of Rhaenyra's Queensguard survived the war, neither holdovers from her father's Kingsguard nor knights she herself appointed.[67]

Aegon III Targaryen (131157 AC)

Ser Robin Massey and Ser Robert Darklyn were named to the white cloaks by Aegon III (Robin as Lord Commander), but the appointments were later set aside by Lord Unwin Peake in 133 AC.[70]

Daeron I Targaryen (157161 AC)

Three Kingsguard knights died trying to protect Daeron I in Dorne, and one other Kingsguard threw down his sword and yielded, in 161 AC.[72] It is currently unknown if Olyvar Oakheart was one of the three to die in 161 AC, or whether he died earlier during Daeron I's reign.

Baelor I Targaryen (161171 AC)

  • House Targaryen.svg Prince Aemon Targaryen, also known as the Dragonknight. Rescued by King Baelor I from the Dornish.[74]

Viserys II Targaryen (171172 AC)

Aegon IV Targaryen (172184 AC)

Daeron II Targaryen (184209 AC)

Aerys I Targaryen (209221 AC)

Maekar I Targaryen (221233 AC)

  • Unknown

Aegon V Targaryen (233259 AC)

Jaehaerys II Targaryen (259262 AC)

Aerys II Targaryen (262283 AC)

Recent Members

Robert I Baratheon (283298 AC)

Left to right in order: Jaime Lannister, Preston Greenfield, Mandon Moore, Barristan Selmy, Meryn Trant, Boros Blount, and Arys Oakheart.

After Robert's Rebellion had concluded, the new king, Robert I Baratheon, had multiple positions to fill at once, as five of the members of the Kingsguard of his predecessor, King Aerys II Targaryen, had died during the war. (Gerold Hightower, Arthur Dayne, Lewyn Martell, Oswell Whent, and Jonothor Darry.) Ser Barristan Selmy and Ser Jaime Lannister, the two surviving knights of the Kingsguard of King Aerys II, were pardoned by King Robert. They swore loyalty to the new king and served as members of his Kingsguard throughout his reign. The other five vacancies were filled with not necessarily the best skilled knights, as Robert had to settle for who was available.[14] Furthermore, Queen Cersei Lannister exercised her influence over the naming of new Kingsguard members throughout Robert's reign; she spoke against Ser Richard Horpe, and so he was passed over.[90]

Joffrey I Baratheon (298300 AC)

Kingsguard in Game of Thrones.

Upon the ascension of the young king, Joffrey I Baratheon, Lord Commander Barristan Selmy was dismissed, the first time ever in history. Ser Jaime Lannister was named Lord Commander in Selmy's stead, while the unanointed warrior Sandor Clegane was appointed the empty position, marking the first moment a member of the Kingsguard was not a dubbed knight.[10]

Tommen I Baratheon (300 AC-Present)

Claimants to the Iron Throne

Daenerys I Targaryen (298 AC-Present)

Renly I Baratheon (298299 AC)

Aegon VI Targaryen (300 AC-Present)

Upon landing in Westeros with the Golden Company, Aegon named his friend Ser Rolly Duckfield the first of his new Kingsguard. Lord Jon Connington did not approve of the choice, and asked Aegon to leave the other six slots open for knights of renown and sons of great lords which would add luster to their cause.[52]

  • Lord Commander {open}
  • Ser Rolly Duckfield.
  • {open}
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Old Nan said they were the finest swords in all the realm. There were only seven of them, and they wore white armor and had no wives or children, but lived only to serve the king. Bran knew all their stories. Their names were like music to him.[5]

Bran Stark's thoughts

No knight of the Kingsguard should outlive his king when that king dies by violence.[66]

Eddard: The Kingsguard—
Varys: A paper shield. Try not to look so shocked, Lord Stark. Jaime Lannister is himself a Sworn Brother of the White Swords, and we all know what his oath is worth. The days when men like Ryam Redwyne and Prince Aemon the Dragonknight wore the white cloak are gone to dust and song. Of these seven, only Ser Barristan Selmy is made of the true steel, and Selmy is old. Ser Boros and Ser Meryn are the queen's creatures to the bone, and I have deep suspicions of the others. No, my lord, when the swords come out in earnest, you will be the only true friend Robert Baratheon will have.[3]

Eddard: Ser Willem Darry is fled to Dragonstone, with your queen and Prince Viserys. I thought you might have sailed with him.
Oswell: Ser Willem is a good man and true.
Gerold: But not of the Kingsguard. The Kingsguard does not flee.[31]

Something his father had told him once when he was little came back to him suddenly. He had asked Lord Eddard if the Kingsguard were truly the finest knights in the Seven Kingdoms. "No longer," he answered, "but once they were a marvel, a shining lesson to the world."[103]

Bran Stark's thoughts

It is a rare and precious gift to be a knight, and even more so a knight of the Kingsguard. It is a gift given to few, a gift you scorned and sullied.[88]

Jaime: Once a man puts on that cloak, it changes him.
Cersei: It certainly changed you, and not for the better.[104]

He wondered what Ser Arthur Dayne would have to say of this lot. "How is it that the Kingsguard have fallen so low," most like. "It was my doing," I would have to answer. "I opened the door, and did nothing when the vermin began to crawl inside."[25]

Jaime Lannister's thoughts

Arianne: Do you think you are the only Kingsguard who ever loved a woman?
Arys: There have always been men who found it easier to speak vows than to keep them.[73]

Daenerys: My brother once told me a Westerosi riddle. Who listens to everything yet hears nothing?
Barristan: A knight of the Kingsguard.[105]

Some had been heroes, some weaklings, knaves, or cravens. Most were only men-quicker and stronger than most, more skilled with sword and shield, but still prey to pride, ambition, lust, love, anger, jealousy, greed for gold, hunger for power, and all the other failings that afflicted lesser mortals. The best of them overcame their flaws, did their duty, and died with their swords in their hands. The worst ... The worst were those who played the game of thrones.[7]

Barristan Selmy's thoughts

See also


  1. The following characters have been elevated to the position of Lord Commander after already being part of the Kingsguard: Addison Hill, Ryam Redwyne, Criston Cole, Willis Fell, Marston Waters, Raynard Ruskyn, Aemon Targaryen, Gerold Hightower, Barristan Selmy, and Jaime Lannister.
  2. It is unknown whether Gyles Greycloak and Gyles Belgrave were the same person.
  3. Born in 136 AC, Aemon was 17 years old when he took his vows, shortly after the wedding of Aegon and Naerys in 153 AC.
  4. Arys was appointed into the Kingsguard in 290 AC, his predecessor most likely died during the Greyjoy's Rebellion of 289 AC.


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Winds of Winter, Barristan I
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon I.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 30, Eddard VII.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 The Princess and the Queen.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 8, Bran II.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 55, The Queensguard.
  8. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 6, Catelyn II.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 12, Eddard II.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 57, Sansa V.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 12, Tyrion II.
  12. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 44, Jaime VI.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 62, Jaime VII.
  14. 14.0 14.1 So Spake Martin: The Kingsguard (May 22, 1999)
  15. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 4, Tyrion I.
  16. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 54, Davos V.
  17. 17.0 17.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  18. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon II.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Fire & Blood, The Lysene Spring and the End of Regency.
  20. 20.0 20.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 4, Eddard I.
  21. 21.00 21.01 21.02 21.03 21.04 21.05 21.06 21.07 21.08 21.09 21.10 21.11 21.12 21.13 21.14 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 16, Jaime II.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 The Hedge Knight.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Fire & Blood, Birth, Death and Betrayal Under King Jaehaerys I.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 33, Eddard VIII.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.8 25.9 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 67, Jaime VIII.
  26. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 25, Tyrion VI.
  27. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 8, Daenerys I.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 3, Tyrion I.
  29. 29.0 29.1 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
  30. 30.0 30.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 15, Sansa I.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 39, Eddard X.
  32. 32.0 32.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 51, Sansa IV.
  33. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 67, Sansa VI.
  34. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.6 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 49, Tyrion XI.
  36. So Spake Martin: Archon Meeting (October 5, 2001)
  37. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  38. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 36, Davos IV.
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 39.5 39.6 Fire & Blood, The Year of the Three Brides - 49 AC.
  40. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 63, Catelyn X.
  41. 41.0 41.1 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 72, Daenerys X.
  42. A Clash of Kings, Prologue.
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 41, Tyrion IX.
  44. 44.0 44.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 61, Tyrion XIV.
  45. 45.0 45.1 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 65, Sansa VIII.
  46. A Clash of Kings, Appendix.
  47. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 19, Tyrion III.
  48. 48.0 48.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 1, Jaime I.
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.4 49.5 A Storm of Swords, Appendix.
  50. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 7, Cersei II.
  51. 51.0 51.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 2, Daenerys I.
  52. 52.0 52.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 61, The Griffin Reborn.
  53. 53.0 53.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 65, Cersei II.
  54. 54.0 54.1 54.2 54.3 54.4 54.5 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 20, Brienne IV.
  55. Seven members of House Darklyn served in the Kingsguard (A Feast for Crows, Brienne II), five of which are already named: Robin, Davos, Rolland, Steffon and Robert.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 The Sons of the Dragon.
  57. Family trees and successions – Comment by Ran (December 20, 2018)
  58. 58.0 58.1 Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6 59.7 Fire & Blood, Prince into King - The Ascension of Jaehaerys I.
  60. Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.5 The Rogue Prince.
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons - Rhaenyra Triumphant.
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons - The Red Dragon and the Gold.
  64. 64.0 64.1 Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons - The Short, Sad Reign of Aegon II.
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.4 Fire & Blood, The Dying of the Dragons - Rhaenyra Overthrown.
  66. 66.0 66.1 Fire & Blood, Aftermath - The Hour of the Wolf.
  67. Fire & Blood, The Dying of Dragons - Rhaenyra Overthrown.
  68. 68.0 68.1 Fire & Blood, Under the Regents - The Hooded Hand.
  69. 69.0 69.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon III.
  70. 70.0 70.1 70.2 70.3 Fire & Blood, Under the Regents - War and Peace and Cattle Shows.
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 71.3 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV.
  72. 72.0 72.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron I.
  73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.3 A Feast for Crows, Chapter 13, The Soiled Knight.
  74. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Baelor I.
  75. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Viserys II.
  76. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Aegon IV Targaryen.
  77. The Sworn Sword.
  78. The World of Ice & Fire, The Vale: House Arryn.
  79. The Mystery Knight.
  80. George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Donnel of Duskendale.
  81. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon V.
  82. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys II.
  83. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 23, Alayne I.
  84. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 67, The Kingbreaker.
  85. 85.0 85.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
  86. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 8, Jaime I.
  87. The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: Robert's Rebellion.
  88. 88.0 88.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 11, Jaime II.
  89. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 5, Jon I.
  90. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 17, Jon IV.
  91. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 43, Eddard XI.
  92. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 59, Tyrion XIII.
  93. A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
  94. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 27, Jaime III.
  95. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 44, Jaime VII.
  96. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 48, Jaime I.
  97. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 32, Cersei VII.
  98. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 36, Cersei VIII.
  99. 99.0 99.1 A Dance with Dragons, Epilogue.
  100. A Feast for Crows, Appendix.
  101. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 71, Daenerys VI.
  102. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 63, Daenerys V.
  103. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 21, Bran III.
  104. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 12, Cersei III.
  105. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 16, Daenerys III.